TOEFL Itp Reading Test

Reviewed by Heather Baxter
Heather Baxter, BSc (Elementary Education and Teaching) |
K-12 English Expert
Review Board Member
Heather is an educator, with four years of teaching experience. She graduated from the University of South Florida with a Bachelor of Science in Elementary Education and Teaching. She is skilled in Teaching English as a Second Language and currently works as an Elementary School Teacher at Pinellas County Schools. She made a career transition one year ago to explore a new path in writing and copy editing. Heather's specialization lies in curriculum development and educational materials, but she maintains versatility to work across various industries. Known for her keen attention to detail and a deep passion for language, she possesses a sharp eye for precision.
, BSc (Elementary Education and Teaching)
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TOEFL Itp Reading Test - Quiz

Prepare for the TOEFL ITP exam with our specialized quiz! Designed to assess your proficiency in English language skills, this quiz covers all sections of the test, including listening, reading, and grammar. Whether you're aiming for a high score or just want to gauge your current level, our quiz offers a valuable opportunity to practice and identify areas for improvement. From comprehension questions to grammar exercises, each question is tailored to mimic the format and difficulty level of the actual TOEFL ITP exam. Take the quiz now to sharpen your skills, build confidence, and enhance your chances of success on Read moretest day!


TOEFL ITP Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    Passage 1             Carbohydrates, which are sugars, are an essential part of a healthy diet. They provide the main source of energy for the body, and they also function to flavor and sweeten foods. Carbohydrates range from simple sugars like glucose to complex sugars such as amylose and amylopectin. Nutritionists estimate that carbohydrates should make up about one-fourth to one-fifth of a person’s diet. This translates to about 75-100 grams of carbohydrates per day.            A diet that is deficient in carbohydrates can have an adverse effect on a person’s health. When the body lacks a sufficient amount of carbohydrates it must then use its protein supplies for energy, a process called gluconeogenesis. This, however, results in a lack of necessary protein, and further health difficulties may occur. A lack of carbohydrates can also lead to ketosis, a build-up of ketones in the body that causes fatigue, lethargy, and bad breath. Question 1: What is the main idea of this passage?

    • A.

      Carbohydrates are needed for good health.

    • B.

      Carbohydrates prevent a build-up of proteins.

    • C.

      Carbohydrates can lead to ketosis.

    • D.

      Carbohydrates are an expendable part of a good diet.

    Correct Answer
    A. Carbohydrates are needed for good health.
    Explanation
    The main idea of this passage is that carbohydrates are essential for good health. The passage explains that carbohydrates provide energy for the body, flavor and sweeten foods, and should make up a certain portion of a person's diet. It also discusses the negative effects of a carbohydrate deficiency, such as using protein supplies for energy and the occurrence of ketosis. Therefore, the correct answer is "Carbohydrates are needed for good health."

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  • 2. 

    The word “function” refers to which of the following?

    • A.

      Neglect

    • B.

      Serve

    • C.

      Dissolve

    • D.

      Profess

    Correct Answer
    B. Serve
    Explanation
    The word "function" refers to serving a purpose or fulfilling a role. It implies that something is designed or intended to perform a specific task or duty.

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  • 3. 

    The word “range” is closest in meaning to which of the following?

    • A.

      Extend

    • B.

      Proceed

    • C.

      Hail

    • D.

      Probe

    Correct Answer
    A. Extend
    Explanation
    The word "range" refers to the extent or reach of something. Similarly, the word "extend" also means to stretch out or expand something. Therefore, "extend" is the closest in meaning to "range."

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  • 4. 

    The word “estimate” could best be replaced by

    • A.

      Disbelieve

    • B.

      Declare

    • C.

      Calculate

    • D.

      Wonder

    Correct Answer
    C. Calculate
    Explanation
    The word "estimate" means to make a rough calculation or guess about something. The word "calculate" also means to determine something by using mathematical methods or formulas. Therefore, "calculate" is the best replacement for "estimate" as both words refer to the process of determining a value or quantity through mathematical calculations.

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  • 5. 

    According to the passage, what do most nutritionists suggest?

    • A.

      Sufficient carbohydrates will prevent gluconeogenesis.

