US History Comprehensive Test, Unit 1

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US History Comprehensive Test, Unit 1 - Quiz


Age of Discovery


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What navigation techniques of the 15th century allowed Europeans to explore farther than they had before?

    • A.

      Cartography, caravels, chronometer, sun dial

    • B.

      Compass, sextant, astrolabe,

    • C.

      Dead reckoning, quadrant, telescope

    • D.

      Gunwale, dhow, lodestone, sand glass

    Correct Answer
    B. Compass, sextant, astrolabe,
    Explanation
    The navigation techniques of the compass, sextant, and astrolabe allowed Europeans to explore farther than before. The compass provided a reliable way to determine direction, while the sextant and astrolabe helped sailors navigate by measuring the angles between celestial bodies and the horizon. These tools improved accuracy in determining a ship's position at sea, enabling sailors to venture into unknown territories with more confidence.

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  • 2. 

    Sailing for Spain in 1492 this man attempted to reach Asia by sailing west, but discovered a whole new continent.

    • A.

      Amerigo Vespucci

    • B.

      Magellan

    • C.

      Diaz

    • D.

      Columbus

    Correct Answer
    D. Columbus
    Explanation
    Columbus is the correct answer because he sailed for Spain in 1492 with the intention of reaching Asia by sailing west. However, during his voyage, he accidentally discovered a whole new continent, which is now known as America. This discovery had a significant impact on world history, as it opened up new trade routes and led to the colonization of the Americas by European powers.

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  • 3. 

    In 1497, sailing for Portugal, this man was the first European to sail around Africa to India.

    • A.

      Diaz

    • B.

      DaGama

    • C.

      Columbus

    • D.

      Magellan

    Correct Answer
    B. DaGama
    Explanation
    DaGama is the correct answer because he was the first European to sail around Africa to India. In 1497, he embarked on a voyage for Portugal and successfully reached India by sailing around the Cape of Good Hope. This journey opened up a direct sea route from Europe to India, bypassing the overland Silk Road trade route. Diaz, Columbus, and Magellan were also famous explorers, but they did not achieve this specific feat. Diaz was the first European to sail around the southern tip of Africa, Columbus discovered the Americas, and Magellan completed the first circumnavigation of the world.

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  • 4. 

    What is circumnavigation?

    • A.

      A new nautical instrument

    • B.

      A theory of the roundness of earth

    • C.

      To sail around the globe

    • D.

      A route to China

    Correct Answer
    C. To sail around the globe
    Explanation
    Circumnavigation refers to the act of sailing around the globe. It involves traveling across all the meridians, completing a full circle around the Earth's surface. This term is commonly used in the context of maritime navigation and exploration, where sailors embark on voyages to explore the world by sailing across different oceans and continents. The correct answer accurately defines circumnavigation as the act of sailing around the globe, aligning with its commonly accepted meaning.

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  • 5. 

    This man and his crew were the first to sail around the world from 1519-1522 to prove that the world was round. He died during the journey.

    • A.

      Magellan

    • B.

      Diaz

    • C.

      Columbus

    • D.

      Ponce de Leon

    Correct Answer
    A. Magellan
    Explanation
    Magellan and his crew were the first to sail around the world from 1519-1522, which proved that the world was round. Unfortunately, Magellan died during the journey. This accomplishment solidified Magellan's place in history as a renowned explorer. Diaz, Columbus, and Ponce de Leon were also notable explorers, but they did not complete a circumnavigation of the globe like Magellan did.

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  • 6. 

    The Papal Line of Demarcation was 

    • A.

      The border set by the pope between Catholic and Protestant countries

    • B.

      The line that divided trade routes between the Middle east and China

    • C.

      A line set by the pope that divided the New World into east and west with lands in the east given to Portugal and lands west to Spain.

    • D.

      A line set by the Pope that gave him power over new lands discovered west of the Atlantic

    Correct Answer
    C. A line set by the pope that divided the New World into east and west with lands in the east given to Portugal and lands west to Spain.
    Explanation
    The Papal Line of Demarcation refers to a line set by the pope that divided the New World into east and west, with lands in the east given to Portugal and lands in the west given to Spain. This division was made in order to resolve conflicts between these two powerful European nations over newly discovered lands. By establishing this line, the pope aimed to maintain peace and prevent disputes between Portugal and Spain regarding their territorial claims in the New World.

