"Philippine Government And Bill Of Rights By Prof. Camorongan"

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| By Raycamorongan
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Raycamorongan
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 3,467
Questions: 25 | Attempts: 3,422

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"Philippine Government And Bill Of Rights By Prof. Camorongan" - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The “branch” of government which has the power to make laws, and to alter and repeal them.

    • A.

      Legislative

    • B.

      Executive

    • C.

      Judicial

    • D.

      Government

    Correct Answer
    A. Legislative
    Explanation
    The branch of government that has the power to make laws, and to alter and repeal them, is the legislative branch. This branch is responsible for creating and passing legislation, which is then implemented by the executive branch and interpreted by the judicial branch. The legislative branch is typically composed of elected representatives who represent the interests of the people and ensure that laws are created in a fair and democratic manner.

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  • 2. 

    The “branch” of gov’t which has the power to implement or enforce the laws.

    • A.

      Legislative

    • B.

      Judicial

    • C.

      Executive

    • D.

      Government

    Correct Answer
    C. Executive
    Explanation
    The branch of government that has the power to implement or enforce the laws is the executive branch. This branch is responsible for carrying out and enforcing the laws that are created by the legislative branch. The executive branch is headed by the President or Prime Minister, who is responsible for executing and enforcing the laws and policies of the government. They have the authority to enforce laws, issue executive orders, and oversee the operations of government agencies.

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  • 3. 

    The power to appropriate public fund is vested in this “branch” of government.

    • A.

      Legislative

    • B.

      Executive

    • C.

      Judicial

    • D.

      Government

    Correct Answer
    A. Legislative
    Explanation
    The power to appropriate public funds is vested in the legislative branch of government. This branch is responsible for making laws and controlling the budget. They have the authority to allocate public funds for various purposes, such as infrastructure development, social welfare programs, and defense. By having the power to appropriate public funds, the legislative branch ensures that the government's financial resources are used effectively and in accordance with the needs and priorities of the country.

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  • 4. 

    This is the “power” to take a private property for public use upon payment of just compensation.

    • A.

      Power of Appropriation

    • B.

      Veto Power

    • C.

      Budgetary Power

    • D.

      Power of Eminent Domain

    Correct Answer
    D. Power of Eminent Domain
    Explanation
    The power of eminent domain refers to the authority of the government to take private property for public use, as long as the owner is compensated fairly. This power allows the government to acquire land or property needed for public infrastructure projects, such as building roads, schools, or hospitals. It is a fundamental power that ensures the government's ability to carry out public works and development while protecting the rights of property owners.

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  • 5. 

    Refers to the agency or instrumentality through the will of the State is formulated, expressed and realized.

    • A.

      Legislative

    • B.

      Executive

    • C.

      Judiciary

    • D.

      Government

    Correct Answer
    D. Government
    Explanation
    The term "government" refers to the agency or instrumentality through which the will of the state is formulated, expressed, and realized. It encompasses all the branches of power, including the legislative, executive, and judiciary. The government is responsible for making and enforcing laws, providing public services, and maintaining order and stability in society.

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  • 6. 

    The principle which ensures the “balance of powers” among the three branches of government.

    • A.

      Division of Powers

    • B.

      Decentralization

    • C.

      Separation of Powers

    • D.

      Checks and Balances

    Correct Answer
    D. Checks and Balances
    Explanation
    Checks and balances is the correct answer because it refers to the principle that ensures the distribution of powers among the three branches of government (executive, legislative, and judicial) in order to prevent any one branch from becoming too powerful. This principle allows each branch to limit and monitor the actions of the other branches, ensuring a system of accountability and preventing the abuse of power. It helps maintain a balance and ensures that no single branch dominates the others, thereby safeguarding the democratic system.

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  • 7. 

    The principle observe in the branches of the government which gives them a co-equal and coordinate powers. If one department goes beyond the limits set by constitution, its acts are null and void.

    • A.

      Division of Powers

    • B.

      Checks and Balances

    • C.

      Separation of Powers

    • D.

      Decentralization

    Correct Answer
    C. Separation of Powers
    Explanation
    The principle of separation of powers is observed in the branches of the government, giving them co-equal and coordinate powers. This means that each branch has its own specific powers and functions, and no branch should exceed the limits set by the constitution. If any department goes beyond these limits, its actions are considered null and void. This principle ensures a system of checks and balances, preventing any one branch from becoming too powerful and safeguarding against abuse of power.

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  • 8. 

    This classification of government is ruled by few privilege persons who come from wealthy and politically powerful individuals.

    • A.

      Oligarchy

    • B.

      Monarchy

    • C.

      Aristocracy

    • D.

      Dictatorship

    Correct Answer
    C. Aristocracy
    Explanation
    Aristocracy is the correct answer because it refers to a form of government where power and authority are held by a small group of privileged individuals who are typically wealthy and politically influential. This ruling class is often made up of nobles or members of the upper class. In an aristocracy, the right to govern is based on hereditary or social status, rather than being elected or appointed. This form of government is characterized by a concentration of power and limited participation of the general population in decision-making processes.

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  • 9. 

