The Ultimate STNA Exam Practice Test

Reviewed by Allison Martin
Allison Martin, BSN |
Healthcare
Review Board Member
Allison Martin is a dedicated School Nurse at St. Bernard's School, with over 20 years of invaluable nursing experience. Holding a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) from Drexel University's College of Nursing and Health Professions, specializing in neuroscience and cardiac care, Allison's commitment to excellence is evident in her professional focus, as she continually strives to provide high-quality care and support to the school community. Additionally, she actively contributes to nursing education by reviewing and refining quizzes, ensuring they align with current standards and promote learning excellence.
, BSN
Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Ajmeyer16933
A
Ajmeyer16933
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 36,768
Questions: 50 | Attempts: 36,411

SettingsSettingsSettings
The Ultimate STNA Exam Practice Test - Quiz

You need to take the ultimate STNA exam practice test today if you want to learn more about the process or maybe even just revise and refresh your knowledge about it! The State Tested Nursing Assistant is a certification that a person acquires upon completing the tests required to become an official nursing assistant and hold an entry-level position in the medical field. Can you pass the STNA exams? Take the quiz to find out.


STNA Exam Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    A resident often carries a doll with her, treating it like her baby. One day, she wanders around, crying, and she can't find her baby. The nurse aide should:

    • A.

      Ask the resident where she last had her doll.

    • B.

      Ask the activity department if they have any other doll.

    • C.

      Offer comfort to the resident and help her look for her baby.

    • D.

      Let the other staff know the resident is very confused and should be watched closely.

    Correct Answer
    C. Offer comfort to the resident and help her look for her baby.
    Explanation
    The resident's behavior suggests that she is experiencing confusion and distress because she cannot find her doll, which she treats as her baby. Offering comfort to the resident and helping her search for her "baby" is the most appropriate response in this situation. This approach shows empathy and understanding towards the resident's emotional attachment to the doll, and it helps to alleviate her distress. Additionally, assisting in searching for the doll may help the resident feel supported and reassured.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    A nurse aide is asked to change a urinary bag attached to an indwelling urinary catheter. The nurse aide has never done this before. The best response by the nurse aide is to:

    • A.

      Change the indwelling catheter at the same time.

    • B.

      Ask another nurse aide to change the urinary drainage bag.

    • C.

      Change the bag asking for help only if the nurse aide has problems.

    • D.

      Ask a nurse to watch the nurse aide change the bag since it is the first time.

    Correct Answer
    D. Ask a nurse to watch the nurse aide change the bag since it is the first time.
    Explanation
    The best response by the nurse aide is to ask a nurse to watch the nurse aide change the bag since it is the first time. This is the most appropriate action because the nurse aide has not done this procedure before and it is important to have guidance and supervision from an experienced nurse to ensure that it is done correctly and safely. Asking for help only if the nurse aide has problems may not be sufficient, as mistakes or complications can arise during the procedure that the nurse aide may not be aware of.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Before feeding a resident, what is the best reason to wash the resident's hands?

    • A.

      The resident may still touch his/her mouth or food.

    • B.

      It reduces the risk of spreading airborne diseases.

    • C.

      It improves resident morale and appetite.

    • D.

      The resident needs to keep meal routines.

    Correct Answer
    A. The resident may still touch his/her mouth or food.
    Explanation
    Washing the resident's hands before feeding is important because the resident may still touch his/her mouth or food. This helps to prevent the spread of germs and reduces the risk of contamination. Maintaining proper hygiene and ensuring that the resident's hands are clean is crucial to minimize the risk of foodborne illnesses and maintain a safe and healthy environment.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Which of the following is a job task performed by the nurse aide?

    • A.

      Participating in resident care planning conferences.

    • B.

      Taking a telephone order from a physician.

    • C.

      Giving medications to assigned residents.

    • D.

      Changing sterile wound dressings.

    Correct Answer
    A. Participating in resident care planning conferences.
    Explanation
    The nurse aide's job of participating in resident care planning conferences involves collaborating with other healthcare professionals to develop and implement individualized care plans for residents. This task requires the nurse aide to actively contribute to discussions about the residents' needs, preferences, and goals, ensuring that their care is tailored to their specific requirements. By participating in these conferences, the nurse aide plays a vital role in promoting effective communication and coordination of care among the healthcare team, ultimately enhancing the quality of care provided to the residents.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Which of the following statements is true about range of motion (ROM) exercise?

    • A.

      Done just once a day

    • B.

      Help prevent strokes and paralysis

    • C.

      Require at least ten repetitions of each exercise

    • D.

      Are often performed during ADL's such as bathing or dressing

    Correct Answer
    D. Are often performed during ADL's such as bathing or dressing
    Explanation
    Range of motion (ROM) exercises are often performed during activities of daily living (ADLs), such as bathing or dressing. This means that individuals can incorporate movements that help maintain or improve their joint flexibility and muscle strength while performing these routine activities. By doing so, ROM exercises can help enhance mobility, prevent joint stiffness, and improve overall physical function. It is important to note that ROM exercises can be done multiple times throughout the day and are not limited to just once a day. Additionally, while ROM exercises have various benefits, preventing strokes and paralysis is not specifically attributed to these exercises.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    While the nurse aide tries to dress a confused resident, the resident keeps trying to grab a hairbrush. The nurse aide should:

    • A.

