# TOEFL Ppt

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Mungkin TOEFL PPT masih cukup asing bagi kamu, tapi cobalah, karena hanya dengan mencoba; jalan kesuksesan akan terbuka.
Tes ini sama sekali tidak mewakili tes TOEFL yang sesungguhnya, namun semua soal-soal ini diambil dari buku TOEFL terpercaya di dunia, Barron's TOEFL-Northern Arizona University.
Oke selamat mengerjakan, ingat waktu!
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• 1.

### It is theorized that the universe is expanding at a rate of fifty miles per second per million light years

• A.

Getting larger

• B.

Getting faster

• C.

Getting smaller

• D.

Getting slower

A. Getting larger
Explanation
The correct answer is "getting larger" because the given statement suggests that the universe is expanding, and the rate of expansion is given as fifty miles per second per million light years. This implies that the universe is getting larger over time.

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• 2.

### Veterinarians usually give dogs an anesthetic so that they don't cry out in pain

• A.

Gulp

• B.

Flip

• C.

Yelp

• D.

Purr

C. Yelp
Explanation
The word "yelp" is the correct answer because it best fits the given statement that veterinarians give dogs an anesthetic so that they don't cry out in pain. "Yelp" is a verb that means to make a sudden, sharp cry or bark, which would indicate pain or distress in a dog.

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• 3.

### City taxes are based on an estimate of the value of one's property

• A.

Appraisal

• B.

Forecast

• C.

Diagnosis

• D.

Outline

A. Appraisal
Explanation
City taxes are determined by assessing the value of one's property. The process of assessing the value of property is called an appraisal. Therefore, the correct answer is appraisal.

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• 4.

### Proximity to the court house makes an office building more valuable

• A.

Interest in

• B.

Similarity to

• C.

Nearness to

• D.

C. Nearness to
Explanation
The correct answer is "Nearness to." Proximity to the courthouse is likely to make an office building more valuable because it offers convenience and accessibility to individuals who work in or visit the courthouse frequently. Being located close to the courthouse can save time and effort for lawyers, judges, and other legal professionals who may need to travel between the courthouse and their office multiple times a day. It can also be beneficial for clients, witnesses, and other individuals involved in legal proceedings who may need to visit the courthouse regularly. Therefore, the nearness to the courthouse adds value to the office building.

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• 5.

### A balanced diet should include fish and fowl as well as red meat

• A.

Fruit

• B.

Birds

• C.

Vegetables

• D.

Cheese and milk

B. Birds
Explanation
A balanced diet should include fish and fowl as well as red meat. This means that in order to have a well-rounded and nutritious diet, it is important to include not only red meat but also fish and fowl (birds) as sources of protein. This ensures that you are getting a variety of nutrients and not relying solely on one type of meat for your protein intake.

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• 6.

### The Congress respected Jefferson because although he was stern, he was fair.

• A.

Emulated

• B.

Counted on

• C.

Looked up to

• D.

Obeyed

C. Looked up to
Explanation
The Congress respected Jefferson because they admired and respected him. They saw him as a role model and held him in high esteem. Despite his stern nature, they recognized that he was fair in his actions and decisions. They trusted and valued his leadership, which is why they looked up to him.

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• 7.

### Trees that block the view of oncoming traffic should be cut down.

• A.

Alter

• B.

Obstruct

• C.

improve

• D.

Spoil

B. Obstruct
Explanation
The word "obstruct" means to block or hinder the passage or progress of something. In the given statement, it is mentioned that trees that block the view of oncoming traffic should be cut down. This implies that these trees are causing an obstruction to the view of oncoming traffic, which can be dangerous. Therefore, cutting down these trees would remove the obstruction and improve the visibility of oncoming traffic.

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• 8.

### People who live in the country enjoy a rustic life style

• A.

Slow

• B.

Difficult

• C.

Simple

• D.

Happy

C. Simple
Explanation
Living in the country often means living a simple life. The lack of hustle and bustle, along with the slower pace of life, allows people to enjoy a more straightforward and uncomplicated lifestyle. In the country, there are fewer distractions and less complexity, which can lead to a sense of simplicity and contentment. People in rural areas often find joy in the simple pleasures of nature, community, and a slower rhythm of life.

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• 9.

### Although buses are scheduled to depart at a certain hour, they are often late.

• A.

Listed

• B.

Requested

• C.

Obligated

• D.

