I. C. Engine Test

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I. C. Engine Test - Quiz

Unit Test ( chapter 1 to 6 from syllabus)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A cycle consisting of two constant volume and two isothermal processes is known as 

    • A.

      Stirling cycle

    • B.

      Carnot cycle

    • C.

      Otto cycle

    • D.

      Joule cycle

    Correct Answer
    A. Stirling cycle
    Explanation
    A cycle consisting of two constant volume and two isothermal processes is known as the Stirling cycle. In this cycle, the working fluid undergoes expansion and compression at constant volume, as well as heating and cooling at constant temperature. This cycle is used in Stirling engines, which are known for their high efficiency and ability to operate on various heat sources.

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  • 2. 

    Spill port(valve) in helix Bypass pump connects 

    • A.

      Fuel tank and pump

    • B.

      Fuel filter and fuel pump

    • C.

      Common rail to fuel injector

    • D.

      Fuel pump and fuel injector

    Correct Answer
    A. Fuel tank and pump
    Explanation
    The spill port (valve) in the helix bypass pump connects the fuel tank and pump.

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  • 3. 

    OHC in engine terminology means 

    • A.

      Over Lapping head compression

    • B.

      On Head camshaft

    • C.

      Over Head Chamber

    • D.

      Organically Homogeneous Combustionz

    Correct Answer
    B. On Head camshaft
    Explanation
    The term OHC in engine terminology refers to "On Head camshaft." This means that the camshaft is positioned on top of the cylinder head, allowing for better control over the engine's valves. This configuration is commonly found in modern engines as it offers improved performance and efficiency compared to other camshaft placement options.

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  • 4. 

    Ratio of work done by engine to stroke volume gives  

    • A.

      Mean effective pressure

    • B.

      Volumetric efficiency

    • C.

      Volumetric flow rate

    • D.

      Specific equivalence ratio

    Correct Answer
    A. Mean effective pressure
    Explanation
    The ratio of work done by the engine to stroke volume gives the mean effective pressure. This means that the mean effective pressure is a measure of the average pressure exerted on the piston during the power stroke of an engine. It is calculated by dividing the work done by the engine by the stroke volume. The mean effective pressure is an important parameter in engine performance analysis as it provides insight into the efficiency and power output of the engine.

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  • 5. 

    Which carburetor has triple venturies  

    • A.

      Solex carburetor

    • B.

      Carter carburetor

    • C.

      Zenith carburetor

    • D.

      S.U. carburetor

    Correct Answer
    B. Carter carburetor
    Explanation
    The Carter carburetor has triple venturis.

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  • 6. 

    By increasing suction volume of engine, air standard efficiency of SI engine 

    • A.

      Increases

    • B.

      Decreses

    • C.

      Remains unaffected

    • D.

      Varies exponantially

    Correct Answer
    A. Increases
    Explanation
    Increasing the suction volume of an engine allows more air to enter the combustion chamber, resulting in a higher air-to-fuel ratio. This leads to better combustion and more efficient energy conversion, ultimately increasing the air standard efficiency of the SI engine.

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  • 7. 

    For same BHP,  the weight to power ratio is less for 

    • A.

      2 stroke engine

    • B.

      4 stroke engine

    Correct Answer
    A. 2 stroke engine
    Explanation
    The weight to power ratio is less for a 2 stroke engine compared to a 4 stroke engine. This means that for the same amount of power output, the 2 stroke engine will weigh less than the 4 stroke engine. This is because the 2 stroke engine has a simpler design with fewer components, resulting in a lighter overall weight. Additionally, the 2 stroke engine has a higher power density, meaning it can produce more power in a smaller and lighter package.

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  • 8. 

    In ASTM distillation curve, the order of distillate in ascending order for following are :(a) kerosene(b)high speed diesel(c) gasoline(d) ethyle alchohol  

    • A.

      D - c- b - a

    • B.

      A - b- c - d

    • C.

      B - c -a- d

    • D.

      A - d - b - c

    Correct Answer
    A. D - c- b - a
    Explanation
    The correct order of the distillate in the ASTM distillation curve is d - c - b - a. This means that ethyl alcohol has the lowest boiling point and will evaporate first, followed by gasoline, high-speed diesel, and finally kerosene, which has the highest boiling point and will evaporate last.

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  • 9. 

    The amount of energy liberated by 1kg of fuel is known as

    • A.

