Can You Pass This World War I & II Quiz?

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Can You Pass This World War I & II Quiz? - Quiz

The World War I and II are very significant events in the world’s history. From them, countries formed allies and enemies, relationships that have held on to date. Take up the quiz and see if you will pass this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness acknowledge the importance of the-

    • A.

      Community

    • B.

      Military

    • C.

      Ruler

    • D.

      Individual

    Correct Answer
    D. Individual
    Explanation
    The correct answer is individual because the concept of unalienable rights, as stated in the question, emphasizes the significance of personal freedoms and autonomy. These rights belong to each person inherently, regardless of any external factors such as community, military, or rulers. The idea of individual rights is a fundamental principle in many democratic societies, recognizing the value and dignity of each person as an independent and self-governing entity.

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  • 2. 

    The prosperity of the 1920s caused many consumers to become overconfident in the economy.  One result of this overconfidence was that-

    • A.

      The U.S. government increased regulation of business

    • B.

      Many Americans purchased goods on credit

    • C.

      Fewer Americans invested in the stock market

    • D.

      Industrial production declined drastically

    Correct Answer
    B. Many Americans purchased goods on credit
    Explanation
    During the 1920s, the American economy experienced a period of prosperity known as the "Roaring Twenties". This economic boom led to increased consumer confidence and a desire for material goods. As a result, many Americans started purchasing goods on credit, taking advantage of installment plans and loans offered by retailers. This trend of buying on credit became widespread, contributing to the overconfidence in the economy. However, this overreliance on credit also played a role in the eventual stock market crash and the Great Depression that followed.

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  • 3. 

    The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was designed to increase trade between which three countries?

    • A.

      Canada, Australia, Great Britain

    • B.

      Mexico, Cuba, Brazil

    • C.

      Canada, United States, Great Britain

    • D.

      Mexico, Canada, United States

    Correct Answer
    D. Mexico, Canada, United States
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Mexico, Canada, United States. NAFTA was a trade agreement between these three countries, aimed at eliminating trade barriers and promoting economic cooperation. It was established in 1994 and created one of the world's largest free trade zones, allowing for the free flow of goods and services between the three nations. The agreement has had a significant impact on the economies of these countries, increasing trade and investment opportunities.

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  • 4. 

    Which event caused the United States to immediately abandon neutrality during WWII?

    • A.

      The attack on Pearl Harbor

    • B.

      The Warsaw Ghetto uprising

    • C.

      The bombing of Great Britain

    • D.

      The Battle of Stalingrad

    Correct Answer
    A. The attack on Pearl Harbor
    Explanation
    The attack on Pearl Harbor caused the United States to immediately abandon neutrality during WWII. This surprise military strike by the Japanese on the US naval base in Hawaii on December 7, 1941, led to the US officially entering the war. The attack resulted in significant loss of life and damage to the US Pacific Fleet, prompting the US to declare war on Japan. This event marked a turning point in US foreign policy and solidified their commitment to the Allied cause in the war.

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  • 5. 

    Which document provided for the establishment of a weak central government?

    • A.

      The Federalist Papers

    • B.

      Mayflower Compact

    • C.

      Articles of Confederation

    • D.

      U.S. Constitution

    Correct Answer
    C. Articles of Confederation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Articles of Confederation. The Articles of Confederation provided for the establishment of a weak central government in the United States. It was the first constitution of the country, adopted in 1781, and it gave most of the power to the individual states rather than the federal government. Under the Articles, the central government had limited authority and lacked the power to tax, regulate commerce, or enforce laws. This weak central government eventually led to the drafting and adoption of the U.S. Constitution in 1787, which created a stronger federal government.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following New Deal programs continues to affect the lives of American workers?

    • A.

      Civilian Conservation Corps

    • B.

      Social Security

    • C.

      National Recovery Administration

    • D.

      Agricultural Adjustment Act

    Correct Answer
    B. Social Security
    Explanation
    Social Security continues to affect the lives of American workers because it provides retirement benefits, disability benefits, and survivor benefits. It is a social insurance program that was established in 1935 as part of the New Deal. Through payroll taxes, workers contribute to the Social Security system throughout their working years, and then receive benefits when they reach retirement age or become disabled. This program has had a significant impact on the financial security and well-being of American workers, making it the correct answer to the question.

