Street Law Chapter 2: Lawmaking

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Crichardson
C
Crichardson
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 1,766
Questions: 30 | Attempts: 86

SettingsSettingsSettings
Street Law Chapter 2: Lawmaking - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    States send two representatives to this house of government.

    • A.

      House of Representatives

    • B.

      Senate

    • C.

      Congress

    • D.

      Executive branch

    Correct Answer
    B. Senate
    Explanation
    The Senate is the house of government that is composed of two representatives from each state. This is in contrast to the House of Representatives, which is based on the population of each state. The Senate is part of the Congress, which is the legislative branch of the government. The Executive branch, on the other hand, is responsible for implementing and enforcing laws.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Judge Smith used what he believed to be the _________________ or what the legislature meant when making his judgement

    • A.

      Legislative intent

    • B.

      Discretion

    • C.

      Precedent

    • D.

      Appellate

    Correct Answer
    A. Legislative intent
    Explanation
    In this question, Judge Smith is using what he believed to be the "legislative intent" when making his judgement. Legislative intent refers to the understanding or interpretation of what the legislature intended or meant when creating a law. This means that Judge Smith is basing his decision on the original purpose or goal of the legislation, rather than relying solely on the literal wording of the law. By considering the legislative intent, Judge Smith is able to make a more informed and contextual decision.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    A ________________________ was required before the EPA could propose new enviromental regulations.

    • A.

      Trial

    • B.

      Informatonal meeting

    • C.

      Public hearing

    • D.

      Federal register

    Correct Answer
    C. Public hearing
    Explanation
    A public hearing was required before the EPA could propose new environmental regulations because it allows for the gathering of public input and feedback on the proposed regulations. This ensures that the concerns and perspectives of the public are taken into account before making any decisions that may impact the environment. Public hearings provide an opportunity for individuals and organizations to present their views, evidence, and arguments, which helps in creating a more transparent and inclusive decision-making process.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Jen was unsatisfied with the result of her trial.  Jen decided to appeal the trial court decision to a(n) _______________________.

    • A.

      Superior court

    • B.

      Supreme court

    • C.

      Appelate court

    • D.

      Reverse hearing

    Correct Answer
    C. Appelate court
    Explanation
    Jen was unsatisfied with the result of her trial and wanted to challenge the decision. She decided to appeal the trial court decision to an appellate court. Appellate courts are higher courts that review the decisions made by lower courts. They have the authority to overturn or modify the trial court's decision if they find any errors or legal issues. Therefore, Jen's decision to appeal to an appellate court is a logical step to seek a different outcome for her case.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    NAFTA was an agreement or __________________________________ that removes tariffs (taxes) on goods shipped between Canada, USA and Mexico

    • A.

      International Law

    • B.

      Country Rule

    • C.

      Border Agreement

    • D.

      Treaty

    Correct Answer
    D. Treaty
    Explanation
    NAFTA was an agreement or treaty that removes tariffs (taxes) on goods shipped between Canada, USA, and Mexico. This means that the three countries involved agreed to eliminate trade barriers and promote free trade among themselves. The treaty aimed to boost economic growth, create jobs, and increase prosperity by facilitating the movement of goods and services across the borders of these countries.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    All proposed government regulations must appear in this special newspaper prior to being implemented.

    • A.

      United Press

    • B.

      Federal Tribune

    • C.

      Federal Register

    • D.

      U.S. Daily

    Correct Answer
    C. Federal Register
    Explanation
    The Federal Register is the correct answer because it is the newspaper where all proposed government regulations must appear before they are implemented. This newspaper serves as an official record of government actions and provides transparency to the public regarding new regulations. The other options, United Press, Federal Tribune, and U.S. Daily, are not the designated newspapers for publishing government regulations.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Adolf Hitler violated __________________________________ by invading France during WWII. 

    • A.

      Treaties

    • B.

      International law

    • C.

      Geneva convention

    • D.

      Country policy

    Correct Answer
    B. International law
    Explanation
    Adolf Hitler violated international law by invading France during WWII. International law refers to the rules and regulations that govern the conduct of nations in their relations with each other. Invading another country without any justifiable reason is considered a breach of international law, as it disregards the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the invaded nation. Hitler's invasion of France was an aggressive act that disregarded the principles of international law and contributed to the escalation of the war.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    These are written laws passed by state legislatures. 

    • A.

      Bills

    • B.

      State statutes

    • C.

      Federal statutes

    • D.