A. Listed
Explanation
The word "listed" means to be included or recorded in a list. In the context of the sentence, it suggests that the departure times of buses are recorded or included in a schedule. This fits with the information provided in the sentence that buses are scheduled to depart at a certain hour.

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• 10.

### Because light travels faster than sound, lighting appears to go before thunder.

• A.

Prolong

• B.

Traverse

• C.

Repel

• D.

Precede

D. Precede
Explanation
Lightning appears to go before thunder because light travels faster than sound.

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• 11.

### The Constitution guarantees that private homes will not be searched without a warrant

• A.

Special guard

• B.

Written authorization

• C.

National emergency

• D.

Small payment

B. Written authorization
Explanation
The correct answer is "written authorization." This answer is supported by the statement in the question that "The Constitution guarantees that private homes will not be searched without a warrant." A warrant is a written authorization issued by a judge or magistrate that allows law enforcement officials to search a private home. This ensures that searches are conducted legally and with proper oversight.

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• 12.

### Vendors must have a lisence

• A.

People employed in food service

• B.

People who drive a car

• C.

People engaged in selling

• D.

People who work in hospitals

C. People engaged in selling
Explanation
The correct answer is "People engaged in selling" because the statement "Vendors must have a license" suggests that the people being referred to are involved in selling goods or services.

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• 13.

### When students do not have time to read a novel before class, they read an outline of the plot instead

• A.

An article

• B.

A synopsis

• C.

A critique

• D.

An essay

B. A synopsis
Explanation
When students do not have time to read a novel before class, they read a synopsis of the plot instead. A synopsis is a brief summary or overview of the main points or events of a story. It provides a condensed version of the plot, allowing students to quickly grasp the key elements of the novel without having to read the entire book. This helps them to participate in class discussions and understand the overall story without investing a significant amount of time in reading the novel.

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• 14.

### The Miami port authorities have seized over a million dollars worth of illegal drugs.

• A.

Confiscated

• B.

• C.

Concealed

• D.

Destroyed

A. Confiscated
Explanation
The correct answer is "confiscated" because it means to take possession of something, especially as a penalty or legal right. In this case, the Miami port authorities have taken possession of over a million dollars worth of illegal drugs.

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• 15.

### Dali's paintings can inspire a pensive mood.

• A.

Cheerful

• B.

Thoughtful

• C.

Depressed

• D.

Confused

B. Thoughtful
Explanation
Dali's paintings are known for their surreal and dreamlike qualities. They often provoke deep thought and contemplation in viewers. Therefore, it is reasonable to say that Dali's paintings can inspire a thoughtful mood.

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• 16.

### The copperhead, a snake that strikes with out warning, is considered much more dangerous than the rattlesnake

• A.

Exquisite

• B.

• C.

Treacherous

• D.

Aloof

C. Treacherous
Explanation
The word "treacherous" means deceitful or dangerous. In the given statement, it is mentioned that the copperhead snake strikes without warning, which implies that it can be unpredictable and pose a threat. This aligns with the meaning of "treacherous" as a word that describes something dangerous. Therefore, "treacherous" is the most suitable word to describe the nature of the copperhead snake compared to the rattlesnake.

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• 17.

### The remnants of the Roman Empire can be found in many countries in Asia, Europe, and Africa

• A.

Effects

• B.

Small pieces

• C.

Buildings

• D.

Destruction

B. Small pieces
Explanation
The given answer "small pieces" can be inferred from the statement "The remnants of the Roman Empire can be found in many countries in Asia, Europe, and Africa." The word "remnants" suggests that only small pieces or fragments of the Roman Empire can be found in these countries, indicating that the empire has been destroyed or dismantled. This implies that the buildings and structures of the empire have been reduced to small pieces or fragments.

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• 18.

### The landscape can change abruptly after a rainstorm in the dessert Southwest

• A.

Quickly

• B.

Slowly

• C.

Favorably

• D.

Slightly

A. Quickly
Explanation
After a rainstorm in the desert Southwest, the landscape can change quickly. The heavy rainfall can cause flash floods, which can reshape the terrain and create new channels and washes. The rushing water can erode the soil and deposit sediment in different areas, altering the appearance of the landscape. Additionally, the rain can cause plants to bloom and bring new life to the desert, further changing the scenery. Therefore, the correct answer is "quickly" as it accurately describes the speed at which the landscape can transform after a rainstorm in the desert Southwest.

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• 19.

### Because of the extreme pressure underwater, divers are often sluggish.

• A.

Slow

• B.

Hurt

• C.