      Calorific value

    • B.

      Specific Heat

    • C.

      Enthalpy

    • D.

      Heat Capacity

    Correct Answer
    A. Calorific value
    Explanation
    Calorific value refers to the amount of energy released when 1kg of fuel is burned completely. It is a measure of the fuel's energy content and is typically expressed in units of joules or kilojoules per kilogram. Specific heat, enthalpy, and heat capacity are all related to energy and heat transfer, but they do not specifically refer to the energy liberated by a specific amount of fuel. Therefore, the correct answer is calorific value.

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  • 10. 

    Disintegration of combustion products at high temperature is known as  _______________

    Correct Answer
    Dissociation
    Explanation
    Dissociation refers to the process in which the combustion products break apart into their constituent atoms or molecules at high temperatures. This occurs due to the high energy and heat present during combustion, causing the bonds between the atoms or molecules to break. As a result, the combustion products disintegrate or dissociate into their individual components.

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  • 11. 

    The reference fuels for knock rating of spark ignition engines would include 

    • A.

      Normal heptane and iso-octane

    • B.

      Normal octane and aniline

    • C.

      Iso-octane and normal hexane

    • D.

      Iso-octane and alpha-methyl naphthalene

    Correct Answer
    A. Normal heptane and iso-octane
    Explanation
    The knock rating of a spark ignition engine refers to its resistance to knocking or detonation. Knocking occurs when the air-fuel mixture in the engine's combustion chamber ignites prematurely or unevenly, causing a knocking sound and potentially damaging the engine. The knock rating is determined by comparing the engine's performance with reference fuels. Normal heptane and iso-octane are commonly used as reference fuels because they have well-defined knock characteristics. Normal heptane has a low knock resistance, while iso-octane has a high knock resistance. By comparing the engine's performance with these two reference fuels, the knock rating can be determined.

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  • 12. 

    Which type of engine head is shown in fig

    • A.

      F head

    • B.

      L head

    • C.

      I head

    • D.

      T head

    Correct Answer
    A. F head
  • 13. 

    Small electrical resistance heater mounted inside the combustion chamber of many CI engines is known as 

    • A.

      Glow plug

    • B.

      Spark plug

    • C.

      Pressure transduser

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    A. Glow plug
    Explanation
    A small electrical resistance heater mounted inside the combustion chamber of many CI (Compression Ignition) engines is known as a glow plug. Unlike spark plugs, which are used in gasoline engines to ignite the air-fuel mixture, glow plugs are used in diesel engines to heat the air in the combustion chamber before the injection of fuel. This preheating helps in the combustion process, especially during cold starts, by ensuring that the diesel fuel ignites properly.

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  • 14. 

    High-pressure gases in the combustion chamber fromleaking past the piston into the crankcase

    • A.

      Blow by

    • B.

      Past over

    • C.

      Vented by

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    A. Blow by
    Explanation
    Blow by refers to the phenomenon when high-pressure gases in the combustion chamber leak past the piston into the crankcase. This can occur due to worn piston rings or cylinder walls, causing a loss of compression and decreased engine efficiency. It is a common issue in older or high-mileage engines. To prevent blow by, proper maintenance and regular inspection of the piston rings and cylinder walls are necessary.

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  • 15. 

    Ideal air standard otto cycle is considered as a close loop cycle.  True or False ?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the ideal air standard Otto cycle is indeed considered a closed loop cycle. In this cycle, the air-fuel mixture undergoes a series of processes including intake, compression, combustion, and exhaust, and then returns to the initial state to start the cycle again. The closed loop nature of the cycle allows for the continuous operation of the internal combustion engine, making it an efficient and reliable system.

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  • 16. 

    Butterfly valve mounted at the upstream end of the intake system is known as 

    • A.

      Throttle

    • B.

      Choke

    • C.

      Auxiliary

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    A. Throttle
    Explanation
    A butterfly valve mounted at the upstream end of the intake system is known as a throttle. The throttle valve controls the flow of air or fuel mixture into the engine by adjusting the size of the opening. By restricting or allowing more air to enter the engine, the throttle valve helps regulate the engine's speed and power output. This valve is commonly used in automotive engines to control the amount of air entering the combustion chamber.

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  • 17. 

    Presence of one of the following material can reduce the self ignition temperature and promote knock

    • A.

      Sulphur

    • B.

      Nitrogen

    • C.

