Understand Affixes And Determining Meaning From Context

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| By Mrs. Regole
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Mrs. Regole
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 321
Questions: 18 | Attempts: 321

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Affix Quizzes & Trivia

Questions 1 - 14: Students will correctly define affixes.
Questions 15 - 20 : Students will determine meaning (bolded word) from context


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following groups of prefixes all mean not or opposite.

    • A.

      Mal-, anti-, de-

    • B.

      Im-, un-, dis-

    • C.

      Re-, mis-, mal-

    Correct Answer
    B. Im-, un-, dis-
    Explanation
    The prefixes "im-", "un-", and "dis-" all have the meaning of "not" or "opposite". "Im-" is commonly used to negate words starting with "m" or "p", such as "impossible" or "imperfect". "Un-" is used to negate words in general, such as "unhappy" or "unfair". "Dis-" is used to indicate the opposite or absence of a quality, such as "disagree" or "dislike". Therefore, these three prefixes all convey the meaning of "not" or "opposite".

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following prefixes mean between or among.

    • A.

      Omni-

    • B.

      Mal-

    • C.

      Inter-

    Correct Answer
    C. Inter-
    Explanation
    The prefix "inter-" means between or among. It is commonly used to indicate a relationship or interaction between two or more things. For example, "interact" means to act between or among each other. Therefore, "inter-" is the correct answer as it accurately represents the meaning of between or among.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following prefixes mean carry, back

    • A.

      Re-

    • B.

      Dis-

    • C.

      Ir-

    Correct Answer
    A. Re-
    Explanation
    The prefix "re-" means carry or back. It is commonly used to indicate repetition or return to a previous state or action. For example, "reconnect" means to establish a connection again, "rebuild" means to construct something again, and "retrace" means to follow a path back to its starting point. Therefore, "re-" is the correct answer as it accurately represents the meaning of carry or back in a prefix.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following prefixes mean make the opposite of.

    • A.

      Post-

    • B.

      De-

    • C.

      Co-

    Correct Answer
    B. De-
    Explanation
    The prefix "de-" means to reverse or make the opposite of something. It is commonly used to indicate removal, separation, or negation. For example, "devalue" means to reduce the value of something, "defrost" means to remove frost, and "dethrone" means to remove someone from power. Therefore, "de-" is the correct answer as it accurately represents the meaning of making the opposite of something.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following prefixes mean one.

    • A.

      Mono-

    • B.

      Co-

    • C.

      Ir-

    Correct Answer
    A. Mono-
    Explanation
    The prefix "mono-" means one. It is derived from the Greek word "monos" which also means one. This prefix is commonly used in scientific and technical terms to indicate singularity or a single unit. For example, monochrome refers to a single color, monogamy refers to being married to one person, and monocle refers to a single eyeglass.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following prefixes mean all.

    • A.

      Anti-

    • B.

      Un-

    • C.

      Omni-

    Correct Answer
    C. Omni-
    Explanation
    The prefix "omni-" means all. It is derived from the Latin word "omnis" which also means all. This prefix is commonly used in words like "omnipotent" (all-powerful), "omniscient" (all-knowing), and "omnivorous" (eating all kinds of food). It indicates that something is encompassing or includes everything.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following prefixes mean counter.

    • A.

      Anti-

    • B.

      Co-

    • C.

      Counter-

    Correct Answer
    C. Counter-
    Explanation
    The prefix "counter-" means against or opposite, indicating a response or opposition to something. It is commonly used to convey the idea of a counteraction or a counterbalance. Therefore, the correct answer is "counter-".

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following suffixes mean more.

    • A.

      -er

    • B.

      -est

    • C.

      -full

    Correct Answer
    A. -er
    Explanation
    The suffix "-er" is used to indicate a comparative degree, meaning "more" of something. It is commonly used to form comparative adjectives, such as "bigger" or "faster." For example, if we have the word "fast," adding "-er" to it gives us "faster," which means more fast. Therefore, "-er" is the correct answer as it signifies "more" in comparison.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following suffixes mean like, suited to.

    • A.

      -ly

    • B.

      -al

    • C.

      -er

    Correct Answer
    B. -al
    Explanation
    The suffix "-al" is used to indicate something that is like or suited to. For example, "musical" means like or related to music, "educational" means suited to education, and "professional" means suited to a profession. Therefore, "-al" is the correct answer as it fits the given definition.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following group of suffixes mean in a specific way.

    • A.

      -ly, -wise

    • B.

