Test 11 Chemical Building Blocks Chapter 1 Sections 1,2,&3

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 274

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Building Quizzes & Trivia

Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    One example of a physical change is
    • A. 

      burning paper.

    • B. 

      . baking cookies.

    • C. 

      heating table sugar.

    • D. 

      dissolving salt in water.

  • 2. 
    One example of a chemical change is
    • A. 

      Filtering.

    • B. 

      burning wood.

    • C. 

      boiling water.

    • D. 

      crushing a can

  • 3. 
    The energy of matter in motion is called
    • A. 

      kinetic energy.

    • B. 

      potential energy.

    • C. 

      chemical energy.

    • D. 

      electromagnetic energy

  • 4. 
    Table sugar and table salt are examples of
    • A. 

      atoms.

    • B. 

      elements.

    • C. 

      mixtures.

    • D. 

      pure substances.

  • 5. 
    Substances that CANNOT be broken down chemically into other substances are
    • A. 

      elements.

    • B. 

      compounds.

    • C. 

      mixtures.

    • D. 

      Solutions.

  • 6. 
    The measurement of the force of gravity on an object is the object’s
    • A. 

      Mass.

    • B. 

      volume.

    • C. 

      weight.

    • D. 

      density.

  • 7. 
    The measurement of how much matter an object contains is its
    • A. 

      Volume.

    • B. 

      weight.

    • C. 

      mass.

    • D. 

      melting point.

  • 8. 
    The measurement of how much mass is contained in a given volume is called
    • A. 

      Weight.

    • B. 

      melting point.

    • C. 

      boiling point.

    • D. 

      density.

  • 9. 
    The density of a block of wood with a volume of 50 cubic centimeters and a mass of 100 grams is
    • A. 

      2 g/cm3

    • B. 

      0.5 g/cm3

    • C. 

      500 g/cm3

    • D. 

      5,000 g/cm3

  • 10. 
    All elements are composed of extremely small particles called
    • A. 

      Compounds.

    • B. 

      mixtures.

    • C. 

      atoms.

    • D. 

      molecules.

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is NOT an example of a chemical change?
    • A. 

      gas burning on a stove

    • B. 

      rust forming on an iron fence

    • C. 

      salt dissolving in a glass of water

    • D. 

      using electricity to break down water into hydrogen and oxygen

  • 12. 
    The ability to do work or cause change describes
    • A. 

      temperature.

    • B. 

      density.

    • C. 

      matter.

    • D. 

      energy.

  • 13. 
    The change in which ice absorbs energy and melts is a(n)
    • A. 

      Endothermic change.

    • B. 

      exothermic change.

    • C. 

      chemical change.

    • D. 

      change in mass.

  • 14. 
    What holds atoms together in a molecule?
    • A. 

      Density

    • B. 

      Gravity

    • C. 

      physical bonds

    • D. 

      chemical bonds

  • 15. 
    Fireworks exploding in the sky and giving off light are an example of a(n)
    • A. 

      Endothermic change.

    • B. 

      exothermic change.

    • C. 

      Physical change.

    • D. 

      change in mass.

  • 16. 
    The volume of an irregular object can be measured by
    • A. 

      multiplying the object’s length, width, and height.

    • B. 

      dividing the object’s density by its mass.

    • C. 

      submerging the object in water in a graduated cylinder.

    • D. 

      placing the object on a triple-beam balance.

  • 17. 
    In the laboratory, volumes of liquid are usually measured with a(n)
    • A. 

      electrode.

    • B. 

      Scale.

    • C. 

      triple-beam balance.

    • D. 

      Graduated cylinder.

  • 18. 
    Anything that has mass and takes up space is called
    • A. 

      matter.

    • B. 

      Energy.

    • C. 

      heterogeneous.

    • D. 

      homogeneous.

  • 19. 
    How would you calculate the density of an object?
    • A. 

      Divide its weight by its volume.

    • B. 

      Divide its mass by its volume.

    • C. 

      Multiply its volume times its mass.

    • D. 

      Multiply its weight times its mass.

  • 20. 
    What characteristics listed below do photosynthesis and combustion NOT share?
    • A. 

      Both involve chemical change.

    • B. 

      Both are endothermic.

    • C. 

      Both change energy from one form to another.

    • D. 

      Both cause changes in matter.

  • 21. 
    Lemonade consists of several substances that are NOT chemically combined, so lemonade is classified as a(n)
    • A. 

      Element.

    • B. 

      compound.

    • C. 

      mixture.

    • D. 

      pure substance.

  • 22. 
    How do liquid water, ice, and water vapor differ from each other?
    • A. 

      They are different states of matter.

    • B. 

      They are different compounds.

    • C. 

      They are made of different kinds of molecules.

    • D. 

      They are made of different kinds of atoms.

  • 23. 
    If you heat a liquid and measure the temperature at which it boils, you are measuring a(n)
    • A. 

      Atomic property.

    • B. 

      physical property.

    • C. 

      chemical property.

    • D. 

      molecular property.

  • 24. 
    If you describe methane as a gas that easily catches fire, you are describing a
    • A. 

      state of matter.

    • B. 

      physical property.

    • C. 

      Chemical property.

    • D. 

      chemical formula.

  • 25. 
    During photosynthesis, plants transform electromagnetic energy from the sun into
    • A. 

      Electrical energy.

    • B. 

      kinetic energy.

    • C. 

      chemical energy.

    • D. 

      thermal energy.

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