Unit 1 Lsn Government Quiz: Political/Economic Structures

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Government Quizzes & Trivia

In this political quiz, answer questions regarding governments and their political and economic structures. It’s a topic that affects us all but not everyone seems to know about. What do you know about politics? Let’s find out.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In the United States, the central (national) government and the state governments share power. Which of these terms best describes this type of government?

    • A.

      Representative democracy

    • B.

      Confederation

    • C.

      Direct democracy

    • D.

      Federalism

    Correct Answer
    D. Federalism
    Explanation
    Federalism is the best term to describe the type of government where power is shared between the central (national) government and the state governments in the United States. In a federalist system, both levels of government have their own separate powers and responsibilities, and they work together to govern the country. This allows for a balance of power between the central authority and the individual states, ensuring that both have a say in the decision-making process.

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  • 2. 

    Which of these statements is true of a representative democracy?

    • A.

      Citizens have unlimited individual rights

    • B.

      Citizens elect government leaders

    • C.

      Government leaders rule by force

    • D.

      Citizens vote directly on all laws and government actions

    Correct Answer
    B. Citizens elect government leaders
    Explanation
    A representative democracy is a system in which citizens elect government leaders to represent their interests and make decisions on their behalf. This means that the statement "citizens elect government leaders" is true. In a representative democracy, citizens do not have unlimited individual rights as these rights are typically outlined and protected by a constitution or other legal framework. Government leaders do not rule by force, as their authority is derived from the consent and support of the citizens. Lastly, citizens do not vote directly on all laws and government actions, but rather elect representatives who make these decisions on their behalf.

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  • 3. 

    Which of these statements is most likely true about countries with a market economy?

    • A.

      Businesses that do not make profits will likely go out of business

    • B.

      Most farms are owned and operated by the government

    • C.

      Workers are restricted by the government from changing jobs

    • D.

      Consumers have little choice in the food they buy

    Correct Answer
    A. Businesses that do not make profits will likely go out of business
    Explanation
    In a market economy, businesses operate based on the principles of supply and demand. If a business is not making profits, it is an indication that there is not enough demand for its products or services. In such a scenario, it is likely that the business will go out of business as it will not be able to sustain itself without generating profits. Therefore, the statement "businesses that do not make profits will likely go out of business" is most likely true in countries with a market economy.

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  • 4. 

    In which form of government do sovereign states have more power than the central (national) government?

    • A.

      Federal system

    • B.

      Confederate system

    • C.

      Unitary system

    • D.

      Authoritarian system

    Correct Answer
    B. Confederate system
    Explanation
    In a confederate system of government, sovereign states have more power than the central government. In this system, the central government is weak and has limited authority, while the individual states retain a significant amount of power and autonomy. The states have the ability to make decisions and enact laws independently, and the central government's role is primarily to coordinate and facilitate cooperation among the states. This is in contrast to a federal system, where power is divided between the central government and the states, or a unitary system, where power is concentrated in the central government.

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  • 5. 

    Which of these actions would most likely take place in a command economy?

    • A.

      Industrial leaders agree to control prices and fix the supply of goods

    • B.

      Stock traders create wealth through buying and selling of stocks and bonds

    • C.

      Government leaders decide how goods will be produced

    • D.

      Many consumers decide to not buy lettuce because the price is too high

    Correct Answer
    C. Government leaders decide how goods will be produced
    Explanation
    In a command economy, the government has control over the production and distribution of goods. This means that government leaders would be the ones making decisions on how goods will be produced. This is because in a command economy, the government has the authority to plan and direct economic activities, including determining what goods should be produced, how much should be produced, and how they should be produced. Therefore, the action of government leaders deciding how goods will be produced is most likely to take place in a command economy.

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  • 6. 

    In which form of government do local governments have the least political power?

    • A.

      Federal system

    • B.

      Confederate system

    • C.

      Unitary system

    • D.

      Democratic system

    Correct Answer
    C. Unitary system
    Explanation
    In a unitary system of government, power is concentrated at the national level, and local governments have limited political power. This means that decisions and policies are made by the central government, and local governments have little autonomy or authority to make significant decisions on their own. This lack of political power at the local level is what sets the unitary system apart from other forms of government, such as federal or confederate systems, where local governments have more independence and political power.

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  • 7. 

    What is the opportunity cost if the government decides to purchase more weapons for the military?

    • A.

      Businesses will not be able to purchase more computers

    • B.

      The government will spend less money on helping schools

    • C.

      The government will have more weapons for their soldiers

    • D.

      All citizens will support the government's decision

    Correct Answer
    B. The government will spend less money on helping schools
    Explanation
    If the government decides to purchase more weapons for the military, the opportunity cost is that they will spend less money on helping schools. This means that the funds that could have been used to improve education and support schools will instead be allocated towards purchasing weapons. This decision implies that the government prioritizes military spending over investing in education and supporting educational institutions.

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  • 8. 

    Read the headline: "US Government Creates New Food Safety Regulations for Restaurants" Based on the headline above, what type of economy does the United States use?

    • A.

      Market economy

    • B.

      Mixed economy

    • C.

      Command economy

    • D.

      Traditional economy

    Correct Answer
    B. Mixed economy
    Explanation
    Based on the headline stating that the US government has created new food safety regulations for restaurants, it can be inferred that the United States uses a mixed economy. This is because a mixed economy is characterized by a combination of government intervention and market forces. In this case, the government is taking action to regulate the food safety standards in restaurants, indicating some level of government involvement in the economy.

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