# Ultrsound Physics (Chapter 4)

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When someone is talking about ultrasound, they are referring to sound waves that have frequencies higher than the upper audible limit of human hearing. What can you tell us about the physics behind the concept of ultrasound? Let’s find out.

• 1.

### The actula time  from the start of a pulse to the end of that pulse.

• A.

Pulse Duration

• B.

Pulse Repetition Period

• C.

Pulse Repetition Frequency

• D.

Spatial Pulse Length

• E.

Duty Factor

A. Pulse Duration
Explanation
Pulse duration refers to the actual time it takes for a pulse to start and end. It is the time interval between the beginning and the end of a single pulse. This is different from pulse repetition period, which is the time between the start of one pulse and the start of the next pulse, and pulse repetition frequency, which is the number of pulses that occur in one second. Spatial pulse length refers to the length of the pulse in space, and duty factor is the fraction of time that the pulse is actually transmitting.

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• 2.

### What is the unit of pulse duration?

• A.

Watts

• B.

Meters

• C.

Seconds

• D.

Hertz

• E.

Joules

C. Seconds
Explanation
The unit of pulse duration refers to the amount of time it takes for a single pulse to occur. It is measured in seconds, as it represents the duration or length of time for which the pulse exists. The other options such as watts, meters, hertz, and joules are not relevant to measuring the duration of a pulse.

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• 3.

### What is the typical value of pulse duration?

• A.

0.1-1 microseconds

• B.

.03 to 2 microseconds

• C.

.03 to 2 seconds

• D.

3 to 20 microseconds

B. .03 to 2 microseconds
Explanation
The typical value of pulse duration is usually between .03 to 2 microseconds. This range indicates the length of time for which a pulse signal is active. A pulse duration of microseconds suggests that the pulse signal remains active for a very short period, typically ranging from .03 to 2 microseconds.

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• 4.

### Pulse Duration is determined by:

• A.

Sound Source

• B.

Medium

• C.

Both

A. Sound Source
Explanation
The pulse duration is determined by the sound source. This means that the duration of a sound pulse, or the time it takes for one complete cycle of a sound wave, is dependent on the characteristics of the sound source itself. Factors such as the type of sound source, its frequency, and the properties of the vibrating object all contribute to the pulse duration. The medium through which the sound travels may affect other aspects of the sound wave, but it does not directly determine the pulse duration.

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• 5.

• A.

Yes

• B.

No

B. No
Explanation
The question asks whether pulse duration is adjustable or not. The answer is "No" because pulse duration refers to the length of time a pulse of energy lasts, and it is typically determined by the specific device or technology being used. In most cases, the pulse duration is fixed and cannot be adjusted by the user.

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• 6.

### The distance that a pulse occupies om space from the start to the end of a pulse

• A.

Pulse Duration

• B.

Pulse Repetition Period

• C.

Pulse Repetition Frequency

• D.

Duty Factor

• E.

Spatial Pulse Length

E. Spatial Pulse Length
Explanation
Spatial pulse length refers to the distance that a pulse occupies in space from the start to the end of the pulse. It is a measure of the length of the pulse in the direction of propagation. This parameter is important in ultrasound imaging as it affects the spatial resolution of the image. A shorter spatial pulse length results in better resolution and the ability to distinguish smaller structures.

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• 7.

### What is the unit for spatial pulse length?

• A.

Seconds

• B.

Meters

• C.

Hertz

• D.

Watts

• E.

Joules

B. Meters
Explanation
Spatial pulse length is a measure of the physical length of an ultrasound pulse in the direction of propagation. It represents the distance over which one pulse occurs. Since length is a physical dimension, the unit for spatial pulse length is meters.

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• 8.

### What is the typical value for spatial pulse length?

• A.

0.1-1mm

• B.

0.1-1cm

• C.

0.1-1m

• D.

1-10 mm

A. 0.1-1mm
Explanation
The typical value for spatial pulse length is 0.1-1mm. This refers to the length of the ultrasound pulse in the direction of propagation. It is an important parameter in ultrasound imaging as it determines the axial resolution, which is the ability to distinguish between two closely spaced structures along the direction of the ultrasound beam. A shorter spatial pulse length results in improved axial resolution, allowing for better visualization and differentiation of structures in the image.

