Tes Dasar-dasar Pemetaan

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| By Upi_supriatna_s_
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Questions: 17 | Attempts: 868

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Tes Dasar-dasar Pemetaan - Quiz

Kerjakanlah dengan penuh kejujuran dan hati nurani yang jernih !


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Gambaran sebagian atau seluruh penampakan permukaan bumi yang diperkecil dengan skala pada sebuah bidang datar disebut ….

    • A.

      Globe

    • B.

      Peta

    • C.

      Peta tematik

    • D.

      Atlas

    • E.

      Topografi

    Correct Answer
    B. Peta
    Explanation
    Peta adalah gambaran sebagian atau seluruh penampakan permukaan bumi yang diperkecil dengan skala pada sebuah bidang datar. Peta digunakan untuk memberikan informasi mengenai letak, bentuk, ukuran, dan hubungan antar wilayah di permukaan bumi. Peta dapat digunakan untuk navigasi, penelitian, analisis, dan pengambilan keputusan dalam berbagai bidang seperti geografi, lingkungan, dan perencanaan kota.

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  • 2. 

    Kesalahan yang mungkin terjadi pada saat pembuatan peta sebagai akibat perubahan dari bentuk lengkung permukaan bumi disebut ….

    • A.

      Proyeksi

    • B.

      Distorsi

    • C.

      Skala

    • D.

      Kesalahan kartografi

    • E.

      Garis

    Correct Answer
    B. Distorsi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Distorsi". Distorsi refers to the errors or distortions that may occur during the creation of a map due to the curved shape of the Earth's surface. The process of projecting the three-dimensional Earth onto a two-dimensional map inevitably leads to distortions in various aspects such as shape, area, distance, or direction. These distortions can affect the accuracy and reliability of the map, and cartographers need to carefully consider and minimize them when creating maps.

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  • 3. 

    Peta Kadaster adakah peta dengan skala ....

    • A.

      < 1 : 1000.000

    • B.

      1 : 500.000-1 : 2000.000

    • C.

      1 : 5000 – 1 : 250.000

    • D.

      1 : 250.000 – 1 : 500.000

    • E.

      1 : 100 – 1 : 5000

    Correct Answer
    E. 1 : 100 – 1 : 5000
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1:100 - 1:5000. This range of scales indicates that there are maps available with varying levels of detail, from a large scale of 1:100 (where 1 unit on the map represents 100 units on the ground) to a smaller scale of 1:5000 (where 1 unit on the map represents 5000 units on the ground). This means that there are maps available that show a very detailed view of a small area, as well as maps that show a broader view of a larger area with less detail.

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  • 4. 

    Peta yang menggambarkan kenampakan tertentu di permukaan bumi disebut ....

    • A.

      Peta kadaster

    • B.

      Peta wilayah

    • C.

      Peta tematik

    • D.

      Peta dunia

    • E.

      Peta umum

    Correct Answer
    C. Peta tematik
    Explanation
    A thematic map is a type of map that focuses on a specific theme or topic, such as population density, climate, or land use. It is used to visually represent data and information related to that theme. In this context, a map that depicts a specific feature or phenomenon on the Earth's surface would be referred to as a thematic map.

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  • 5. 

    Jika jarak di peta 5 cm, jarak sebenarnya di muka bumi 5 km, berarti peta tersebut mempunyai skala ....

    • A.

      1 : 1000.000

    • B.

      1 : 250.000

    • C.

      1 : 100.000

    • D.

      1 : 50.000

    • E.

      1 : 10.000

    Correct Answer
    C. 1 : 100.000
    Explanation
    The scale of a map represents the ratio between distances on the map and the actual distances on the Earth's surface. In this case, the given information states that a distance of 5 cm on the map corresponds to a distance of 5 km in reality. Therefore, the scale of the map can be calculated as 1 cm on the map represents 1 km in reality. This can be written as a ratio of 1 : 100,000, indicating that 1 unit on the map represents 100,000 units in reality.

