The Australian Gold Rush

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| By Mr_mac
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Mr_mac
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 1,785
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 1,785

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The Australian Gold Rush - Quiz

This assessment is based on our investigations into the Australian Gold Rush of the 1850's


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    During 1854 is the only time that gold was found in Australia?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Gold was found by aboriginal people and white settlers well before 1854.These findings were small nuggets or flakes of alluvial gold. In 1854 large amounts of gold was found a deposit near Bathurst New South Wales and later in Ballarat Victoria.

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  • 2. 

    Hargraves claimed to find gold in 1851 at what place?

    • A.

      Ballarat

    • B.

      Bendigo

    • C.

      Bathurst

    • D.

      Lithgow

    Correct Answer
    C. Bathurst
    Explanation
    In 1851 at Bathurst, Hargraves claimed he found gold.

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  • 3. 

    Name the type of  mining equipment this miner is holding

    • A.

      Gold pot

    • B.

      Gold pan

    • C.

      Gold saucepan

    • D.

      Gold dish

    Correct Answer
    B. Gold pan
    Explanation
    The miner in the picture is holding a gold pan. A gold pan is a shallow, wide-bottomed dish used for separating gold particles from dirt or gravel by washing and agitating the material. It is commonly used in small-scale mining operations to manually extract gold from rivers or streams. The shape and design of the pan allow heavier gold particles to settle at the bottom while lighter materials are washed away, making it an essential tool for gold prospecting.

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  • 4. 

    Name this piece of gold mining equipment.

    • A.

      Washer

    • B.

      Bucket

    • C.

      Stamper mill

    • D.

      Cradle

    Correct Answer
    D. Cradle
    Explanation
    A cradle is a piece of gold mining equipment that was used during the gold rush era. It consists of a wooden box mounted on rockers, allowing it to be rocked back and forth. The cradle was used to separate gold from dirt and gravel by pouring water and sediment into the box. As the box was rocked, the heavier gold would settle to the bottom, while the lighter materials would wash away. This method was effective in extracting gold and was commonly used by miners during the gold rush.

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  • 5. 

    This picture shows miners looking for gold that was found on the surface or just under the ground. What type of gold are they looking for?

    • A.

      Shallow gold

    • B.

      Surface gold

    • C.

      Alluvial gold

    • D.

      Deep gold

    Correct Answer
    C. Alluvial gold
    Explanation
    The miners in the picture are searching for alluvial gold. Alluvial gold refers to gold that is found in riverbeds, streambeds, or other water sources. It is typically found near the surface or just under the ground, making it easier to extract compared to deep gold deposits. Alluvial gold is often the result of erosion and weathering of gold-bearing rocks, which then gets transported by water and deposited in areas where the flow slows down, such as riverbanks or gravel bars.

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  • 6. 

    When the surface gold ran out, miners had to dig into the ground. What type of mining was this called?

    • A.

      Hole mining

    • B.

      Shaft deep lead mining

    • C.

      Tunnel mining

    • D.

      Deep deep mining

    Correct Answer
    B. Shaft deep lead mining
    Explanation
    When the surface gold ran out, miners had to dig into the ground. This type of mining is called "shaft deep lead mining." In this method, miners would dig vertical shafts into the ground to access the deeper layers where gold deposits were located. This allowed them to continue extracting gold even after the surface deposits were depleted.

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  • 7. 

    Year Population of Melbourne (excludes indigenous) 1835 0 1840 10,000 1851 29,000 1854 123,000 Explain the dramatic increase in the population of Melbourne.

    • A.

      Government giving away free housing

    • B.

      Melbourne was found to have a better climate

    • C.

      The Victorian Gold Rush

    • D.

      The New South Wales Gold Rush was over

    Correct Answer
    C. The Victorian Gold Rush
    Explanation
    The Victorian Gold Rush is the correct answer because it explains the dramatic increase in the population of Melbourne. The discovery of gold in Victoria attracted a large number of people to the region, including Melbourne. Many people flocked to Melbourne in search of gold, hoping to strike it rich. This influx of people seeking their fortune in gold mining led to a significant population increase in Melbourne during this time period.

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  • 8. 

    Select the food and drink a miner would have taken to the gold fields.

    • A.

      Roast lamb, coffee and bread

    • B.

      Boiled meat, beer and rice

    • C.

      Salted meat, tea and flour

    • D.

      Canned meat, vegetables and tea

    Correct Answer
    C. Salted meat, tea and flour
    Explanation
    During the gold rush era, miners needed food that could last for long periods without spoiling. Salted meat was a common choice as it could be preserved for extended periods. Tea was also a popular choice as it could be easily brewed and provided a source of hydration. Flour was essential for making bread, which provided sustenance and energy. Therefore, salted meat, tea, and flour would have been the preferred food and drink options for a miner heading to the gold fields.

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  • 9. 

    Did the Victorian Government introduce a language test for Chinese miners before gaining entry into Victoria?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This test was not in English, but in a European Language. It was designed to stop Chinese miners from working on the gold fields.

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  • 10. 

    The name of the man elected to lead the Eureka Stockade miners was Peter  _________.

    Correct Answer
    Lalor
    laylor
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Lalor. Peter Lalor was elected to lead the Eureka Stockade miners.

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  • 11. 

    Select three issues that caused tension amongst the miners that lead to the Eureka Stockade Battle.

    • A.

      Not enough beer, too many chinese miners and the miner's licence

    • B.

      Corrupt officials, miner's licence and no voting rights

    • C.

      Corrupt officials, government not listening and no schools

    • D.

      Too many chinese miners, bush rangers and brawls

    Correct Answer
    B. Corrupt officials, miner's licence and no voting rights
    Explanation
    The tension amongst the miners that led to the Eureka Stockade Battle was caused by corrupt officials, the miner's licence, and the lack of voting rights. The corrupt officials exploited the miners by charging high fees for the miner's licence and engaging in unfair practices. This created a sense of injustice and frustration among the miners. Additionally, the miner's licence itself was a source of contention as it was seen as a way for the government to exert control and extract money from the miners. The lack of voting rights further exacerbated the miners' grievances, as they were unable to have a say in the decisions that affected their lives and work.

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  • 12. 

     This battle of rebellion took place on December 3 1854. Name it.

    • A.

      Stockade

    • B.

      Miner's Rebellion Battle

    • C.

      Eureka Stockade

    • D.

      Ballarat's Battle

    Correct Answer
    C. Eureka Stockade
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Eureka Stockade. The Eureka Stockade was a battle of rebellion that took place on December 3, 1854. It was a significant event in Australian history, as it was a conflict between gold miners and the colonial authorities in Ballarat, Victoria. The miners, who were unhappy with the oppressive mining licenses and lack of political representation, built a stockade and clashed with the authorities. The battle resulted in the deaths of several miners and soldiers, and it ultimately led to reforms in the colony's governance and the establishment of democratic rights for the miners.

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  • 13. 

    After the Eureka Stockade many changes were introduced by the Victorian Government, write down two changes. 1. 2.

  • 14. 

    Explain what happened to Peter Lalor after the Eureka Battle.

  • 15. 

    List out 4 ideas that explain what life was like on the Gold Fields during the Australian Gold Rush of the 1850's.   1. 2. 3. 4.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 04, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Mr_mac
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