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  • 7. 

    The Treaty of Tordesillas

    • A.

      Ended the war between Spain and Portugal

    • B.

      Set the Papal Line of Demarcation

    • C.

      Gave Portugal control of trade in Indonesia

    • D.

      Gave Spain control of Mediterranean trade routes

    Correct Answer
    B. Set the Papal Line of Demarcation
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Tordesillas established the Papal Line of Demarcation. This line was drawn by the Pope to divide the newly discovered lands outside of Europe between Spain and Portugal. It granted Portugal control over the eastern territories, including Brazil and Africa, while Spain gained control over the western territories, including most of the Americas. The treaty aimed to prevent conflicts between the two nations over their respective claims and ensured that each country had its own designated areas for exploration and colonization.

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  • 8. 

    How did Asians feel about trading with Europeans?

    • A.

      They were happy for the increased trade.

    • B.

      The Chinese sent ships to Europe as well as accepting European ships in all Chinese ports.

    • C.

      They wanted the superior European goods being offered.

    • D.

      The Europeans had nothing of value to offer the superior Chinese culture.

    Correct Answer
    D. The Europeans had nothing of value to offer the superior Chinese culture.
    Explanation
    Asians did not feel the need to trade with Europeans because they believed that the European goods had no value compared to their own superior Chinese culture.

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  • 9. 

    Large parts of South America and their empires were conquered by

    • A.

      Portugal

    • B.

      Spain

    • C.

      Britain

    • D.

      Mexico

    Correct Answer
    B. Spain
    Explanation
    Spain is the correct answer because during the Age of Exploration, Spain was one of the major European powers that colonized and conquered large parts of South America. Spanish explorers like Christopher Columbus, Hernán Cortés, and Francisco Pizarro played significant roles in the conquest of the Aztec and Inca empires. Spain established colonies and exerted control over vast territories, leaving a lasting impact on the culture, language, and society of South America. Portugal also had colonies in South America, but Spain had a larger presence and influence in the region. Britain and Mexico did not conquer large parts of South America.

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  • 10. 

    Reasons Spain was able to conquer the Aztecs were

    • A.

      Spain had superior weapons, Aztec mythology, native allies, and disease.

    • B.

      Poor leadership by Aztec chiefs.

    • C.

      Cortez had a large army that the smaller Aztec armies could not defeat.

    • D.

      The Aztecs were not as intelligent as the Spanish.

    Correct Answer
    A. Spain had superior weapons, Aztec mythology, native allies, and disease.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that Spain had superior weapons, Aztec mythology, native allies, and disease. This combination of factors contributed to Spain's ability to conquer the Aztecs. The superior weapons gave Spain a military advantage, while the Aztec mythology and beliefs were exploited by the Spanish to weaken the Aztec empire. The native allies that Spain recruited also played a significant role in the conquest. Additionally, the introduction of diseases, such as smallpox, to which the Aztecs had no immunity, caused widespread devastation and weakened the Aztec population.

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  • 11. 

    The goals of the the Spanish missionaries in the New World was

    • A.

      To convert the Natives to Christianity and civilize them.

    • B.

      To recruit Natives for the priesthood.

    • C.

      To use Natives as sacrifices.

    • D.

      To sell Natives into slavery.

    Correct Answer
    A. To convert the Natives to Christianity and civilize them.
    Explanation
    The Spanish missionaries in the New World aimed to convert the Natives to Christianity and civilize them. This was a common objective of many European missionaries during the colonial period. They believed that by converting the Natives to Christianity, they would save their souls and bring them into the fold of the Catholic Church. Additionally, the missionaries sought to "civilize" the Natives by introducing European customs, education, and social norms. This was seen as a way to assimilate the Natives into the Spanish colonial society and establish control over them.

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  • 12. 

    The encomienda system was

    • A.

      A system of slavery

    • B.

      A system for protecting the Native population

    • C.

      A merit system to earn your place in society

    • D.

      Social and racial system basis for the economic and political order in the Spanish areas of the Americas

    Correct Answer
    D. Social and racial system basis for the economic and political order in the Spanish areas of the Americas
    Explanation
    The encomienda system was a social and racial system that formed the foundation for the economic and political order in the Spanish areas of the Americas. Under this system, Spanish colonizers were granted control over indigenous communities and their labor. In exchange for their labor, the indigenous people were supposed to receive protection and religious instruction. However, in reality, the encomienda system often led to the exploitation and mistreatment of the indigenous population, as they were forced to work under harsh conditions for the benefit of the Spanish colonizers. This system played a crucial role in shaping the social and economic dynamics of the Spanish colonies in the Americas.

