A. Walter Gropius
C. Auguste Perret
D. Louis Khan
A. Ecole des Beaux
A. cantilever method
B. moment distribution method
C. fee body diagram method
D. portal method
A. . 6.0 mm
B. . 9.0 mm
C. 7.5 mm
A. Camber shall be approximately equal to 1% of the span.
B. Camber shall be approximately equal to the dead load deflection.
C. • C. Camber shall be approximately equal to 0.8% of the span plus 1/3 the dead load deflection.
D. Camber shall be approximately equal to 0.5% of the span plus 1/3 the live load deflection.
A. The thickness of plug or slot welds in material 16mm or less in thickness shall be equal to the thickness of the material.
B.The minimum center to center spacing in a longitudinal direction of any line shall be 2 times the length of the slot.
C. . The thickness of plug or slot welds in material over 16mm in thickness shall be at least 1/2 the thickness of the material but not less than 16mm.
D.The width of the slot shall not be less than the thickness of the parts containing it plus 10mm nor 2 1/4 times the thickness of the weld.
B. foundation bolts
C. anchor bolts
D. friction bolts
A. guide piles
D. fender piles
A. trap beam
B. gerber beam
C. grade beam
D. tie beam
A. cut and fill
C. site preparation
A. guide piles
B. batter piles
C. slope piles
D. fender piles
A. Conduits and pipes embedded in slab, the wall or beam shall not be larger in outside dimension than 1/3 the overall thickness of slab, wall or beam in which they are embedded.
B. Reinforcement with an area not less than 0.002 times the area of cross section shall be provided normal to piping.
C. Conduit and pipes, with their fittings, embedded within a column, shall not displace more than 5% of the area of the cross section on which strength is calculated.
D. Concrete cover for pipes, conduits and fittings, shall not be less than 40mm for concrete exposed to earth or weather.
A. Not less than the effective length of member of 12 db, or 1/16 of the clear span, whichever is greater.
B. L/3 + d or 24 db, or 1/12th the clear span, whichever is greater
C. Not less than 1.5d or 14db, or 1/12th the clear span, whichever is greater
D. L/4 + d or 12 db, or 1/12th the clear span, whichever is greater
A. Where hoops are not required, stirrups shall be spaced at no more than d/2 throughout the length of the member.
B. Where hoops are not required, cross ties shall be spaced at no more than d/3 throughout the length of the member.
C. Where hoops are not required, hoops shall continue except that spacing shall not be more than d/2.
D. Where hoops are not required, closed stirrups shall be spaced at no more than d/4 throughout the length of the member.
A. 8 db
B. 6 db
C. 4 db
D. 10 db
A. 40.636 kilograms
B. 51.388 kilograms
C. 54.488 kilograms
D. 56.865 kilograms
A. db but not less than 25mm.
B. db but not less than 15mm and need not exceed 40mm.
C. db but not less than 20mm and need not exceed 50mm.
D. db but not less than 30mm.
A. . creep
A. the effect of creep on deflections due to sustained loadings
B. the effect of cracks on the tension side
C. the effect of yield line patterns on members
D. the effect of stirrup reinforcement on axial loads
B. Radius of gyration
D. Cross-sectional area