    • B.

      Carbohydrates are simple sugars called glucose.

    • C.

      Carbohydrates should make up about a quarter of a person’s daily diet.

    • D.

      Carbohydrates should be eaten in very small quantities.

    Correct Answer
    C. Carbohydrates should make up about a quarter of a person’s daily diet.
    Explanation
    Most nutritionists suggest that carbohydrates should make up about one-fourth to one-fifth, or about a quarter, of a person’s daily diet. It is important to consume a balanced diet that includes a variety of nutrients, including carbohydrates, but in moderation.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following do carbohydrates NOT do?

    • A.

      Prevent ketosis

    • B.

      Cause gluconeogenesis

    • C.

      Provide energy for the body

    • D.

      Flavor and sweeten food

    Correct Answer
    B. Cause gluconeogenesis
    Explanation
    Carbohydrates do not cause gluconeogenesis. Gluconeogenesis is the process by which the body produces glucose from non-carbohydrate sources, such as amino acids or fatty acids. Carbohydrates, on the other hand, are the primary source of energy for the body and provide fuel for various bodily functions. They also prevent ketosis, a metabolic state that occurs when the body lacks carbohydrates and starts to break down fats for energy. Additionally, carbohydrates can add flavor and sweetness to food.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following words could best replace “deficient”?

    • A.

      Outstanding

    • B.

      Abundant

    • C.

      Insufficient

    • D.

      Unequal

    Correct Answer
    C. Insufficient
    Explanation
    The word "deficient" means lacking or not having enough of something. The word "insufficient" has a similar meaning and can be used to replace "deficient" in the given context. The other options - "outstanding," "abundant," and "unequal" - do not convey the same meaning as "deficient" and are not suitable replacements.

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  • 8. 

    What does the word “gluconeogenesis” refer to?

    • A.

      Using protein supplies for energy

    • B.

      Converting carbohydrates to energy

    • C.

      Having a deficiency in carbohydrates

    • D.

      Having an insufficient amount of protein

    Correct Answer
    A. Using protein supplies for energy
    Explanation
    The word "gluconeogenesis" refers to the act of using protein supplies for energy. This means that the person or organism is utilizing proteins as a source of energy instead of other nutrients such as carbohydrates.

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  • 9. 

    According to the passage, which of the following does NOT describe carbohydrates?

    • A.

      A protein supply

    • B.

      A necessity

    • C.

      A range of sugars

    • D.

      An energy source

    Correct Answer
    A. A protein supply
    Explanation
    The passage does not mention carbohydrates as a protein supply. It states that carbohydrates are a necessity, a range of sugars, and an energy source. Therefore, the statement "a protein supply" does not describe carbohydrates.

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  • 10. 

    The word “lack” is most similar to which of the following?

    • A.

      Plethora

    • B.

      Shortage

    • C.

      Derivation

    • D.

      Commission

    Correct Answer
    B. Shortage
    Explanation
    The word "lack" means the absence or shortage of something. Therefore, the word "shortage" is the most similar to "lack" as it also refers to a deficiency or insufficiency of something. "Plethora" means an excess or abundance, which is the opposite of "lack." "Derivation" refers to the origin or source of something, and "commission" refers to a formal authorization or duty. Therefore, "shortage" is the most appropriate synonym for "lack."

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  • 11. 

    • A.

      She's glad he called.

    • B.

      She thought he would call.

    • C.

      She's angry because he didn't call.

    • D.

      She doesn't mind that he didn't call.

    Correct Answer
    D. She doesn't mind that he didn't call.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "She doesn't mind that he didn't call." This suggests that the woman is not upset or angry about the fact that he didn't call. It implies that she is okay with him not calling and it doesn't bother her.

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  • 12. 

    • A.

      In an airplane

    • B.

      In a truck

    • C.

      At a sportings event

    • D.

      In a department store

    Correct Answer
    B. In a truck
  • 13. 

    • A.

      He is very unhappy with the test.

    • B.

      He doesn't have another chance to take the test.

    • C.

      He plans on taking the test again.

    • D.

      He is satisfied with the score.

