The Contemporary Western World Ch 28 (Wh)

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The Contemporary Western World Ch 28 (Wh) - Quiz

Students will show evidence of their knowledge and understanding of The Contemporary Western World.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

      A ____ exists the the government spends more than it collects in revenues

    • A.

      Red-line budget

    • B.

      Budget deficit

    • C.

      Surplus budget

    • D.

      Balanced budget

    Correct Answer
    B. Budget deficit
    Explanation
    A budget deficit occurs when the government spends more money than it collects in revenues. This means that the government is operating at a financial loss and is unable to cover all of its expenses with the money it has. A budget deficit can lead to an increase in national debt as the government may need to borrow money to make up for the shortfall.

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  • 2. 

    Mikhail Gorbachev based his radical reforms on ____, or restructuring.

    • A.

      Intifada

    • B.

      Genesstroika

    • C.

      Restifada

    • D.

      Perestroika

    Correct Answer
    D. Perestroika
    Explanation
    Mikhail Gorbachev based his radical reforms on perestroika, which means restructuring in Russian. This term refers to the political and economic reforms implemented in the Soviet Union during Gorbachev's leadership. Perestroika aimed to modernize and revitalize the Soviet economy by introducing elements of market competition and private enterprise. Gorbachev believed that restructuring the Soviet system was necessary to address its inefficiencies and improve living standards for the Soviet people.

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  • 3. 

    Kosovo was a self governing province; that is, it was _____.

    • A.

      An autonomous province

    • B.

      A dependent province

    • C.

      A protectorate

    • D.

      A colonial territory

    Correct Answer
    A. An autonomous province
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "an autonomous province". This means that Kosovo had the power and authority to govern itself to a certain extent, without interference from a higher governing authority. It had a degree of self-rule and was able to make decisions and govern its own affairs, although it may still have been part of a larger governing entity.

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  • 4. 

    _____________polices require that women must make up either a certain number of the candidates in an election of a certain number of those elected.

    • A.

      Gender party

    • B.

      Equality

    • C.

      Gender stereotyping

    • D.

      Discrimination

    Correct Answer
    A. Gender party
  • 5. 

    What caused the Cold War to intensify in 1979?

    • A.

      Gorbachev's Perestroika

    • B.

      U.S. invasion of Iraq

    • C.

      Boris Yeltsin's presidency of Russia

    • D.

      Soviet invasion of Afghanistan

    Correct Answer
    D. Soviet invasion of Afghanistan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. This event marked a significant escalation in the Cold War tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union. The invasion was seen as a direct threat to U.S. interests, as it brought the Soviet Union closer to the Middle East and potentially gave them access to valuable oil reserves. The U.S. responded by providing support to Afghan resistance fighters, known as the Mujahideen, further heightening the conflict. This event played a crucial role in worsening relations between the two superpowers and contributed to the eventual end of the Cold War.

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  • 6. 

    Why did the Soviet Union and the United States sign the INF Treaty of 1987?

    • A.

      To extend aid in Afghanistan

    • B.

      To slow down the arms race

    • C.

      To build up their arsenals

    • D.

      To deter an invasion from China

    Correct Answer
    B. To slow down the arms race
    Explanation
    The Soviet Union and the United States signed the INF Treaty of 1987 to slow down the arms race. This treaty aimed to reduce the number of intermediate-range nuclear missiles in both countries, leading to a significant reduction in the threat of nuclear war. By limiting the deployment of these missiles, both nations sought to ease tensions and promote stability in the midst of the Cold War. The treaty was a significant step towards disarmament and served as a crucial confidence-building measure between the two superpowers.

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  • 7. 

    To what was Boris Yeltsin committed for improving Russia's economy?

    • A.

      Introducing a free market economy

    • B.

      Allowing Chechens their independence

    • C.

      Allowing the free sale and purchase of land

    • D.

      Using Russia's national resources as geopolitical leverage

    Correct Answer
    A. Introducing a free market economy
    Explanation
    Boris Yeltsin was committed to improving Russia's economy by introducing a free market economy. This means that he aimed to transition the country's economic system from a centrally planned economy to one that is driven by supply and demand, competition, and private ownership. This shift was intended to promote economic growth, increase efficiency, and attract foreign investment. By allowing market forces to determine prices and allocate resources, Yeltsin hoped to stimulate entrepreneurship, innovation, and overall economic development in Russia.

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  • 8. 

    Who organized Solidarity in Poland?

    • A.