      State requirements

    Correct Answer
    B. State statutes
    Explanation
    State statutes are laws that are enacted by state legislatures. These laws are written and codified, meaning they are organized and compiled into a legal code. State statutes apply within the jurisdiction of the specific state and cover a wide range of topics, including criminal offenses, civil rights, property rights, and more. They are distinct from federal statutes, which are laws passed by the U.S. Congress and apply nationwide. State statutes are an essential part of the legal framework within each state and help to govern and regulate various aspects of society within that state.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    The city of clarion wanted all cars to parallel park the same direction.  The city council passed a(n) ______________________

    • A.

      Statute

    • B.

      Bill

    • C.

      Ordinance

    • D.

      Rule

    Correct Answer
    C. Ordinance
    Explanation
    The city council passed an ordinance to enforce the requirement for all cars to parallel park in the same direction. An ordinance is a local law or regulation enacted by a municipal government, in this case, the city council of Clarion. This legal measure ensures consistency and uniformity in the way cars are parked, promoting safety and efficient use of parking spaces.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Two rules judges must follow in deciding if a statute is enforceable or what it means are.

    • A.

      Is it written well, can the general public understand it

    • B.

      Is it vague, is their doubt to the meaning of a word

    • C.

      Is it easy to follow, does it need rewritten

    • D.

      Are all parts of the law clear, is it in the correct order

    Correct Answer
    B. Is it vague, is their doubt to the meaning of a word
    Explanation
    Judges must follow the rule of determining whether a statute is enforceable or what it means by considering if there is any vagueness or doubt in the meaning of a word used in the statute. This means that if there is uncertainty or ambiguity in the interpretation of a word, the statute may not be enforceable or may require further clarification. Judges need to ensure that the language used in the statute is clear and unambiguous for the general public to understand and follow.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Population determines the number of representatives a state can send to this house of congress.

    • A.

      House of Representatives

    • B.

      Senate

    • C.

      Parliament

    • D.

      Congress

    Correct Answer
    A. House of Representatives
    Explanation
    The House of Representatives is a part of the Congress in the United States. It is made up of representatives from each state, and the number of representatives a state can send is determined by its population. This means that states with larger populations have more representatives in the House of Representatives, while states with smaller populations have fewer representatives. Therefore, population plays a crucial role in determining the number of representatives a state can send to the House of Representatives.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    This ensures that the laws of the U.S. federal government shall always be superior to local or state laws.

    • A.

      Superior rule

    • B.

      Statutes

    • C.

      Legisltative intent

    • D.

      Supremacy clause

    Correct Answer
    D. Supremacy clause
    Explanation
    The supremacy clause is a constitutional provision that establishes the supremacy of federal law over state or local laws. It ensures that the laws enacted by the U.S. federal government will always take precedence and be superior to any conflicting laws at the state or local level. This clause is important in maintaining the unity and consistency of the legal system across different jurisdictions within the United States.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    No open containers of an alcoholic beverage while in public in the city of Brookville is an example of a local, federal or state law?

    • A.

      Local

    • B.

      Federal

    • C.

      State

    Correct Answer
    A. Local
    Explanation
    The given statement, "No open containers of an alcoholic beverage while in public in the city of Brookville," indicates a restriction on public consumption of alcohol within the city limits of Brookville. This type of regulation is typically governed by local laws, which are specific to a particular city or municipality. Therefore, the correct answer is local.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Criminal Mischief -- No person shall destroy private or public property within the commonwealth of Pennsylvania is an example of a federal state or local law?

    • A.

      Federal

    • B.

      State

    • C.

      Local

    Correct Answer
    B. State
    Explanation
    The statement "No person shall destroy private or public property within the commonwealth of Pennsylvania" indicates that the law applies specifically to the state of Pennsylvania. Therefore, it is an example of a state law.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    No employer of more than 15 persons may discriminate on the basis or race, color religion, sex or national origin is an example of federal, state or local law?

    • A.

      Federal

    • B.

      State

    • C.

      Local

    Correct Answer
    A. Federal
    Explanation
    This statement indicates that the prohibition against discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin applies to employers with more than 15 employees. This is a provision outlined in federal law, specifically Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. State and local laws may also have similar provisions, but the given statement specifically refers to federal law.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    This federal agency is responsible for preventing, protecting against, and responding to acts of terrorism

    • A.

      DHS

    • B.

      OSHA

    • C.

      EPA

    • D.

      DOT

    • E.