    According to the article VII sec. 22 the president should submit the basis of general appropriation bill in the congress within 30 days. This pertains to the power of president known as_____.

    Correct Answer
    Budgetary power
    Budgetary
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Budgetary power." According to Article VII section 22, the president is required to submit the basis of the general appropriation bill to Congress within 30 days. This requirement falls under the president's budgetary power, which refers to their authority and responsibility to propose and manage the government's budget.

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  • 10. 

    In cases of succession, if the president dies together with vice president and Senate President. Who will succeed the term of the president ?  _______.

    Correct Answer
    Speaker of the House
    Explanation
    In cases where the president, vice president, and Senate President all die simultaneously, the Speaker of the House will succeed the term of the president. The Speaker of the House is the next in line for presidential succession according to the United States presidential line of succession.

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  • 11. 

    According to Art. VIII sec. 1, the power to review, revise, reverse, modify or affirm a decision of a lower court is vested in what court?

    Correct Answer
    Supreme court
    Supreme
    Explanation
    According to Article VIII, Section 1, the power to review, revise, reverse, modify, or affirm a decision of a lower court is vested in the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the judicial system and has the authority to review and make final judgments on cases that have been appealed from lower courts. Therefore, the correct answer is Supreme Court.

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  • 12. 

    In the exercise of executive clemency, which of the following requires the concurrence of the Congress to be effective and valid?

    • A.

      Amnesty

    • B.

      Reprieve

    • C.

      Commutation

    • D.

      Pardon

    Correct Answer
    A. Amnesty
    Explanation
    Amnesty refers to the act of granting pardon or forgiveness to a group of individuals for offenses committed. Unlike other forms of executive clemency such as reprieve, commutation, and pardon, amnesty requires the concurrence of Congress to be effective and valid. This means that the legislative branch must agree and approve the granting of amnesty for it to have legal force. Therefore, amnesty cannot be implemented solely by the executive branch and requires the involvement and approval of Congress.

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  • 13. 

    The minimum age qualification of a president on the day of election.

    • A.

      25 yr old

    • B.

      35 yr old

    • C.

      30 yr old

    • D.

      40 yr old

    Correct Answer
    D. 40 yr old
    Explanation
    The minimum age qualification for a president on the day of election is 40 years old. This means that in order to be eligible to run for president, a candidate must be at least 40 years old on the day of the election.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following public elected officials who is not eligible for any reelection?

    • A.

      Senate President

    • B.

      Speaker of the House

    • C.

      Congressman

    • D.

      Vice President

    Correct Answer
    D. Vice President
    Explanation
    The Vice President is the correct answer because according to the U.S. Constitution, the Vice President can only serve a maximum of two terms. Once their term is completed, they are not eligible for any reelection to the position of Vice President. In contrast, the Senate President, Speaker of the House, and Congressman can all be reelected to their respective positions if they are successful in their campaigns.

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  • 15. 

    The minimum age qualification of district representative or member of the House of Representatives.

    • A.

      25 yr old

    • B.

      35 yr old

    • C.

      30 yr old

    • D.

      40 yr old

    Correct Answer
    A. 25 yr old
    Explanation
    The minimum age qualification for a district representative or member of the House of Representatives is 25 years old. This means that individuals must be at least 25 years old in order to be eligible to hold these positions.

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  • 16. 

    These rights still exist even there are no laws that create or provide them.

    • A.

      Natural Rights

    • B.

      Political Rights

    • C.

      Constitutional Rights

    • D.

      Civil Rights

    Correct Answer
    A. Natural Rights
    Explanation
    Natural rights are inherent to individuals and are not dependent on any laws or government. They are considered to be universal and inalienable, meaning they cannot be taken away or revoked. These rights are believed to exist simply by virtue of being human. Examples of natural rights include the right to life, liberty, and property. Therefore, even in the absence of laws or legal systems, natural rights are still considered to exist.

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  • 17. 

    What right is involved if an employee is terminated from work without just cause?

    • A.

      Right to Life

    • B.

      Right Liberty

    • C.

      Right to Property

    • D.

      Right to Travel

    Correct Answer
    C. Right to Property
    Explanation
    If an employee is terminated from work without just cause, the right involved is the right to property. This means that the employee has the right to keep their job and the income it provides, and termination without just cause violates this right. The right to property ensures that individuals have the freedom to acquire, use, and dispose of their possessions, including their job and the income it generates.

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  • 18. 

    What is required before a person shall be deprived of life liberty, or property?

    • A.

      Due process of law

    • B.

      Observance of Equal protection of laws

    • C.

      Non- payment of bail

    • D.

      All of the choices

    Correct Answer
    A. Due process of law
    Explanation
    Before a person can be deprived of life, liberty, or property, it is required that due process of law is followed. Due process of law ensures that individuals are treated fairly and that their rights are protected. It guarantees that legal procedures are followed, including notice and an opportunity to be heard, before any deprivation occurs. This principle is a fundamental aspect of the legal system and is essential for safeguarding individual rights and preventing arbitrary actions by the government. The observance of equal protection of laws is also important, but it is not specifically required before deprivation of life, liberty, or property. Non-payment of bail is a separate issue and not directly related to the question. Therefore, the correct answer is due process of law.