Careful

• D.

Worried

A. Slow
Explanation
The statement suggests that divers are often sluggish underwater due to the extreme pressure. This implies that they move slowly or at a slower pace compared to their usual speed.

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• 20.

### Travel agents will confirm your reservations for you free.

• A.

Purchase

• B.

Verify

• C.

Exchange

• D.

Obtain

B. Verify
Explanation
The correct answer is "verify." This means that travel agents will check and confirm the accuracy and validity of your reservations without charging you any fees.

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• 21.

• A.

Clever

• B.

Wealthy

• C.

Careful

• D.

Dishonest

C. Careful
Explanation
J.P. Morgan had a reputation for being a careful businessman. This suggests that he was cautious and thoughtful in his business decisions, taking calculated risks and considering potential outcomes before making any moves. Being careful in business can be seen as a positive trait, as it can help prevent unnecessary losses and ensure long-term success.

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• 22.

### Discretionary funds are included in most budgets to cover expenses that the contractor might run into during the work

• A.

Forget to do

• B.

Pay for

• C.

Meet unexpectedly

• D.

B. Pay for
Explanation
Discretionary funds are included in budgets to cover expenses that the contractor might have to pay for during the work. These funds are set aside to account for any unforeseen or unexpected costs that may arise during the project.

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• 23.

• A.

Improved

• B.

Removed

• C.

Discovered

• D.

Announced

B. Removed
• 24.

### The audience applauded enthusiastically after the performance at the Grand Ole Opry, a country music hall in Nashville,Tennessee.

• A.

Clapped

• B.

Chatted

• C.

Laughed

• D.

Contributed

A. Clapped
Explanation
The word "applauded" in the sentence indicates that the audience showed their appreciation and approval of the performance by clapping.

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• 25.

### A legal combination of United States Air-ways,Inc...,and the Intercontinental Airlines Company was approved at a joint board of directors meeting.

• A.

Reconciliation

• B.

Strike

• C.

Merger

• D.

Memorandum

C. Merger
Explanation
The given correct answer is "merger". This is because the statement describes the approval of a legal combination between United States Air-ways, Inc. and the Intercontinental Airlines Company. A merger refers to the joining of two or more companies into a single entity, which aligns with the description provided in the statement.

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• 26.

### News commentator Eric Sevareid had to yell to be heard above the hubbub

• A.

Noise and confusion

• B.

Loud music

• C.

Argument

• D.

Sports activity

A. Noise and confusion
Explanation
The correct answer is noise and confusion. This can be inferred from the statement that Eric Sevareid had to yell to be heard above the hubbub, which suggests that there was a lot of noise and confusion in the environment.

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• 27.

### It is difficult to discern the sample that is on the slide unless the microscope is adjusted

• A.

• B.

Arrange

• C.

Determine

• D.

Debate

C. Determine
Explanation
The word "discern" means to perceive or recognize something, while "sample" refers to a small portion taken to represent a whole. The phrase "on the slide" suggests that the sample is being observed through a microscope. Therefore, the correct answer is "determine," as it means to find out or ascertain the nature or truth of something, which aligns with the difficulty in perceiving or recognizing the sample without adjusting the microscope.

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• 28.

### John Dewey loathed the idea that  children should not participate in activities as part of their educational experience

• A.

Encouraged

• B.

Noticed

• C.

Hated

• D.

Began

C. Hated
Explanation
The given statement states that John Dewey "loathed" the idea that children should not participate in activities as part of their educational experience. This means that he strongly disliked or hated this idea.

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• 29.

### The pact has been in effect for twenty years.

• A.

Monarchy

• B.

Treaty

• C.

Trend

• D.

Lease

B. Treaty
Explanation
The given sentence states that "The pact has been in effect for twenty years." This implies that there is a pact or agreement that has been in place for the past twenty years. The word "treaty" fits this context as it refers to a formal agreement between two or more countries or organizations. Therefore, "treaty" is the correct answer.

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• 30.

### Relaxation therapy teaches one not to fret over small problems

• A.

• B.

• C.

Get involved in

• D.

Look for

Explanation
Relaxation therapy aims to teach individuals how to manage stress and anxiety by helping them develop coping mechanisms and techniques. By learning relaxation techniques, individuals can reduce their tendency to worry about small problems. Instead of getting overly concerned or stressed about minor issues, relaxation therapy encourages individuals to adopt a more calm and composed approach, enabling them to maintain a healthier perspective and prioritize their mental well-being.