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  • 7. 

    During the late 1800s, the United States took an expanded role in world affairs because of the acquisition of territory-

    • A.

      In the Pacific

    • B.

      On the African continent

    • C.

      In the Middle East

    • D.

      Along the Baltic Sea

    Correct Answer
    A. In the Pacific
    Explanation
    During the late 1800s, the United States took an expanded role in world affairs because of the acquisition of territory in the Pacific. This expansion was driven by a desire for economic and strategic advantages. The United States gained territories such as Hawaii, Guam, and the Philippines, which provided valuable resources and trading opportunities. Additionally, the Pacific territories allowed the United States to establish a stronger military presence and project its power in the region. This expansion marked a shift in US foreign policy towards imperialism and a more assertive role on the global stage.

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  • 8. 

    The Korean conflict was part of the Cold War struggle between the United States and-

    • A.

      The United Kingdom

    • B.

      The Soviet Union

    • C.

      France

    • D.

      Japan

    Correct Answer
    B. The Soviet Union
    Explanation
    During the Cold War, the Korean conflict emerged as a result of the ideological rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union supported North Korea, which was communist, while the United States supported South Korea, which was capitalist. This conflict highlighted the broader struggle for influence and power between the two superpowers during the Cold War era. The involvement of the Soviet Union in supporting North Korea and the subsequent intervention of the United States on behalf of South Korea demonstrates their direct involvement in the Korean conflict.

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  • 9. 

    What was the name of the peace settlement that made Germany accept sole responsibility for World War I?

    • A.

      Treaty of Versailles

    • B.

      Treaty of Portsmouth

    • C.

      Geneva Accords

    • D.

      Marshall Plan

    Correct Answer
    A. Treaty of Versailles
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Versailles was the peace settlement that made Germany accept sole responsibility for World War I. It was signed in 1919 and imposed harsh penalties on Germany, including significant territorial losses, military restrictions, and reparations payments. The treaty aimed to prevent future conflicts by weakening Germany, but its harsh terms contributed to the rise of resentment and nationalism, ultimately leading to World War II. The Treaty of Portsmouth ended the Russo-Japanese War in 1905, the Geneva Accords dealt with the division of Vietnam in 1954, and the Marshall Plan was a US initiative to aid European countries after World War II.

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  • 10. 

    The Voting Rights Act of 1965 suspended literacy tests used by some states-

    • A.

      As barriers to prevent minorities from voting

    • B.

      To ensure the election of minority candidates

    • C.

      To ensure that financial contributions were made to candidates

    • D.

      As justification for increasing the number of election officials

    Correct Answer
    A. As barriers to prevent minorities from voting
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "as barriers to prevent minorities from voting." The Voting Rights Act of 1965 was enacted to address the discriminatory practices used by some states to prevent minority voters from exercising their right to vote. One of these practices was the use of literacy tests, which were often used as a means to disenfranchise minority voters. By suspending these tests, the Act aimed to remove this barrier and ensure that all citizens, regardless of their race or ethnicity, could freely participate in the electoral process.

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  • 11. 

    In the late 19th century, immigration most affected American cities by contributing to which of the following?

    • A.

      Movement to the suburbs

    • B.

      Development of city parks

    • C.

      Financing railroad construction

    • D.

      Overcrowded housing

    Correct Answer
    D. Overcrowded housing
    Explanation
    Immigration in the late 19th century had a significant impact on American cities, particularly by contributing to overcrowded housing. As large numbers of immigrants arrived in cities seeking economic opportunities, the demand for housing increased rapidly. However, the supply of affordable housing was insufficient to accommodate the growing population, leading to overcrowding in tenement buildings and slums. This overcrowding resulted in poor living conditions, including cramped and unsanitary living spaces, which posed health and safety risks for the residents. Therefore, immigration played a crucial role in exacerbating the problem of overcrowded housing in American cities during that time.

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  • 12. 

    Many Americans opposed U.S. membership in the League of Nations out of concern that it would-

    • A.

      Place a financial burden on U.S. taxpayers

    • B.

      Lead to U.S. involvement in international conflicts

    • C.

      Expand the power of the president

    • D.