    Correct Answer
    A. He is very unhappy with the test.
    Explanation
    Based on the given information, the person is described as "very unhappy" with the test. This suggests that they are dissatisfied with their performance or the content of the test. The other options are not supported by the given information. There is no mention of not having another chance, planning to retake the test, or being satisfied with the score. Therefore, the correct answer is that the person is very unhappy with the test.

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  • 14. 

    • A.

      In the woods

    • B.

      At a library

    • C.

      At a soccer game

    • D.

      In a restaurant

    Correct Answer
    A. In the woods
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "In the woods" because the options provided are different locations, and "In the woods" is the only option that represents a natural outdoor setting. The other options, such as "At a library," "At a soccer game," and "In a restaurant," are all man-made indoor or outdoor locations. Therefore, "In the woods" is the most appropriate answer given the options provided.

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  • 15. 

    • A.

      She found a great parking space.

    • B.

      The park was wonderful.

    • C.

      She didn't enjoy the trip.

    • D.

      She could not find the place.

    Correct Answer
    B. The park was wonderful.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The park was wonderful." This is because the other options do not provide a reason for her finding a great parking space. The fact that the park was wonderful suggests that it may have been a popular destination, leading to a limited number of parking spaces available. Therefore, finding a great parking space would be considered fortunate in this context.

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  • 16. 

    • A.

      He actually earned money in Europe.

    • B.

      It's impossible to save money there.

    • C.

      He doesn't know much about the cost.

    • D.

      Europe is not that expensive.

    Correct Answer
    D. Europe is not that expensive.
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that Europe is not as expensive as the other statements imply. This implies that it is possible to save money in Europe and contradicts the statement that it is impossible to save money there. It also suggests that the person in question knows enough about the cost in Europe to be able to earn money there.

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  • 17. 

    • A.

      She thinks the man is joking.

    • B.

      She thinks the car is dangerous.

    • C.

      It's the kind of car she wants.

    • D.

      The car is very unappealing to her.

    Correct Answer
    C. It's the kind of car she wants.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "It's the kind of car she wants." This suggests that the woman has a preference for this specific type of car. The other options imply negative reactions or assumptions about the car, such as thinking it is dangerous or unappealing. However, the chosen answer indicates that the woman sees the car as desirable and aligns with her personal taste and desires.

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  • 18. 

    • A.

      Why Joe's mistakes bother her

    • B.

      Why Joe eats that way

    • C.

      How Joe would correct his mistake

    • D.

      Why Joe's habit upsets her

    Correct Answer
    D. Why Joe's habit upsets her
    Explanation
    The given correct answer suggests that the person is bothered by Joe's habit because it upsets her. This implies that Joe's habit is causing some kind of negative emotional reaction or discomfort to the person. The answer does not provide any specific details about the habit or the reasons behind the upset, but it indicates that the person has a strong emotional response to it.

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  • 19. 

    • A.

      The book is no longer in most stores.

    • B.

      The book was written many years ago.

    • C.

      She's been looking for the book for years.

    • D.

      The print in the book is rare.

    Correct Answer
    A. The book is no longer in most stores.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The book is no longer in most stores" because this statement directly supports the idea that the book is difficult to find. The other statements provide additional information but do not directly address the availability of the book in stores.

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  • 20. 

    • A.

      He's willing to make a deal.

    • B.

      He will give it to her.

    • C.

      He wants to know why she needs it.

    • D.

      He doesn't have it now.

    Correct Answer
    B. He will give it to her.
    Explanation
    The given correct answer suggests that the person mentioned in the previous statements is willing to give something to the woman. This implies that he has whatever she needs and is willing to provide it to her. The other statements do not provide any indication of his intention to give something to her, making this the most appropriate explanation for the correct answer.

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  • 21. 

    • A.

      Sally took them from her.

    • B.

      She felt silly taking them.

    • C.

      The notes were a group effort.

    • D.

      Sally actually wrote the notes.

    Correct Answer
    D. Sally actually wrote the notes.
    Explanation
    The given statements imply that someone took the notes and felt silly about it, suggesting that Sally took the notes. The statement "The notes were a group effort" contradicts this, but it is not mentioned who actually wrote the notes. However, the final statement "Sally actually wrote the notes" clarifies that Sally was the one who wrote the notes, confirming the correct answer.