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  • 13. 

    Why did Europeans get slaves from Africa?

    • A.

      The harsh treatment of Natives and disease decimated their population so the Spanish did not have a large enough work force.

    • B.

      The Africans lost a war with the Spanish.

    • C.

      Africans immigrated there then were made slaves as they were seen as an inferior race.

    • D.

      Many came over as indentured servants who couldn't afford to buy their freedom.

    Correct Answer
    A. The harsh treatment of Natives and disease decimated their population so the Spanish did not have a large enough work force.
    Explanation
    The Europeans got slaves from Africa because the harsh treatment of Natives and diseases caused a significant decrease in their population, leaving the Spanish without an adequate workforce.

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  • 14. 

    In the New World caste system a person born in Spain who resided in New Spain and usually owned land or had a position of authority.

    • A.

      Criollo or creole

    • B.

      Mestizo

    • C.

      Peninsulare

    • D.

      Mulatto

    Correct Answer
    C. Peninsulare
    Explanation
    A peninsulare refers to a person born in Spain who resided in New Spain and held a position of authority or owned land. This term was used in the New World caste system to distinguish individuals of Spanish origin from other social groups, such as criollos (people of Spanish descent born in the New World), mestizos (people of mixed Spanish and indigenous heritage), and mulattos (people of mixed Spanish and African heritage). The term "peninsulare" highlights the social hierarchy and privileges enjoyed by those from the Iberian Peninsula in the colonial society of the New World.

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  • 15. 

    In the New World caste system a person who was full blooded Spanish born in the New World and thus had less privilege.

    • A.

      Criollo or creole

    • B.

      Peninsulare

    • C.

      Mestizo

    • D.

      Mulatto

    Correct Answer
    A. Criollo or creole
    Explanation
    In the New World caste system, a person who was full-blooded Spanish born in the New World and thus had less privilege was referred to as a criollo or creole. This term was used to distinguish them from peninsulares, who were Spanish-born individuals living in the New World with higher social status. The term mestizo referred to individuals of mixed Spanish and indigenous heritage, while mulatto referred to individuals of mixed Spanish and African heritage.

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  • 16. 

    A person of mixed Spanish and Native ancestry.

    • A.

      Mulatto

    • B.

      Mestizo

    • C.

      Peninsulare

    • D.

      Creole or criollo

    Correct Answer
    B. Mestizo
    Explanation
    The term "Mestizo" refers to a person of mixed Spanish and Native ancestry. This individual has both Spanish and Indigenous American heritage. The term is commonly used in Latin America to describe people who have a combination of European and Indigenous American ancestry. It is important to note that "Mestizo" is not exclusive to any specific country or region, but rather a broader term used to describe individuals with mixed heritage.

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  • 17. 

    A person of mixed African and Spanish ancestry

    • A.

      Creole or criollo

    • B.

      Peninsulare

    • C.

      Mulatto

    • D.

      Mestozo

    Correct Answer
    C. Mulatto
    Explanation
    A person of mixed African and Spanish ancestry is commonly referred to as a mulatto. This term specifically denotes someone who has one African parent and one Spanish parent. The word "mulatto" originated from the Spanish and Portuguese word "mulato," which means "young mule." This term was historically used to classify individuals who were of mixed race during the colonial era.

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  • 18. 

    The Middle Passage was

    • A.

      The route to riches and gold in the New World.

    • B.

      The forced immigration of Africans across the Atlantic to the New World.

    • C.

      The route Cortes followed to the Aztecs.

    • D.

      The road that connected the Incan Empire.

    Correct Answer
    B. The forced immigration of Africans across the Atlantic to the New World.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the forced immigration of Africans across the Atlantic to the New World. The Middle Passage refers to the horrific journey that enslaved Africans were forced to endure during the transatlantic slave trade. They were captured in Africa, packed into overcrowded and unsanitary ships, and transported across the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas. Many Africans died during the voyage due to harsh conditions, disease, and mistreatment. This answer accurately describes the historical significance of the Middle Passage as a brutal and inhumane practice of forced migration.