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• 9.

### Spatial pulse length is determined by

• A.

Sound source

• B.

Medium

• C.

Both

C. Both
Explanation
The spatial pulse length is determined by both the sound source and the medium. The sound source refers to the transducer that generates the sound waves, while the medium refers to the material through which the sound waves travel. The spatial pulse length is the physical length of a pulse in the direction of propagation, and it is influenced by the characteristics of both the sound source and the medium.

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• 10.

### Is spatial pulse length adjustable

• A.

Yes

• B.

No

B. No
Explanation
The question asks whether the spatial pulse length is adjustable. The answer is "No" because the spatial pulse length refers to the length of the ultrasound beam in the axial direction, and it is determined by the transducer and cannot be adjusted.

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• 11.

### The time from the start of one pulse to the start of the next pulse

• A.

Pulse Duration

• B.

Pulse Repetition Period

• C.

Pulse Reptition Frequency

• D.

Pulse Duration

• E.

Duty Factor

B. Pulse Repetition Period
Explanation
The pulse repetition period refers to the time interval between the start of one pulse and the start of the next pulse. It is the time it takes for the entire cycle of a pulse to repeat. This is different from the pulse duration, which refers to the length of time that a single pulse lasts. The duty factor, on the other hand, is the ratio of the pulse duration to the pulse repetition period.

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• 12.

### What is the unit for pulse repetition period?

• A.

Meters

• B.

Seconds

• C.

Hertz

• D.

Watts

• E.

Joules

B. Seconds
Explanation
The pulse repetition period refers to the time it takes for a single pulse to repeat. It is a measure of the time interval between consecutive pulses. Therefore, the unit for pulse repetition period is seconds, as it represents a duration of time. Meters, hertz, watts, and joules are not appropriate units for measuring time intervals.

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• 13.

### What is the typical value of pulse repetition period?

• A.

1 second to 10 seconds

• B.

1 microseconds to 10 milliseconds

• C.

10 microseconds to 1 milliseconds

• D.

100 microseconds to 1 milliseconds

D. 100 microseconds to 1 milliseconds
Explanation
The typical value of pulse repetition period is between 100 microseconds to 1 millisecond. This range indicates the time interval between consecutive pulses in a pulse repetition cycle. It suggests that the pulses are repeated at a relatively high frequency, but not too frequently to overlap or cause interference.

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• 14.

### Pulse repetition period is determined by:

• A.

Sound source

• B.

Medium

• C.

Both

A. Sound source
Explanation
The pulse repetition period is determined by the sound source. The pulse repetition period refers to the time interval between consecutive pulses emitted by the source. It is solely dependent on the characteristics and settings of the sound source, such as the frequency and duration of the pulses. The medium through which the sound travels does not affect the pulse repetition period.

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• 15.

### Is the pulse repetition period adjustable

• A.

Yes

• B.

No

A. Yes
Explanation
The pulse repetition period refers to the time interval between consecutive pulses in a pulse train. If it is adjustable, it means that the user has the ability to change the duration of this interval according to their needs or preferences. Therefore, the correct answer is "Yes" as it implies that the pulse repetition period can be adjusted.

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• 16.

### How is pulse repetition period adjusted?

• A.

Gain

• B.

Frequency

• C.

Dept

• D.

Acoustic Power

C. Dept
Explanation
The pulse repetition period is adjusted by changing the depth. This means that by altering the depth at which the ultrasound waves are emitted and received, the time interval between consecutive pulses can be modified. The deeper the ultrasound waves need to travel, the longer the pulse repetition period will be. Therefore, adjusting the depth setting allows for control over the pulse repetition period.

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• 17.

### The number of pulses that an ultrasound system transmits into the body each second

• A.

Pulse duration

• B.

Pulse Repetition Period

• C.

Duty Factor

• D.

Pulse Repetition Frequency

D. Pulse Repetition Frequency
Explanation
Pulse Repetition Frequency refers to the number of pulses that an ultrasound system transmits into the body each second. It is a measure of how often the ultrasound waves are emitted. The higher the pulse repetition frequency, the more pulses are transmitted per second. This parameter is important in ultrasound imaging as it affects the image quality and the ability to detect moving objects or blood flow.

