Toxicology Of The Kidney

15 Questions | Total Attempts: 515

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Toxicology Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz should test your knowledge on nephrotoxicity and help you further understand the toxicology in this vital organ


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    ACE inhibitors would NOT be an effective treatment for which of these disorders?
    • A. 

      Hypertension

    • B. 

      After myocardial infarction

    • C. 

      Hypotension

    • D. 

      Heart failure

  • 2. 
    Acute Renal Failure (ARF) primarily occurs as a result of .....
    • A. 

      Leakage of urea in the kidney

    • B. 

      Inflammation of the kidney

    • C. 

      Insufficient blood supply to the kidney

  • 3. 
    Paracetamol possesses which of the following therapeutic effects?
    • A. 

      Anti-Pyretic and Anti-Inflammatory

    • B. 

      Anti-Inflammatory and Analgesic

    • C. 

      Analgesic and Anti-Pyretic

    • D. 

      Analgesic and Anti-Coagulant

  • 4. 
    In Hyperphosphataemia, which compound is found in high concentration in the kidney?
    • A. 

      Phosphate

    • B. 

      Phosphatase

    • C. 

      Calcium

    • D. 

      Carbon

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is NOT a symptom of nephrotoxicity caused by the NSAID's?
    • A. 

      Papillary Necrosis

    • B. 

      Acute Renal Insufficiency

    • C. 

      Interstitial Nephritis

    • D. 

      Swollen Abdomen

  • 6. 
    Hyperkalaemia is a build up of potassium ions. Which organ does this have the  most detrimental effect on?
    • A. 

      Lungs

    • B. 

      Heart

    • C. 

      Stomach

  • 7. 
    What aminoglycoside was the first to be synthesised and the most commonly used?
    • A. 

      Vancomycin

    • B. 

      Neomycin

    • C. 

      Gentamicin

    • D. 

      Streptomycin

  • 8. 
    Patients suffering from which of these diseases are at risk of renal failure due to ACE inhibitors?
    • A. 

      Schizophrenia

    • B. 

      Heart failure

    • C. 

      Parkinson's

    • D. 

      Renal artery stenosis

  • 9. 
    What do the NSAID's act to inhibit?
    • A. 

      Gastric Acid Secretion

    • B. 

      Urination

    • C. 

      Cyclooxygenase (COX) Enzymes

    • D. 

      Perspiration

  • 10. 
    Aminoglycosides inhibit protein synthesis by irreversibily binding to 
    • A. 

      50S

    • B. 

      30S

    • C. 

      16S

  • 11. 
    A common affect of aminoglycoside antibiotics is
    • A. 

      Time dependent bacterial action

    • B. 

      Postantibiotic effect

    • C. 

      More active in acidic pH

    • D. 

      Good oral absorption

  • 12. 
    What is the mechanism of action of ACE inhibitors?
    • A. 

      Inhibit vasoconstriction

    • B. 

      Promote conversion of angiotensin I into angiotensin II

    • C. 

      Cause the production of angiotensin-converting enzyme

    • D. 

      Inhibition of angiotensin-converting enzyme

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is not present in glomerular filtrate?
    • A. 

      Salt

    • B. 

      Vitamins

    • C. 

      Amino acids

    • D. 

      Albumin

  • 14. 
    The filtrate passes through the nephron in which correct order?
    • A. 

      Loop of henle, distal convoluted tubule, glomerulus, proximal convuluted tubule, collecting duct.

    • B. 

      Glomerulus, proximal convoluted tubule, loop of henle, distal convoluted tubule, collecting duct.

    • C. 

      Collecting duct, loop of henle, proximal convoluted tubule, distal convoluted tubule, glomerulus.

    • D. 

      Glomerulus, distal convoluted tubule, loop of henle, proximal convoluted tubule, collecting duct.

  • 15. 
    The medulla is involved with which functions of the kidney?
    • A. 

      Filtration and secretion

    • B. 

      Reabsorption and filtration

    • C. 

      Reabsorption and secretion

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