Ujian Online Fikih Kelas 9

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Ujian Online Fikih Kelas 9 - Quiz

Ujian ini dibuat untuk mengevaluasi kemampuan siswa dalam menguasai pelajaran fikih yang selama ini di ajarkan di MTsN Malang I


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Tujuan diadakannya qurban adalah ….

    • A.

      Syukur atas nikmat anak

    • B.

      Menjaga amanah

    • C.

      Perintah Rasulullah SAW

    • D.

      Syukur atas nikmat

    Correct Answer
    D. Syukur atas nikmat
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "syukur atas nikmat". This answer implies that the purpose of qurban is to express gratitude for the blessings received. Qurban is a religious practice in Islam where an animal is sacrificed as an act of worship and gratitude towards Allah. By sacrificing an animal, Muslims show their thankfulness for the blessings they have received and their willingness to give back to the community by sharing the meat with those in need.

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  • 2. 

    Berikut ini yang bukan merupakan cara pembagian daging aqiqah adalah ….

    • A.

      Sepertiga untuk dimaan sendiri dan keluarganya

    • B.

      Sepertiga untuk sahabat dan kerabatnya

    • C.

      Sepertinya atau semuanya untuk kaum muslimin

    • D.

      Setengahnya untuk dimakan sendiri dan kerabatnya

    Correct Answer
    D. Setengahnya untuk dimakan sendiri dan kerabatnya
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "setengahnya untuk dimakan sendiri dan kerabatnya". This is not a valid way of dividing aqiqah meat because it goes against the principles of sharing and giving to others. Aqiqah meat is traditionally divided into three parts: one-third for the family, one-third for friends and relatives, and one-third for the less fortunate or the Muslim community.

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  • 3. 

    Waktu yang tepat untuk melakukan aqiqah adalah ….

    • A.

      Tujuh hari estela kelahiran bayi

    • B.

      Ketika memiliki rizki

    • C.

      Ketika usia anak sudah baligh

    • D.

      Ketika anak usia sepuluh tahun

    Correct Answer
    A. Tujuh hari estela kelahiran bayi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "tujuh hari setelah kelahiran bayi". This is because in Islamic tradition, it is recommended to perform the aqiqah, a religious ceremony to celebrate the birth of a child, on the seventh day after the baby is born. This is based on the practice of Prophet Muhammad, who performed the aqiqah for his grandchildren on the seventh day after their birth.

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  • 4. 

    Al-Qur’an menjelaskan bahwa bagian yang diterima ahli waris anak laki-laki  … kali bagian anak perempuan

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    B. 2
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2. The explanation for this answer is that according to the Qur'an, the share of inheritance received by a male child is twice the share of inheritance received by a female child. This is based on the concept of male superiority and traditional gender roles in Islamic inheritance laws.

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  • 5. 

    Jumlah kain kafan untuk jenazah laki-laki adalah ….lapis

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      4

    • D.

      5

    Correct Answer
    B. 3
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 3. This suggests that the number of layers of shroud for a male corpse is three.

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  • 6. 

    Jual beli yang di dalamnya terdapat perihal mau meneruskan atau membatalkan transaksin jual beli ….

    • A.

      Fasid

    • B.

      Khiyar

    • C.

      Riba

    • D.

      Salam

    Correct Answer
    B. Khiyar
    Explanation
    Khiyar refers to the option to continue or cancel a purchase agreement. This option allows the buyer to cancel the transaction within a specified time period if they are not satisfied with the purchase. It is a form of protection for the buyer to ensure that they have the right to back out if they change their mind or if the seller fails to meet the agreed-upon terms. Therefore, khiyar is the correct answer as it aligns with the given description of a transaction that includes the option to continue or cancel the purchase.

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  • 7. 