      Put the hairbrush away and out of sight.

    • B.

      Give the resident the hairbrush to hold.

    • C.

      Try to dress the resident more quickly.

    • D.

      Restrain the resident's hand.

    Correct Answer
    B. Give the resident the hairbrush to hold.
    Explanation
    In this situation, the resident is confused and keeps trying to grab a hairbrush while the nurse aide is trying to dress them. Giving the resident the hairbrush to hold can help distract them and keep them occupied, making it easier for the nurse aide to complete the dressing task. This allows the resident to feel a sense of control and involvement, reducing their agitation and making the dressing process smoother. Restraining the resident's hand may escalate the situation and cause distress, while putting the hairbrush away and trying to dress the resident more quickly may not address the underlying issue of the resident's desire for the hairbrush.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    A resident who is lying in bed suddenly becomes short of breath. After calling for help, the nurse aide's next action should be to:

    • A.

      Ask the resident to take deep breaths.

    • B.

      Take the resident's vital signs.

    • C.

      Raise the head of the bed.

    • D.

      Elevate the resident's feet.

    Correct Answer
    C. Raise the head of the bed.
    Explanation
    When a resident is lying in bed and suddenly becomes short of breath, raising the head of the bed can help improve their breathing. This position, known as Fowler's position, allows for better lung expansion and can relieve breathing difficulties. Asking the resident to take deep breaths may not be effective if they are already struggling to breathe. Taking vital signs may be important, but it is not the immediate action needed to address the resident's shortness of breath. Elevating the resident's feet would not be helpful in this situation.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    A resident who has cancer is expected to die within the next couple of days. Nursing care for this resident should focus on:

    • A.

      Helping the resident through the stages of grief.

    • B.

      Providing for the resident's comfort.

    • C.

      Keeping the resident's care routine, such as for bathing.

    • D.

      Giving the resident a lot of quite time and privacy.

    Correct Answer
    B. Providing for the resident's comfort.
    Explanation
    In this situation, the resident's impending death indicates that their physical comfort should be the primary focus of nursing care. This includes ensuring that they are free from pain, discomfort, and any other distressing symptoms. Providing for their comfort may involve administering pain medication, adjusting their position to relieve pressure, and offering emotional support. While supporting the resident through the stages of grief and providing privacy are important aspects of end-of-life care, they are secondary to ensuring the resident's comfort in this particular scenario. Maintaining the resident's care routine, such as for bathing, may not be a priority when their comfort is at stake.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    While giving a bed bath, the nurse aide hears the alarm from a nearby door suddenly go off. The nurse aide should:

    • A.

      Wait a few minutes to see if the alarm stops.

    • B.

      Report the alarm to the charge nurse immediately.

    • C.

      Make the resident being bathed safe and go check the door right away.

    • D.

      Stop the bedbath and go check on the location of all assigned residents.

    Correct Answer
    C. Make the resident being bathed safe and go check the door right away.
    Explanation
    The nurse aide should prioritize the safety of the resident being bathed and immediately go check the door when the nearby alarm goes off. This is important as it could indicate a potential emergency or security breach, and the nurse aide needs to ensure the safety and well-being of all residents. Waiting for the alarm to stop or reporting it to the charge nurse may waste valuable time and potentially put the resident at risk. Stopping the bed bath and checking on the location of all assigned residents is also important, but ensuring the safety of the resident being bathed takes precedence in this situation.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Gloves should be worn for which of the following procedures?

    • A.

      Emptying a urinary drainage bag

    • B.

      Brushing a resident's hair

    • C.

      Ambulating a resident

    • D.

      Feeding a resident

    Correct Answer
    A. Emptying a urinary drainage bag
    Explanation
    Gloves should be worn for emptying a urinary drainage bag to prevent the risk of infection and cross-contamination. Urinary drainage bags contain urine, which may contain bacteria or other pathogens. Wearing gloves helps to protect both the caregiver and the resident from potential infections. Additionally, gloves provide a barrier to prevent the spread of any bodily fluids that may be present in the drainage bag.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    When walking a resident, a gait or transfer belt is often:

    • A.

      Worn around the nurse aide's waist for back support.

    • B.

      Used to keep the resident positioned properly in the wheelchair.

    • C.

      Used to help stand the resident, and then removed before walking.

    • D.

      Put around the resident's waist to provide a way to hold onto the resident.

    Correct Answer
    D. Put around the resident's waist to provide a way to hold onto the resident.
    Explanation
    A gait or transfer belt is put around the resident's waist to provide a way for the nurse aide to hold onto the resident while walking. This belt helps to ensure the safety and stability of the resident during the walking process. It allows the nurse aide to have a firm grip on the resident, preventing falls or accidents.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Which of the following statements is true about residents who are restrained?

