Try Out 2 Perubahan Sosial

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Try Out 2 Perubahan Sosial - Quiz

PILIHLAH SATU JAWABAN YANG PALING TEPAT!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    1) Faktor utama yang menghambat perubahan sosial adalah ... .

    • A.

      A. sikap menghargai karya seseorang

    • B.

      B. adanya keinginan untuk maju

    • C.

      C. kurangnya hubungan dengan masyarakat lain

    • D.

      D. penduduk yang homogen

    • E.

      E. sikap masyarakat yang tertutup

    Correct Answer
    E. E. sikap masyarakat yang tertutup
    Explanation
    The main factor that hampers social change is the closed-mindedness of the community. When a society is resistant to new ideas and perspectives, it becomes difficult for any significant change to occur. This closed-mindedness prevents the exploration of alternative viewpoints and hinders the acceptance of new social norms and values. Consequently, social progress is impeded as individuals are unwilling to adapt and evolve.

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  • 2. 

    2) Masyarakat dan kebudayaan cenderung berubah karena adanya ... .

    • A.

      A. sistem sosial

    • B.

      B. interaksi sosial

    • C.

      C. dinamika sosial

    • D.

      D. stratifikasi sosial

    • E.

      E. diferensiasi sosial

    Correct Answer
    C. C. dinamika sosial
    Explanation
    The correct answer is c. dinamika sosial. Social dynamics refer to the constant changes and interactions within a society. These dynamics include social movements, cultural shifts, technological advancements, and other factors that influence the way a society and its culture evolve over time. Therefore, it is reasonable to say that society and culture tend to change because of social dynamics.

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  • 3. 

    3) Pengaruh perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan terhadap modernisasi adalah ... .

    • A.

      A. meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat

    • B.

      B. meningkatkan rasa percaya diri dalam masyarakat

    • C.

      C. menjadikan masyarakat lebih menghargai waktu

    • D.

      D. menjadikan masyarakat lebih percaya pada hal-hal ghaib

    • E.

      E. menimbulkan pemikiran rasional di kalangan masyarakat

    Correct Answer
    E. E. menimbulkan pemikiran rasional di kalangan masyarakat
    Explanation
    The correct answer is e. menimbulkan pemikiran rasional di kalangan masyarakat. The development of science has led to the emergence of rational thinking among society. As scientific knowledge expands, people are encouraged to think critically, analyze information, and make logical decisions based on evidence and reason. This rational thinking has played a significant role in modernization by promoting innovation, problem-solving, and progress in various fields such as technology, healthcare, and education. It has also contributed to the advancement of society by challenging traditional beliefs and superstitions, leading to a more enlightened and informed population.

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  • 4. 

    4) Di bawah ini merupakan karakteristik manusia modern ... .

    • A.

      A. menolak semua kebudayaan Barat

    • B.

      B. meniru semua tingkah-laku masyarakat Barat

    • C.

      C. Menerima dan melestarikan tradisi para leluhur

    • D.

      D. meniru cara berpakaian orang Eropa

    • E.

      E. menghargai waktu dan dan meningkatkan disiplin

    Correct Answer
    E. E. menghargai waktu dan dan meningkatkan disiplin
    Explanation
    The correct answer is e. menghargai waktu dan meningkatkan disiplin. This choice states that modern humans value time and strive to improve discipline. This aligns with the characteristics of modern society, where efficiency and productivity are highly valued. It suggests that modern humans prioritize punctuality, time management, and self-control in order to achieve their goals.

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  • 5. 

    5) Syarat utama terjadinya invention (penemuan baru) dalam masyarakat adalah ... .

    • A.

      A. sudah mendapatkan pengakuan dan diterapkan oleh masyarakat dalam kehidupannya

    • B.

      B. suatu penemuan yang mampu mengubah kehidupan masyarakat

    • C.

      C. sudah mendapatkan hak paten dari pemerintah

    • D.

      D. merupakan penemuan baru yang spektakular

    • E.

      E. merupakan hasil karya sendiri

    Correct Answer
    B. B. suatu penemuan yang mampu mengubah kehidupan masyarakat
    Explanation
    The main requirement for the occurrence of an invention in society is that it is capable of transforming the lives of the community. This means that the invention has the potential to bring about significant changes and improvements in the way people live and interact. It implies that the invention has practical applications and can solve problems or meet needs that were previously unaddressed. Inventions that have the power to transform society often have a lasting impact and contribute to progress and development.