    Orang yang sedang melakukan transaksi jual beli mengadakan kesepakatan menentukan hak khiyar sampai waktu tertentu, dan ini dibolehkan meskipun rentang waktu berlakunya hak khiyar tersebut cukup lama, maka terjadinya akad jual beli seperti itu, disebut khiyar….

    • A.

      Rukyah

    • B.

      Syarat

    • C.

      Majlis

    • D.

      Aib

    Correct Answer
    B. Syarat
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "syarat" because the explanation provided in the given statement states that when a person is engaged in a buying and selling transaction, they agree to determine the right of khiyar until a certain time. This is allowed even if the duration of the validity of the right of khiyar is quite long. "Syarat" means conditions or terms, which fits the context of the explanation.

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  • 8. 

    Hukum meminjam barang atau uang adalah haram apabila ….

    • A.

      Orang yang meminjam belum dikenal baik

    • B.

      Belem jelas jangka waktu pengembaliannya

    • C.

      Digunakan untuk berbuat maksiat

    • D.

      Pemilik barang atau uang tidak tahu hasilnya

    Correct Answer
    C. Digunakan untuk berbuat maksiat
    Explanation
    Borrowing goods or money is considered forbidden (haram) if it is used for sinful activities. This means that if the borrowed item or money is used for actions that are considered immoral or against the teachings of Islam, it is not permissible. This is because Islam encourages its followers to engage in activities that are beneficial and promote righteousness, and borrowing for sinful purposes goes against these principles. Thus, borrowing for sinful activities is prohibited in Islam.

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  • 9. 

    Hukum orang yang memberikan hutang adalah ….

    • A.

      Sunnah

    • B.

      Wajib

    • C.

      Haram

    • D.

      Makruh

    Correct Answer
    A. Sunnah
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "sunnah". In Islam, it is recommended and encouraged for individuals to lend money to others who are in need. This act of giving a loan is considered a virtuous and noble deed, as it helps to fulfill the financial needs of others and promote mutual assistance within the community. However, it is not obligatory or mandatory, hence it is not classified as "wajib". It is also not prohibited or forbidden, therefore it is not "haram". Additionally, it is not discouraged or disliked, so it is not "makruh".

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  • 10. 

    Cara penyembelihan binatang sesuai syari’at Islam adalah.... 

    • A.

      Binatang dipukul sampai mati

    • B.

      Disabet dengan menggunakan senjata tajam

    • C.

      Memutus dengan pisau jalan makan,minum, nafas dan urat nadi

    • D.

      Memutus jalan makan, minum, nafas dan urat nadi dengan apapun

    Correct Answer
    C. Memutus dengan pisau jalan makan,minum, nafas dan urat nadi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "memutus dengan pisau jalan makan, minum, nafas dan urat nadi". This is because in Islamic law, the proper method of slaughtering an animal is by cutting its throat with a sharp knife, ensuring that the four main blood vessels in the neck are severed. This method is considered humane and ensures that the animal's vital functions are quickly and painlessly stopped.

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  • 11. 

    Menyebut nama Allah saat menyembelih hewan berarti ....

    • A.

      Memberi tahu kepada Allah sebagai penciptanya

    • B.

      Memohon restu kepada Allah sebagai penciptanya

    • C.

      Menghormati binatang yang akan dikonsumsi

    • D.

      Mengurangi rasa sakit pada binatang

    Correct Answer
    B. Memohon restu kepada Allah sebagai penciptanya
    Explanation
    When mentioning the name of Allah while slaughtering an animal, it means seeking permission and blessings from Allah as the creator. This act acknowledges that the animal being slaughtered is a creation of Allah and seeks His approval for consuming it. It is a way of showing respect and gratitude towards Allah for providing sustenance.

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  • 12. 

    Dibawah ini syarat orang yang menyembelih adalah ....

    • A.

      Islam, menyebut asma Allah, mumayyiz, berakal sehal

    • B.

      Islam, menyebut asma Allah, binatangnya halal, berakal sehal

    • C.