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  • 22. 

    • A.

      It wasn't the dining hall.

    • B.

      He's not through eating.

    • C.

      He didn't like the meat.

    • D.

      The beef was excellent.

    Correct Answer
    D. The beef was excellent.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The beef was excellent" because this statement is the only one that positively reflects on the quality of the beef. The other statements do not provide any information about the taste or quality of the food.

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  • 23. 

    • A.

      It's the first thing she ever made.

    • B.

      Her maid knitted it for her.

    • C.

      It didn't take very long.

    • D.

      She didn't make it herself.

    Correct Answer
    D. She didn't make it herself.
    Explanation
    The given answer "She didn't make it herself" is the correct explanation because the previous statements mention that it was the first thing she ever made and her maid knitted it for her. Therefore, it implies that she did not make it herself.

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  • 24. 

    • A.

      It was a bad day for a date.

    • B.

      Kelly forgot about the date.

    • C.

      It was his worst date ever.

    • D.

      The date wasn't too bad.

    Correct Answer
    D. The date wasn't too bad.
    Explanation
    Based on the given information, it is mentioned that it was a bad day for a date and that Kelly forgot about the date. However, it is then stated that the date wasn't too bad. This suggests that despite the initial setbacks, the date turned out to be better than expected or had some positive aspects.

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  • 25. 

    • A.

      Who has the clamp

    • B.

      Where they should camp

    • C.

      Where the lamps go

    • D.

      Whether it's damp

    Correct Answer
    C. Where the lamps go
    Explanation
    The given answer "Where the lamps go" is the correct answer because the question is asking about the location of the lamps. The other options do not relate to the question or provide a suitable answer.

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  • 26. 

    • A.

      It was a very easy class.

    • B.

      He finds calculus to be useful.

    • C.

      The class was not worth it.

    • D.

      He tries hard in school.

    Correct Answer
    C. The class was not worth it.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The class was not worth it" because this statement directly contradicts the previous three statements. The first statement suggests that the class was easy, the second statement implies that calculus is useful, and the third statement indicates that the person tries hard in school. Therefore, if the class was not worth it, it implies that despite being easy, useful, and putting in effort, the person did not find it valuable.

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  • 27. 

    • A.

      He bought some farmland.

    • B.

      There's a lot of food.

    • C.

      She wants one more thing.

    • D.

      Everything is very fresh.

    Correct Answer
    B. There's a lot of food.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "There's a lot of food." This answer is supported by the statement "He bought some farmland." If someone buys farmland, it suggests that they are planning to grow food on it. Therefore, it can be inferred that there will be a lot of food available on the farmland. The other statements do not provide any direct information about the availability of food.

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  • 28. 

    • A.

      A parking garage

    • B.

      A car showroom

    • C.

      A car wash

    • D.

      A police station

    Correct Answer
    A. A parking garage
    Explanation
    A parking garage is the correct answer because it is a facility where cars can be parked. It is a designated area for vehicles to be stored and secured, typically for a fee. Unlike a car showroom, which is a place where cars are displayed for sale, or a car wash, where cars are cleaned, a parking garage is specifically designed for parking purposes. Similarly, a police station is a law enforcement facility and not directly related to parking vehicles.

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  • 29. 

    • A.

      He is brilliant.

    • B.

      He looks like Shakespeare.

    • C.

      His question is difficult.

    • D.

      She is not amused by his answer.

    Correct Answer
    D. She is not amused by his answer.
    Explanation
    The given answer is the only statement that does not describe a positive trait or quality. The other statements highlight brilliance, resemblance to Shakespeare, and difficulty of a question, all of which can be interpreted as positive attributes. However, the statement "She is not amused by his answer" suggests a negative reaction or lack of satisfaction, indicating that the person's answer did not meet her expectations or failed to impress her.

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  • 30. 

    • A.

      He misses his hometown.

    • B.

      He has been sick at home.

    • C.

      Nothing is the matter with him.

    • D.

      He is tired of his current apartment.