      Prohibit the United States from annexing territory

    Correct Answer
    B. Lead to U.S. involvement in international conflicts
    Explanation
    Many Americans opposed U.S. membership in the League of Nations out of concern that it would lead to U.S. involvement in international conflicts. This opposition stemmed from a desire to maintain American neutrality and avoid being drawn into foreign wars. They feared that joining the League of Nations would require the United States to come to the defense of other member countries and potentially entangle the nation in conflicts that were not in its best interest.

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  • 13. 

    The U.S. Constitution is considered an evolving document because it-

    • A.

      Creates a framework that defines the autority of the state and federal government

    • B.

      Establishes a system designed to control power

    • C.

      Depends on citizens who are willing to protect liberty

    • D.

      Has roots in earlier political documents and contains processes that allow for change

    Correct Answer
    D. Has roots in earlier political documents and contains processes that allow for change
    Explanation
    The U.S. Constitution is considered an evolving document because it has roots in earlier political documents and contains processes that allow for change. This means that the Constitution is not a static document, but rather one that can adapt and evolve over time. It draws inspiration from previous political documents and incorporates mechanisms for amendment and interpretation. This allows for the Constitution to remain relevant and responsive to the changing needs and values of society.

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  • 14. 

    Which conflict occured in 1898?

    • A.

      World War I

    • B.

      Civil War

    • C.

      Spanish-American War

    • D.

      American Revolution

    Correct Answer
    C. Spanish-American War
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Spanish-American War. This conflict occurred in 1898 between Spain and the United States. It was sparked by the explosion of the USS Maine in Havana Harbor, which led to the United States intervening in the Cuban War of Independence. The war resulted in the United States gaining control of territories such as Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines, marking a significant shift in global power dynamics.

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  • 15. 

    The Federalists believed that-

    • A.

      The Consitution should be ratified

    • B.

      There should be a balance of power between state and national government

    • C.

      Checks and balances would protect people from abuses of power

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The Federalists believed in the ratification of the Constitution, as they saw it as necessary for a strong national government. They also believed in a balance of power between the state and national government, as they wanted to avoid a centralized government that could potentially abuse its power. Additionally, the Federalists believed that checks and balances were crucial to protect individuals from any potential abuses of power by the government. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above."

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  • 16. 

    The 13th Amendment-

    • A.

      Gave African-American men the right to vote

    • B.

      Gave all citizens equal protection under the law

    • C.

      Abolished slavery

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Abolished slavery
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "abolished slavery." The 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified in 1865 and it abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. This amendment was a significant milestone in the fight for civil rights and equality in the United States, as it officially ended the institution of slavery and granted freedom to millions of enslaved African-Americans.

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  • 17. 

    During WWII, how did women contribute to the war effort?

    • A.

      They served as soldiers

    • B.

      They earned the same amount of money as men

    • C.

      They worked in nontraditional occupations

    • D.

      Women did not contribute to the war effort

    Correct Answer
    C. They worked in nontraditional occupations
    Explanation
    During WWII, women contributed to the war effort by working in nontraditional occupations. Due to the large number of men who were enlisted in the military, women were needed to fill the labor gap in industries such as manufacturing, transportation, and agriculture. They took on jobs as mechanics, factory workers, truck drivers, and farm laborers, among others. This was a significant shift from the traditional roles that women had held before the war, and it allowed them to make valuable contributions to the war effort and the overall economy.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following was a reason for the Revolutionary War?

    • A.

      Conflict with Native Americans

    • B.

      Taxes placed on the colonists

    • C.

      Separation of church and state

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Taxes placed on the colonists
    Explanation
    The Revolutionary War was primarily fought due to taxes imposed on the colonists. The British government imposed various taxes, such as the Stamp Act and the Tea Act, which were seen as unfair and oppressive by the colonists. These taxes were a significant factor that led to the colonists' dissatisfaction and ultimately sparked the desire for independence and the American Revolution. The conflict with Native Americans and the separation of church and state were not direct causes of the Revolutionary War.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following is NOT included in the1st Amendment?

    • A.

      Freedom of speech

    • B.

      Right to trial by jury

    • C.

      Separation of church and state

    • D.