    • A.

      They are at a greater risk of developing pressure sores.

    • B.

      They are at lower risk of developing pneumonia.

    • C.

      Their posture and alignment are improved.

    • D.

      They are not at risk of falling.

    Correct Answer
    A. They are at a greater risk of developing pressure sores.
    Explanation
    Residents who are restrained are at a greater risk of developing pressure sores. This is because restraints can limit the resident's ability to move and change positions, leading to prolonged pressure on certain areas of the body. Pressure sores, also known as bedsores or pressure ulcers, are injuries to the skin and underlying tissue caused by prolonged pressure on the skin. These pressure sores can be painful, difficult to treat, and can even lead to serious complications such as infection. Therefore, residents who are restrained are at a higher risk of developing pressure sores.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    A resident has diabetes. Which of the following is a common sign of low blood sugar?

    • A.

      Fever

    • B.

      Shakiness

    • C.

      Thirst

    • D.

      Vomiting

    Correct Answer
    B. Shakiness
    Explanation
    Shakiness is a common sign of low blood sugar in individuals with diabetes. When blood sugar levels drop, the body releases stress hormones to increase blood sugar. These hormones can cause shakiness, trembling, or feeling lightheaded. This is because the brain relies on glucose as its main source of energy, and when glucose levels are low, the brain does not function properly, leading to shakiness. Fever, thirst, and vomiting are not typically associated with low blood sugar levels.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    When providing foot care to a resident it is important for the nurse aide to:

    • A.

      Remove calluses and corns.

    • B.

      Check the feet for skin breakdown.

    • C.

      Keep the water cool to prevent burns.

    • D.

      Apply lotion, including between the toes.

    Correct Answer
    B. Check the feet for skin breakdown.
    Explanation
    When providing foot care to a resident, it is important for the nurse aide to check the feet for skin breakdown. This is because skin breakdown can lead to pressure ulcers or other infections, which can be very serious for the resident. By regularly checking the feet for any signs of redness, blisters, cuts, or sores, the nurse aide can identify any potential issues early on and take appropriate action to prevent further complications. This ensures the resident's feet are kept healthy and free from any potential problems.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    When feeding a resident, frequent coughing can be a sign that the resident is:

    • A.

      Choking.

    • B.

      Getting full.

    • C.

      Needs to drink more fluids.

    • D.

      Having difficulty swallowing.

    Correct Answer
    D. Having difficulty swallowing.
    Explanation
    Frequent coughing while eating can be a sign that the resident is having difficulty swallowing, which can indicate dysphagia. This condition requires attention to prevent choking and ensure the resident's safety during meals.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    When a person is admitted to the nursing home, the nurse aide should expect that the resident will:

    • A.

      Have problems related to incontinence.

    • B.

      Require a lot of assistance with personal care.

    • C.

      Experience a sense of loss related to the life change.

    • D.

      Adjust more quickly if admitted directly from the hospital.

    Correct Answer
    C. Experience a sense of loss related to the life change.
    Explanation
    When a person is admitted to a nursing home, it is common for them to experience a sense of loss related to the life change. Moving to a nursing home often means leaving behind their familiar home, belongings, and independence. They may feel a loss of control over their life and a sense of grief for the life they had before. This emotional adjustment can be difficult for the resident and may require support and understanding from the nurse aide.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    A resident gets dressed and comes out of his room wearing shoes that are from two different pairs. The nurse aide should:

    • A.

      Tease the resident by complimenting the resident's sense of style.

    • B.

      Ask if the resident realizes that the shoes do not match.

    • C.

      Remind the resident that the nurse aide can dress the resident.

    • D.

      Ask if the resident lost some of his shoes.

    Correct Answer
    B. Ask if the resident realizes that the shoes do not match.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to ask if the resident realizes that the shoes do not match. This response shows empathy and respect for the resident's autonomy by acknowledging their choice of attire. It also allows the nurse aide to gently bring attention to the mismatched shoes, which may be a sign of confusion or cognitive decline. By asking if the resident realizes the shoes do not match, the nurse aide can assess the resident's awareness and provide appropriate assistance if needed.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    A resident's wife recently died. The resident is now staying in his room all the time and eating very little. The best response by the nurse aide is to:

    • A.

      Remind the resident to be thankful for the years he shared with his wife.

    • B.

      Tell the resident that he needs to get of his room at least once a day.

    • C.

      Understand the resident is grieving and give him chances to talk.

    • D.

      Avoid mentioning his wife when caring for him.

    Correct Answer
    C. Understand the resident is grieving and give him chances to talk.
    Explanation
    The best response by the nurse aide is to understand that the resident is grieving and give him chances to talk. This response acknowledges the resident's emotional state and offers support by providing opportunities for him to express his feelings. It shows empathy and compassion towards the resident during this difficult time.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    When a resident refuses a bedbath, the nurse aide should:

    • A.

      Offer the resident a bribe.

    • B.

      Wait a while and then ask the resident again.

    • C.

      Remind the resident that people who smell don't have friends.