      Mikhail Gorbachev

    • B.

      Vaclav Havel

    • C.

      Lech Walesa

    • D.

      Vaclav Kalus

    Correct Answer
    C. Lech Walesa
    Explanation
    Lech Walesa is the correct answer because he was the leader of the trade union movement Solidarity in Poland. He played a crucial role in organizing and leading the movement, which aimed to fight for workers' rights and challenge the communist regime in Poland. Walesa's leadership and determination were instrumental in the success of Solidarity, leading to significant political and social changes in Poland and eventually the fall of communism in the country.

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  • 9. 

    Which ethnic group formed the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA)?

    • A.

      Albanians

    • B.

      Serbs

    • C.

      Croatians

    • D.

      Bosnians

    Correct Answer
    A. Albanians
    Explanation
    The Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) was formed by Albanians. This is because the KLA was a paramilitary organization that sought to secure the independence of Kosovo from Serbia. Kosovo is predominantly populated by ethnic Albanians, who have historically sought greater autonomy and independence from Serbia. Therefore, it is logical to conclude that the KLA was primarily composed of Albanians.

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  • 10. 

    How many nations belonged to the European Union as of 2004?

    • A.

      50

    • B.

      15

    • C.

      12

    • D.

      25

    Correct Answer
    D. 25
    Explanation
    As of 2004, there were 25 nations that belonged to the European Union. This means that these countries were part of the political and economic union that aimed to promote peace, stability, and prosperity in Europe. The European Union has expanded over the years, and in 2004, it included 25 member states.

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  • 11. 

    To what problem did George W. Bush devote most of his attention during his first year as U.S. President ?  

    • A.

      War with Iraq

    • B.

      Terrorism

    • C.

      Invasion of the Falkland Islands

    • D.

      The Watergate scandal

    Correct Answer
    B. Terrorism
    Explanation
    During his first year as U.S. President, George W. Bush devoted most of his attention to the problem of terrorism. This can be seen in his response to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, where he launched the War on Terror and initiated military action in Afghanistan to dismantle al-Qaeda and remove the Taliban from power. Bush's focus on terrorism during this time was evident in his administration's efforts to strengthen national security and implement measures to prevent future attacks.

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  • 12. 

    In which year did the United States land a mission on the moon?

    • A.

      1969

    • B.

      1954

    • C.

      1981

    • D.

      1979

    Correct Answer
    A. 1969
    Explanation
    In 1969, the United States successfully landed a mission on the moon. This was a significant achievement in space exploration and marked the first time humans had set foot on another celestial body. The mission, known as Apollo 11, was led by astronauts Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins. They landed the lunar module, named Eagle, on the moon's surface on July 20, 1969. Neil Armstrong famously became the first person to walk on the moon, uttering the iconic words, "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."

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  • 13. 

    Through what kind of art forms can viewers influence the production of art itself?

    • A.

      WISIWYG creations

    • B.

      Digital jpeg photos

    • C.

      Interactive productions

    • D.

      MTV productions

    Correct Answer
    C. Interactive productions
    Explanation
    Interactive productions allow viewers to actively engage with the artwork and have a direct influence on its creation. This can be through interactive installations, performances, or digital platforms that invite viewers to participate and contribute their ideas, reactions, or movements. Unlike other art forms like WISIWYG creations, digital jpeg photos, or MTV productions, interactive productions provide a space for collaboration and co-creation between the artist and the audience, blurring the boundaries between the creator and the viewer.

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  • 14. 

    How many republics were formed from the former Yugoslavia?

    • A.

      5

    • B.

      6

    • C.

      4

    • D.

      8

    Correct Answer
    B. 6
    Explanation
    After the breakup of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s, six republics were formed: Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, and Macedonia. Each of these republics declared independence and became separate countries. Therefore, the correct answer is 6.

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  • 15. 

    What caused the collapse of communism in the Soviet Union?

    • A.

      Assassination of Leonid Brezhnev, invasion of Afghanistan

    • B.

      Efficient central government, strong economy

    • C.

      Vladimir Putin's reforms, abundant natural resources

    • D.