    Correct Answer
    A. He misses his hometown.
    Explanation
    The given correct answer suggests that the person is missing their hometown. This implies that they are feeling homesick and longing for the familiarity and comfort of their hometown. The other options provided do not indicate any emotional attachment or longing for a specific place, which is why they are not the correct answer.

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  • 31. 

    Passage 4             Education was of primary importance to the English colonists and was conducted at home as well as in established schools. Regardless of geographic location or finances, most Americans learned to read and compute numbers. For many, the Bible and other religious tracts were their only books; however, the excellent language contained in such works usually made them good primers. Many families owned one or more of Shakespeare’s works, a copy of John Bunyan’s classic A Pilgrim’s Progress, and sometimes collections of English literacy essays, poems, or historical speeches.          In 1647 the Massachusetts School Law required every town of at least 50 households to maintain a grammar school. The law was the first to mandate public education in America. In the middle colonies at the time, schools were often dependent on religious societies, such as the Quakers and other private organizations. In the South, families employed private tutors or relied on the clergy to conduct education. At the outset, most elementary schools were for boys, but schools for girls were established in the eighteenth century in most cities and large towns. In spite of the informal atmosphere of most American schools, the literacy rate in the colonies of mid-eighteenth-century America was equal to or higher than most European countries.         Before the American Revolution, nine colleges had been founded, including Harvard, William and Mary, Yale, the College of New Jersey (now Princeton), Brown, Rutgers, Dartmouth, and Kings College (later Columbia University). By 1720 the natural sciences and modern languages were being taught, as well as courses in practical subjects such as mechanics and agriculture. At the eighteenth century, medical schools were established at the College of Philadelphia and at King’s College. Question: Which of the following words best describes the English colonists’ attitude toward education?

    • A.

      Indifferent

    • B.

      Distrustful

    • C.

      Enthusiastic

    • D.

      Casual

    Correct Answer
    C. Enthusiastic
    Explanation
    The passage states that education was of primary importance to the English colonists and that most Americans learned to read and compute numbers regardless of their geographic location or finances. It also mentions that many families owned books such as Shakespeare's works and John Bunyan's A Pilgrim's Progress, indicating a strong interest in literature. Additionally, the passage mentions that the literacy rate in the colonies was equal to or higher than most European countries. Based on these details, it can be inferred that the English colonists were enthusiastic about education.

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  • 32. 

    According to the passage, most Americans learned how to

    • A.

      Write

    • B.

      Read

    • C.

      Farm

    • D.

      Speak a foreign language

    Correct Answer
    B. Read
    Explanation
    According to the passage, most Americans learned how to read. The passage does not mention anything about writing, farming, or speaking a foreign language. Therefore, the correct answer is read.

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  • 33. 

    According to the passage, all of the following were sometimes substituted for school books EXCEPT

    • A.

      Historical speeches

    • B.

      Works of Shakespeare

    • C.

      Literary essays

    • D.

      Biographies

    Correct Answer
    D. Biographies
    Explanation
    The passage mentions that historical speeches, works of Shakespeare, and literary essays are sometimes substituted for school books. However, it does not mention anything about biographies being substituted for school books. Therefore, biographies are the only option that is not mentioned as a possible substitute for school books in the passage.

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  • 34. 

    According to the passage, the Massachusetts School Law applied to every town with how many households?

    • A.

      Less than fifty

    • B.

      Exactly fifty

    • C.

      Fifty or more

    • D.

      Fifteen

    Correct Answer
    C. Fifty or more
    Explanation
    The passage states that the Massachusetts School Law applied to every town with fifty or more households.

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Heather Baxter |BSc (Elementary Education and Teaching) |
K-12 English Expert
Heather is an educator, with four years of teaching experience. She graduated from the University of South Florida with a Bachelor of Science in Elementary Education and Teaching. She is skilled in Teaching English as a Second Language and currently works as an Elementary School Teacher at Pinellas County Schools. She made a career transition one year ago to explore a new path in writing and copy editing. Heather's specialization lies in curriculum development and educational materials, but she maintains versatility to work across various industries. Known for her keen attention to detail and a deep passion for language, she possesses a sharp eye for precision.

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