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  • 6. 

    6) Kebudayaan yang tampaknya tenang menjadi berubah dengan tiba-tiba karena globalisasi. Kondisi demikian disebut ... .

    • A.

      A. ketertinggalan budaya

    • B.

      B. kesenjangan budaya

    • C.

      C. transmisi budaya

    • D.

      D. integrasi budaya

    • E.

      E. guncangan budaya

    Correct Answer
    E. E. guncangan budaya
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "e. guncangan budaya". The passage states that a seemingly peaceful culture suddenly changes due to globalization. The term "guncangan budaya" translates to "cultural shock" in English, which accurately describes the sudden and significant impact that globalization can have on a culture.

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  • 7. 

    7) Proses memudar atau melemahnya norma-norma dan nilai-nilai dalam masyarakat karena adanya perubahan dinamakan... .

    • A.

      A. disorganisasi

    • B.

      B. cultural lag

    • C.

      C. cultural shock

    • D.

      D. cultural exchange

    • E.

      E. social equilibrium

    Correct Answer
    A. A. disorganisasi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a. disorganisasi". Disorganisasi refers to the process of fading or weakening of norms and values in society due to changes. This can happen when there is a lack of social order and structure, leading to confusion and instability in the society. Cultural lag (option b) refers to the time gap between the introduction of new cultural elements and the acceptance and adaptation of these elements by society. Cultural shock (option c) refers to the feeling of disorientation and discomfort when encountering a new culture. Cultural exchange (option d) refers to the sharing and interchange of cultural practices between different societies. Social equilibrium (option e) refers to a state of balance and stability in society.

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  • 8. 

    8) Suatu pendapat yang menyatakan ketidakpercayaan tentang terjadinya globalisasi dan fenomena globalisasi hanya sebuah mitos saja dikemukakan oleh para penganut ... .

    • A.

      A. skeptis

    • B.

      B, hiperglobalis

    • C.

      C. tradisionalis

    • D.

      D. globalis

    • E.

      E. transformasionalis

    Correct Answer
    C. C. tradisionalis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is c. tradisionalis. The question asks for a belief that expresses disbelief in the occurrence of globalization and considers it only a myth. The term "tradisionalis" refers to individuals who hold traditional beliefs and may be skeptical or resistant to changes brought about by globalization. Therefore, it is the most appropriate answer in this context.

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  • 9. 

    9) Pihak-pihak yang menghendaki adanya perubahan dalam masyarakat disebut ... .

    • A.

      A. agent of evolution

    • B.

      B. agent of change

    • C.

      C. agent of revolution

    • D.

      D. mediator

    • E.

      E. provokator

    Correct Answer
    B. B. agent of change
    Explanation
    The term "agent of change" refers to individuals or groups who actively seek and advocate for societal transformation. They are the ones who desire and work towards bringing about change in various aspects of society. This can include social, political, economic, or cultural change. These agents of change play a crucial role in challenging the status quo, addressing social issues, and promoting progress and development. They often act as catalysts, initiating and driving the process of change in society.

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  • 10. 

    10) Pengaruh globalisasi yang paling dominan terhadap stratifikasi sosial adalah ... .

    • A.

      A. terjadinya monopoli kekayaan oleh golongan tertentu

    • B.

      B. hilangnya jurang pemisah antara buruh dan majikan

    • C.

      C. banyaknya pengangguran

    • D.

      D. barang mewah menjadi murah harganya

    • E.

      E. melahirkan berbagai jenis pekerjaan dan spesialisasi kerja

    Correct Answer
    C. C. banyaknya pengangguran
    Explanation
    The most dominant impact of globalization on social stratification is the increase in unemployment. Globalization has led to the outsourcing of jobs to countries with lower labor costs, resulting in job losses in developed countries. This has widened the gap between the wealthy and the poor, as the wealthy benefit from globalization while the lower-income individuals struggle to find employment. The increase in unemployment also contributes to social inequality and can lead to social unrest and economic instability.

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