      TSA

    Correct Answer
    A. DHS
    Explanation
    The correct answer is DHS (Department of Homeland Security). The DHS is a federal agency that is responsible for preventing, protecting against, and responding to acts of terrorism. It was created in response to the 9/11 terrorist attacks and its main goal is to ensure the security and safety of the United States from various threats, including terrorism. The DHS works in collaboration with other federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial agencies to coordinate efforts and enhance the country's ability to prevent and respond to terrorist attacks.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    This federal agency is responsible for regulating and enforcing transportation laws.

    • A.

      OSHA

    • B.

      EPA

    • C.

      DOT

    • D.

      DHS

    • E.

      TSA

    Correct Answer
    C. DOT
    Explanation
    The correct answer is DOT. The Department of Transportation (DOT) is a federal agency responsible for regulating and enforcing transportation laws. They oversee various aspects of transportation, including highways, aviation, railroads, and pipelines. The DOT's main goal is to ensure the safety and efficiency of the transportation system in the United States. They develop and enforce regulations, conduct research, and provide funding for transportation projects.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    This federal agency is responsible for protecting the nation's transportation systems.

    • A.

      OSHA

    • B.

      EPA

    • C.

      DOT

    • D.

      TSA

    • E.

      DHS

    Correct Answer
    D. TSA
    Explanation
    The correct answer is TSA. The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) is a federal agency responsible for protecting the nation's transportation systems, including airports, seaports, railroads, highways, and public transit systems. They are primarily focused on ensuring the security of passengers and preventing any potential threats or attacks in the transportation sector.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    This federal agency is responsible for developing specific regualations governing health and safety on the job.

    • A.

      OSHA

    • B.

      EPA

    • C.

      DOT

    • D.

      TSA

    • E.

      DHS

    Correct Answer
    A. OSHA
    Explanation
    OSHA, which stands for Occupational Safety and Health Administration, is the federal agency responsible for developing specific regulations governing health and safety on the job. They set standards and provide guidelines to ensure that employers provide a safe and healthy working environment for their employees. OSHA conducts inspections, enforces compliance with regulations, and offers training and education to promote workplace safety. The other options listed, EPA (Environmental Protection Agency), DOT (Department of Transportation), TSA (Transportation Security Administration), and DHS (Department of Homeland Security), have different areas of responsibility and do not specifically focus on workplace health and safety regulations.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    This federal agency is responsible for developing and enforcing environmental regulations under existing laws passed by congress.

    • A.

      OSHA

    • B.

      EPA

    • C.

      DOT

    • D.

      TSA

    • E.

      DHS

    Correct Answer
    B. EPA
    Explanation
    The correct answer is EPA. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is a federal agency that is responsible for developing and enforcing environmental regulations. These regulations are based on existing laws that have been passed by Congress. The EPA's main goal is to protect human health and the environment by addressing issues such as air and water pollution, hazardous waste management, and the conservation of natural resources.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    Jim was arrested for possession of a controlled substance. At his trial, Jim tried to have his girlfriend April testify that she accidentally left the cocaine in his car and Jim had no knowledge of its existence.  The presiding judge refused to allow the witness to testify.Which consitutional amendment was violated?

    • A.

      1st

    • B.

      4th

    • C.

      5th

    • D.

      6th

    • E.

      8th

    • F.

      14th

    Correct Answer
    D. 6th
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the 6th Amendment. The 6th Amendment guarantees the right to a fair trial, including the right to call witnesses in one's defense. In this case, Jim wanted his girlfriend April to testify in his defense, but the judge refused to allow her to do so. This violated Jim's right under the 6th Amendment to present witnesses and evidence in his favor.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    Detective Smith requested an arrest warrant for Jim Davis for a burglary.  Detective Smith only had a suspicion that Jim was involved.  Judge Ryan knew there wasn't enough probable cause, but issued the warrant anyways.Which constitutional amendment was violated?

    • A.

      1st

    • B.

      4th

    • C.

      5th

    • D.

      6th

    • E.

      8th

    • F.

      14th

    Correct Answer
    B. 4th
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the 4th Amendment. The 4th Amendment protects against unreasonable searches and seizures, and requires that warrants be supported by probable cause. In this scenario, Judge Ryan issued the arrest warrant even though Detective Smith only had a suspicion and there wasn't enough probable cause. This violates the 4th Amendment because the warrant was not based on sufficient evidence.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    Bob was arrested for assualting an elderly woman.  At trial Bob refused to testify about his actions but Judge Simpson ordered him to testify anyways. Which constitutional amendment was violated?

    • A.

      1st

    • B.

      4th

    • C.

      5th

    • D.

      6th

    • E.

      8th

    • F.