      Freedom of the press

    Correct Answer
    B. Right to trial by jury
    Explanation
    The right to trial by jury is not included in the 1st Amendment. The 1st Amendment primarily focuses on protecting individual freedoms such as freedom of speech, freedom of the press, and the separation of church and state. The right to trial by jury, on the other hand, is protected under the 6th Amendment of the United States Constitution. This amendment guarantees the right to a fair trial and a jury for criminal cases.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following statements best describes Martin Luther King, Jr.'s philosophy?

    • A.

      Black power

    • B.

      Armed self-defense

    • C.

      Nonviolent civil disobedience

    • D.

      Patient suffering

    Correct Answer
    C. Nonviolent civil disobedience
    Explanation
    Martin Luther King, Jr.'s philosophy was centered around nonviolent civil disobedience. He believed in peacefully protesting against injustice and inequality, using methods such as sit-ins, boycotts, and peaceful marches. King emphasized the power of love, understanding, and compassion to bring about social change. He advocated for equality and justice for all, regardless of race, and believed that nonviolence was the most effective way to achieve these goals. Through his leadership in the civil rights movement, King inspired millions and left a lasting impact on the fight for equality in America.

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  • 21. 

    What does buying on margin mean?

    • A.

      Buying stocks low and selling high

    • B.

      Buying stocks with borrowed money

    • C.

      Buying stocks with inflated values

    • D.

      Buying more stocks than bonds

    Correct Answer
    B. Buying stocks with borrowed money
    Explanation
    Buying on margin refers to the practice of purchasing stocks using borrowed money from a broker. This allows investors to increase their buying power and potentially amplify their returns. However, it also carries higher risks as the investor is required to pay interest on the borrowed funds and may be subject to margin calls if the value of the stocks decreases.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following events happened last?

    • A.

      Attack on Pearl Harbor

    • B.

      Dropping of the atomic bomb

    • C.

      Invasion of Normandy

    • D.

      End of WWII in Europe

    Correct Answer
    B. Dropping of the atomic bomb
    Explanation
    The dropping of the atomic bomb happened last because it occurred after the attack on Pearl Harbor, the invasion of Normandy, and the end of WWII in Europe. The atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, and on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945, which led to Japan's surrender and the end of WWII.

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  • 23. 

    The Open Door policy toward China ensured that-

    • A.

      China could only trade with Japan

    • B.

      The U.S. could establish colonies in China

    • C.

      The U.S. could trade with China

    • D.

      China could only trade with European countries

    Correct Answer
    C. The U.S. could trade with China
    Explanation
    The Open Door policy toward China ensured that the U.S. could trade with China. This policy, proposed by the U.S. Secretary of State John Hay in 1899, aimed to secure equal trading rights for all nations in China. It sought to prevent any one country from dominating trade in China and to ensure that all nations had access to China's markets. By promoting open trade, the U.S. aimed to expand its economic interests in China and prevent any exclusive trade agreements between China and other nations.

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  • 24. 

    The Scopes Trial was a clash between the values of-

    • A.

      Capitalism and communism

    • B.

      Religion and science

    • C.

      Industrialization and agriculture

    • D.

      Nativists and immigrants

    Correct Answer
    B. Religion and science
    Explanation
    The Scopes Trial was a famous court case in 1925 that pitted the teachings of evolution against religious beliefs. John Scopes, a high school teacher, was charged with violating a Tennessee law that banned the teaching of evolution in public schools. The trial became a symbol of the clash between religion and science, as it highlighted the tensions between those who believed in a literal interpretation of the Bible and those who supported the scientific theory of evolution. The trial ultimately resulted in Scopes being found guilty, but it also brought attention to the ongoing debate between these two worldviews.

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  • 25. 

    McCarthyism got its name from-

    • A.

      A communist who worked in the State Department

    • B.

      A British musician who belonged the the Communist Party

    • C.

      The Korean War

    • D.

      A Senator who made accusations about communists in government

    Correct Answer
    D. A Senator who made accusations about communists in government
    Explanation
    McCarthyism got its name from a Senator who made accusations about communists in government. This refers to Senator Joseph McCarthy, who led a campaign in the 1950s to root out alleged communist sympathizers and infiltrators in the United States government. His aggressive tactics and unsubstantiated claims resulted in widespread fear and paranoia, leading to the term "McCarthyism" being used to describe the practice of making baseless accusations and engaging in witch hunts for political gain.