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• 31.

### Questions 31-36 Although speech is the most advanced form of communication, there are many ways of communicating without using speech.Signals,signs, symbols and gestures may be found in every known culture. The basic function of a signal is to impinge upon the environment in such a way that is attracts attention, as, for example, the dots and dashes of a telegraph circuit. Coded to refer to speech, the potential of communication is very great. Less adaptable to the codification of words, signs also contain meaning in and of themselves. A stop sign or a barber pole conveys meaning quickly and conviniently. symbols are more difficult to describe than either signals or signs because of their intricate relationship with the receiver 's cultural perceptions. In some cultures, applauding in a theater provides performers with an auditory symbol of approval. Gestures such as waving and handshaking also communicate certain cultural messages. Although signals,signs, symbols, and gestures are very useful, they do have a major disadvantage. They usually do not allow ideas to be shared without the sender being directly adjacent to the receiver. As a result, means of communication intended to be used for long distances and extended periods are based upon speech. Radio,television, and the telephone are only a few. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?

• A.

Signs, Signals, and Symbols

• B.

Gestures

• C.

Communication

• D.

Speech

C. Communication
Explanation
The passage discusses various forms of communication, including speech, signals, signs, symbols, and gestures. It highlights the different functions and meanings of each form of communication. The passage also mentions the disadvantage of non-speech forms of communication, which is the inability to share ideas without being directly adjacent to the receiver. Therefore, the best title for the passage is "Communication" as it encompasses all the different forms and aspects of communication discussed in the passage.

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• 32.

### What does the author say about speech?

• A.

That is the only true form of communication

• B.

• C.

The it is necessary for the communication to occur

• D.

That it is the most advanced form of communication

D. That it is the most advanced form of communication
Explanation
The author states that speech is the most advanced form of communication.

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• 33.

### According to  the passage, what is a signal?

• A.

The most difficult form of communication to describe

• B.

A form of communication which may be used across long distances.

• C.

A form of communication that interrupts the environment

• D.

The form of communication most related to cultural perceptions

B. A form of communication which may be used across long distances.
Explanation
A signal, according to the passage, is a form of communication that may be used across long distances.

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• 34.

### Applauding was cited as an example of

• A.

A signal

• B.

A sign

• C.

A symbol

• D.

A gesture

C. A symbol
Explanation
Applauding is considered a symbol because it represents approval or appreciation. It is a non-verbal way of expressing support or admiration for someone or something. The act of clapping hands together is universally recognized as a symbol of applause or recognition.

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• 35.

### Why were the telephone, radio and TV invented?

• A.

Because people were unable to understand signs, symbols, and signals.

• B.

Because people wantedto communicate across long distances

• C.

Because people believed that signs, signals, and symbols were obsolete

• D.

Because people wanted new forms of entertainment

B. Because people wantedto communicate across long distances
Explanation
The correct answer is that people wanted to communicate across long distances. This is evident from the invention of the telephone, radio, and TV, which all revolutionized communication by allowing people to transmit messages and information over long distances.

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• 36.

### It may be concluded from this passage that

• A.

Signals, signs ,symbols, and gestures are forms of communication

• B.

Symbols are very easy to define and interpret

• C.

Only some cultures have signals,signs, and symbols

• D.

Waving and handshaking are not related to culture

A. Signals, signs ,symbols, and gestures are forms of communication
Explanation
The passage suggests that signals, signs, symbols, and gestures are forms of communication. This implies that these various forms of communication are used to convey messages and meaning.

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• 37.

### Questions 37-42 Application for admission to the Graduate School at this university must be made on forms provided by the Director of Admissions. An applicant whose undergraduate work was done at another institution should request that two copies of undergraduate transcripts and degrees be sent directly to the Dean of the Graduate School. Both the application and the transcripts must be on file at least one month prior to the registration date, and must be accompanied by a nonrefundable ten-dollar check or money order to cover the cost of processing the application. An undergraduate student of this university who has senior status and is within ten credits hours of completing all requirements for graduation may register for graduate work with the recommendation of the chairperson of the department and the approval of the Dean of the Graduate School. Students who have already been admitted to the Graduate School but were not enrolled during the previous semester should reapply for admission using a special short form available in the office of the Graduate School. It is not necessary for students who have previously been denied admission to resubmit transcripts; however, new application forms must accompany all requests for reconsideration. What is the author's main point?

• A.

How to apply to the Graduate School

• B.

How to obtain senior status

• C.

