8-4.4 And 8-4.5 Military Strategies

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8-4.4 And 8-4.5 Military Strategies

Military Strategies of the Civil War


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    South Carolinians who wanted to secede but only if the other southern states did also:
    • A. 

      Cooperationists

    • B. 

      Fire Eaters

    • C. 

      Unionists

    • D. 

      Secessionists

  • 2. 
    A "total war" is a war that involves both soldiers and civilians.  Which of the following is the best example of the Civil War being a total war?  
    • A. 

      The battle of the CSS Hunley submarine

    • B. 

      Sherman's "March to the Sea"

    • C. 

      The construction of a prison stockade in Florence

    • D. 

      The first shots at Fort Sumter

  • 3. 
    Confederate soldiers often had trouble getting food, clothing, and ammunition.  Which of the following made it extremely difficult for the South to get needed supplies to its soldiers? 
    • A. 

      The Battle of Gettysburg

    • B. 

      The burning of the city of Columbia

    • C. 

      The Union capture of the Mississippi

    • D. 

      The Union blockade of Charleston

  • 4. 
    In 1863, Abraham Lincoln signed a document that freed all slaves in the rebelling states.  This document was called the: 
    • A. 

      Gettysburg Address

    • B. 

      Emancipation Proclamation

    • C. 

      Ordinance of Secession

    • D. 

      Reconstruction Amendment

  • 5. 
    During the final months of the Civil War, Union General William Sherman marched his troops through South Carolina and destroyed everything in his path.  Which of the following goals was General Sherman most likely trying to accomplish? 
    • A. 

      He wanted to use South Carolina as a warning to the other southern states.

    • B. 

      He wanted to break the will of the South and give the Confederates no choice but to surrender.

    • C. 

      He wanted to get revenge on South Carolina for starting the Civil War.

    • D. 

      He wanted to cut off the Confederate Army's supply lines.

  • 6. 
    In 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected President of the United States.  This event made the Civil War almost inevitable, but it was THIS event that historians credit as being the "official" start of the Civil War: 
    • A. 

      The signing of the Emancipation Proclamation

    • B. 

      The Battle of Gettysburg

    • C. 

      The ratification of the Constitution of the Confederate States

    • D. 

      The Battle of Fort Sumter

  • 7. 
    As president of the Confederate States, Jefferson Davis immediately asked for volunteers to join the Confederate Army.  As the war went on, he was forced to pass a "conscription law," which meant that: 
    • A. 

      Soldiers no longer had to be white men, but could also be slaves, children, and even a few women.

    • B. 

      Soldiers had to have a certain degree of military training before going into battle.

    • C. 

      Soldiers were not the only ones required to carry weapons, but also civilians.

    • D. 

      Soldiers were drafted, or required by law, to serve in the army.

  • 8. 
    In 1861, Robert Smalls was hired to work aboard a Confederate steamship known as the Planter.  After much planning, he convinced several members of the crew to help him seize the ship and deliver it to the Union Army.  Why did Robert Smalls betray the Confederate Army? 
    • A. 

      He was a slave, and he knew that a Union victory would help end slavery in America.

    • B. 

      He was a Union spy who had been sent to the South to capture a ship.

    • C. 

      He was former ship captain, and he wanted to get revenge on the Confederate Army for stealing his own ship a year earlier.

    • D. 

      He was a high-ranking Confederate soldier, but he felt that the Army did not appreciate his service.

  • 9. 
    On February 16, 1865, The Union Army reached the city of Columbia, South Carolina.  What was the fate of the city over the next few days? 
    • A. 

      In an effort to limit the destruction of the South, Abraham Lincoln ordered that the city be spared.

    • B. 

      The Union troops marched through the city without stopping because their main target was Charleston.

    • C. 

      Much of the city was burned by Union troops.

    • D. 

      Brave South Carolina soldiers fought off the Union invasion.

  • 10. 
    One of the ways that the Confederate Army tried to break or disrupt the Union blockade on the city of Charleston was by employing a new weapon known as the Hunley.  The Hunley was which of the following? 
    • A. 

      The first motorized blockade runner.

    • B. 

      The first "missile" launched at a distance longer than one mile.

    • C. 

      The first submarine to sink a ship in combat.

    • D. 

      The first hot air balloon to drop bombs on an enemy target.

  • 11. 
    This man served as the first--and only--President of the Confederate States of America: 
    • A. 

      Stephen Douglas

    • B. 

      Robert E. Lee

    • C. 

      Jefferson Davis

    • D. 

      William Lloyd Garrison

  • 12. 
    Early in the war, the Union Army captured Port Royal Sound in South Carolina.  The key reason why the Army did this was to: 
    • A. 

      Seize the Sea Island cotton.

    • B. 

      Launch a blockade.

    • C. 

      Invade Columbia, the capital city.

    • D. 

      To begin schools to teach the former slaves.

  • 13. 
    A "fire eater" was someone who:
    • A. 

      Felt that S.C. should secede no matter what other states did.

    • B. 

      Worked in the confederate circus

    • C. 

      Felt that S.C. should remain in the Union.

    • D. 

      Felt that S.C. should secede but only if other states did first.

  • 14. 
    A Unionist:
    • A. 

      Felt that S.C. should stay in the Union and not secede

    • B. 

      Felt that S.C. should secede but also felt really badly about betraying the Union

    • C. 

      Felt that S.C. should secede no matter what.

    • D. 

      Felt that S.C. should secede if other states go as well.

  • 15. 
    List a state besides S.C. that seceded from the Union early in the war
  • 16. 
    The Union had a four stage plan to win the war. What city did the Union want to capture as part of this plan?
    • A. 

      New York, NY

    • B. 

      Charleston. SC

    • C. 

      Birmingham, AL

    • D. 

      Richmond, VA

  • 17. 
    The Union had a four stage plan to win the war. Which part was designed to stop the C.S.A. from being resupplied?
    • A. 

      Blockade

    • B. 

      Splitting the Confederacy

    • C. 

      Executing the President of the C.S.A.

    • D. 

      Air raids on southern ports

  • 18. 
    The Union had a four stage plan to win the war. Destroying the C.S.A. railroads was which part of the plan. 
    • A. 

      Splitting the Confederacy in two in order to separate troops.

    • B. 

      Blockading C.S.A. ports.

    • C. 

      Attacking communications and transportation systems.

    • D. 

      Using submarine warfare to attack C.S.A. shipping.

  • 19. 
    The Union had a four stage plan to win the war. Which part of the plan included the Mississippi River as a key element?
    • A. 

      Blockading C.S.A. ports

    • B. 

      Splitting the C.S.A. in two.

    • C. 

      Attacking the Capital.

    • D. 

      Attacking communications and transportation systems.

  • 20. 
    The C.S.A. had a strategy to win the war. What was the main element of the strategy?
    • A. 

      Fight an Offensive war.

    • B. 

      Use guerrilla tactics to fight

    • C. 

      Use explosive charges to kill or wound as many Union soldiers as possible.

    • D. 

      Fight a defensive war.

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