    • D.

      Tell the resident that the nursing home policy requires daily bathing.

    Correct Answer
    B. Wait a while and then ask the resident again.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to wait a while and then ask the resident again. This is the appropriate approach because it respects the resident's autonomy and right to make decisions about their own care. It allows the resident some time to reconsider their decision and may provide an opportunity for the nurse aide to address any concerns or fears the resident may have. Offering a bribe, making derogatory comments, or using the nursing home policy as a means of coercion are all inappropriate and disrespectful approaches.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    When a resident is combative and trying to hit the nurse aide, it is important for the nurse aide to:

    • A.

      Show the resident that the nurse aide is in control.

    • B.

      Call for help to make sure there are witnesses.

    • C.

      Explain that if the resident is not calm a restraint may be applied.

    • D.

      Step back to protect self from harm while speaking in a calm manner.

    Correct Answer
    D. Step back to protect self from harm while speaking in a calm manner.
    Explanation
    In this situation, the nurse aide should step back to protect themselves from harm while speaking in a calm manner. This response prioritizes the safety of the nurse aide, as they should not put themselves at risk of physical harm. By stepping back, they create distance between themselves and the combative resident, reducing the likelihood of being hit. Speaking in a calm manner can help de-escalate the situation and potentially calm the resident down. It is important for the nurse aide to prioritize their own safety while still attempting to maintain a respectful and calm approach.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    During lunch in the dining room, a resident begins yelling and throws a spoon at the nurse aide. The best response by the nurse aide is to:

    • A.

      Remain calm and ask what is upsetting the resident.

    • B.

      Begin removing all the other residents from the dining room.

    • C.

      Scold the resident and ask the resident to leave the dining room immediately.

    • D.

      Remove the resident's plate, fork, knife, and cup so there is nothing else to throw.

    Correct Answer
    A. Remain calm and ask what is upsetting the resident.
    Explanation
    The best response by the nurse aide is to remain calm and ask what is upsetting the resident. This approach shows empathy and understanding towards the resident's emotions and allows the nurse aide to address the underlying issue. It is important to assess the situation and communicate with the resident in order to find a solution or provide appropriate support. Scolding the resident or removing them from the dining room immediately may escalate the situation further and create a negative atmosphere. Removing the resident's belongings may also be seen as punitive and not address the root cause of the behavior.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    Which of the following questions asked to the resident is most likely to encourage conversation? 

    • A.

      Are you feeling tired today?

    • B.

      Do you want to wear this outfit?

    • C.

      What are your favorite foods?

    • D.

      Is the water warm enough?

    Correct Answer
    C. What are your favorite foods?
    Explanation
    The question "What are your favorite foods?" is most likely to encourage conversation because it prompts the resident to share their personal preferences and opinions. This question invites the resident to talk about their tastes and experiences, which can lead to a more engaging and interactive conversation compared to the other options provided.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    When trying to communicate with a resident who speaks a different language than the nurse aide, the nurse aide should:

    • A.

      Use pictures and gestures

    • B.

      Face the resident and speak softly when talking.

    • C.

      Repeat words often if the resident does not understand.

    • D.

      Assume when the resident nods his/her head that the message is understood.

    Correct Answer
    A. Use pictures and gestures
    Explanation
    When trying to communicate with a resident who speaks a different language, using pictures and gestures is the most effective method. This allows the nurse aide to visually convey information, making it easier for the resident to understand. It eliminates the language barrier and promotes clear communication. This approach is more practical than assuming that repeating words often or relying on the resident's nodding will ensure understanding. Additionally, facing the resident and speaking softly may not be as helpful as using visual aids.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    While walking down the hall, a nurse aide looks into a resident's room and sees another nurse aide hitting a resident. The nurse aide is expected to:

    • A.

      Contact the state agency that inspects the nursing facility.

    • B.

      Enter the room immediately to provide for the resident's safety.

    • C.

      Wait to confront the nurse aide when he/she leaves the resident's room.

    • D.

      Check the resident for any signs of injury after the nurse aide leaves the room.

    Correct Answer
    B. Enter the room immediately to provide for the resident's safety.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to enter the room immediately to provide for the resident's safety. This is the appropriate action because witnessing abuse or harm being inflicted on a resident requires immediate intervention to ensure the resident's well-being. Waiting to confront the nurse aide or checking for signs of injury after the nurse aide leaves the room would delay addressing the immediate safety concern. Contacting the state agency that inspects the nursing facility may be necessary later to report the incident, but the resident's safety should be the priority in this situation.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    Before touching a resident who is crying to offer comfort, the nurse aide should consider:

    • A.

      The resident's recent vital signs.

    • B.

      The resident's culture backround.

    • C.

      Whether the resident has been sad recently.

    • D.

      Whether the resident has family that visits routinely.