      Menghadap kiblat, menyebut asma Allah, mumayyiz, berakal sehal

    • D.

      Menyebut asma Allah, mumayyiz, menggunakan alat yang tajam, berakal sehal

    Correct Answer
    A. Islam, menyebut asma Allah, mumayyiz, berakal sehal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Islam, menyebut asma Allah, mumayyiz, berakal sehal." This answer states that the person who is slaughtering must be a Muslim, must mention the name of Allah, must be sane and mature, and must have the intention to slaughter the animal for the sake of Allah. This answer includes all the necessary conditions for a valid Islamic slaughter.

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  • 13. 

    Tata cara penyembelihan binatang unta yang benar adalah ....

    • A.

      Menyembelih pada ujung lehernya

    • B.

      Menyembelih pada pangkal lehernya

    • C.

      Tidak harus pada leher binatang

    • D.

      Dengan menusuk bagian tubuh manapun

    Correct Answer
    B. Menyembelih pada pangkal lehernya
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "menyembelih pada pangkal lehernya." This means that the correct way to slaughter a camel is by cutting its throat at the base of the neck. This method ensures a quick and humane death for the animal.

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  • 14. 

    Arman seorang yang kaya raya setiap idhul adha ia berusaha berqurban, hukum berkurban bagi Arman adalah   ....,

    • A.

      Sunnah muakkad

    • B.

      Fardhu ain

    • C.

      Sunnah

    • D.

      Wajib

    Correct Answer
    A. Sunnah muakkad
    Explanation
    The given correct answer for the question is "sunnah muakkad". This means that it is highly recommended for Arman, who is wealthy, to perform the act of qurban (sacrifice) every idhul adha. It is not obligatory (fardhu ain) or mandatory (wajib) for him, but it is a strongly encouraged practice (sunnah muakkad) for those who have the means to do so.

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  • 15. 

    Jenis binatang yang boleh digunakan berqurban adalah ....

    • A.

      Sapi, unta, kambing, itik

    • B.

      Biri-biri, kuda, unta, kambing

    • C.

      Kerbau, biri-biri, kambing, unta

    • D.

      Kambing, sapi, kerbau, kuda

    Correct Answer
    C. Kerbau, biri-biri, kambing, unta
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes the animals that are permissible to be used for sacrifice, which are kerbau (buffalo), biri-biri (sheep), kambing (goat), and unta (camel).

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  • 16. 

    Hukum melaksanakan aqiqah adalah ....

    • A.

      Fardu ain

    • B.

      Fardu kifayah

    • C.

      Sunah gairu muakkad

    • D.

      Sunah muakkad

    Correct Answer
    D. Sunah muakkad
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Sunah muakkad. Aqiqah is a recommended practice in Islam, but it is not obligatory for every individual (fardu ain). It is a communal obligation (fardu kifayah), meaning that if some members of the community perform it, the obligation is lifted from the rest. However, performing aqiqah is highly encouraged and emphasized (sunah muakkad), although not mandatory.

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  • 17. 

    Waktu yang paling afdhol untuk pelasanaan aqiqah adalah hari ....

    • A.

      Ke tujuh

    • B.

      Pertama

    • C.

      Ke empat belas

    • D.

      Kedua puluh satu

    Correct Answer
    A. Ke tujuh
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "ke tujuh". The explanation for this answer is not available.

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  • 18. 

    Apabila kita membagikan masakan aqiqah, sedangkan barangnya terbatas maka yang kita utamakan adalah tetangga....

    • A.

      Dekat dan jauh

    • B.

      Saudara sendiri

    • C.

      Dekat yang tergolong fakir miskin

    • D.

      Terdekat baik kaya maupun miskin

    Correct Answer
    C. Dekat yang tergolong fakir miskin
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "dekat yang tergolong fakir miskin." This means that when distributing aqiqah food, priority should be given to the neighbors who are classified as poor. This is because it is important to prioritize helping those who are in need and may not have the means to afford aqiqah food on their own.