How to register for graduate coursework

• D.

How to make application for graduation

A. How to apply to the Graduate School
Explanation
The author's main point is to provide information on how to apply to the Graduate School. The passage explains that the application must be made on forms provided by the Director of Admissions, and that undergraduate transcripts and degrees should be sent directly to the Dean of the Graduate School. It also mentions the deadline for submitting the application and the requirement of a nonrefundable ten-dollar check or money order. Therefore, the main point of the passage is to explain the process and requirements for applying to the Graduate School.

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• 38.

### Where would this passage most probably be found?

• A.

In a university catalog

• B.

In a travel folder

• C.

In a newspaper

• D.

In a textbook

A. In a university catalog
Explanation
This passage would most probably be found in a university catalog because it is discussing the location of a passage and a university catalog typically contains information about courses, programs, and other relevant information about the university.

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• 39.

### According to thids passage, where would a student secure application forms for admission to the university

• A.

From the chairperson of the Department

• B.

From the Dean of the Graduate School

• C.

From the institution where the undergraduate work was done

• D.

D. From the Director of admissions
Explanation
The passage states that a student would secure application forms for admission to the university from the Director of admissions.

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• 40.

### What special rule applies to undergraduate students?

• A.

They may not register for graduate work

• B.

They must pass an examination in order to register for graduate work

• C.

• D.

They may register for graduate work at any time

Explanation
Undergraduate students have the special rule that they may receive special permission to register for graduate work. This means that they have the opportunity to take graduate-level courses or pursue a graduate degree with the approval of their academic institution. Unlike the other options, this rule allows undergraduate students to have the flexibility to engage in advanced academic studies beyond the undergraduate level.

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• 41.

### Which of the following documents must be on file thirty days before the registration date?

• A.

Two copies of recommendation from former professors

• B.

A written approval of the Dean of the Graduate School

• C.

One set of transcripts and an English proficiency score

• D.

Two copies of undergraduate courses and grades,an application form, and application fee

D. Two copies of undergraduate courses and grades,an application form, and application fee
Explanation
Two copies of undergraduate courses and grades, an application form, and application fee must be on file thirty days before the registration date. This is indicated by the answer choice provided.

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• 42.

• A.

Never need to apply for readmission

• B.

Must reapply if they have not been registered at the university during the previous semester

• C.

Must reapply every semester

• D.

Must reapply when they are within ten credit hours of graduation

B. Must reapply if they have not been registered at the university during the previous semester
Explanation
Students who have already been admitted to the Graduate School must reapply if they have not been registered at the university during the previous semester. This means that if a student did not enroll in any courses or did not maintain their registration in the previous semester, they will need to submit a new application for admission. This is necessary to ensure that the student is still eligible and committed to pursuing their graduate studies at the university.

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• 43.

### Questions 43-48 A complete fertilizer is usually marked with a formula consisting of three numbers, such as 4-8-2 or 3-6-4, which designate the percentage content of nitrogen,phosporic acid, and potash in the order stated.Syntethic fertilizers are available in either solid or liqui form. Solids, in the shape of chemical granules are popular because they are easy to store and apply. Recently, liquids have shown an increase in popularity, accounting for about 20 percent of the nitrogen fertilizer used throughout the world. Formerly, powders were also used, but these were found to be less convinient than either solids liquids.Fertilizers have no harmful effects on the soil, the crop, or the consumers as long as they are used according to recommendations based on the results of local research. Occasionally,however, farmers may use more fertilizer than necessary,damaging not only but also the animals or humans that eat it. Accumulations of fertilizer in the water supply accelerate the growth of algae and, consequently may disturb the natural cycle of life, contributing to the death of fish. Too much fertilizer on grass can cause digestive disorders in cattle and in infants who drink cow's milk. With which of the following topics is the passage primarily concerned?

• A.

Local research and harmful effects of fertilizer

• B.

• C.

A formula for the production of fertilizer

• D.

Content,form, and effects of fertilizer

D. Content,form, and effects of fertilizer
Explanation
The passage primarily discusses the content, form, and effects of fertilizer. It explains the composition of a complete fertilizer, marked with a formula consisting of three numbers that represent the percentage content of nitrogen, phosphoric acid, and potash. It also mentions the availability of synthetic fertilizers in solid or liquid form, with solids being popular due to ease of storage and application. The passage further discusses the harmful effects of excessive fertilizer use on soil, crops, animals, and humans, as well as its impact on the water supply and the natural cycle of life.

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• 44.