      Weak economy, inefficient central government, Gorbachev's reforms, and nationalism

    Correct Answer
    D. Weak economy, inefficient central government, Gorbachev's reforms, and nationalism
    Explanation
    The collapse of communism in the Soviet Union can be attributed to a combination of factors. The weak economy, characterized by stagnation and inefficiency, played a significant role in undermining the system. The inefficient central government, plagued by corruption and bureaucratic inefficiency, also contributed to the downfall. Additionally, Gorbachev's reforms, such as glasnost (openness) and perestroika (restructuring), aimed at modernizing the Soviet Union, but inadvertently led to the unraveling of the communist system. Lastly, the rise of nationalism within the various Soviet republics further weakened the unity of the Soviet Union, ultimately leading to its collapse.

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  • 16. 

    What resulted from Reagan's military build up in the 1980s?

    • A.

      A bull market

    • B.

      Record budget deficits

    • C.

      A record budget surplus

    • D.

      The invasion of Iraq

    Correct Answer
    B. Record budget deficits
    Explanation
    Reagan's military build-up in the 1980s resulted in record budget deficits. This is because the increased spending on defense and military programs, such as the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) and increased military personnel, required a significant amount of funding. The government had to borrow money to finance these expenditures, leading to a large budget deficit.

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  • 17. 

    Why have the United States,Great Britain, Canada and France alternated between liberal and conservative leaders from 1970 to today?

    • A.

      They wanted to stabilize their economies

    • B.

      They went the popular charismatic candidates

    • C.

      They wanted to give bipartisanship a chance

    • D.

      The could not decide which they liked better

    Correct Answer
    A. They wanted to stabilize their economies
    Explanation
    The United States, Great Britain, Canada, and France have alternated between liberal and conservative leaders from 1970 to today because they wanted to stabilize their economies. Different political ideologies offer different approaches to economic policies, and by alternating between liberal and conservative leaders, these countries sought to find the best strategies to address economic challenges and promote stability.

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  • 18. 

    What can be said about the U.S. budget deficit?

    • A.

      Under the Nixon administration, the budget deficit increased to a startling $73.8 Billion.

    • B.

      The budget deficit remained rather stable under the Reagan Bush administrations

    • C.

      The 2006 budget deficit is expected to increase even more than it did during the Regan and Bush administrations.

    • D.

      Under the Clinton administration, the budget deficit increased by nearly $150 billion.

    Correct Answer
    C. The 2006 budget deficit is expected to increase even more than it did during the Regan and Bush administrations.
    Explanation
    The given answer states that the 2006 budget deficit is expected to increase even more than it did during the Reagan and Bush administrations. This implies that the budget deficit was already high during the Reagan and Bush administrations, and it is projected to be even higher in 2006. This suggests a trend of increasing budget deficits over time, possibly indicating a lack of effective fiscal management or economic challenges faced by the country.

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  • 19. 

    Analyze the foolowing document and answer the question using the document and your knowledge of World History. In his 1975 book, Small is Beautiful, the British economist, E.F. Schumacher wrote:      "We must begin to see the possibility of evolving a new lifestyle, with new methods of production and patterns of consumption:a lifestyle designed for permanence. To give only two examples: in agriculture we can interest ourselves in the perfection of production methods which a biologically sound a produce beauty and permanence. In industry we can interest ourselves in small-scale technology, 'technology with a human face' so that people have a chance to enjoy themselves  instead of working solely for their pay packet and hoping for enjoyment solely on their leisure time."      According to Schumacher, what are the two components of a new lifestyle that is designed for permanence?

    • A.

      Technology and biology

    • B.

      New methods of production, patterns of consumtion

    • C.

      Beauty and industry

    • D.

      Paychecks and leisure time

    Correct Answer
    B. New methods of production, patterns of consumtion
    Explanation
    According to Schumacher, the two components of a new lifestyle that is designed for permanence are new methods of production and patterns of consumption. He emphasizes the importance of finding ways to produce goods and services in a sustainable and environmentally friendly manner, as well as adopting consumption habits that prioritize long-term sustainability rather than short-term gratification. By focusing on these two aspects, Schumacher believes that society can create a lifestyle that is both enduring and fulfilling.

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  • 20. 

    Analyze the following chart and answer the question.  To have a full-sized chart, Right-Click on  this link and Open in a New Window. Which of the following statements is true?

    • A.

      The gross debt of the US exceeded two billion dollars for the first time after World War II in the late 1970's.

    • B.

      US fell below two billion dollars for the first time before World War II in the 1990's.

    • C.

      Public debt has always exceeded total debt.

    • D.

      Since World War II, the gross national debt has climbed, steadily.

    Correct Answer
    A. The gross debt of the US exceeded two billion dollars for the first time after World War II in the late 1970's.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 16, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 25, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Thor1872
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