      -al, -er

    • C.

      -ate, -en

    Correct Answer
    A. -ly, -wise
    Explanation
    The group of suffixes -ly and -wise both indicate a specific manner or way of doing something. For example, "quickly" means doing something in a quick manner, and "clockwise" means moving in the direction of the hands on a clock. Therefore, both -ly and -wise suffixes add a specific meaning to the base word.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following group of suffixes mean to make.

    • A.

      -ation, -cy, -hood

    • B.

      -ate, -fy, -ize

    • C.

      -al, -aze, -er

    Correct Answer
    B. -ate, -fy, -ize
    Explanation
    The group of suffixes -ate, -fy, -ize all mean to make. These suffixes are used to form verbs that indicate the act of causing or creating something. For example, "to activate," "to beautify," and "to energize" all involve the action of making or causing something to happen. Therefore, this group of suffixes is associated with the meaning of making.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following suffixes mean state of quality of.

    • A.

      -ate, -sy, -able

    • B.

      -ate, -en, -al

    • C.

      -cy, -ation, -ence

    Correct Answer
    C. -cy, -ation, -ence
    Explanation
    The suffixes -cy, -ation, and -ence all indicate the state or quality of something. For example, the suffix -cy is used in words like democracy and accuracy to indicate the state or condition of being democratic or accurate. Similarly, the suffix -ation is used in words like education and admiration to indicate the state or process of educating or admiring. Lastly, the suffix -ence is used in words like confidence and excellence to indicate the state or quality of being confident or excellent.

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  • 13. 

    After sitting in the car for a long time, I tend to fidget because my muscles are sore.

    • A.

      Stand

    • B.

      Squirm

    • C.

      Daydream

    • D.

      Exercise

    Correct Answer
    B. Squirm
    Explanation
    After sitting in the car for a long time, it is common to feel discomfort and restlessness due to sore muscles. This can cause a person to fidget, which involves small, restless movements or shifting positions to alleviate the discomfort. "Squirm" is the best fit among the given options as it accurately describes the restless movements that occur when trying to find a more comfortable position.

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  • 14. 

    The detective was able deduce the identity of the killer from clues.

    • A.

      Infer

    • B.

      Announce

    • C.

      Interrogate

    • D.

      Deny

    Correct Answer
    A. Infer
    Explanation
    The word "infer" means to deduce or conclude information based on evidence or reasoning. In this context, the detective was able to deduce or infer the identity of the killer from the clues that were available.

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  • 15. 

    Bill does not like to assume something is accurate; he wants proof.

    • A.

      Question

    • B.

      Suppose

    • C.

      Declare

    • D.

      Study intently

    Correct Answer
    B. Suppose
    Explanation
    This answer is correct because "suppose" means to assume or consider something to be true without any proof or evidence. However, the given statement states that Bill does not like to assume something is accurate without proof. Therefore, "suppose" aligns with Bill's preference as he wants to have proof before assuming anything.

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  • 16. 

    Because I have a poor sense of balance, I tend to flounder on roller skates.

    • A.

      Speed

    • B.

      Glide

    • C.

      Move clumsily

    • D.

      Stop quickly

    Correct Answer
    C. Move clumsily
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that the person has a poor sense of balance, which means they struggle to maintain stability. As a result, when they wear roller skates, they are likely to have difficulty in maintaining control and coordination, leading to unsteady and awkward movements. Therefore, the most appropriate term from the options provided to describe their actions on roller skates is "move clumsily."

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  • 17. 

    Jean's mother taught her not to intrude on another persons's private conversation.

    • A.

      Repeat

    • B.

      Make profit

    • C.

      Contradict

    • D.

      Break in

    Correct Answer
    D. Break in
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "break in." This means to interrupt or enter someone else's conversation or private space without permission. Jean's mother taught her not to do this, emphasizing the importance of respecting others' privacy and boundaries.

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  • 18. 

    The research scientist was hired to analyze the DNA of chimpanzees.

    • A.

      Study

    • B.

      Subtract

    • C.

      Contaminate

    • D.

      Argue about

    Correct Answer
    A. Study
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "study" because the research scientist was hired to analyze the DNA of chimpanzees. This implies that their main task is to conduct a detailed examination and investigation of the genetic material of chimpanzees, which aligns with the definition of studying a subject. The other options, such as subtract, contaminate, and argue about, do not accurately reflect the purpose or objective of the scientist's job.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 20, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Mrs. Regole
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