      Unburnt HC

    • D.

      Vapor

    Correct Answer
    A. Sulphur
    Explanation
    Sulphur is the correct answer because its presence in fuel can lower the self-ignition temperature, making it easier for the fuel to ignite. This can lead to increased knocking in an engine.

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  • 18. 

    Clogging inlet manifold channel by rapid fuel evaporation is known as

    • A.

      Manifold lock

    • B.

      Vapor lock

    • C.

      Choking

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    B. Vapor lock
    Explanation
    Vapor lock refers to the clogging of the inlet manifold channel due to rapid fuel evaporation. This can occur when the fuel gets too hot, causing it to vaporize and form bubbles in the fuel line. These bubbles disrupt the flow of fuel, leading to a loss of power and engine stalling. Vapor lock is a common issue in older vehicles or in hot weather conditions, where the fuel system may not be properly insulated or ventilated.

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  • 19. 

    The compensating jet in a carburettor supplies almost constant amount of petrol at all speeds because the 

    • A.

      Jet area is automatically varied depending on the suction

    • B.

      The diameter of the jet is constant and the discharge coefficient is invariant

    • C.

      The diameter of the jet is constant and the discharge coefficient is invariant

    • D.

      Flow is produced due to the static head in the float chamber

    Correct Answer
    D. Flow is produced due to the static head in the float chamber
    Explanation
    The compensating jet in a carburettor supplies almost a constant amount of petrol at all speeds because the flow is produced due to the static head in the float chamber. This means that the fuel is constantly being supplied regardless of the suction or the diameter of the jet. The static head in the float chamber ensures a consistent flow of fuel, resulting in a constant amount of petrol being supplied at all speeds.

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  • 20. 

    Distribution of fuel particles in cylinder to achieve better fuel-air mixture is known as

    • A.

      Atomization

    • B.

      Penetration

    • C.

      Turbulence

    • D.

      Dispersion

    Correct Answer
    D. Dispersion
    Explanation
    Dispersion refers to the distribution of fuel particles in the cylinder in order to achieve a better fuel-air mixture. This process ensures that the fuel particles are evenly distributed throughout the combustion chamber, allowing for efficient and complete combustion. By dispersing the fuel particles, a larger surface area is exposed to the air, promoting better mixing and combustion. This leads to improved fuel efficiency and reduced emissions.

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  • 21. 

    Gum formation occurs due to 

    • A.

      Oxidation of unsaturated hydrocarbons

    • B.

      Oxidation of nitrogen

    • C.

      Oxidation of saturated hydrocarbons

    • D.

      All of above

    Correct Answer
    A. Oxidation of unsaturated hydrocarbons
    Explanation
    Gum formation occurs due to the oxidation of unsaturated hydrocarbons. Unsaturated hydrocarbons contain double or triple bonds between carbon atoms, which are susceptible to oxidation. When these bonds are oxidized, they can form sticky, gummy substances. This process is commonly observed in the degradation of oils and other organic materials, where the unsaturated hydrocarbons present undergo oxidation and result in the formation of gums.

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  • 22. 

    Air standard efficiency of diesel engine approaches to otto cycle efficiency when

    • A.

      Cut off ratio is increased

    • B.

      Cut off ratio is decreased

    • C.

      Cut off ratio is constant

    • D.

      Cut off ratio is Zero

    Correct Answer
    B. Cut off ratio is decreased
    Explanation
    When the cut off ratio is decreased in a diesel engine, it means that the combustion process is allowed to continue for a longer duration. This leads to more heat being added to the working fluid and a higher expansion ratio, which increases the work output of the engine. As a result, the air standard efficiency of the diesel engine approaches the efficiency of the Otto cycle, which is a theoretical cycle with maximum efficiency for a spark-ignition engine. Therefore, the correct answer is that the air standard efficiency of a diesel engine approaches the Otto cycle efficiency when the cut off ratio is decreased.

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  • 23. 

    Which of following is known as indicator diagram

    • A.

      P -theta

    • B.

      P-V

    • C.

      T-s

    • D.

      P-T

    Correct Answer
    A. P -theta
    Explanation
    The indicator diagram is a graphical representation of the pressure (p) and crank angle (theta) in an engine cylinder. It shows the variation of pressure inside the cylinder during the four-stroke cycle of intake, compression, power, and exhaust. This diagram helps in analyzing the performance and efficiency of the engine by providing information about the combustion process and the condition of the cylinder. Therefore, the correct answer is p -theta.