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  • 6. 

    Keterangan simbol-simbol yang ada di dalam peta terdapat di ....

    • A.

      Insert

    • B.

      Skala

    • C.

      Legenda

    • D.

      Azimuth

    • E.

      Proyeksi peta

    Correct Answer
    C. Legenda
    Explanation
    The symbols on a map are explained in the legend. The legend provides a key to understanding the meaning of the symbols used on the map. It helps users interpret the information displayed on the map and allows them to navigate and understand the features represented on the map more effectively.

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  • 7. 

    Diketahui jarak kota A-B = 4 km, dan digambarkan di dalam peta sepanjang 2 cm, maka skala petanya adalah ....

    • A.

      1 : 200.000

    • B.

      1 : 300.000

    • C.

      1 : 400.000

    • D.

      1 : 500.000

    • E.

      1 : 600.000

    Correct Answer
    A. 1 : 200.000
    Explanation
    The scale of a map is determined by the relationship between the distance on the map and the actual distance on the ground. In this case, the distance between city A and city B is 4 km, and it is represented by a length of 2 cm on the map. To find the scale, we divide the actual distance by the map distance. So, 4 km divided by 2 cm is 2,000,000. This means that 1 cm on the map represents 2,000,000 cm or 20 km on the ground. Therefore, the scale of the map is 1:200,000.

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  • 8. 

    Angka yang menunjukkan perbandingan antara jarak pada peta dan jarak di lapangan disebut ....

    • A.

      Inset peta

    • B.

      Skala Peta

    • C.

      Legenda peta

    • D.

      Garis astronomis

    • E.

      Tahun pembuatan peta

    Correct Answer
    B. Skala Peta
    Explanation
    Skala peta adalah angka yang menunjukkan perbandingan antara jarak pada peta dengan jarak sebenarnya di lapangan. Dengan menggunakan skala peta, kita dapat menghitung jarak sebenarnya antara dua titik di lapangan berdasarkan jarak yang terlihat pada peta. Skala peta sangat penting dalam membaca dan menginterpretasikan informasi yang terdapat pada peta.

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  • 9. 

    Arah utara pada peta selalu menuju ke ....

    • A.

      Kiri

    • B.

      Bawah

    • C.

      Atas

    • D.

      Kanan

    • E.

      Sembarang tempat

    Correct Answer
    C. Atas
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Atas" because the question is asking about the direction of the north on a map. In most maps, the north is represented at the top, so the direction towards the top is considered as "Atas" or "Up".

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  • 10. 

    Diketahui sebuah peta topografi skala 1 : 100.000, maka besar interval konturnya adalah ....

    • A.

      25 meter

    • B.

      35 meter

    • C.

      50 meter

    • D.

      100 meter

    • E.

      150 meter

    Correct Answer
    C. 50 meter
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 50 meters. This is because the scale of the topographic map is 1:100,000, which means that one unit on the map represents 100,000 units in real life. Since the interval between contour lines on a topographic map represents a change in elevation, the interval in this case would be 50 meters.

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  • 11. 

    Gambar peta dunia kali pertama digambarkan oleh ....

    • A.

      Aristoteles

    • B.

      Ptolomeus

    • C.

      Einstein

    • D.

      Karl Mark

    • E.

      Socrates

    Correct Answer
    B. Ptolomeus
    Explanation
    Ptolomeus is the correct answer because he was a Greek mathematician, astronomer, and geographer who created one of the earliest known world maps. His map, known as the Ptolemaic map, was based on the works of previous scholars and was widely used and influential for centuries. This map was the first attempt to accurately depict the world and its various regions.

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  • 12. 

    Garis kontur yang jaraknya cukup jauh (renggang) menandakan daerah tersebut memiliki lereng ....

    • A.

      Curam

    • B.

      Miring

    • C.

      Agak curam

    • D.

