Ancient River Valley Civilisation : The Indus Valley

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| By Ashmita Bhattacharjee
A
Ashmita Bhattacharjee
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 184
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 184

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Ancient River Valley Civilisation : The Indus Valley - Quiz



Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Harappan script is beleived to be ________

    Explanation
    The Harappan script is believed to be pictographic because it consists of symbols that represent objects or ideas directly, rather than using phonetic or alphabetic elements. This is supported by the fact that many of the symbols in the script resemble objects found in the archaeological remains of the Harappan civilization. Additionally, the script has not yet been deciphered, suggesting that it does not follow a phonetic or alphabetic system. Therefore, the most plausible explanation is that the Harappan script is pictographic in nature.

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  • 2. 

    ________ and ________ were important occupations 

    Explanation
    Agriculture and artisanship were important occupations because they both played crucial roles in the development and sustenance of societies. Agriculture involved the cultivation of crops and the rearing of livestock, providing a stable food supply for communities. Artisanship, on the other hand, involved skilled craftsmanship in various fields such as pottery, metalwork, and weaving, which contributed to the production of essential goods and trade. Together, these occupations supported the economic growth and cultural development of civilizations.

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  • 3. 

    The Harappan Cities were divided into the ________ and ________

    Explanation
    The Harappan Cities were divided into two main parts: the Citadel and the Lower town. The Citadel was a raised area where the ruling elite and important buildings were located. It was often fortified and served as a center of political and religious power. The Lower town, on the other hand, was the residential and commercial area where the majority of the population lived. It was characterized by its grid-like layout and had houses, workshops, and markets. The division of the cities into these two parts helped in maintaining social order and organizing urban life.

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  • 4. 

    The Indus Valley Civilisation is also known as the  ________ Civilisation.

    Explanation
    The Indus Valley Civilisation is known as the Harappan Civilisation because it was first discovered at the site of Harappa in present-day Pakistan. This ancient civilisation thrived around the Indus River basin from approximately 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE. The name "Harappan" is derived from the archaeological site at Harappa, which was one of the major cities of this civilisation. The term "Harappan" is commonly used to refer to this ancient civilisation and its associated culture, which is characterized by well-planned cities, advanced drainage systems, and sophisticated craftsmanship.

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  • 5. 

    Mohenjodaro is located in the ________ district of ________ .

    Explanation
    Mohenjodaro is located in the Larkhana district of Sind.

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  • 6. 

    Lothal was an important dockyard .

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Lothal was an ancient city located in present-day Gujarat, India. It was an important dockyard and maritime center during the Indus Valley Civilization around 2400 BCE. The city had a well-developed port and was connected to the Arabian Sea, making it a significant trading hub. The discovery of a dockyard, warehouses, and artifacts related to maritime activities at Lothal supports the statement that it was indeed an important dockyard. Therefore, the answer "True" is correct.

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  • 7. 

    The script of Harappan Civilisation was written from left to right .

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The script of Harappan Civilization was not written from left to right. The direction of the script remains undeciphered, but it is believed to have been written in a right-to-left or boustrophedon (alternating directions) style. This is based on the observation that the characters in the script are symmetrical and can be read from either direction. Additionally, the absence of word dividers further complicates the understanding of the script's directionality.

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  • 8. 

    Surplus food grains were stored in the great granary  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that surplus food grains were stored in the great granary. Since the answer is "True," it can be inferred that the statement is correct and surplus food grains were indeed stored in the great granary.

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  • 9. 

    Harappan Civilisation was a rural Civilisation 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement that the Harappan Civilization was a rural civilization is false. The Harappan Civilization, also known as the Indus Valley Civilization, was one of the world's first urban civilizations. It developed around 2600 BCE in the fertile Indus River valley in present-day Pakistan and northwest India. The civilization had well-planned cities, advanced infrastructure, and a sophisticated system of writing. The discovery of large, well-organized cities like Mohenjo-daro and Harappa indicates that the civilization was urban rather than rural in nature.

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  • 10. 

    Citadel consisted of dwelling houses for common people.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement mentioned in the question is "Citadel consisted of dwelling houses for common people." The correct answer is False. This means that the statement is not true. The Citadel was not made up of dwelling houses for common people. The Citadel refers to a fortified area within a city, typically housing the ruling class, government buildings, or important religious structures. It was often a symbol of power and authority rather than a residential area for common people.

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  • 11. 

    The Great Bath of Indus Valley Civilisation is found at :

    • A.

      Harappa

    • B.

      Mohenjo-Daro

    • C.

      Ropar

    • D.

      Kalibangan

    Correct Answer
    B. Mohenjo-Daro
    Explanation
    The Great Bath of the Indus Valley Civilization is found at Mohenjo-Daro. Mohenjo-Daro was one of the major cities of the Indus Valley Civilization, located in present-day Pakistan. The Great Bath is a large, well-preserved structure that was likely used for ritualistic bathing or religious ceremonies. It is a testament to the advanced engineering and urban planning of the Indus Valley Civilization, which flourished around 2500-1900 BCE.

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  • 12. 

    Where did the Archaeological Department of India carry out excavations in the Indus Valley?

    • A.

      Kalibangan and Lothal

    • B.