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  • 26. 

    The Panama Canal provides access between the Caribbean Sea and-

    • A.

      The Atlantic Ocean

    • B.

      The Pacific Ocean

    • C.

      The Great Lakes

    • D.

      The Red Sea

    Correct Answer
    B. The Pacific Ocean
    Explanation
    The Panama Canal provides access between the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. It is an artificial waterway that cuts across the Isthmus of Panama, connecting the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. The canal allows ships to bypass the lengthy and treacherous journey around South America's Cape Horn, saving time and money for international trade.

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  • 27. 

    All of the following had an influence on the Declaration of Independence EXCEPT-

    • A.

      The ideas of John Locke

    • B.

      The Federalist Papers

    • C.

      The English Bill of Rights

    • D.

      The Magna Carta

    Correct Answer
    B. The Federalist Papers
    Explanation
    The Federalist Papers were a series of essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay to promote the ratification of the United States Constitution, which was drafted after the Declaration of Independence. While the ideas of John Locke, the English Bill of Rights, and the Magna Carta all had a significant influence on the Declaration of Independence, the Federalist Papers did not directly influence its creation. Therefore, the correct answer is the Federalist Papers.

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  • 28. 

    Congressional override of a presidential veto is an example of-

    • A.

      Republicanism

    • B.

      Federalism

    • C.

      Checks and balances

    • D.

      Popular sovereignty

    Correct Answer
    C. Checks and balances
    Explanation
    Congressional override of a presidential veto is an example of checks and balances. The system of checks and balances ensures that no single branch of government becomes too powerful. In this scenario, the legislative branch (Congress) is able to check the power of the executive branch (the President) by overriding a veto. This mechanism allows Congress to have a say in the decision-making process and prevents the President from having absolute control over legislation.

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  • 29. 

    When did WWI begin?

    • A.

      1898

    • B.

      1914

    • C.

      1918

    • D.

      1941

    Correct Answer
    B. 1914
    Explanation
    WWI, also known as the First World War, began in 1914. This answer is correct because it aligns with historical facts. The war started on July 28, 1914, when Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. This event triggered a series of alliances and conflicts that eventually escalated into a global war involving multiple countries. Therefore, 1914 is the accurate answer for the question.

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  • 30. 

    Which of the following characterized the Great Depression?

    • A.

      High unemployment

    • B.

      Bank failures

    • C.

      Expanded role of the federal government

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The Great Depression was a period of severe economic downturn that occurred in the 1930s. It was characterized by high unemployment rates, with millions of people losing their jobs and struggling to find work. Additionally, there were numerous bank failures, as financial institutions collapsed due to the economic crisis. Lastly, the Great Depression led to an expanded role of the federal government, as it implemented various policies and programs to try and alleviate the economic hardships faced by the population. Therefore, all of the options mentioned - high unemployment, bank failures, and expanded role of the federal government - are accurate characteristics of the Great Depression.

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  • 31. 

    During the American Revolution, George Washington-

    • A.

      Led the Sons of Liberty

    • B.

      Commanded the Continental Army

    • C.

      Trained the minutemen

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Commanded the Continental Army
    Explanation
    During the American Revolution, George Washington commanded the Continental Army. As the commander-in-chief, Washington was responsible for leading and organizing the army in its fight against the British forces. He played a crucial role in strategizing military campaigns, coordinating troops, and providing leadership and guidance to the soldiers. Washington's leadership and determination were instrumental in the eventual victory of the Continental Army and the establishment of the United States as an independent nation.

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  • 32. 

    Japanese Americans were held in internment camps during WWII because they-

    • A.

      Disobeyed the laws of California

    • B.

      Were labeled as a threat to U.S. security

    • C.

      Were unwilling to serve in the military

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Were labeled as a threat to U.S. security
    Explanation
    Japanese Americans were held in internment camps during WWII because they were labeled as a threat to U.S. security. This was due to the widespread fear and prejudice against Japanese Americans following the attack on Pearl Harbor, which led to the belief that they could potentially aid the enemy. Despite the fact that there was no evidence of disloyalty or sabotage by Japanese Americans, they were unjustly targeted and their civil rights were violated.

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  • 33. 

    Which supreme court case ruled that separate but equal was legal?

