Test 009 Infection Control In Dentistry

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Test 009 Infection Control In Dentistry - Quiz

Write your contact information below very clearly as this helps us to properly register your credits to your board and communicate with you. Read the questions carefully and answer them True or False. This test is intended to support the learning process, so feel free to re-read the text while you answer the questions; the review helps to reinforce your learning experience. The passing score on this test is 70 %.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Infection control is a number of recommended safety measures that dentists put into practice to protect their patients and staff in the office.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Infection control is indeed a set of safety measures that dentists follow to ensure the protection of both their patients and staff in the dental office. These measures include proper sterilization of instruments, use of personal protective equipment, proper disposal of waste, and maintaining a clean and hygienic environment. By implementing these infection control practices, dentists can minimize the risk of spreading infections and ensure the safety of everyone in the dental setting.

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  • 2. 

    Rigorous infection control routine is essential to prevent the spread of infectious disease.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Rigorous infection control routines are indeed essential to prevent the spread of infectious diseases. These routines include practices such as proper hand hygiene, wearing personal protective equipment, disinfecting surfaces, and implementing isolation protocols. By following these measures, the risk of transmission of infectious diseases can be significantly reduced, protecting both healthcare workers and patients. Therefore, the statement "Rigorous infection control routine is essential to prevent the spread of infectious disease" is true.

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  • 3. 

    Many dental procedures necessitate direct contact with blood and blood contaminated saliva.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Many dental procedures, such as tooth extractions, root canals, and gum surgeries, involve cutting into the gums or teeth, which can cause bleeding. Additionally, saliva in the mouth may contain traces of blood due to bleeding gums or other dental issues. Therefore, direct contact with blood and blood-contaminated saliva is often unavoidable during dental procedures, making the statement true.

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  • 4. 

    To properly control infection in dental practice, the dental instruments and materials have to be either carefully sterilized or disposable.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Infection control is crucial in dental practice to prevent the transmission of diseases. Dental instruments and materials can harbor bacteria, viruses, and other pathogens. Sterilization is a process that kills all microorganisms, including spores, on the surface of instruments, ensuring their safety for reuse. Alternatively, disposable instruments and materials eliminate the risk of cross-contamination altogether. Therefore, to effectively control infection in dental practice, it is necessary to either carefully sterilize instruments or use disposable ones.

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  • 5. 

    Progress in equipments and supplies has allowed practices to establish safer processes at the same time as ensuring efficiency.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that advancements in equipment and supplies have enabled practices to develop safer processes while also maintaining efficiency. This implies that the progress in technology has led to improved safety measures in various practices. Therefore, the answer is true.

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  • 6. 

    The dental healthcare professional must ensure that all instruments are cleaned prior to sterilization.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The dental healthcare professional must ensure that all instruments are cleaned prior to sterilization in order to remove any debris, organic material, or potential pathogens that may be present on the instruments. Cleaning the instruments before sterilization helps to ensure that they are properly disinfected and safe for use in patient care. Sterilization alone cannot effectively remove all contaminants, so the cleaning step is crucial in maintaining a high standard of infection control in a dental setting.

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  • 7. 

    The dental healthcare professional must ensure that instrument cleaning is done in a safe way to avoid injury and penetration wounds.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    It is important for dental healthcare professionals to ensure that instrument cleaning is done safely to prevent any injuries or penetration wounds. This involves following proper protocols and using appropriate protective equipment to minimize the risk of accidents or harm to both the professional and the patient. By prioritizing safety during instrument cleaning, dental healthcare professionals can maintain a safe and hygienic environment for everyone involved.

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  • 8. 

    Infection control programs include; preparing the examination and or treatment rooms in a disinfected condition prior to patient’s entry.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Infection control programs aim to prevent the spread of infections in healthcare settings. One important aspect of these programs is preparing examination and treatment rooms in a disinfected condition before patients enter. This ensures that the environment is clean and reduces the risk of transmitting infections from one patient to another. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 9. 

    Infection control programs include maintaining sterile field in handling dental equipment and supplies during procedures.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Infection control programs in dental settings are designed to prevent the spread of infections and maintain a clean and safe environment for both patients and healthcare providers. One important aspect of these programs is ensuring the maintenance of a sterile field when handling dental equipment and supplies during procedures. This helps to minimize the risk of introducing pathogens into the patient's mouth and causing infections. Therefore, the statement that infection control programs include maintaining a sterile field in handling dental equipment and supplies during procedures is true.

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  • 10. 

    Infection control programs include cleaning and sterilization of reusable dental instruments and devices.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Infection control programs are an essential part of dental practices to ensure the safety and well-being of patients. Cleaning and sterilization of reusable dental instruments and devices is a crucial aspect of these programs. By properly cleaning and sterilizing instruments, any potential pathogens or contaminants can be effectively eliminated, reducing the risk of infection transmission between patients. Therefore, it is true that infection control programs include cleaning and sterilization of reusable dental instruments and devices.