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• 18.

### What is the units for pulse repetition frequency

• A.

Seconds

• B.

Meters

• C.

Hertz

• D.

Watts

• E.

Joule

C. Hertz
Explanation
The correct answer is hertz. Pulse repetition frequency (PRF) is a measure of the number of pulses of a repeating signal that occur in a one-second interval. Hertz is the unit of frequency, defined as one cycle per second. Therefore, hertz is the appropriate unit for measuring PRF, as it represents the number of pulses occurring in one second.

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• 19.

### What is the typical value for pulse repetition frequency?

• A.

1,000 to 10,000 Hz

• B.

100 to 1,000 Hz

• C.

10,000 to 100,000 Hz

• D.

1-10 Hz

A. 1,000 to 10,000 Hz
Explanation
The typical value for pulse repetition frequency (PRF) is 1,000 to 10,000 Hz. PRF refers to the number of pulses of a repeating signal that occur in one second. This range is commonly used in various applications such as radar systems and ultrasound imaging. It allows for a sufficient number of pulses to be transmitted and received within a short time frame, enabling accurate measurements and detection of objects or signals.

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• 20.

### What is the pulse repetition frequency determined by

• A.

Sound source

• B.

Medium

• C.

Both

A. Sound source
Explanation
The pulse repetition frequency is determined by the sound source. This means that the rate at which the pulses of sound are emitted is determined by the source of the sound. The medium through which the sound travels does not affect the pulse repetition frequency.

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• 21.

### Is pulse repetition frequency adjustable

• A.

Yes

• B.

No

A. Yes
Explanation
Pulse repetition frequency refers to the number of pulses emitted per second. It is a parameter that can be adjusted in various systems and devices, such as radar systems, ultrasound machines, and communication systems. By adjusting the pulse repetition frequency, the user can control the rate at which pulses are transmitted, which can have an impact on the system's performance, range, and resolution. Therefore, the correct answer is "Yes," as pulse repetition frequency is adjustable.

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• 22.

### How is pulse repetition frequency adjusted?

• A.

Power Acoustic

• B.

Depth

• C.

Gain

• D.

Focus

B. Depth
Explanation
Pulse repetition frequency (PRF) is adjusted by changing the depth setting. Depth refers to the distance from the transducer to the target tissue. By adjusting the depth, the ultrasound machine can control the time it takes for the sound waves to travel to the target tissue and back. This, in turn, affects the PRF, as a longer travel time requires a lower PRF to avoid overlapping of echoes. Therefore, adjusting the depth setting allows for control over the PRF.

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• 23.

### The percentage or fraction of time that the system is transmitting a pulse

• A.

Spatial Pulse Length

• B.

Pulse Duration

• C.

Pulse Repetition Period

• D.

Pulse Repetition Frequency

• E.

Duty Factor

E. Duty Factor
Explanation
Duty Factor refers to the percentage or fraction of time that the system is transmitting a pulse. It is calculated by dividing the pulse duration by the pulse repetition period and multiplying the result by 100. A high duty factor indicates that the system is transmitting pulses for a longer duration compared to the rest period, while a low duty factor indicates a shorter pulse duration and longer rest period.

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• 24.

### What is the typical pulse

• A.

1-10 cycles

• B.

10-20 cycles

• C.

2-4 cycles

• D.

20-40 cycles

C. 2-4 cycles
Explanation
The typical pulse is usually measured in cycles per second. In this case, the correct answer is 2-4 cycles, indicating that the pulse typically occurs 2 to 4 times within a second. This suggests that the pulse rate is relatively slow, as it falls within a lower range of cycles per second.

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• 25.

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

• E.

E

D. D
• 26.

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

• E.

E

C. C
• 27.

### Whats is the spatial pulse length

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

• E.

E

A. A
Explanation
The spatial pulse length refers to the distance that an ultrasound pulse occupies in space during transmission. It is determined by the duration of the pulse and the speed of sound in the medium. Option A is the correct answer as it provides a definition and explanation of the spatial pulse length, while options B, C, D, and E do not provide any information relevant to the question.

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• 28.

### What is the off time

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

• E.

E

E. E

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• Current Version
• Mar 21, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Oct 07, 2009
Quiz Created by
Brett81

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