Urinary System And Male Reproductive System

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Urinary System And Male Reproductive System - Quiz

The urinary system and the male reproductive system will be under the microscope in the quiz, with questions on the kidneys, the ureters, the testicles and everything else associated with the two topics. Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Diminished capacity to form and pass urine so that the end products of meabolism cannot be excreted efficiently. caused by imbalances in fluid and electrolytes, renal lessions or urinary tract obstruction.

    • A.

      Wilms tumor

    • B.

      Oliguria

    • C.

      Nocturia

    • D.

      Enuresis

    Correct Answer
    B. Oliguria
    Explanation
    Oliguria refers to a diminished capacity to form and pass urine, leading to a decrease in the excretion of waste products. This condition can be caused by imbalances in fluid and electrolytes, renal lesions, or urinary tract obstruction. The given answer, "oliguria," accurately describes the condition of reduced urine output, which can result in the inefficient excretion of metabolic waste.

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  • 2. 

    Absence of urine production or urinary output

    • A.

      Olguria

    • B.

      Nocturia

    • C.

      Anuria

    • D.

      Azotemia

    Correct Answer
    C. Anuria
    Explanation
    Anuria refers to the absence of urine production or urinary output. It is a condition where the kidneys are unable to produce urine or there is a complete blockage in the urinary tract. This can be caused by various factors such as kidney failure, severe dehydration, or obstruction in the urinary system. Anuria is a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention as it can lead to the buildup of waste products and toxins in the body, resulting in further complications.

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  • 3. 

    Renal falure that occurs over a period of years, in which the kidneys lose their ability to maintain volume and composition of body fluids with normal dietary intake.

    • A.

      Chronic renal failure

    • B.

      Azotemia

    • C.

      Enuresis

    • D.

      Fistula

    Correct Answer
    A. Chronic renal failure
    Explanation
    Chronic renal failure is the correct answer because it accurately describes the condition stated in the question. The question mentions renal failure occurring over a period of years, resulting in the kidneys losing their ability to maintain body fluid volume and composition. Chronic renal failure is a progressive and irreversible condition where the kidneys gradually lose their function over time, leading to the inability to properly regulate fluids and electrolytes in the body.

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  • 4. 

    Retention of excessive amounts of nitrogenous compounds in the blood. also called uremia

    • A.

      Azotemia

    • B.

      Urgency

    • C.

      Wilma tumor

    • D.

      Fistula

    Correct Answer
    A. Azotemia
    Explanation
    Azotemia refers to the retention of excessive amounts of nitrogenous compounds in the blood, also known as uremia. This condition occurs when the kidneys are unable to effectively filter waste products from the blood. As a result, nitrogenous compounds, such as urea and creatinine, build up in the bloodstream. Azotemia can be caused by various factors, including kidney disease, dehydration, and certain medications. It is important to treat azotemia promptly to prevent further kidney damage and complications.

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  • 5. 

    Involuntary discharge of urine

    • A.

      Enuresis

    • B.

      Incontinence

    • C.

      Frequency

    • D.

      Hesitancy

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Enuresis
    B. Incontinence
    Explanation
    Enuresis and incontinence are both terms used to describe the involuntary discharge of urine. Enuresis specifically refers to the involuntary discharge of urine during sleep, commonly known as bedwetting. Incontinence, on the other hand, is a broader term that encompasses any involuntary leakage of urine, whether it occurs during sleep or while awake. Therefore, both enuresis and incontinence are correct answers for the given question.

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  • 6. 

    Abnormal passage from a hollow organ to the surface or from one organ to another

    • A.

      Fistula

    • B.

      Dysuria

    • C.

      Frequency

    • D.

      Wilms tumor

    Correct Answer
    A. Fistula
    Explanation
    A fistula is an abnormal passage that forms between a hollow organ and either the surface of the body or another organ. This can occur due to various reasons such as infection, injury, or inflammation. Fistulas can cause symptoms such as pain, discharge, and infection. They can occur in different parts of the body, including the digestive tract, urinary tract, and reproductive organs. Treatment for a fistula usually involves addressing the underlying cause and may require surgical intervention to close the abnormal passage.