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  • 11. 

    Infection control programs include proper disposal of single use objects in dental practice.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Infection control programs in dental practice emphasize the importance of properly disposing of single-use objects. This is crucial to prevent the spread of infection and maintain a clean and safe environment for both dental practitioners and patients. By disposing of single-use objects, such as gloves, masks, and needles, after each use, the risk of cross-contamination is significantly reduced. This practice aligns with the principles of infection control and helps to ensure the highest standard of patient care.

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  • 12. 

    Infection control regimen is to eliminate the transmission of infection among patients and dental workers without jeopardizing productivity. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because an infection control regimen is indeed designed to prevent the spread of infections among patients and dental workers while still maintaining productivity. This is crucial in a dental setting where there is a high risk of exposure to various pathogens. Implementing proper infection control measures such as hand hygiene, sterilization of instruments, use of personal protective equipment, and proper waste management can significantly reduce the risk of infections and ensure the safety of both patients and dental workers.

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  • 13. 

    A cleaning and sterilization process must meets The American Dental Association (ADA) and Center for Diseases Control (CDC) guidelines.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the cleaning and sterilization process in dental practices must adhere to the guidelines set by the American Dental Association (ADA) and the Center for Disease Control (CDC). These guidelines ensure that proper protocols are followed to maintain a safe and hygienic environment for patients and prevent the spread of infections. By complying with these guidelines, dental practices can provide quality care and protect the health of their patients.

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  • 14. 

    Taking a health history of a new patient prior to entering the examination room is of utmost importance to prepare the room accordingly.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Taking a health history of a new patient prior to entering the examination room is important because it allows the healthcare provider to gather important information about the patient's medical history, current health status, and any potential risks or concerns. This information is crucial for the healthcare provider to prepare the examination room accordingly, ensuring that they have the necessary equipment, supplies, and knowledge to provide appropriate care and address any specific needs or concerns the patient may have. By gathering this information beforehand, the healthcare provider can optimize the patient's experience and ensure a safe and effective examination.

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  • 15. 

    All patients must be treated as possibly infectious using the concept of Universal precautions.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Universal precautions is a set of infection control practices that assumes all patients could potentially have infectious diseases. It requires healthcare providers to take certain precautions, such as wearing gloves and masks, to prevent the transmission of pathogens. Treating all patients as possibly infectious helps to protect both the healthcare providers and other patients from potential infections. Therefore, the statement that all patients must be treated as possibly infectious using the concept of Universal precautions is true.

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  • 16. 

    Some offices cover fixed heavy radiographic equipments with disposable protective covers, which are replaced in between patient’s care. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Some offices cover fixed heavy radiographic equipment with disposable protective covers, which are replaced in between patient's care. This statement is true as it suggests that certain offices use disposable protective covers to protect the radiographic equipment from contamination and ensure hygiene between patients.

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  • 17. 

    For each patient, new clean disposable saliva ejector, suction tubes and disposable air and water syringes tips are placed on the unit.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because it mentions that for each patient, new clean disposable saliva ejector, suction tubes, and disposable air and water syringe tips are placed on the unit. This ensures proper hygiene and prevents the spread of any potential infections or contaminants between patients. By using disposable items for each patient, the risk of cross-contamination is minimized, making it a standard practice in healthcare settings.

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  • 18. 

    For each patient, new sterile handpiece and burrs are placed on the unit.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In order to maintain proper hygiene and prevent the spread of infection, it is necessary to use new sterile handpieces and burrs for each patient. Reusing these instruments can introduce bacteria and other pathogens into the patient's mouth, increasing the risk of infection. Therefore, it is important to follow proper sterilization protocols and ensure that fresh, sterile instruments are used for each patient.

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  • 19. 

    All health care workers should use appropriate barrier precautions to prevent skin and mucous membrane exposure. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    It is important for all healthcare workers to use appropriate barrier precautions to prevent skin and mucous membrane exposure. This is necessary to protect themselves and their patients from potential infections and diseases. Using barriers such as gloves, masks, and gowns can help prevent the transmission of harmful pathogens. Therefore, the statement "All health care workers should use appropriate barrier precautions to prevent skin and mucous membrane exposure" is true.

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  • 20. 

    During contact with any patient's blood or body fluids universal precautions must be followed.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During contact with any patient's blood or body fluids, it is crucial to follow universal precautions. This means taking necessary steps to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases, regardless of the patient's known or suspected infection status. Universal precautions include practices such as using personal protective equipment (PPE) like gloves, masks, and gowns, as well as proper hand hygiene and safe disposal of contaminated materials. By adhering to universal precautions, healthcare workers can minimize the risk of exposure to bloodborne pathogens and protect both themselves and their patients from potential infections.