      Harappa and Rangapur

    • C.

      Mohenjo-Daro and Alamgirpur

    • D.

      Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro

    Correct Answer
    D. Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
    Explanation
    The Archaeological Department of India carried out excavations in the Indus Valley at Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro. These two sites are considered to be the most important and well-preserved cities of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization. The excavations at Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro have provided significant insights into the urban planning, architecture, and lifestyle of the people who lived in this ancient civilization. The discoveries made at these sites have helped in understanding the cultural, economic, and social aspects of the Indus Valley Civilization.

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  • 13. 

    What led to the end of Indus Valley Civilization?

    • A.

      Invasion of Aryans

    • B.

      Recurrent Floods

    • C.

      Earthquakes

    • D.

      All the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All the above
    Explanation
    The end of the Indus Valley Civilization can be attributed to a combination of factors. The invasion of the Aryans played a significant role in the decline as they brought with them a different culture and disrupted the existing social and political structures. Recurrent floods in the region caused damage to the cities and infrastructure, leading to a decline in agricultural productivity. Additionally, earthquakes in the area further contributed to the destruction of settlements. Therefore, all of these factors together led to the eventual end of the Indus Valley Civilization.

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  • 14. 

    What were the residential houses of Indus people made of?

    • A.

       Mud

    • B.

      Stone

    • C.

      Baked bricks

    • D.

      Copper

    Correct Answer
    C. Baked bricks
    Explanation
    The residential houses of the Indus people were made of baked bricks. This is supported by archaeological evidence that has been found at various Indus Valley sites, such as Harappa and Mohenjo-daro. These bricks were made by shaping clay into rectangular forms and then firing them in kilns to harden them. The use of baked bricks in construction suggests a high level of technological advancement and urban planning in the Indus Valley civilization.

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  • 15. 

    Citadel consisted of dwelling houses for common people.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because Citadel did not consist of dwelling houses for common people. Citadel refers to a fortress or a fortified area that typically houses the ruling class or the elite. It is usually a symbol of power and authority rather than a residential area for common people.

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  • 16. 

    Who was the main female God worshipped by Indus people?

    • A.

      Mother Goddess

    • B.

      Shakti

    • C.

      Laxmi 

    • D.

      Sarada

    Correct Answer
    A. Mother Goddess
    Explanation
    The main female God worshipped by the Indus people was the Mother Goddess. This is evident from the numerous figurines and statues found in the archaeological sites of the Indus Valley Civilization, depicting a female deity. The worship of the Mother Goddess suggests the importance of fertility and motherhood in their religious beliefs and practices. The Mother Goddess was likely revered as the source of life and abundance, and her worship may have played a significant role in the social and cultural fabric of the Indus people.

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  • 17. 

    Who was the main male God worshipped by Indus people?

    • A.

      Indra

    • B.

      Vishnu

    • C.

      Shiva

    • D.

      Bhrama

    Correct Answer
    C. Shiva
    Explanation
    Shiva was the main male God worshipped by the Indus people. Shiva is one of the principal deities in Hinduism and is known as the destroyer and transformer. He is often depicted as a yogi meditating in the mountains, with a third eye on his forehead and a crescent moon on his head. The worship of Shiva dates back to the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, where he was worshipped as a powerful deity associated with fertility, creation, and destruction. Shiva's worship continues to be prominent in Hinduism today.

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  • 18. 

    Which among the following was worshiped by the Indus people?

    • A.

      Stones

    • B.

      Trees

    • C.

      Houses

    • D.

      Animals

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Stones
    B. Trees
    D. Animals
    Explanation
    The Indus people worshiped stones, trees, and animals. The worship of stones is evident from the discovery of stone idols and figurines at various Indus Valley sites. The worship of trees is suggested by the presence of tree motifs on pottery and seals. Additionally, depictions of animals on seals and the discovery of animal remains in religious contexts indicate that animals were also objects of worship. Therefore, the Indus people worshipped stones, trees, and animals as part of their religious practices.

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  • 19. 

    What animals did the Indus Valley people used to pull carts ?

    • A.

      Domesticated Bulls

    • B.

      Huskies

    • C.

      Horses

    • D.

      Reindeer

    Correct Answer
    A. Domesticated Bulls
    Explanation
    The Indus Valley people used domesticated bulls to pull carts. Bulls were commonly domesticated in ancient civilizations for their strength and ability to perform heavy tasks. They were likely used for transportation and agriculture purposes, helping the Indus Valley people to move goods and cultivate their land. Bulls were well-suited for these tasks due to their size, power, and docile nature when trained.

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  • 20. 

    Which crop did Indus Valley People used to make cloth with ?

    • A.

      Wheat

    • B.

      Cotton

    • C.

      Barley 

    • D.

      Jute

    Correct Answer
    B. Cotton
    Explanation
    The Indus Valley people used cotton to make cloth. Cotton was a common crop in the region, and its fibers were spun into thread and woven into fabric. The discovery of cotton fragments and tools used for spinning and weaving in archaeological sites of the Indus Valley civilization supports this answer. Cotton was a valuable resource for the people of this ancient civilization and played a significant role in their textile industry.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 17, 2020
    Quiz Created by
    Ashmita Bhattacharjee
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