It can be distinguished from a hematocele by transillumination.
It is typically associated with a direct inguinal hernia
It refers to excess fluid in a persistent processus vaginalis.
It may be confined to the spermatic cord.
It may be associated with inflammation of the epididymis
Rete testis—opening of the ductus deferens
Testicular arteries—arise from abdominal aorta
Varicocele—dilation of the pampiniform plexus
Anterior scrotum—innervated by branches from the ilioinguinal and genitofemoral nerves
Not be concerned about this accident
Be concerned about a potential spread of the cancer to the superficial inguinal lymph nodes
Be concerned about the potential spread of the cancer to lumbar lymph nodes.
Be concerned about the potential spread of the cancer to perineal lymph nodes.
Be concerned about the potential spread of the cancer to penile lymph nodes.
Contains all the intraperitoneal organs.
Is a closed cavity in both sexes.
Is the potential space between the parietal and visceral peritoneum.
Is typically open to the testis in the male.
Contains lymph nodes.
Withdrawal of urine from bladder—paracentesis
Intraperitoneal injection—rapid rate of absorption
Peritoneal dialysis—removal of wastes from abdominal cavity
It is sensitive to laceration near its attachment to organs.
It is a double-layer of peritoneum
It transmits nerves and blood vessels to organs from the body wall
It constitutes a region of continuity between visceral and parietal peritoneum
It contains lymph nodes and vessels
On his right side
On his left side
In an inclined position (head and trunk elevated at least 45 degrees).
Is a completely sealed-off recess of the peritoneal cavity.
Is located anterior to the stomach.
Can contain pancreatic fluid following rupture of the pancreas.
Has medial and lateral recesses
Contains the portal vein
Typically it joins with the stomach at the T11 level.
GERD (gastroesophageal reflex disorder) is associated with pyrosis (heartburn).
Esophageal varices are associated with blockage of the inferior vena cava.
The esophagus is innervated by the vagal trunks and thoracic sympathetic splanchnic nerves.
Its abdominal part is typically supplied by the left gastric artery.
Arises from the aorta at the T10 level.
Is accompanied by the superior mesenteric vein on its right.
Gives rise to a series of arterial arcades called vasa recta.
Passes posterior to the horizontal part of the duodenum.
Is accompanied by sympathetic fibers derived from lumbar splanchnic nerves.
Her small bowel has been torn.
The accident freed a small clot from her aorta that subsequently entered and occluded the vasa recta supplying her ileum.
The sympathetic nerve supply to her small bowel has been injured.
Her parietal peritoneum has been lacerated
The accident triggered appendicitis.
It occurs near the junction between the jejunum and the ileum.
It occurs on the antimesenteric border of the ileum.
It may have a cordlike attachment to the umbilicus.
If inflamed, it may produce symptoms that mimic those of appendicitis.
It may be present in both infants and adults.
Because the appendix swells with appendicitis so that it contacts both the anterior and posterior abdominal walls.
Because the pain is first conveyed via vagal parasympathetic fibers and then by somatic fibers in the parietal peritoneum of the abdominal wall.
Because the pain is first conveyed via sympathetic fibers that enter the spinal cord at the T10 level and then by somatic fibers in the parietal peritoneum of the abdominal wall.
Because the appendix first irritates the subcostal nerve and then the ilioinguinal nerve.
Because the most sensitive afferents of the appendix are those that are associated with the sympathetic fibers that enter the T10 level of the spinal cord, but later less sensitive afferents associated with the lower quadrant become activated.
Are located along the jejunum
Compose the muscular wall of the appendix.
Are found along the walls of the rectum.
Are the most superficial part of the sphincter ani.
May be used during an appendectomy to locate the appendix.
First jejunal branch.
They traverse the sigmoid mesocolon
They help to form the marginal artery.
They arise from the inferior mesenteric artery.
They typically divide into ascending and descending branches.
They are the main source of blood to the left ureter.
Crohn disease—chronic inflammation of the colon and rectum
Colonoscopy—visualization of the interior of the colon
Diverticulosis—primarily affects infants
Tumors of the colon—mainly occur in the rectum
The accident caused trauma to the left upper abdominal quadrant.
The spleen must be repaired or your friend will die.
The rupture resulted in the escape of red blood cells into the peritoneal cavity.
The inferior lobe of the left lung may also have been injured.
Ribs 9—11 on the left side were fractured.
The superior mesenteric artery lies anterior to its neck.
Its head is embraced mainly by the descending part of the duodenum.
It is retroperitoneal
Its main duct joins with the common bile duct before entering the duodenum
It is partially supplied by branches from the splenic artery.
Gallstone in hepatopancreatic ampulla—pancreatitis
Sudden, severe, forceful compression of the abdomen—rupture of the pancreas
Pancreatectomy—removal of most of the pancreas
Cancer of the head of the pancreas—jaundice
Pancreatic cancer—rarely metastasizes
Left hepatic duct.
Common hepatic duct.
(common) bile duct.