      14th

    Correct Answer
    C. 5th
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the 5th Amendment. This amendment protects individuals from self-incrimination, meaning that they have the right to remain silent and cannot be forced to testify against themselves in a criminal trial. In this case, Bob's refusal to testify about his actions is protected by the 5th Amendment, and Judge Simpson violated this right by ordering him to testify.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    Kelly was being held in a holding cell while she awaited trial.  Kelly was talking to herself quietly.  Deputy Clark told Kelly that she was not allowed to talk.  Which constitutional amendment was violated?

    • A.

      1st

    • B.

      4th

    • C.

      5th

    • D.

      6th

    • E.

      8th

    • F.

      14th

    Correct Answer
    A. 1st
    Explanation
    Deputy Clark violated the 1st Amendment, which protects freedom of speech. By telling Kelly that she was not allowed to talk, Deputy Clark infringed on her right to express herself verbally, even if she was talking to herself quietly.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    Officer Green arrested 17 year old Jason for a curfew violation.  Officer Green told Jason if he was white he would have let him go.Which constitutional amendment was violated?

    • A.

      1st

    • B.

      4th

    • C.

      5th

    • D.

      6th

    • E.

      8th

    • F.

      14th

    Correct Answer
    F. 14th
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the 14th Amendment. The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution guarantees equal protection under the law. In this scenario, Officer Green's statement implies that he treated Jason differently based on his race, which is a violation of the 14th Amendment's equal protection clause.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    Billy was sentenced to five years in a state prison for a burglary conviction.  Billy was kept in solitary confinement because the prison was running out of room.What constitutional amendment was violated?

    • A.

      1st

    • B.

      4th

    • C.

      5th

    • D.

      6th

    • E.

      8th

    • F.

      14th

    Correct Answer
    E. 8th
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 8th. The 8th Amendment of the United States Constitution prohibits cruel and unusual punishment. Keeping Billy in solitary confinement due to overcrowding in the prison may be considered cruel and unusual, as it can have severe psychological effects on an individual.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    While in prison, Jill tried to practice her Muslim faith. Jill was constantly harassed by fellow inmates and the prison staff.Which constitutional amendment was violated?

    • A.

      1st

    • B.

      4th

    • C.

      5th

    • D.

      6th

    • E.

      8th

    • F.

      14th

    Correct Answer
    A. 1st
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the 1st Amendment. The 1st Amendment protects the freedom of religion, which includes the right to practice one's faith without interference or harassment. In this case, Jill's ability to practice her Muslim faith was violated as she was constantly harassed by fellow inmates and prison staff.

    Rate this question:

  • 28. 

    Jason was tried and aquitted (found not guilty) for burglary. Three years later the prosecution found a witness that saw Jason enter the house. Jason was retried and found guilty for burglary. Which constitutional amendment was violated?

    • A.

      1st

    • B.

      4th

    • C.

      5th

    • D.

      6th

    • E.

      8th

    • F.

      14th

    Correct Answer
    C. 5th
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the 5th Amendment. The 5th Amendment protects individuals from being tried twice for the same offense, also known as double jeopardy. In this case, Jason was tried and acquitted for burglary, meaning he cannot be retried for the same crime. However, the prosecution finding a witness three years later and retrying Jason violates his protection against double jeopardy.

    Rate this question:

  • 29. 

    Officer Jim arrested Bob for retail theft.  Officer Jim decided that Bob should serve a year in county jail for the offense.  Officer Jim transported Bob to the local jail where he was booked and then began serving his one year sentence.  Which constitutional amendment was violated?

    • A.

      1st

    • B.

      4th

    • C.

      5th

    • D.

      6th

    • E.

      8th

    • F.

      14th

    Correct Answer
    C. 5th
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the 5th Amendment. The 5th Amendment protects individuals from being deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law. In this scenario, Officer Jim arrested Bob and sentenced him to one year in jail without any legal proceedings or a fair trial. This violates Bob's right to due process as guaranteed by the 5th Amendment.

    Rate this question:

  • 30. 

    Jim was arrested for aggravated assault.  Jim was told he was not allowed to talk with a lawyer even after he was booked. Which constitutional amendment was violated?

    • A.

      1st

    • B.

      4th

    • C.

      5th

    • D.

      6th

    • E.

      8th

    • F.

      14th

    Correct Answer
    D. 6th
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the 6th Amendment. The 6th Amendment guarantees the right to counsel, which means that Jim should have been allowed to speak with a lawyer after he was booked. By denying him this right, his constitutional rights were violated.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Feb 15, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 11, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Crichardson
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.