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  • 7. 

    Voiding at frequent intervals

    • A.

      Frequency

    • B.

      Hesitancy

    • C.

      Enuresis

    • D.

      Dysuria

    Correct Answer
    A. Frequency
    Explanation
    Frequency refers to the need to urinate frequently, often with small amounts of urine. This can be caused by various factors such as a urinary tract infection, bladder irritation, or an overactive bladder. It is important to identify the underlying cause of frequency in order to provide appropriate treatment.

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  • 8. 

    Painful or difficult urination

    Correct Answer
    dysuria
    Explanation
    Dysuria refers to painful or difficult urination. It is a symptom that can be caused by various conditions such as urinary tract infections, bladder stones, or inflammation of the urethra. The discomfort can range from a mild burning sensation to severe pain during urination. Identifying dysuria can help in diagnosing the underlying cause and initiating appropriate treatment.

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  • 9. 

    Involuntary delay in initiating urination

    • A.

      Fistula

    • B.

      Urgency

    • C.

      Oliguria

    • D.

      Hesitancy

    Correct Answer
    D. Hesitancy
    Explanation
    Hesitancy refers to the involuntary delay in initiating urination. It is a symptom commonly associated with urinary tract problems, such as an enlarged prostate or bladder outlet obstruction. Hesitancy occurs when there is difficulty in starting the flow of urine, often requiring increased effort or straining. This can be caused by various factors, including nerve damage, muscle weakness, or blockage in the urinary tract. Hesitancy can be a bothersome symptom that may require medical evaluation and treatment to address the underlying cause.

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  • 10. 

    Loss of large amounts of plasma protein, usually albumin, by way of urine, sue to increased permeability of the glomerular membrane

    • A.

      Nephrotic syndrome

    • B.

      Nocturia

    • C.

      Wilms tumor

    • D.

      aspermia

    Correct Answer
    A. Nephrotic syndrome
    Explanation
    Nephrotic syndrome is characterized by the loss of large amounts of plasma protein, particularly albumin, through the urine. This occurs due to increased permeability of the glomerular membrane, which filters the blood in the kidneys. The loss of albumin leads to a decrease in plasma oncotic pressure, resulting in fluid accumulation in the tissues and causing symptoms such as edema and swelling. Other features of nephrotic syndrome include proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, and hyperlipidemia. Nocturia refers to excessive urination at night, Wilms tumor is a kidney cancer that primarily affects children, and aspermia is the absence of semen in ejaculation.

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  • 11. 

    Frequent urination after going to bed

    • A.

      Dysuria

    • B.

      Nocturia

    • C.

      Urgency

    • D.

      Nocturgency

    Correct Answer
    B. Nocturia
    Explanation
    Nocturia refers to the condition of waking up frequently during the night to urinate. It is characterized by the need to urinate more often at night than during the day. This can be caused by various factors such as an overactive bladder, urinary tract infection, hormonal imbalances, or certain medications. Frequent urination after going to bed is a common symptom of nocturia, as the individual may experience an increased urgency to urinate during the night. Dysuria, urgency, and nocturgency are not specifically related to waking up frequently to urinate at night.

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  • 12. 

    Feeling the need to pee NOW.

    • A.

      Oliguria

    • B.

      Enuresis

    • C.

      Frequency

    • D.

      Urgency

    Correct Answer
    D. Urgency
    Explanation
    The term "urgency" refers to a sudden and intense need to urinate. It is characterized by a strong desire to urinate immediately, often accompanied by discomfort or pain. This symptom can be caused by various factors such as urinary tract infections, bladder dysfunction, or certain medications. Oliguria, enuresis, and frequency are not appropriate choices as they do not specifically relate to the feeling of needing to urinate urgently.

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  • 13. 

    Presence of stones in any urinary structure

    • A.

      Urolithiasis

    • B.

