Unit 5 - French Revolution: Part V (Napoleonic Era)

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Unit 5 - French Revolution: Part V (Napoleonic Era) - Quiz

-Rise to Power and Goals
-Domestic Policy
-Foreign Policy
-Fall of Napoleon


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    How many consuls were "established" right after the coup d'etat?

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      4

    • D.

      5

    Correct Answer
    B. 3
    Explanation
    After the coup d'etat, three consuls were established. This suggests that there were three individuals who were appointed to govern and lead the country following the overthrow of the previous government.

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  • 2. 

    Napoleon granted universal male suffrage to the French population.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During his rule, Napoleon did indeed grant universal male suffrage to the French population. This meant that all adult men, regardless of their social status or wealth, had the right to vote. This was a significant change from the previous system, which only allowed a limited number of men to vote based on their property ownership. Napoleon's decision to grant universal male suffrage was seen as a progressive move towards democracy and equality in France.

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  • 3. 

    Which of these are not part of Napoleon's Domestic Policy?

    • A.

      General amnesty was issued.

    • B.

      A secret police force was established.

    • C.

      Public servants were only required to be loyal to him.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above.
    Explanation
    Napoleon's Domestic Policy included issuing a general amnesty, establishing a secret police force, and requiring public servants to be loyal to him. Therefore, none of the options mentioned are not part of Napoleon's Domestic Policy.

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  • 4. 

    The Civil Code of 1804, also known as the _____________ _____ provides the framework for the French legal system to this day. It enshrined the equality of all people before the law and safeguarded the rights of property holders.

    Correct Answer
    Napoleonic Code
    Explanation
    The Napoleonic Code, also known as the Civil Code of 1804, is the correct answer. This code established the foundation for the French legal system that is still in use today. It was a significant legal reform that emphasized the principles of equality before the law and protection of property rights. The Napoleonic Code had a profound influence on legal systems around the world and is considered one of Napoleon Bonaparte's most lasting achievements.

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  • 5. 

    The code reversed the advances made by women during the Revolution: women and children were legally dependent on their _________ and ________. A woman could not sell or buy property without the approval of the people mentioned above, and divorce became much harder to obtain.

    Correct Answer
    husbands, fathers
    fathers, husbands
    Explanation
    During the Revolution, women made significant progress in terms of their rights and independence. However, the code mentioned in the question reversed these advances by making women and children legally dependent on their husbands and fathers. This means that women could not make decisions regarding property without the approval of their husbands and fathers. Additionally, obtaining a divorce became more difficult for women.

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  • 6. 

    Which of these was NOT established under the Concordat signed with Pope Pius VII?

    • A.

      Catholicism was declared the religion of the great majority of Catholics.

    • B.

      Only some members of the clergy had to swear an oath supporting the state.

    • C.

      The papacy were to select bishops, but only on recommendation of the First Consul.

    • D.

      The church were to give up its claims to those lands confiscated during the Revolution.

    • E.

      Napoleon was to get rid of the calendar that had been established under Jacobin dominance.

    Correct Answer
    B. Only some members of the clergy had to swear an oath supporting the state.
    Explanation
    ALL members of the clergy were supposed to swear an oath supporting the state, though many resisted.

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  • 7. 

    ________________ is the belief that all people should enjoy equal social, political, and economical rights and opportunities. A new aristocracy was created based on service to the state rather than birth. Members of the new aristocracy did not enjoy any special privileges before the law and couldn't pass their titles to their children.

    Correct Answer
    Egalitarianism
    Explanation
    The given answer, Egalitarianism, is the belief that all people should enjoy equal social, political, and economical rights and opportunities. This belief opposes any form of hierarchy or privilege based on birth or social status. In the context of the provided information, the creation of a new aristocracy based on service to the state rather than birth indicates a departure from the traditional system of inherited privilege. Members of this new aristocracy were not granted any special privileges before the law and were unable to pass their titles to their children, further emphasizing the principle of equality and meritocracy.

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  • 8. 

    During the Napoleonic Era, _________ art and architecture became popular again.

    Correct Answer
    classical
    Explanation
    During the Napoleonic Era, classical art and architecture became popular again. This is because Napoleon Bonaparte admired the art and architecture of ancient Greece and Rome, and sought to emulate their grandeur and sophistication. Classical art and architecture during this time were characterized by clean lines, symmetry, and a focus on proportion and harmony. The revival of classical styles was also a way for Napoleon to showcase his power and authority, as he saw himself as a modern-day emperor in the tradition of the ancient Roman emperors.