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  • 19. 

    Pelaksaan aqiqah merupakan wujud rasa.... atas lahirnya anak

    • A.

      Bangga

    • B.

      Senang

    • C.

      Tawadduk

    • D.

      Syukur

    Correct Answer
    D. Syukur
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "syukur" because aqiqah is a form of gratitude or thankfulness expressed by parents for the birth of their child. Aqiqah is a religious ritual in Islam where a sacrifice is made to celebrate the birth of a baby and to show gratitude to Allah. Therefore, the word "syukur" fits perfectly in this context as it signifies the feeling of gratitude for the blessing of a child.

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  • 20. 

    Salah satu hikmah melaksanakan aqiqah adalah....

    • A.

      Menjadi amanah

    • B.

      Melancarkan usahanya

    • C.

      Memudahkan urusannya

    • D.

      Terpelihara dari marabahaya

    Correct Answer
    D. Terpelihara dari marabahaya
    Explanation
    Melaksanakan aqiqah memiliki hikmah untuk terpelihara dari marabahaya. Aqiqah adalah sebuah ritual dalam agama Islam yang dilakukan untuk menyambut kelahiran seorang anak. Dalam melaksanakan aqiqah, domba atau kambing disembelih dan dagingnya dibagikan kepada yang membutuhkan. Dengan melaksanakan aqiqah, seseorang diharapkan mendapatkan perlindungan dari bahaya dan keselamatan dari segala macam ancaman yang mungkin terjadi. Dengan demikian, hikmah dari melaksanakan aqiqah adalah terpelihara dari marabahaya.

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  • 21. 

    Riba fadli adalah riba yang terjadi dalam kasus  ....

    • A.

      Pinjam -meminjam

    • B.

      Sewa menyewa

    • C.

      Jual beli

    • D.

      Upah

    Correct Answer
    C. Jual beli
    Explanation
    Riba fadli refers to the interest or increase that occurs in a transaction of buying and selling. It is considered as a form of riba because it involves an unjust increase in the price of goods or services. In this case, the correct answer is "Jual beli" which means buying and selling.

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  • 22. 

    Riba yang terjadi karena adanya tambahan pembayaran utang adalah pengertian riba ....

    • A.

      Nasi’ah

    • B.

      Fadli

    • C.

      Aini

    • D.

      Syar`i

    Correct Answer
    A. Nasi’ah
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "nasi'ah". Riba is a term used in Islamic finance to refer to interest or usury. Nasi'ah specifically refers to the increase or additional payment that is charged on a debt. In this context, it means that riba occurs when there is an additional payment on a debt.

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  • 23. 

    Berikut ini adalah macam-macam riba ....

    • A.

      Nasi’ah dan riba syariah

    • B.

      Fadli dan riba syariah

    • C.

      Nasi’ah dan riba fadli

    • D.

      Syariah dan riba aini

    Correct Answer
    C. Nasi’ah dan riba fadli
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "nasi'ah dan riba fadli". This is because "nasi'ah" refers to a type of riba that involves charging interest on a loan that is delayed or extended, while "riba fadli" refers to a type of riba that involves unequal exchange of goods or commodities. Both of these terms are commonly used in the context of Islamic finance, where riba (interest) is prohibited.

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  • 24. 

    Pelaku riba ( peminjam maupun pemilik uang ) dosanya sama yaitu ....

    • A.

      Syubhat

    • B.

      Haram

    • C.

      Sunnah

    • D.

      Wajib

    Correct Answer
    B. Haram
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "haram". In Islamic finance, riba refers to the prohibition of charging or paying interest on loans. Both the borrower and the lender are considered to be engaging in a sinful act when involved in riba. Therefore, the dosa (sin) is the same for both parties, as it is forbidden and considered haram in Islam.

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  • 25. 

    Hukum asal qiradh adalah ....

