Phylogenetic Exam For Animal

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 109

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The goal for animal _________ is to arrange animals into groups that reflect _______ _________ .
  • 2. 
    What is the tool used to depict evolutionary relationships? 
    • A. 

      Dendrodites

    • B. 

      Fossil

    • C. 

      Cladistics

    • D. 

      Nomenclature

    • E. 

      Phylogenetic Tree

  • 3. 
    The two types of phylogenetic trees are __________ and _________.
  • 4. 
    Cladograms help indicate
    • A. 

      Distance

    • B. 

      Recent common ancestor

  • 5. 
    What are the three main schools of systematics used to construct trees?
    • A. 

      Molecular systematics

    • B. 

      Numerical taxonomy (phenetics)

    • C. 

      Cladistics/Phylogenetics

    • D. 

      Anatomical taxonomy

    • E. 

      Evolutionary systematics

  • 6. 
    _______________ _____________ says that organisms closely related to an ancestor will resemble that ancestor more closely than they resemble distantly related organisms.
  • 7. 
    Resemblances that result from common ancestry, common evolutionary orgins are called:
    • A. 

      Homologies

    • B. 

      Analogies

    • C. 

      Homoplasy

  • 8. 
    Resemblances that evolved independently of each other are called:
    • A. 

      Homologies

    • B. 

      Analogies

    • C. 

      Homoplasy

  • 9. 
    ____________ _________ mathematically computes organismal relatedness based on the total number of shared techniques. 
  • 10. 
    These are characteristcs of phylogentics/cladistics
    • A. 

      The classification is based upon recency of common decent

    • B. 

      Uses three types: analogies, homologies, and homoplasy to classify

    • C. 

      The use of mathematical techniques to classify organisms.

    • D. 

      Relationships are based on the number of shared characteristics.

    • E. 

      Priority is given to the number of shared, derived characteristics.