Changes To Earth's Surface-test B

32 Questions | Total Attempts: 45

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Changes To Earth

.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The theory that the plates of the crust are always moving is called
    • A. 

      Plate tectonics

    • B. 

      Rift

    • C. 

      Fault

  • 2. 
    The point inside Earth's crust where an earthquake begins is the 
    • A. 

      Focus

    • B. 

      Epicenter

    • C. 

      Crust

  • 3. 
    The removal and transport of weathered material is
    • A. 

      Erosion

    • B. 

      Deposition

    • C. 

      Plate tectonics

  • 4. 
    The deep valley along the mid-ocean ridge is a 
    • A. 

      Rift

    • B. 

      Fault

    • C. 

      Focus

  • 5. 
    The process by which eroded material drops or settles is 
    • A. 

      Deposition

    • B. 

      Plate tectonics

    • C. 

      Rift

  • 6. 
    A break in Earth's crust where rocks can slide past each other is a
    • A. 

      Fault

    • B. 

      Focus

    • C. 

      Epicenter

  • 7. 
    Earth's center is called its
    • A. 

      Core

    • B. 

      Erosion

    • C. 

      Deposition

  • 8. 
    The point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake's focus is the 
    • A. 

      Epicenter

    • B. 

      Crust

    • C. 

      Mantle

  • 9. 
    Earth's outer layer is the 
    • A. 

      Crust

    • B. 

      Mantle

    • C. 

      Core

  • 10. 
     Which layer is responsible for Earth's magnetic field?
    • A. 

      Crust

    • B. 

      Inner core

    • C. 

      Outer core

  • 11. 
    Which process is responsible for forming a sea cave?
    • A. 

      Deposition

    • B. 

      Earthquake

    • C. 

      Weathering

  • 12. 
    What are Earth's plates composed of?
    • A. 

      The crust alone

    • B. 

      The crust and the upper asthenosphere

    • C. 

      The crust and the upper part of the mantle (lithosphere)

  • 13. 
    How do the positions of the continents today compare with their positions 220 million years ago?
    • A. 

      The continents are now closer together.

    • B. 

      The continents are now farther apart.

    • C. 

      The continents are now farther north.

  • 14. 
    An earthquake occurs.  Which type of waves will be detected first?
    • A. 

      P waves

    • B. 

      S waves

    • C. 

      Surface waves

  • 15. 
    What caused the Hawaiian Islands to form?
    • A. 

      A convergent boundary

    • B. 

      A divergent boundary

    • C. 

      A hot spot

  • 16. 
    What type of volcano is large and wide and has "safe" flowing lava?
    • A. 

      A composite volcano

    • B. 

      A cinder cone volcano

    • C. 

      A shield volcano

  • 17. 
    What would happen to an active composite volcano if its vent becomes plugged by hardened lava?
    • A. 

      Nothing would happen.

    • B. 

      The pressure from the magma chamber would build up and the volcano might explode.

    • C. 

      The volcano would become extinct.

  • 18. 
    The thin outer skin of Earth
    • A. 

      Core

    • B. 

      Crust

    • C. 

      Erosion

  • 19. 
    The layer of Earth that extends from the bottom of the mantle to Earth's center
    • A. 

      Core

    • B. 

      Crust

    • C. 

      Erosion

  • 20. 
    The removal and transportation of weathered material
    • A. 

      Core

    • B. 

      Crust

    • C. 

      Erosion

  • 21. 
    A huge sheet of ice that stays frozen all year
    • A. 

      Glacier

    • B. 

      Crust

    • C. 

      Erosion

  • 22. 
    A deep valley in mid-ocean formed where two plates move apart
    • A. 

      Rift

    • B. 

      Crust

    • C. 

      Erosion

  • 23. 
    A break in Earth's crust where rocks slide past each other
    • A. 

      Core

    • B. 

      Crust

    • C. 

      Fault

  • 24. 
    The point inside Earth where an earthquake begins
    • A. 

      Core

    • B. 

      Crust

    • C. 

      Focus

  • 25. 
    The layer of Earth under the crust
    • A. 

      Mantle

    • B. 

      Crust

    • C. 

      Erosion

Back to Top Back to top