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  • 9. 

    The Treaty of _________ (1802) put France officially at peace with Great Britain, but Napoleon sent troops to Haiti to antagonize the British, who had colonies in the Caribbean. He lost interest when most of the troops died from disease.

    Correct Answer
    Amiens
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Amiens in 1802 marked the end of hostilities between France and Great Britain, officially putting them at peace. However, despite the treaty, Napoleon sent troops to Haiti to provoke the British, who had colonies in the Caribbean. This action suggests that Napoleon was not fully committed to maintaining peace with Britain. The fact that most of the troops died from disease indicates that the expedition was not successful and likely contributed to Napoleon losing interest in antagonizing the British.

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  • 10. 

    The Third Coalition consisted of which countries?

    • A.

      Austria, Prussia, and Russia

    • B.

      Austria, Russia, and Great Britain

    • C.

      Austria, Prussia, and Great Britain

    Correct Answer
    B. Austria, Russia, and Great Britain
    Explanation
    After Napoleon abolished the Holy Roman Empire, Prussia joined the Third Coalition. At the Battle of Jena, France defeated the Prussian army and occupied their capital city of Berlin. The Treaty of Tilsit between Prussia and Russia reduced Prussia to 1/2 its size and forced it to become an ally of France against Great Britain.

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  • 11. 

    Napoleon abolished the Holy Roman Empire and created the _____________ ____ ____ _________, a loose grouping of 16 German states placed under the influence of France.

    Correct Answer
    Confederacy of the Rhine
    Explanation
    During Napoleon's rule, he dissolved the Holy Roman Empire and established the Confederacy of the Rhine. This new confederacy was a loose alliance consisting of 16 German states that were under the influence of France. The Confederacy of the Rhine was created to weaken the power of Austria and Prussia, and to further extend French control over the German territories. It aimed to consolidate Napoleon's dominance in Europe and solidify his strategic position.

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  • 12. 

    The ____________ system was established in an attempt to ban British goods from arriving on the continent. This move actually ended up weakening the states Napoleon had conquered and did little to advance French economic interests.

    Correct Answer
    continental
    Explanation
    The continental system refers to the economic blockade imposed by Napoleon in an attempt to ban British goods from entering the European continent. However, this move ended up weakening the states that Napoleon had conquered instead of advancing French economic interests. The system was ultimately unsuccessful in achieving its intended goal and had unintended consequences for the countries under Napoleon's control.

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  • 13. 

    Napoleon's Grand Army of 600,000 entered ________ in 1812 and only 40,000 made it back to France due to the combination of attacks, the brutal winter, and lack of supplies.

    Correct Answer
    Russia
    Explanation
    In 1812, Napoleon's Grand Army of 600,000 soldiers entered Russia. However, due to a combination of attacks, the harsh winter, and a lack of supplies, only 40,000 soldiers were able to make it back to France.

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  • 14. 

    The Fourth Coalition was comprised of

    • A.

      Austria, Prussia, Russia, the Netherlands

    • B.

      Austria, Prussia, Russia, Spain

    • C.

      Austria, Russia, Great Britain

    • D.

      Austria, Prussia, Russia, Great Britain

    Correct Answer
    D. Austria, Prussia, Russia, Great Britain
    Explanation
    The Fourth Coalition was an alliance formed against Napoleon Bonaparte's French Empire. It consisted of Austria, Prussia, Russia, and Great Britain. These countries joined forces in an attempt to counter Napoleon's expanding power and influence in Europe. Together, they aimed to restore the balance of power and protect their own national interests. This coalition ultimately led to the defeat of Napoleon in the War of the Fourth Coalition, specifically at the Battle of Leipzig in 1813.

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  • 15. 

    Wellington (British commander), aided by Marshal Butcher (leader of the Prussian forces), defeated Napoleon at the ________ ____ ___________ on June 18, 1815. He was exiled to the distant island of St. Helena, in the middle of the Atlantic, where he died in 1821.

    Correct Answer
    Battle of Waterloo
    Explanation
    Wellington, with the help of Marshal Butcher, emerged victorious over Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo on June 18, 1815. This defeat led to Napoleon's exile on the remote island of St. Helena in the Atlantic, where he ultimately passed away in 1821.

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