    Correct Answer
    B. The resident's culture backround.
    Explanation
    The nurse aide should consider the resident's cultural background before offering comfort to a crying resident. Cultural background plays a significant role in how individuals express and perceive emotions. Different cultures have varying norms and expectations regarding emotional expression and comfort. By considering the resident's cultural background, the nurse aide can ensure that their approach to offering comfort is sensitive and respectful, taking into account any cultural preferences or practices that may influence the resident's response to emotional distress.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    When a resident is expressing anger, the nurse aide should consider:

    • A.

      Correct the resident's misperceptions.

    • B.

      Ask the resident to speak in a kinder tone.

    • C.

      Listen closely to the resident's concerns.

    • D.

      Remind the resident that everyone gets angry.

    Correct Answer
    C. Listen closely to the resident's concerns.
    Explanation
    When a resident is expressing anger, it is important for the nurse aide to listen closely to the resident's concerns. This allows the nurse aide to understand the underlying issues that are causing the resident's anger. By actively listening, the nurse aide can gather important information that can help address the resident's concerns and find a solution to the problem. It also shows the resident that their feelings are being acknowledged and validated, which can help to de-escalate the anger and build a trusting relationship between the resident and the nurse aide.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    When giving a backrub, the nurse aide should

    • A.

      Apply lotion to the back directly from the bottle.

    • B.

      Keep the resident covered as much as possible.

    • C.

      Leave extra lotion on the skin when compleeting the procedure.

    • D.

      Expect the resident to lie on his/her stomach.

    Correct Answer
    B. Keep the resident covered as much as possible.
    Explanation
    When giving a backrub, it is important for the nurse aide to keep the resident covered as much as possible. This is because maintaining the resident's privacy and dignity is crucial during the procedure. By keeping the resident covered, the nurse aide ensures that the resident feels comfortable and secure throughout the backrub. Additionally, covering the resident also helps to maintain their body temperature and prevent any unnecessary exposure.

    Rate this question:

  • 28. 

    A nurse aide finds a resident looking in the refrigerator at the nurses' station at 5 a.m. The resident, who is confused, explains he needs breakfast before he leaves for work. The best response by the nurse aide is to:

    • A.

      Help the resident back to his room into bed.

    • B.

      Ask the resident about his job and if he is hungry.

    • C.

      Tell him that residents are not allowed in the nurses' station.

    • D.

      Remind him that he is retired from his job and in a nursing home.

    Correct Answer
    B. Ask the resident about his job and if he is hungry.
    Explanation
    The best response by the nurse aide is to ask the resident about his job and if he is hungry. This response shows empathy and understanding towards the resident's confusion and needs. By asking about his job, the nurse aide acknowledges the resident's desire to go to work and engages in conversation to redirect his attention. Additionally, asking if he is hungry addresses his immediate need for breakfast and allows the nurse aide to provide appropriate assistance or alternatives.

    Rate this question:

  • 29. 

    Which of the following is true about caring for a resident who wears a hearing aid?

    • A.

      Apply hairspray after the earing aid is in place.

    • B.

      Remove the hearing aid before showering.

    • C.

      Clean the earmold and battery case with water daily, drying completely.

    • D.

      Replace batteries weekly.

    Correct Answer
    B. Remove the hearing aid before showering.
    Explanation
    It is important to remove the hearing aid before showering to prevent any damage to the device. Water can cause the hearing aid to malfunction or stop working completely. Therefore, it is necessary to take it off before showering to ensure its longevity and proper functioning.

    Rate this question:

  • 30. 

    Residents with Parkinson's disease often require assistance with walking because they

    • A.

      Become confused and forget how to take steps without help.

    • B.

      Have poor attention skills and do not notice safety problems.

    • C.

      Have visual problems that require special glasses.

    • D.

      Have a shuffling walk and tremors.

    Correct Answer
    D. Have a shuffling walk and tremors.
    Explanation
    Residents with Parkinson's disease often require assistance with walking because they have a shuffling walk and tremors. Parkinson's disease affects the motor system, causing stiffness, tremors, and a shuffling gait. These symptoms can make it difficult for individuals to walk independently and maintain balance.

    Rate this question:

  • 31. 

    A resident who is inactive is at the risk of constipation. In addition to increased activity and exercise, which of the following actions helps to prevent constipation?

    • A.

      Adequate fluid intake

    • B.

      Regular mealtimes

    • C.

      High protein diet

    • D.

      Low fiber diet

    Correct Answer
    A. Adequate fluid intake
    Explanation
    Adequate fluid intake helps to prevent constipation because it keeps the stool soft and easy to pass. When a person is inactive, their bowel movements may become sluggish, leading to constipation. Drinking enough fluids helps to keep the digestive system hydrated and functioning properly, preventing constipation.

    Rate this question:

  • 32. 

    A resident has an indwelling urinary catheter. While making rounds, the nurse aide notices that there is no urine in the drainage bag. The nurse aide should first

    • A.

      Ask the resident to try urinating.

    • B.

      Offer the resident fluid intake.

    • C.

      Check for kinks in the tubing.

    • D.

      Obtain a new urinary drainage bag.