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  • 21. 

    Using gloves, gowns, masks, and protective eyeglasses is a part of the universal precautions regimen.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Using gloves, gowns, masks, and protective eyeglasses is a part of the universal precautions regimen because it helps to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases. Universal precautions are a set of safety measures that are followed by healthcare professionals to protect themselves and their patients from the spread of infections. Wearing gloves, gowns, masks, and protective eyeglasses creates a barrier between the healthcare worker and any potentially infectious materials, reducing the risk of contamination and transmission. Therefore, it is important for healthcare professionals to adhere to these precautions to maintain a safe and healthy environment.

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  • 22. 

    The dental staff should maintain the universal precautionary measures and not to break the barrier technique during the procedures.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because maintaining universal precautionary measures and not breaking the barrier technique during dental procedures is crucial for preventing the transmission of infectious diseases. By following these protocols, the dental staff can minimize the risk of cross-contamination and protect both themselves and their patients from potential infections. These measures include wearing personal protective equipment, such as gloves, masks, and goggles, as well as properly sterilizing and disinfecting instruments and surfaces. Adhering to these precautions ensures a safe and hygienic environment in the dental office.

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  • 23. 

    Common infection control approach should further reduce the small risk for salivary transmission of HIV.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because a common infection control approach can effectively reduce the small risk of HIV transmission through saliva. This approach includes measures such as practicing good oral hygiene, using barrier methods (like dental dams) during oral sex, and avoiding activities that may lead to the exchange of saliva, like sharing toothbrushes or razors. These precautions are important because although the risk of HIV transmission through saliva is extremely low, it is not completely zero. Therefore, following infection control measures can help further minimize this risk.

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  • 24. 

    Prevention of penetrating injury by contaminated instrument to the dental staff is considered an important mean of infection control.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Prevention of penetrating injury by contaminated instruments to dental staff is indeed an important means of infection control. This is because contaminated instruments can carry pathogens that can cause infections if they enter the body through a puncture or cut. By implementing measures to prevent such injuries, like using proper protective equipment and handling instruments safely, the risk of infection transmission can be significantly reduced. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 25. 

    To prevent needle stick injuries, needles should not be manually handled or manipulated.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    To prevent needle stick injuries, it is important to avoid manual handling or manipulation of needles. This is because when needles are handled or manipulated manually, there is a higher risk of accidental needle sticks, which can lead to the transmission of infections or diseases. By implementing proper safety measures, such as using safety devices or tools for needle handling, healthcare professionals can minimize the risk of needle stick injuries and ensure a safer working environment.

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  • 26. 

    Subsequent to their usage, disposable sharp objects should be placed in puncture-resistant biohazard containers for disposal.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    After using disposable sharp objects, such as needles or blades, it is important to dispose of them properly to prevent injuries and the spread of infections. These objects should be placed in puncture-resistant biohazard containers to ensure safe disposal. This helps protect healthcare workers, waste management personnel, and the general public from potential harm.

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  • 27. 

    Using a proper method of transporting instruments is a part of infection control procedure.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Transporting instruments in a proper method is indeed a part of infection control procedure. This is because instruments that are not handled and transported correctly can become contaminated and spread infections. Therefore, ensuring that instruments are properly cleaned, packaged, and transported in a way that minimizes the risk of contamination is essential for infection control.

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  • 28. 

    Using an appropriate cleaning technique by hand rubbing the used instruments is a part of infection control procedure.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Hand rubbing the used instruments is a part of infection control procedure because it helps to remove any remaining debris or microorganisms from the surface of the instruments. This manual cleaning technique is important in preventing the spread of infections in healthcare settings. By physically rubbing the instruments, healthcare professionals can ensure that all areas are thoroughly cleaned and reduce the risk of contamination. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 29. 

    Using locked cassette system and or instruments washers is an alternative method in infection control procedure.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because using a locked cassette system and/or instrument washers is indeed an alternative method in infection control procedures. These systems and washers are designed to ensure proper cleaning and sterilization of medical instruments, reducing the risk of infection transmission. The locked cassette system allows for the instruments to be securely contained during the cleaning process, while instrument washers use high-pressure water and detergents to thoroughly clean the instruments. These methods are effective in maintaining a safe and sterile environment in healthcare settings.

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  • 30. 

    It is mandatory to use an effective sterilization method to sterilize dental instruments.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Sterilization of dental instruments is crucial to prevent the transmission of infections between patients. Effective sterilization methods, such as autoclaving or chemical sterilization, ensure that all microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi, are eradicated from the instruments. This helps maintain a safe and hygienic environment in dental clinics, protecting both patients and dental professionals from potential infections. Therefore, it is necessary to use an effective sterilization method for dental instruments.

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  • 31. 