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  • 19. 

    Mr. Asher arrested and placed under custodial investigation. He was not informed of his right to remain silent and to have competent and independent counsel preferably of his own choice. What Constitutional right of Mr. Asher was violated?

    • A.

      Political Rights

    • B.

      Natural Rights

    • C.

      Civil Rights

    • D.

      Rights of the Accused

    Correct Answer
    D. Rights of the Accused
    Explanation
    Mr. Asher's right to remain silent and to have competent and independent counsel preferably of his own choice was violated. This is a violation of the Rights of the Accused, which are guaranteed by the Constitution.

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  • 20. 

    Mr. Asher was convicted and the penalty imposed was life imprisonment. The President reduced his penalty to six month imprisonment. What POWER of the president was exercised?

    • A.

      Veto Power

    • B.

      Military Power

    • C.

      Pardoning Power

    • D.

      Control Power

    Correct Answer
    C. Pardoning Power
    Explanation
    The President exercised the power of Pardoning Power. This power allows the President to reduce or eliminate the penalty imposed on a convicted individual. In this case, Mr. Asher's penalty of life imprisonment was reduced to six months imprisonment by the President. The Pardoning Power is an important tool for the President to show mercy or rectify any perceived injustices in the criminal justice system.

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  • 21. 

    While walking along Showtime Street, Pastillas girl was suddenly apprehended by the police officer and was taken in the police station. What right of Pastillas girl was violated?

    • A.

      Right against warrantless arrest

    • B.

      Right against warrantless search

    • C.

      Right against invasion of privacy

    • D.

      All of the choices.

    Correct Answer
    A. Right against warrantless arrest
    Explanation
    Pastillas girl's right against warrantless arrest was violated because she was apprehended by the police officer without a warrant. This means that the police officer did not have legal grounds or probable cause to arrest her at that moment. The right against warrantless arrest is a fundamental right that ensures individuals are protected from arbitrary or unjustified arrests without proper legal procedures being followed.

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  • 22. 

    Mr. Alden was accused of murdering Yaya Nidora. The trial court acquitted Mr. Alden because there is no proof beyond reasonable doubt that he killed Yaya Nidora. Two months after the acquittal, the relatives of Yaya Nidora filed a Homicide case against Mr. Alden.  What appropriate right can be invoked by Mr. Alden in this case?

    • A.

      Rights against double jeopardy

    • B.

      Right against self-incrimination

    • C.

      Miranda right

    • D.

      Statutory right

    Correct Answer
    A. Rights against double jeopardy
    Explanation
    In this case, the appropriate right that Mr. Alden can invoke is the right against double jeopardy. Double jeopardy refers to the principle that an individual cannot be tried for the same offense twice. Since Mr. Alden was already acquitted by the trial court for the murder of Yaya Nidora, it would be a violation of his rights to be tried again for the same offense. Therefore, Mr. Alden can invoke his rights against double jeopardy to prevent the Homicide case filed by the relatives of Yaya Nidora from proceeding.

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  • 23. 

    Which of the following are the rights of the accused under “Custodial Investigation”?1. The right to be informed of his right to remain silent.2. Right to have competent and independent counsel.3. Right to speedy disposition of trial.4. Right against torture, force, violence, threat and intimidation.5. Right to meet the witnesses face to face.6. Right to bail or be released on recognizance.

    • A.

      1, 2, & 4

    • B.

      1,2, & 6

    • C.

      1,2, & 3

    • D.

      All of the choices

    Correct Answer
    A. 1, 2, & 4
    Explanation
    The rights of the accused under "Custodial Investigation" include the right to be informed of their right to remain silent, the right to have competent and independent counsel, and the right against torture, force, violence, threat, and intimidation. These rights are crucial to protect the accused from self-incrimination and ensure a fair and just investigation process. The right to be informed of their right to remain silent allows the accused to choose whether or not to answer questions without fear of consequences. The right to have competent and independent counsel ensures that the accused has proper legal representation. The right against torture, force, violence, threat, and intimidation protects the accused from any form of physical or psychological abuse during the investigation.

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  • 24. 

    The author/s of the Philippine Constitution.

    Correct Answer
    Filipino
    Filipino People
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Filipino, Filipino People. The Philippine Constitution was written by a group of individuals who were predominantly Filipino. They were representatives from various sectors of society, including politicians, lawyers, and intellectuals. The purpose of the Constitution was to establish the framework for governance and protect the rights and welfare of the Filipino people. Therefore, it is logical to conclude that the authors of the Philippine Constitution were indeed Filipino and were working in the best interest of the Filipino people.

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  • 25. 

    According to Art. VIII sec. 1, the power to review, revise, reverse, modify or affirm a decision of a lower court is vested in what court?

    Correct Answer
    Supreme Court
    Supreme
    Supreme Court of the Philippines
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Supreme Court. According to Article VIII, Section 1, the power to review, revise, reverse, modify, or affirm a decision of a lower court is vested in the Supreme Court.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Aug 28, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 02, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Raycamorongan
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