      Datar/landai

    • E.

      Lembah

    Correct Answer
    D. Datar/landai
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Datar/landai". A contour line that is spaced far apart indicates that the area has a gentle slope or is flat. This means that there are no significant changes in elevation over a given distance.

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  • 13. 

    Pada simbol region/luasan, indikator yang digunakan untuk membedakan region satu dengan yang lainnya, biasanya menggunakan ....

    • A.

      Tulisan

    • B.

      Warna

    • C.

      Garis

    • D.

      Titik

    • E.

      Legenda

    Correct Answer
    B. Warna
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Warna". In the context of symbols for regions or areas, color is commonly used as an indicator to differentiate one region from another. Different colors can represent different regions or areas, making it easier to visually distinguish them.

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  • 14. 

    Jika diketahui jarak antara kota A dan B adalah 4 cm, sedangkan jarak sesungguhnya di lapangan antara kota A dan B adalah 20 km. Maka skala peta tersebut adalah ....

    • A.

      1 : 200.000

    • B.

      1 : 250.000

    • C.

      1 : 120.000

    • D.

      1 : 500.000

    • E.

      1 : 400.000

    Correct Answer
    D. 1 : 500.000
    Explanation
    The scale of a map represents the ratio of the distance on the map to the actual distance on the ground. In this case, the given information states that the distance between city A and B on the map is 4 cm, while the actual distance on the ground is 20 km. To find the scale, we can set up a proportion: 4 cm is to 20 km as 1 cm is to x km. Solving this proportion, we find that x = 5 km. Therefore, the scale of the map is 1 : 500,000, which means that 1 cm on the map represents 500,000 cm or 5 km on the ground.

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  • 15. 

    Garis yang sejajar dengan ekuator yang berupa lingkaran-lingkaran yang tidak sama besarnya adalah ....

    • A.

      Garis koordinat

    • B.

      Garis kontur

    • C.

      Garis bujur

    • D.

      Garis khatulistiwa

    • E.

      Garis lintang

    Correct Answer
    E. Garis lintang
    Explanation
    Garis lintang adalah garis yang melintang secara horizontal di sekitar bumi, sejajar dengan garis khatulistiwa. Garis lintang terdiri dari lingkaran-lingkaran yang tidak sama besarnya, yang dikenal sebagai garis lintang utara dan garis lintang selatan. Garis lintang digunakan dalam sistem koordinat geografis untuk menentukan letak suatu tempat di bumi.

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  • 16. 

    Diketahui skala peta 1 : 250.000 hal ini berarti 1 cm di peta mewakili jarak .... dilapangan.

    • A.

      250 km

    • B.

      25 km

    • C.

      250 m

    • D.

      2,5 km

    • E.

      250.000 km

    Correct Answer
    D. 2,5 km
    Explanation
    The scale of the map is 1:250,000, which means that 1 cm on the map represents a distance of 250,000 cm in the field. To convert this to kilometers, we divide 250,000 by 100,000 (since there are 100,000 centimeters in a kilometer). This gives us 2.5 km. Therefore, 1 cm on the map represents a distance of 2.5 km in the field.

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  • 17. 

    Landasan pacu Husensastranegara yang panjangnya 3 km tergambarkan dalam peta sepanjang 15 cm, skala peta tersebut ....

    • A.

      1 : 50.000

    • B.

      1 : 45.000

    • C.

      1 : 20.000

    • D.

      1 : 4500

    • E.

      1 : 2000

    Correct Answer
    C. 1 : 20.000
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1 : 20.000. This means that 1 centimeter on the map represents 20,000 centimeters or 200 meters in real life. Since the length of the runway is 3 kilometers, which is equal to 3,000 meters, we can calculate that it would be represented by 15 centimeters on the map (3,000 meters divided by 200 meters per centimeter). Therefore, the scale of the map is 1 : 20.000.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 16, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Upi_supriatna_s_
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