    • A.

      Plessy v. Ferguson

    • B.

      Marbury v. Madison

    • C.

      Brown v. Board

    • D.

      Roe v. Wade

    Correct Answer
    A. Plessy v. Ferguson
    Explanation
    Plessy v. Ferguson is the correct answer because this Supreme Court case, decided in 1896, established the "separate but equal" doctrine. The case involved a Louisiana law that required racial segregation on trains, and Plessy, who was of mixed race, refused to sit in a designated "colored" car. The Supreme Court ruled that segregation was constitutional as long as the separate facilities were equal. This decision had a significant impact on the civil rights movement and was not overturned until the Brown v. Board of Education case in 1954.

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  • 34. 

    Which of the following was a cause of the Korean War?

    • A.

      South Korea would not trade with other nations

    • B.

      Taiwan wanted control of South Korea

    • C.

      The United States would not grant aid to North Korea

    • D.

      North Korea wanted to unify the country under a communist regime

    Correct Answer
    D. North Korea wanted to unify the country under a communist regime
    Explanation
    North Korea's desire to unify the country under a communist regime was a cause of the Korean War. This goal conflicted with the desire of South Korea to remain independent and non-communist, leading to tensions and eventually the outbreak of war.

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  • 35. 

    The United States formed NASA in response to-

    • A.

      The Soviet Union's launch of Sputnik

    • B.

      North Korea's invasion of South Korea

    • C.

      The development of nuclear missiles

    • D.

      China's development of the atomic bomb

    Correct Answer
    A. The Soviet Union's launch of Sputnik
    Explanation
    NASA was formed by the United States in response to the Soviet Union's launch of Sputnik. Sputnik was the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth, and its successful launch by the Soviet Union in 1957 sparked concerns in the United States about Soviet technological superiority. This event led to the creation of NASA in 1958, with the goal of advancing the country's space exploration capabilities and ensuring national security in the midst of the Cold War space race between the United States and the Soviet Union.

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  • 36. 

    When did the Soviets launch Sputnik?

    • A.

      1955

    • B.

      1956

    • C.

      1957

    • D.

      1958

    Correct Answer
    C. 1957
    Explanation
    In 1957, the Soviets launched Sputnik.

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  • 37. 

    Which of the following was a leader for women's suffrage?

    • A.

      Jane Addams

    • B.

      Susan B. Anthony

    • C.

      Ida B. Wells

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Susan B. Anthony
    Explanation
    Susan B. Anthony was a prominent leader for women's suffrage. She played a significant role in advocating for women's right to vote and was a key figure in the women's suffrage movement in the United States. Anthony co-founded the National Woman Suffrage Association and tirelessly campaigned for women's suffrage through speeches, organizing conventions, and lobbying for legislative change. Her efforts and dedication to the cause made her a highly influential leader in the fight for women's right to vote.

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  • 38. 

    What was the major reason for U.S. involvement in Vietnam?

    • A.

      The domino theory

    • B.

      Support for Ho Chi Minh

    • C.

      To promote communism in Asia

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. The domino theory
    Explanation
    The major reason for U.S. involvement in Vietnam was the domino theory. The domino theory was a belief held by U.S. policymakers that if one country in Southeast Asia fell to communism, then neighboring countries would also fall like a row of dominoes. This theory fueled the U.S. fear of the spread of communism and led to their decision to intervene in Vietnam to prevent the spread of communism in the region.

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  • 39. 

    What year was the constitution signed?

    • A.

      1776

    • B.

      1787

    • C.

      1789

    • D.

      1796

    Correct Answer
    B. 1787
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1787. In 1787, the United States Constitution was signed. This marked a significant moment in American history as it established the framework for the country's government and its fundamental laws. The Constitution was created during the Constitutional Convention, which took place in Philadelphia from May to September of that year. It was then ratified by the states in 1788 and went into effect in 1789.

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  • 40. 

    Which of the following New Deal programs is still in effect?

    • A.

      Securities and Exchange Commission

    • B.

      FDIC

    • C.

      Social Security

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the above options - Securities and Exchange Commission, FDIC, and Social Security - are still in effect. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) was established in 1934 to regulate the stock market and protect investors. The FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation) was created in 1933 to insure bank deposits and maintain stability in the banking system. Social Security, introduced in 1935, is a federal program that provides retirement, disability, and survivor benefits to eligible individuals.