### In the formula 3-6-4

• A.

The content of nitrogen is greater than that the potash

• B.

The content of potash is greater than that of phosporic acid

• C.

The content of phosporic acid is less than that of nitrogen

• D.

The content of nitrogen is less than that of phosphoric acid

D. The content of nitrogen is less than that of phosphoric acid
Explanation
The answer is correct because it matches the information given in the formula. The formula states that the content of nitrogen is less than the content of phosphoric acid.

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• 45.

### Which of the following has the samllest percentage content in the formula 4-8-2?

• A.

Nitrogen

• B.

Phosphorus

• C.

Acid

• D.

Potash

D. Potash
Explanation
Potash has the smallest percentage content in the formula 4-8-2.

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• 46.

### What is the percentage of nitrogen in a 5-8-7 formula fertilizer?

• A.

3 percent

• B.

5 percent

• C.

7 percent

• D.

8 percent

B. 5 percent
Explanation
The correct answer is 5 percent. In a 5-8-7 formula fertilizer, the numbers represent the percentage of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) respectively. Therefore, the percentage of nitrogen in this fertilizer is 5 percent.

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• 47.

### Which of the following statements about fertilizer is true?

• A.

Powders are more populer than ever

• B.

Solids are difficult to store

• C.

Liquids are increasing in popularity

• D.

Chemical granules are difficult to apply

C. Liquids are increasing in popularity
Explanation
The statement "Liquids are increasing in popularity" is true because it suggests that more people are choosing liquid fertilizers over other forms such as powders, solids, or chemical granules. The word "increasing" indicates a growing trend, implying that the demand or preference for liquid fertilizers is on the rise. This could be due to factors such as ease of application, effectiveness, or convenience.

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• 48.

### What happens when too much fertilizer is used?

• A.

Local research teams provide recomendations

• B.

Algae in the water supplies begin to die

• C.

Animals and humans may become ill

• D.

Crops have no harmful effects

C. Animals and humans may become ill
Explanation
When too much fertilizer is used, it can lead to an excess of nutrients in the soil and water. This can cause harmful algal blooms in water supplies, leading to the death of algae. Additionally, excessive nutrient levels can negatively impact the health of animals and humans. Fertilizer runoff can contaminate water sources, leading to pollution and potential health risks for those who consume or come into contact with the contaminated water. Therefore, animals and humans may become ill as a result of excessive fertilizer use.

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• 49.

### Questions 49-50 It has been documented that, almost twelve million years ago that the beginning of the Pliocene Age, a horse, about midway through its evolutionary development, crossed a land bridge where the Bering Straits are now located, from Alaska into the grasslands of Europe. The horse was the hipparion, about the size of a modern-day pony with three toes specialized cheek teeth for grazing. In Europe the hipparion encountered another less advanced horse called the anchitheres, which had previously invanded Europe by the same route, probably during the Miocene Period. Less developed and smaller than the hipparion, the anchitheres was completely replaced by it. By the end of the Pleistocene Age both the anchitheres and the hipparion had become extinct in North America, where they had originated.In Europe thay had evolved into an animal very similar to the horse as we know it today. it was the descendant of this horse that was brought by the European colonists to the Americas. What is this passage mainly about?

• A.

The evolution of the horse

• B.

The migration of horses

• C.

The modern-day pony

• D.

The replacement of the anchitheres by the hipparion

A. The evolution of the horse
Explanation
This passage is mainly about the evolution of the horse. It discusses how a horse called the hipparion crossed a land bridge from Alaska to Europe during the Pliocene Age, where it encountered another horse called the anchitheres. The hipparion eventually replaced the anchitheres and both species became extinct in North America. The passage also mentions that the horse as we know it today is descended from the European horse brought to the Americas by colonists.

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• 50.

### The author suggests that the hipparion and the anchitheres migrated to Europe

• A.

By means of a land route that is now nonexistent

• B.

On the ships of European colonists

• C.

Because of a very cold climate in North America

• D.

During the Miocene Period

A. By means of a land route that is now nonexistent
Explanation
During the Miocene Period, the author suggests that the hipparion and the anchitheres migrated to Europe by means of a land route that is now nonexistent. This implies that these animals traveled over land from their original habitat to Europe, but the route they took is no longer available due to changes in geography or other factors. The other options, such as traveling on ships or the climate in North America, are not supported by the given information.

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• Current Version
• Mar 20, 2023
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• May 24, 2011
Quiz Created by
Misnan

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