    • A.

      Nawafil

    • B.

      Jaiz

    • C.

      Fadu

    • D.

      Mandub

    Correct Answer
    B. Jaiz
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "jaiz". In Islamic law, the original ruling for qiradh (a type of business partnership) is that it is permissible or "jaiz". This means that it is allowed and not prohibited. Qiradh involves one party providing capital while the other party manages the business, and they share in the profits according to a predetermined ratio. As long as the conditions and requirements of qiradh are met, it is considered permissible in Islam.

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  • 26. 

    Pak Amir membeli mesin cuci, tanpa dicek dengan seksama setelah sampai di rumah  ternyata barang tersebut cacat, kemudian ia mengembalikan barang tersebut, hal ini boleh selama  ....

    • A.

      Pak Amir belum meninggalkan toko tersebut

    • B.

      Sebelumnya pak Amir sudah melakukan perjanjian

    • C.

      Barang tersebut benar-benar cacat dari tokonya

    • D.

      Belum melakukan transaksi antara penjual dan pembeli

    Correct Answer
    B. Sebelumnya pak Amir sudah melakukan perjanjian
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that Pak Amir had made an agreement beforehand. This suggests that Pak Amir had discussed the possibility of returning the item if it was defective with the seller before making the purchase. This agreement allows him to return the item even though he did not thoroughly check it before leaving the store.

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  • 27. 

    Irsyat membeli Hp, untuk menjamin kwalitas barang tersebut toko memberikan garansi selama satu tahun hal ini termasuk  khiyar....

    • A.

      Majlis

    • B.

      Syarat

    • C.

      Alaih

    • D.

      Aibi

    Correct Answer
    B. Syarat
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "syarat". In the given context, the sentence talks about buying a phone and the store providing a one-year warranty to ensure the quality of the product. The term "syarat" in Indonesian means "condition" or "term", which fits well in this scenario as the warranty is a condition or term offered by the store.

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  • 28. 

    Khiyar majlis ialah khiyar yang berlaku ....

    • A.

      Sesama anggota majlis

    • B.

      Ketika ada dalam sebuah majlis

    • C.

      Selama penjual dan pembeli terjadi jual beli

    • D.

      Ketika penjual dan pembeli masih dalam satu tempat

    Correct Answer
    D. Ketika penjual dan pembeli masih dalam satu tempat
    Explanation
    Khiyar majlis refers to the option to rescind a contract that occurs when the seller and buyer are still in the same place. This means that if the seller and buyer are physically present in the same location, they have the right to cancel or withdraw from the contract. This option is only available as long as the transaction is ongoing and both parties are present together.

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  • 29. 

    Bu Aminah meminta anaknya yang berusia 5 tahun membelikan garam ditoko dekat rumahnya, hukum jual beli tersebut adalah ....

    • A.

      Tidak sah karena anaknya belum baliqh

    • B.

      Tidak sah karena bisa terjadi penipuan

    • C.

      Sah selama yang dibeli bukan barang yang mahal

    • D.

      Sah selama bu aminah yakin anaknya bisa

    Correct Answer
    C. Sah selama yang dibeli bukan barang yang mahal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Sah selama yang dibeli bukan barang yang mahal." This is because in Islamic law, a transaction is considered valid as long as the item being bought or sold is not something that is considered expensive or valuable. In this case, Aminah is asking her 5-year-old child to buy salt, which is not a high-value item, so the transaction would be considered valid.

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  • 30. 

    Hukum yang meminjam barang....

    • A.

      Mubah

    • B.

      Sunah

    • C.

      Wajib

    • D.

      Makruh

    Correct Answer
    A. Mubah
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "mubah." In Islamic law, the term "mubah" refers to actions that are neither obligatory nor prohibited. It means that borrowing items from others is permissible and there is no specific ruling or obligation regarding it. It is a neutral act that is neither encouraged nor discouraged.

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