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  • 41. 

    When was the U.S. involved in WWII?

    • A.

      1939-1945

    • B.

      1941-1945

    • C.

      1939-1941

    • D.

      1941-1947

    Correct Answer
    B. 1941-1945
    Explanation
    During World War II, the United States was involved from 1941 to 1945. The U.S. initially remained neutral when the war broke out in 1939, but after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, the U.S. entered the war and became actively involved in fighting against the Axis powers. The U.S. played a significant role in various major battles and campaigns, such as the D-Day invasion, the Pacific island-hopping campaign, and the Allied victory in Europe. The war officially ended in 1945 with the surrender of Japan.

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  • 42. 

    What is the name of the time period that occurred after the Civil War?

    • A.

      Post-War Period

    • B.

      Antebellum Era

    • C.

      Reconstruction

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Reconstruction
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Reconstruction. Reconstruction refers to the time period after the Civil War in the United States, specifically from 1865 to 1877, when efforts were made to rebuild and restore the country after the war. This period was characterized by the implementation of various policies and amendments aimed at addressing the issues of slavery, civil rights, and the reintegration of the Southern states back into the Union.

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  • 43. 

    Which amendment gave 18 year olds the right to vote?

    • A.

      19th

    • B.

      21st

    • C.

      25th

    • D.

      26th

    Correct Answer
    D. 26th
    Explanation
    The 26th amendment gave 18 year olds the right to vote. This amendment was ratified in 1971 and lowered the voting age from 21 to 18. It was a response to the Vietnam War and the argument that if 18 year olds were old enough to fight and die for their country, they should also have the right to vote.

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  • 44. 

    Which amendment allowed for the direct election of senators?

    • A.

      15th

    • B.

      16th

    • C.

      17th

    • D.

      18th

    Correct Answer
    C. 17th
    Explanation
    The 17th amendment allowed for the direct election of senators. Prior to this amendment, senators were chosen by state legislatures. The 17th amendment was ratified in 1913 and it gave the power to elect senators directly to the people. This amendment was seen as a way to increase democracy and reduce corruption in the election process.

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  • 45. 

    How many amendments are in the Constitution?

    • A.

      24

    • B.

      25

    • C.

      27

    • D.

      32

    Correct Answer
    C. 27
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 27 because the Constitution of the United States has been amended 27 times. These amendments were added to address various issues and concerns that arose over time and to ensure that the Constitution remains relevant and adaptable to the changing needs of the country. Each amendment represents a change or addition to the original text of the Constitution, and they cover a wide range of topics, including individual rights, voting rights, and the structure of government.

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  • 46. 

    Which president decided to use the atomic bomb on Japan during WWII?

    • A.

      Kennedy

    • B.

      Truman

    • C.

      Johnson

    • D.

      Eisenhower

    Correct Answer
    B. Truman
    Explanation
    Truman is the correct answer because he was the president who made the decision to use the atomic bomb on Japan during World War II. In August 1945, Truman authorized the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in order to end the war quickly and save American lives. This decision remains controversial and debated to this day.

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  • 47. 

    What are the three branches of government?

    • A.

      Legislative, judicial, executive

    • B.

      Legislative, judicial, presidential

    • C.

      Judicial, presidential, executive

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Legislative, judicial, executive
    Explanation
    The three branches of government are legislative, judicial, and executive. The legislative branch is responsible for making laws, the judicial branch interprets and applies the laws, and the executive branch enforces the laws. This division of powers ensures a system of checks and balances, preventing any one branch from becoming too powerful.

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  • 48. 

    Which president proposed the League of Nations?

    • A.

      Truman

    • B.

      Kennedy

    • C.

      Wilson

    • D.

      Johnson

    Correct Answer
    C. Wilson
    Explanation
    President Wilson proposed the League of Nations. The League of Nations was an international organization that aimed to promote peace and prevent future wars. Wilson's proposal for the League of Nations was a key component of his Fourteen Points, which outlined his vision for a post-World War I world. Despite his efforts, the United States ultimately did not join the League of Nations due to opposition in Congress.

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  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 16, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Kcastillo
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