    Contaminated sharp instruments should be handled carefully to prevent percutaneous injury. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Contaminated sharp instruments should be handled carefully to prevent percutaneous injury. This statement is true because contaminated sharp instruments, such as needles or scalpels, can pose a risk of transmitting infectious diseases if they accidentally puncture the skin. Therefore, it is important to handle these instruments with caution, using proper safety protocols and disposal methods, to minimize the risk of percutaneous injury and potential transmission of pathogens.

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  • 32. 

    Contaminated sharp instruments should be placed in a suitable container at the area of use to avoid percutaneous injuries during transport.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Contaminated sharp instruments should be placed in a suitable container at the area of use to avoid percutaneous injuries during transport. This is true because sharp instruments, such as needles or scalpels, can pose a risk of injury if not properly contained. Placing them in a suitable container at the area of use ensures that they are safely stored and reduces the chances of accidental punctures or cuts during transport. This practice is a crucial safety measure in healthcare settings to protect healthcare workers and prevent the spread of infections.

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  • 33. 

    The person handling the instruments through removal, cleaning, packaging and sterilization needs to use heavy-duty gloves. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The person handling instruments through removal, cleaning, packaging, and sterilization needs to use heavy-duty gloves because these tasks involve contact with potentially contaminated materials, chemicals, and sharp objects. Heavy-duty gloves provide protection against cuts, punctures, and exposure to harmful substances, ensuring the safety and hygiene of both the person handling the instruments and the patients who will use them.

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  • 34. 

    The use of heavy duty gloves helps to prevent injury with sharp contaminated instruments.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The use of heavy-duty gloves is essential in preventing injury when handling sharp and contaminated instruments. These gloves provide a protective barrier between the hands and the instruments, reducing the risk of cuts, punctures, and exposure to harmful substances. By wearing heavy-duty gloves, healthcare professionals can ensure their safety while performing procedures that involve sharp and potentially contaminated objects. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 35. 

    Instruments’ cleaning is usually done by hand scrubbing one instrument at a time holding it low in a large sink using hot water and soap.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given answer is that instruments' cleaning is indeed usually done by hand scrubbing one instrument at a time. This method ensures thorough cleaning and allows for proper inspection of each instrument. The instruments are held low in a large sink to prevent splashing and to ensure easy access for scrubbing. Hot water and soap are used to effectively remove any dirt, debris, or contaminants from the instruments.

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  • 36. 

    Mechanical methods of instrument cleaning rather than hand scrubbing minimize handling of instruments and the risk of puncture injury.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Mechanical methods of instrument cleaning, such as using automated washing machines or ultrasonic cleaners, are preferred over hand scrubbing because they minimize the need for direct handling of instruments. This reduces the risk of puncture injuries to healthcare workers and ensures a more thorough and efficient cleaning process. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 37. 

    Prior to sterilization, instruments and cassettes are placed in single use packages such as wrap, paper pouches, plastic pouches.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In order to ensure proper sterilization, instruments and cassettes are placed in single-use packages such as wrap, paper pouches, or plastic pouches. These packages help to maintain the sterility of the instruments until they are ready to be used, preventing contamination and infection. By using single-use packages, healthcare facilities can ensure that each instrument is sterile and safe for patients. Therefore, the statement "Prior to sterilization, instruments and cassettes are placed in single-use packages such as wrap, paper pouches, plastic pouches" is true.

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  • 38. 

    The best advice is to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for each brand of sterilizer as they are medical devices.  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Following the manufacturer's instructions for each brand of sterilizer is the best advice because sterilizers are medical devices. Medical devices are designed to ensure the safety and effectiveness of sterilization processes. Therefore, it is important to adhere to the specific instructions provided by the manufacturer to ensure proper sterilization and minimize the risk of contamination or malfunction.

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  • 39. 

    The dental worker should follow the manufacturer’s recommendations concerning sterilization time, temperature and pressure. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The dental worker should follow the manufacturer's recommendations for sterilization time, temperature, and pressure because these guidelines are specifically designed to ensure effective sterilization of dental instruments. By adhering to the manufacturer's recommendations, the dental worker can minimize the risk of cross-contamination and ensure the safety of both themselves and their patients. Failure to follow these guidelines may result in incomplete sterilization, which can lead to the spread of infectious diseases. Therefore, it is important for dental workers to strictly adhere to the manufacturer's recommendations for sterilization.

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  • 40. 

    Biological monitors are the most dependable method to confirm that proper sterilization of instruments.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Biological monitors are considered the most dependable method to confirm proper sterilization of instruments because they involve the use of live organisms or spores that are highly resistant to sterilization processes. These organisms or spores are placed in the same conditions as the instruments being sterilized and then tested for viability afterwards. If the organisms or spores are killed, it indicates that the sterilization process was successful. This method provides a direct and reliable assessment of sterilization effectiveness, making it the preferred choice in healthcare settings.

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  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
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    Quiz Created by
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