    Correct Answer
    C. Check for kinks in the tubing.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to check for kinks in the tubing. This is the first step the nurse aide should take because a kink in the tubing could be obstructing the flow of urine and preventing it from draining into the bag. By checking for kinks and ensuring that the tubing is properly connected and unobstructed, the nurse aide can address the issue and promote proper urine drainage. Asking the resident to try urinating or offering fluid intake may not be effective if there is a problem with the tubing. Obtaining a new urinary drainage bag would be unnecessary if the issue is with the tubing.

    Rate this question:

  • 33. 

    A resident who is incontinent of urine has an increased risk of developing:

    • A.

      Dementia.

    • B.

      Urinary tract infection.

    • C.

      Pressure sores.

    • D.

      Dehydration.

    Correct Answer
    B. Urinary tract infection.
    Explanation
    Incontinence of urine can lead to prolonged exposure of the skin to moisture, creating an environment conducive to bacterial growth and infection, increasing the risk of urinary tract infection.

    Rate this question:

  • 34. 

    When cleansing the genital area during perineal care, the nurse aide should:

    • A.

      Cleanse the penis with a circular motion starting from the base and moving toward the tip.

    • B.

      Replace the foreskin when pushed back to cleanse an uncircumcised penis.

    • C.

      Cleanse the rectal area first, before cleansing the genital area.

    • D.

      Use the same are on the washcloth for each washing and rinsing stroke for a female resident.

    Correct Answer
    B. Replace the foreskin when pushed back to cleanse an uncircumcised penis.
    Explanation
    The nurse aide should replace the foreskin when pushed back to cleanse an uncircumcised penis. This is important because the foreskin should be returned to its original position after cleansing to prevent discomfort or injury to the resident. Failure to replace the foreskin can lead to complications such as paraphimosis, where the foreskin becomes trapped behind the glans and causes swelling and pain. Therefore, it is crucial for the nurse aide to ensure proper hygiene and care of the uncircumcised penis during perineal care.

    Rate this question:

  • 35. 

    Which of the following is considered a normal age-related change?

    • A.

      Dementia

    • B.

      Contractures

    • C.

      Bladder holding less urine

    • D.

      Wheezing when breathing

    Correct Answer
    C. Bladder holding less urine
    Explanation
    As individuals age, it is common for the bladder to hold less urine. This is due to a decrease in the bladder's capacity and a weakening of the muscles that control urine flow. This age-related change can result in increased frequency of urination and a decreased ability to hold urine for long periods of time. It is important to note that while this is considered a normal age-related change, it is still important to monitor and manage any urinary issues to ensure overall health and well-being.

    Rate this question:

  • 36. 

    A resident is on a bladder retraining program. The nurse aide should expect the resident to:

    • A.

      Have a fluid intake restriction to prevent sudden urges to urinate.

    • B.

      Wear an incontinent brief in case of an accident.

    • C.

      Have an indwelling urinary catheter.

    • D.

      Have a schedule for toileting.

    Correct Answer
    D. Have a schedule for toileting.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to have a schedule for toileting. Bladder retraining programs typically involve establishing a regular schedule for toileting to help the resident regain control over their bladder function. This involves setting specific times for the resident to use the bathroom, gradually increasing the time intervals between bathroom visits, and encouraging the resident to hold their urine for longer periods. This helps to retrain the bladder muscles and improve bladder control. Fluid intake restrictions, wearing incontinent briefs, or having an indwelling urinary catheter are not typically part of a bladder retraining program.

    Rate this question:

  • 37. 

    A resident who has stress incontinence:

    • A.

      Will have an indwelling urinary catheter.

    • B.

      Should wear an incontinent brief at night.

    • C.

      May leak urine when laughing or coughing.

    • D.

      Needs toileting every 1-2 hours throughout the day.

    Correct Answer
    C. May leak urine when laughing or coughing.
    Explanation
    A resident who has stress incontinence may leak urine when laughing or coughing. Stress incontinence is a type of urinary incontinence that occurs when there is pressure or stress on the bladder, such as during laughing, coughing, sneezing, or lifting heavy objects. This can cause the muscles that control urine flow to weaken, leading to leakage. It is not necessary for the resident to have an indwelling urinary catheter, wear an incontinent brief at night, or need toileting every 1-2 hours throughout the day.

    Rate this question:

  • 38. 

    The doctor has told the resident that his cancer is growing and that he is dying. When the resident tells the nurse aide that there is a mistake, the nurse aide should:

    • A.

      Understand that denial is a normal reaction.

    • B.

      Remind the resident the doctor would not lie.

    • C.

      Suggest the resident ask for more tests.

    • D.

      Ask if the resident is afraid of dying.

    Correct Answer
    A. Understand that denial is a normal reaction.
    Explanation
    When the resident denies the doctor's diagnosis and claims there is a mistake, the nurse aide should understand that denial is a normal reaction. Denial is a common defense mechanism used by individuals when faced with difficult or distressing information, such as a terminal illness. It is important for the nurse aide to empathize with the resident's denial and provide support and understanding during this challenging time.

    Rate this question:

  • 39. 

    A slipknot is used when securing a restraint so that:

    • A.

