The Australian Gold Rush - Test Your Knowledge

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The Australian Gold Rush - Test Your Knowledge - Quiz

How did you find your gold rush journey? Let's test your knowledge and find out.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    After the Eureka Stockade many changes were introduced by the Victorian Government, write down two changes. 1. 2.

  • 2. 

    Explain what happened to Peter Lalor after the Eureka Battle.

  • 3. 

    List out 4 ideas that explain what life was like on the Gold Fields during the Australian Gold Rush of the 1850's.   1. 2. 3. 4.

  • 4. 

    What were some of the roles played by the Indigenous Australian's during the gold rush?

  • 5. 

    List some of the effects the gold rush had on the Aboriginal communities of Australia. 

  • 6. 

    Reflect on the following statements and answer one: 1. How would things have been different if officials hadn't hushed up the first gold findings in 1823?  2. What do you think would have happened if all of the diggers stayed behind to guard the stockade at Eureka rather than retire to their beds the night before the dawn raid?  3. Why do you think the Kelly gang built their infamous armour? 4. If you lived during the gold rush what do you think you would have done, would you have gone to the goldfields, turned to bushranging, opened a business on the fields or something else? Explain why. 

  • 7. 

    What do you think it was like for the Aboriginal people living in Australia during the Gold Rush? 

  • 8. 

    During 1854 is the only time that gold was found in Australia?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Gold was found by aboriginal people and white settlers well before 1854.These findings were small nuggets or flakes of alluvial gold. In 1854 large amounts of gold was found a deposit near Bathurst New South Wales and later in Ballarat Victoria.

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  • 9. 

    Hargraves claimed to find gold in 1851 at what place?

    • A.

      Ballarat

    • B.

      Bendigo

    • C.

      Bathurst

    • D.

      Lithgow

    Correct Answer
    C. Bathurst
    Explanation
    In 1851 at Bathurst, Hargraves claimed he found gold.

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  • 10. 

        Name the type of  mining equipment these miners are holding

    • A.

      Gold pot

    • B.

      Gold pan

    • C.

      Gold saucepan

    • D.

      Gold dish

    Correct Answer
    B. Gold pan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "gold pan". Miners use gold pans to separate gold from sediment and other materials. The pan is typically shallow and wide, allowing the miner to swirl water and sediment in it, while the heavier gold particles settle at the bottom. The pan's shape and design help in the efficient extraction of gold through the process of panning.

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  • 11. 

    Name this piece of gold mining equipment.

    • A.

      Washer

    • B.

      Bucket

    • C.

      Stamper mill

    • D.

      Cradle

    Correct Answer
    D. Cradle
    Explanation
    A cradle is a piece of gold mining equipment used to separate gold from gravel and sand. It consists of a wooden box with riffles or slats at the bottom, which trap the heavier gold particles as water is poured over the material. The lighter materials are washed away, leaving the gold behind. This method was commonly used during the gold rush era as it allowed miners to efficiently extract gold from rivers and streams.

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  • 12. 

    This picture shows miners looking for gold that was found on the surface or just under the ground. What type of gold are they looking for?

    • A.

      Shallow gold

    • B.

      Surface gold

    • C.

      Alluvial gold

    • D.

      Deep gold

    Correct Answer
    C. Alluvial gold
    Explanation
    The miners in the picture are searching for alluvial gold. Alluvial gold refers to gold that has been eroded from its original source and deposited in a different location, usually in riverbeds or streams. It is typically found near the surface or just under the ground, making it easier to extract compared to deep gold deposits.

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  • 13. 

    When the surface gold ran out, miners had to dig into the ground. What type of mining was this called?

    • A.

      Hole mining

    • B.

      Shaft deep lead mining

    • C.

      Tunnel mining

    • D.

      Deep deep mining

    Correct Answer
    B. Shaft deep lead mining
    Explanation
    When the surface gold ran out, miners had to dig into the ground. This type of mining is called "shaft deep lead mining." In this method, miners would dig deep vertical shafts into the ground to access the gold deposits that were located further down. This allowed them to continue extracting gold even after the surface deposits were depleted. The term "deep lead mining" refers to the fact that the gold deposits were found in deep layers or leads within the ground.

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  • 14. 

    Year Population of Melbourne (excludes indigenous) 1835 - 0 1840 - 10,000 1851 - 29,000 1854 - 123,000 Explain the dramatic increase in the population of Melbourne.

    • A.

      Government giving away free housing

    • B.

      Melbourne was found to have a better climate

    • C.

      The Victorian Gold Rush

    • D.

      The New South Wales Gold Rush was over

    Correct Answer
    C. The Victorian Gold Rush
    Explanation
    The Victorian Gold Rush is the correct answer for the dramatic increase in the population of Melbourne. This event refers to the discovery of gold in Victoria, Australia in 1851, which attracted a large number of people to the region in search of gold. The gold rush resulted in a rapid influx of migrants and a significant increase in the population of Melbourne during that time period.