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  • 24. 

    In 2 stroke 2 cylinder CI engine, running at 3000 rpm , no of sparks occurs in 5 min

    • A.

      150000

    • B.

      30000

    • C.

      7500

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    D. None
    Explanation
    In a 2 stroke 2 cylinder CI engine, there are no sparks occurring as it is a compression ignition engine. The combustion process is initiated by the high temperature and pressure in the cylinder, caused by the compression of the air-fuel mixture. Therefore, the correct answer is "None".

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  • 25. 

    "Common fuel consisting of 90% gasoline and 10% alcohol" is known as 

    • A.

      Gasohol

    • B.

      Gasoline

    • C.

      Blend

    • D.

      Gasalcohol

    Correct Answer
    A. Gasohol
    Explanation
    Gasohol is a common fuel that is made up of 90% gasoline and 10% alcohol. This blend of gasoline and alcohol is commonly used as an alternative fuel source for vehicles. The addition of alcohol to gasoline helps to reduce emissions and increase the octane rating of the fuel. Gasohol is often used as a renewable and more environmentally friendly option compared to regular gasoline.

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  • 26. 

    Atomization doesn’t depend on

    • A.

      Injection pressure

    • B.

      Injection timing

    • C.

      Dia of nozzle

    • D.

      Injection valve

    Correct Answer
    D. Injection valve
    Explanation
    Atomization refers to the process of breaking up the fuel into small droplets for better combustion. The factors that affect atomization are injection pressure, injection timing, and the diameter of the nozzle. However, the injection valve is not directly responsible for atomization. Its main function is to control the flow of fuel into the combustion chamber. Therefore, the correct answer is injection valve.

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  • 27. 

    The resistance to knock in SI engines 

    • A.

      Increases with branch chain arrangement of SI fuel

    • B.

      Increase with decrease in number of carbon atoms in SI fuel

    • C.

      Increase with adding methyl group of SI fuel

    • D.

      All of above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of above
    Explanation
    The resistance to knock in SI engines increases with the branch chain arrangement of SI fuel because it leads to a more efficient combustion process. Additionally, it increases with a decrease in the number of carbon atoms in SI fuel because shorter hydrocarbon chains have a higher resistance to knock. Furthermore, adding a methyl group to SI fuel also increases the resistance to knock as it enhances the octane rating of the fuel. Therefore, all of the above factors contribute to an increased resistance to knock in SI engines.

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  • 28. 

    The brake power of a diesel engine, keeping other parameters constant, can be increased by 

    • A.

      Decreasing the density of intake air

    • B.

      Increasing the temperature of intake air

    • C.

      Increasing the pressure of intake air

    • D.

      Decreasing the pressure of intake air

    Correct Answer
    B. Increasing the temperature of intake air
    Explanation
    Increasing the temperature of intake air can increase the brake power of a diesel engine. This is because when the temperature of the intake air is increased, the air becomes less dense. This allows for a larger volume of air to enter the combustion chamber, resulting in more efficient combustion and increased power output.

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  • 29. 

    ...................... has highest specific heat with constant pressure at same temperature comparing other  monoatomic gases

    • A.

      CO2

    • B.

      H2o

    • C.

      CO

    • D.

      NO

    Correct Answer
    A. CO2
    Explanation
    CO2 has the highest specific heat with constant pressure at the same temperature compared to other monoatomic gases. This means that it requires the most amount of heat energy to raise its temperature by a certain amount. This is because CO2 is a linear molecule with three atoms, which allows it to have more degrees of freedom for energy absorption and distribution. Additionally, the presence of multiple bonds in CO2 allows for more vibrational modes, further increasing its specific heat capacity.

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  • 30. 

    During downword stroke in two stroke engine  

    • A.

      Power is developed caused by high pressure gases

    • B.

      Exhaust gases are removed

    • C.

      Charge is compressed in crankcase

    • D.

      All of above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of above
    Explanation
    During the downward stroke in a two-stroke engine, all of the mentioned actions occur. Power is developed due to the high pressure gases created by the combustion process. Exhaust gases from the previous combustion cycle are expelled. Additionally, the fresh fuel-air mixture is compressed in the crankcase, ready for the next combustion cycle. Hence, all of the mentioned actions take place during the downward stroke in a two-stroke engine.

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