      The restraint cannot be removed by the resident.

    • B.

      The restraint can be removed quickly when needed.

    • C.

      Body alignment is maintained while wearing the restraint.

    • D.

      It can be easilty observed whether the restraint is applied correctly.

    Correct Answer
    B. The restraint can be removed quickly when needed.
    Explanation
    A slipknot is a type of knot that can be easily untied by pulling on the loose end. This allows for quick removal of the restraint when needed, such as in case of an emergency or when the resident needs to be repositioned or assisted with personal care. The other options do not specifically relate to the purpose of a slipknot, which is to provide a secure yet easily removable restraint.

    Rate this question:

  • 40. 

    When using personal protective equipment (PPE) the nurse aide correctly follows standard precautions when wearing:

    • A.

      Double gloves when providing perineal care to a resident.

    • B.

      A mask and gown while feeding a resident that coughs.

    • C.

      Gloves to remove a resident's bedpan.

    • D.

      Gloves while ambulating a resident.

    Correct Answer
    C. Gloves to remove a resident's bedpan.
    Explanation
    The nurse aide correctly follows standard precautions when wearing gloves to remove a resident's bedpan. This is because gloves are required to be worn when there is a potential for contact with bodily fluids or contaminated surfaces. Removing a resident's bedpan involves handling bodily waste, which poses a risk of infection. Wearing gloves helps to protect the nurse aide from coming into direct contact with the waste and prevents the spread of infection to themselves or others.

    Rate this question:

  • 41. 

    To help prevent resident falls, the nurse aide should:

    • A.

      Always raise side rails when any residents are in his/her bed.

    • B.

      Leave residents' beds at the lowest level when care is complete.

    • C.

      Encourage residents to wear larger-sized, loose-fitting clothing.

    • D.

      Remind residents who use call lights that they need to wait patiently for staff.

    Correct Answer
    B. Leave residents' beds at the lowest level when care is complete.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to leave residents' beds at the lowest level when care is complete. This is because lowering the bed to the lowest level reduces the risk of falls for the residents. It makes it easier for them to get in and out of bed safely and minimizes the distance they would fall if they accidentally roll out of bed. Keeping the bed at a low level promotes resident safety and helps prevent falls.

    Rate this question:

  • 42. 

    As the nurse aide begins his/her assignment, which of the following should the nurse aide do first?

    • A.

      Collect linen supplies for the shift.

    • B.

      Check all the nurse aide's assigned residents.

    • C.

      Assist a resident that has called for assistance to get off the toilet.

    • D.

      Start bathing a resident that has physical therapy in one hour.

    Correct Answer
    C. Assist a resident that has called for assistance to get off the toilet.
    Explanation
    The nurse aide should first assist a resident that has called for assistance to get off the toilet. This is the most immediate and urgent task that requires immediate attention to ensure the safety and comfort of the resident. It is important for the nurse aide to prioritize the needs of the residents and respond promptly to their requests for assistance.

    Rate this question:

  • 43. 

    Which of the following would affect a nurse aide's status on the state's nurse aide registry and also cause the nurse to be ineligible to work in a nursing home? 

    • A.

      Having been terminated from another facility for repeated tardiness.

    • B.

      Missing a mandatory infection control in-service training program.

    • C.

      Failing to show for work without calling to report the absence.

    • D.

      Having a finding for resident neglect.

    Correct Answer
    D. Having a finding for resident neglect.
    Explanation
    Having a finding for resident neglect would affect a nurse aide's status on the state's nurse aide registry and also cause the nurse to be ineligible to work in a nursing home. This is because resident neglect is a serious violation of patient care and safety, and it goes against the ethical and professional standards expected of a nurse aide. The nurse aide's ability to provide proper care and ensure the well-being of residents is compromised, making them unfit to work in a nursing home setting.

    Rate this question:

  • 44. 

    Which of the following is a correct method for measuring a patient's radial pulse?

    • A.

      Place the thumb on the patient’s wrist and count the beats for 30 seconds.

    • B.

      Use the index and middle fingers to press lightly on the patient's wrist and count the beats for one full minute.

    • C.

      Press firmly with the index finger on the patient's neck and count the beats for 15 seconds.

    • D.

      Use the stethoscope to listen to the heartbeats at the patient’s chest and count the beats for one full minute.

    Correct Answer
    B. Use the index and middle fingers to press lightly on the patient's wrist and count the beats for one full minute.
    Explanation
    The correct method for measuring a patient's radial pulse is to use the index and middle fingers to press lightly on the patient's wrist, where the radial artery is located, and count the beats for one full minute. Using the thumb is incorrect because it has its own pulse, which can interfere with accurate measurement. Counting for less than a full minute can also lead to inaccuracies. The other options either describe incorrect locations or methods for measuring the radial pulse.

    Rate this question:

  • 45. 

    When a sink has hand-control faucets, the nurse aide should use:

    • A.

      A paper towel to turn the water on.

    • B.

      A paper towel to turn the water off.

    • C.