      Wilms tumor

    • C.

      Renolithitis

    • D.

      Fistula

    Correct Answer
    A. Urolithiasis
    Explanation
    Urolithiasis refers to the condition of having stones in any urinary structure. This can occur in the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra. The presence of stones can cause severe pain and discomfort, as well as other symptoms such as blood in the urine and frequent urination. Urolithiasis is commonly caused by the crystallization of minerals and salts in the urine, leading to the formation of stones. Treatment options for urolithiasis include medication, lifestyle changes, and in some cases, surgical intervention to remove the stones.

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  • 14. 

    Rapidly developing malignant neoplasm of the kidney that usually occurs in children

    • A.

      Wilms tumor

    • B.

      Anorchidism

    • C.

      Nephritic syndrome

    • D.

      Chronic renal failure

    Correct Answer
    A. Wilms tumor
    Explanation
    Wilms tumor is a rapidly developing malignant neoplasm of the kidney that commonly affects children. It is a type of kidney cancer that arises from immature kidney cells. The tumor typically presents as a painless abdominal mass and may be accompanied by other symptoms such as fever, abdominal pain, and blood in the urine. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are crucial for a favorable outcome.

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  • 15. 

    Congenital absence of one or both testes

    • A.

      Aspermia

    • B.

      Anorchidism

    • C.

      Balanitis

    • D.

      Hydrocele

    Correct Answer
    B. Anorchidism
    Explanation
    Anorchidism refers to the congenital absence of one or both testes. This condition occurs when the testes fail to develop properly during fetal development. As a result, individuals with anorchidism are born without one or both testes. This condition can lead to hormonal imbalances and infertility. It is different from aspermia, which refers to the absence of sperm in the semen, and balanitis, which is the inflammation of the glans penis. Hydrocele, on the other hand, is the accumulation of fluid around the testicle.

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  • 16. 

    Failure to form or ejaculate semen

    • A.

      Aspermia

    • B.

      Dyspermia

    • C.

      Phimosis

    • D.

      Hypospermia

    Correct Answer
    A. Aspermia
    Explanation
    Aspermia refers to the inability to form or ejaculate semen. This condition can be caused by various factors such as hormonal imbalances, blockages in the reproductive system, or certain medical conditions. It results in the absence of semen during ejaculation, leading to infertility. Aspermia is different from dyspermia, which refers to abnormalities in the sperm, hypospermia, which is a decrease in the volume of semen, and phimosis, which is the inability to retract the foreskin.

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  • 17. 

    Inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis

    • A.

      Aspermia

    • B.

      Anorchidism

    • C.

      Balanitis

    • D.

      Sterility

    Correct Answer
    C. Balanitis
    Explanation
    Balanitis refers to the inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis. This condition can cause redness, swelling, and discomfort in the affected area. It is commonly caused by poor hygiene, fungal or bacterial infections, or irritation from certain substances. Balanitis does not directly relate to aspermia, which is the inability to produce semen, anorchidism, which is the absence of one or both testicles, or sterility, which refers to the inability to conceive a child. Therefore, balanitis is the correct answer in this context.

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  • 18. 

    Malformation in which the urethra opens on the dorsum of the penis

    • A.

      Balanitis

    • B.

      Erectile dysfunction

    • C.

      Hydrocele

    • D.

      Epispadias

    Correct Answer
    D. Epispadias
    Explanation
    Epispadias is a congenital malformation in which the urethra opens on the dorsum of the penis. This means that the opening of the urethra is located on the upper side of the penis instead of the tip. Balanitis refers to inflammation of the glans penis, erectile dysfunction is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection, and hydrocele is the accumulation of fluid around the testicle. None of these conditions involve the abnormal positioning of the urethral opening, making epispadias the correct answer.

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  • 19. 

    Repeated inability to get or keep an erection

    • A.

      Erectile dysfunction

    • B.

      Penial dysfunction

    • C.

      Phimosis

    • D.