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  • 15. 

    Select the food and drink a miner would have taken to the gold fields.

    • A.

      Roast lamb, coffee and bread

    • B.

      Boiled meat, beer and rice

    • C.

      Mutton, tea and flour

    • D.

      Canned meat, vegetables and tea

    Correct Answer
    C. Mutton, tea and flour
    Explanation
    A miner working in the gold fields would need food that is durable and easy to transport. Mutton, tea, and flour would be suitable choices for this purpose. Mutton can be preserved for a longer period, tea can provide hydration and a source of energy, and flour can be used to make bread or other baked goods. These options would provide sustenance and meet the basic dietary needs of a miner in the gold fields.

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  • 16. 

    Young was where the worst anti-Chinese riots took place during 1861. At the time the area was known as Uralla, true or false? 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The worst of the anti-Chinese riots took place at Lambing Flat where 6 separate riots occurred over a 10 month period.

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  • 17. 

    The name of the man elected to lead the Eureka Stockade miners was Peter  _________.

    Correct Answer
    Lalor
    laylor
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Lalor. Peter Lalor was elected to lead the Eureka Stockade miners.

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  • 18. 

    Select three issues that caused tension amongst the miners that lead to the Eureka Stockade Battle.

    • A.

      Not enough beer, too many chinese miners and the miner's licence

    • B.

      Corrupt officials, miner's licence and no voting rights

    • C.

      Corrupt officials, government not listening and no schools

    • D.

      Too many chinese miners, bush rangers and brawls

    Correct Answer
    B. Corrupt officials, miner's licence and no voting rights
    Explanation
    The tension amongst the miners that led to the Eureka Stockade Battle was caused by corrupt officials, miner's licence, and no voting rights. The corrupt officials exploited the miners by taking bribes and engaging in unfair practices. The miner's licence system imposed heavy fees and strict regulations on the miners, leading to resentment and frustration. Additionally, the lack of voting rights meant that the miners had no say in the decisions that affected their lives and livelihoods. These issues created a sense of injustice and inequality, ultimately fueling the conflict that culminated in the Eureka Stockade Battle.

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  • 19. 

     This battle of rebellion took place on December 3 1854. Name it.

    • A.

      Stockade

    • B.

      Miner's Rebellion Battle

    • C.

      Eureka Stockade

    • D.

      Ballarat's Battle

    Correct Answer
    C. Eureka Stockade
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Eureka Stockade. The Eureka Stockade was a battle of rebellion that took place on December 3, 1854. It was a significant event in Australian history, occurring in Ballarat, Victoria. The rebellion was led by gold miners who were protesting against unfair mining regulations and the high cost of a mining license. The miners built a stockade, known as the Eureka Stockade, as a symbol of their defiance. The battle resulted in the deaths of both miners and government soldiers, but it ultimately led to reforms in the mining industry and increased democracy in Australia.

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  • 20. 

    Even though gold was first found in 1823 in Australia what was the official year that the gold rush started?

    • A.

      1851

    • B.

      1849

    • C.

      1855

    • D.

      1852

    Correct Answer
    A. 1851
    Explanation
    Gold was found at a number of locations between 1823 and 1850 in Australia but it was hushed up by the Government who feared it would create unrest between the convicts and encourage people to leave cities and townships in the search for gold.

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  • 21. 

    Why did they stop transporting convicts to the East coast of Australia during the Gold Rush?

    • A.

      England had room to keep the convicts there instead

    • B.

      Officials didn't want to give convicts a 'free pass' to a gold rich country

    • C.

      It was decided that the journey was too long to get to Australia

    • D.

      They were sent to New Zealand instead

    Correct Answer
    B. Officials didn't want to give convicts a 'free pass' to a gold rich country
    Explanation
    During the Gold Rush, officials decided to stop transporting convicts to the East coast of Australia because they didn't want to give the convicts a 'free pass' to a gold-rich country. This implies that there were concerns about the convicts taking advantage of the gold rush and potentially benefiting from the economic opportunities available in Australia. By not sending convicts to the East coast, officials aimed to prevent them from accessing the wealth and prosperity associated with the gold rush.

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  • 22. 

    What did the Victorian Government do to try and entice people back into the colony?

    • A.

      Nothing, they didn't care

    • B.

      Put up boarder patrol and wouldn't let people pass through it to NSW

    • C.

      Asked for more convicts to be bought to Victoria to increase the population

    • D.

      Offered a reward for anyone who found gold within 200 miles of Melbourne.

    Correct Answer
    D. Offered a reward for anyone who found gold within 200 miles of Melbourne.
    Explanation
    Gold was shortly found in Ballarat and people began to flock to Victoria.

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  • 23. 

    The biggest robbery in Australian bushranging history took place in Eugowra. Who lead the operation?

    Correct Answer
    Frank Gardiner
    Explanation
    Frank Gardiner led the biggest robbery in Australian bushranging history in Eugowra.

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