      An elbow, if possible, to turn the faucet controls on and off.

    • D.

      Bare hands to turn the faucet controls both on and off.

    Correct Answer
    B. A paper towel to turn the water off.
    Explanation
    When a sink has hand-control faucets, it is important for the nurse aide to maintain proper hygiene and prevent the spread of germs. Using a paper towel to turn the water off is recommended because it provides a barrier between the nurse aide's hands and the faucet handle, reducing the risk of contamination. By using a paper towel, the nurse aide can avoid touching the faucet directly, which may be contaminated with bacteria or other pathogens. This helps maintain a clean and safe environment for both the nurse aide and the patients.

    Rate this question:

  • 46. 

    When moving a resident up in bed who is able to move with assistance, the nurse aide should:

    • A.

      Position self with knees straight and bent at the waist.

    • B.

      Use a gait or transfer belt to assist with the repositioning.

    • C.

      Pull the resident up holding onto one side of the drawsheet at a time.

    • D.

      Bend the resident's knees and ask the resident to push with his/her feet.

    Correct Answer
    D. Bend the resident's knees and ask the resident to push with his/her feet.
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that when moving a resident up in bed who is able to move with assistance, the nurse aide should bend the resident's knees and ask the resident to push with his/her feet. This technique helps to engage the resident's muscles and allows them to actively participate in the movement, promoting independence and maintaining their strength. Using the resident's own strength to push themselves up also reduces the strain on the nurse aide's back and minimizes the risk of injury.

    Rate this question:

  • 47. 

    The resident's weight is obtained routinely as a way to check the resident's:

    • A.

      Growth and development.

    • B.

      Adjustment to the facility.

    • C.

      Nutrition and health.

    • D.

      Activity level.

    Correct Answer
    C. Nutrition and health.
    Explanation
    The resident's weight is obtained routinely as a way to check their nutrition and health. Weight can be an indicator of overall health and can provide information about the resident's nutritional status. Changes in weight can indicate changes in appetite, dietary intake, and overall well-being. Monitoring weight regularly allows healthcare providers to identify any potential issues with nutrition or health and make necessary interventions or adjustments to the resident's care plan.

    Rate this question:

  • 48. 

    Which of the following is a right that is included in the Resident's Bill of Rights?

    • A.

      To have staff available that speak different languages on each shift.

    • B.

      To have payment plan options that are based on financial need.

    • C.

      To have religious services offered at the facility daily.

    • D.

      To make decisions and participate in own care.

    Correct Answer
    D. To make decisions and participate in own care.
    Explanation
    The right to make decisions and participate in one's own care is included in the Resident's Bill of Rights. This means that residents have the right to be involved in decisions about their medical treatment, daily activities, and overall care. They have the right to give informed consent, refuse treatment, and have their preferences and choices respected. This ensures that residents have autonomy and control over their own lives while residing in a facility.

    Rate this question:

  • 49. 

    Which of the following, if observed as a sudden change in the resident, is considered a possible warning sign of a stroke?

    • A.

      Dementia

    • B.

      Contractures

    • C.

      Slurred speech

    • D.

      Irregular heartbeat

    Correct Answer
    C. Slurred speech
    Explanation
    Slurred speech is considered a possible warning sign of a stroke because it indicates a disruption in the brain's ability to control speech and language functions. During a stroke, blood flow to the brain is interrupted, leading to damage in certain areas. This can affect the communication pathways in the brain, resulting in difficulties with speech production and articulation. Slurred speech may be characterized by a slow or mumbled speech pattern, difficulty pronouncing words, or a change in the rhythm and tone of speech. It is important to recognize this symptom as it can help in early detection and prompt medical intervention.

    Rate this question:

  • 50. 

    Considering the resident's activity, which of the following sets of vital signs should be reported to the charge immediately?

    • A.

      Resting: 98.6* 98-32

    • B.

      After eating: 97.0* 64-24

    • C.

      After walking exercise: 98.2* 98-28

    • D.

      While watching television: 98.8* 72-14

    Correct Answer
    A. Resting: 98.6* 98-32
    Explanation
    A resting respiratory rate of 32 breaths per minute is significantly higher than the normal range for adults, which is typically 12-20 breaths per minute. This could indicate respiratory distress or other serious conditions that require immediate attention. The other sets of vital signs, although they may show slight variations due to different activities, do not indicate immediate danger or abnormality as clearly as the elevated resting respiratory rate does.

    Rate this question:

Allison Martin |BSN |
Healthcare
Allison Martin is a dedicated School Nurse at St. Bernard's School, with over 20 years of invaluable nursing experience. Holding a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) from Drexel University's College of Nursing and Health Professions, specializing in neuroscience and cardiac care, Allison's commitment to excellence is evident in her professional focus, as she continually strives to provide high-quality care and support to the school community. Additionally, she actively contributes to nursing education by reviewing and refining quizzes, ensuring they align with current standards and promote learning excellence.

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Jun 28, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team

    Expert Reviewed by
    Allison Martin
  • Jan 26, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Ajmeyer16933
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.