      Limposis

    Correct Answer
    A. Erectile dysfunction
    Explanation
    The term "erectile dysfunction" refers to the repeated inability to achieve or maintain an erection. This condition can have various causes, including physical factors like hormonal imbalances, nerve damage, or blood flow issues, as well as psychological factors like stress, anxiety, or relationship problems. It can significantly affect a person's sexual performance and overall quality of life. The other options, "penial dysfunction" and "limposis," are not recognized medical terms and do not accurately describe the condition. "Phimosis" refers to a condition where the foreskin is too tight and cannot be fully retracted, which is unrelated to erectile dysfunction.

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  • 20. 

    Accumulation of serous fluid in a saclike cavities .ie testes

    • A.

      Hydrocele

    • B.

      Hypocele

    • C.

      Hypercele

    • D.

      Phimosis

    Correct Answer
    A. Hydrocele
    Explanation
    A hydrocele is a condition characterized by the accumulation of serous fluid in a saclike cavity, specifically in the testes. This leads to swelling and enlargement of the scrotum. Hydrocele is a common condition and can occur in males of all ages. It is usually painless and benign, but in some cases, it may cause discomfort or complications. Treatment options for hydrocele include observation, medication, or surgery, depending on the severity and symptoms experienced by the individual.

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  • 21. 

    Developmental anomaly in which the urethra opens on the underside of the penis

    • A.

      Hydrocele

    • B.

      Hypospadias

    • C.

      Epispadias

    • D.

      Varicocele

    Correct Answer
    B. Hypospadias
    Explanation
    Hypospadias is a developmental anomaly where the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body, opens on the underside of the penis instead of at the tip. This condition occurs during fetal development and is present at birth. It can vary in severity, with the opening sometimes occurring near the tip of the penis or further down the shaft. Hypospadias can cause difficulties with urination and may require surgical correction.

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  • 22. 

    Stenosis or narrowing of preputial orifice so that the foreskin cannot be retracted over the glans penis

    • A.

      Phamisis

    • B.

      Phimosia

    • C.

      Phimosis

    • D.

      Phamosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Phimosis
    Explanation
    Phimosis is the correct answer because it refers to the condition where the foreskin of the penis is too tight or narrow, making it difficult or impossible to retract it over the glans. This can cause discomfort, pain, and difficulty in maintaining proper hygiene.

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  • 23. 

    Inability to produce offspring

    • A.

      Infertility

    • B.

      Feritilosis

    • C.

      Sterility

    • D.

      Sterilosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Sterility
    Explanation
    Sterility refers to the inability to produce offspring. It is a condition characterized by the inability to conceive or reproduce. This can be caused by various factors such as genetic disorders, hormonal imbalances, structural abnormalities, or certain medical conditions. Sterility is often used interchangeably with infertility, which also refers to the inability to conceive or reproduce, but it specifically relates to the female's inability to become pregnant or the male's inability to impregnate a female. The term "feritilosis" and "sterilosis" are not recognized medical terms and do not have any relevance to the given question.

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  • 24. 

    Swelling and distention of veins of the spermatic cord.

    • A.

      Varicocele

    • B.

      Hydrocele

    • C.

      Phimosis

    • D.

      Epispadias

    Correct Answer
    A. Varicocele
    Explanation
    Varicocele is the correct answer because it refers to the swelling and distention of veins in the spermatic cord, which is the bundle of blood vessels, nerves, and ducts that run from the abdomen to the testicles. This condition occurs when the valves in the veins of the spermatic cord do not function properly, causing blood to pool and the veins to become enlarged. Varicocele can lead to discomfort, pain, and fertility problems in some cases.

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  • 25. 

    A test that determines the amount of urea nitrogen present in the blood

    • A.

      Blood urea nitrogen

    • B.

      BUN

    • C.

      Culture and sensitivity

    • D.

      PSA

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Blood urea nitrogen
    B. BUN
    Explanation
    Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) is a test that measures the amount of urea nitrogen in the blood. Urea nitrogen is a waste product that is produced when the body breaks down proteins. The BUN test is commonly used to evaluate kidney function and to diagnose and monitor conditions such as kidney disease or dehydration. It can also provide information about liver function and protein intake. Therefore, the correct answer is blood urea nitrogen (BUN).

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  • 26. 

    Laboritory test that evaluates effect of an antibiotic on an organism

    • A.

      C&S

    • B.

      ESWL

    • C.

      KUB

    • D.

      BUN

    Correct Answer
    A. C&S
    Explanation
    C&S stands for Culture and Sensitivity, which is a laboratory test that evaluates the effect of an antibiotic on an organism. This test involves taking a sample from the patient and growing it in a culture medium to identify the specific organism causing the infection. The cultured organism is then exposed to different antibiotics to determine which one is most effective in treating the infection. This test helps healthcare providers choose the appropriate antibiotic for the patient, based on the sensitivity of the organism to different drugs.

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  • 27. 

    Battery of test proformed on a urine sample

    • A.

      C&S

    • B.

      UA

    • C.

      PSA

    • D.

      BUN

    Correct Answer
    B. UA
    Explanation
    UA stands for Urinalysis. It is a common test performed on a urine sample to evaluate various aspects of kidney function and overall health. Urinalysis can provide information about the presence of certain substances such as glucose, protein, red and white blood cells, and bacteria. It can also help detect urinary tract infections, kidney diseases, and other conditions. Therefore, UA is a relevant and appropriate test to be included in a battery of tests performed on a urine sample.

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  • 28. 

    UA stands for?

    Correct Answer
    urinalysis
    Explanation
    UA stands for urinalysis. Urinalysis is a diagnostic test that examines the urine for various substances and abnormalities. It is commonly used to detect and monitor various medical conditions such as urinary tract infections, kidney diseases, and diabetes. UA involves analyzing the physical, chemical, and microscopic properties of urine to provide valuable information about a person's overall health and well-being.

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  • 29. 

    Radiographic examination to determine the location, size, and shape of the kidneys in relationship to other organs in the abdominapelvic cavity.

    • A.

      KUB

    • B.

      CT scan

    • C.

      UA

    • D.

      Kidney, ureter, bladder radiography

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. KUB
    D. Kidney, ureter, bladder radiography
    Explanation
    KUB stands for kidney, ureter, bladder radiography. It is a radiographic examination used to determine the location, size, and shape of the kidneys in relation to other organs in the abdominopelvic cavity. This imaging technique helps in diagnosing various conditions related to the urinary system, such as kidney stones, urinary tract infections, and abnormalities in the size or position of the kidneys. By analyzing the images obtained through KUB, healthcare professionals can gain valuable insights into the structure and function of the urinary system, aiding in accurate diagnosis and treatment planning.

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  • 30. 

    Test that analyzes  a semen sample for volume, sperm count, motility and morphology to evaluate fertility or verify sterilization after a vasectomy

    • A.

      PSA

    • B.

      UA

    • C.

      Culture and sensitivity

    • D.

      Semen analysis

    Correct Answer
    D. Semen analysis
    Explanation
    A semen analysis is a test that evaluates fertility or verifies sterilization after a vasectomy by analyzing a semen sample for volume, sperm count, motility, and morphology. This test helps to assess the quality and quantity of sperm present in the semen, which is crucial for determining fertility potential. It can also be used to confirm the success of a vasectomy procedure by ensuring the absence of sperm in the ejaculate.

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  • 31. 

    Blood test used to detect prostatic disorders (cancer)

    • A.

      BUN

    • B.

      UA

    • C.

      PSA

    • D.

      C&S

    Correct Answer
    C. PSA
    Explanation
    PSA = prostate specific antigen

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  • 32. 

    Noninvasive test used to pulverize urinary or bile stones

    • A.

      KUB

    • B.

      ESWL

    • C.

      C&S

    • D.

      TURP

    Correct Answer
    B. ESWL
    Explanation
    extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 29, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Pam Fetterer
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