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  • 19. 

    What is mercantilsm?

    • A.

      Trading in faraway ports for the adventure.

    • B.

      Buying more than you sell so you have a supply that won't run out.

    • C.

      Bartering for land.

    • D.

      Selling more than you buy to establish a favorable balance of trade.

    Correct Answer
    D. Selling more than you buy to establish a favorable balance of trade.
    Explanation
    Mercantilism is an economic theory and practice that was prevalent in Europe during the 16th to 18th centuries. It emphasized the accumulation of wealth and the establishment of a favorable balance of trade for a nation. This was achieved by selling more goods and services to other countries than what was bought from them, thereby ensuring a surplus and an inflow of precious metals. The goal was to increase a nation's wealth and power through trade, colonization, and protectionist policies.

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  • 20. 

    What was the Columbian Exchange? 

    • A.

      Exchange of cultures between Asia and Europe.

    • B.

      Exchange of Columbus' trade routes to the New World with Spain's rivals.

    • C.

      The exchange of plants, animals and ideas between the New World and the old World.

    • D.

      The value set for items that were bartered.

    Correct Answer
    C. The exchange of plants, animals and ideas between the New World and the old World.
    Explanation
    The Columbian Exchange refers to the exchange of plants, animals, and ideas between the New World (the Americas) and the Old World (Europe, Africa, and Asia) following Christopher Columbus' voyages in the late 15th century. This exchange had a significant impact on both sides, as it introduced new crops, animals, and cultural practices to each region. It also led to the spread of diseases, such as smallpox, which had devastating effects on indigenous populations in the Americas. Overall, the Columbian Exchange played a crucial role in shaping the modern world by connecting previously isolated continents and facilitating the exchange of goods and knowledge.

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  • 21. 

    What was the Triangle Trade?

    • A.

      Trade between Asia and Europe for fine silks and porcelains.

    • B.

      Trade between South America, the Caribbean Islands and Mexico in gold.

    • C.

      Trade carrying slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods between W. Africa, Caribbean or American colonies & the Europe,

    • D.

      Trade in the Mediterranean and N. Africa for slaves.

    Correct Answer
    C. Trade carrying slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods between W. Africa, Caribbean or American colonies & the Europe,
    Explanation
    The Triangle Trade refers to the trade route that involved the transportation of slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods between Western Africa, the Caribbean or American colonies, and Europe. This trade route played a significant role in the transatlantic slave trade, with African slaves being brought to the Americas to work on plantations producing cash crops such as sugar, tobacco, and cotton. These cash crops were then transported to Europe for trade, along with manufactured goods. This triangular trade system was a key component of the global economy during the colonial period.

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  • 22. 

    What English colony mysteriously disappeared?

    • A.

      Jamestown

    • B.

      Plymouth

    • C.

      Roanoke

    • D.

      St. Augustine

    Correct Answer
    C. Roanoke
    Explanation
    Roanoke is the correct answer because it was an English colony that mysteriously disappeared. In 1587, a group of colonists settled in Roanoke Island, but when supplies ran low, their leader John White left to get more from England. However, due to the war with Spain, he was unable to return until 1590. When he finally came back, the colony had vanished, with no trace of the settlers. This event, known as "The Lost Colony," remains a mystery to this day.

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  • 23. 

    Whic of the following was the 1st successful English colony?

    • A.

      Jamestown

    • B.

      Plymouth

    • C.

      Roanoke

    • D.

      St. Augustine

    Correct Answer
    A. Jamestown
    Explanation
    Jamestown was the first successful English colony because it was established in 1607 by the Virginia Company of London. Despite facing numerous challenges such as disease, starvation, and conflicts with Native Americans, Jamestown managed to survive and thrive. It became the capital of the Virginia Colony and played a significant role in the colonization of North America by the English. Plymouth, Roanoke, and St. Augustine were also early English colonies, but they either failed or were not as successful as Jamestown.

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  • 24. 

    What is the House of Burgesses?

    • A.

      1st English colony

    • B.

      1st Representative Assembly

    • C.

      1st Native American Treaty

    • D.

      1st Capital of New York

    Correct Answer
    B. 1st Representative Assembly
    Explanation
    The House of Burgesses was the first representative assembly in the English colonies. It was established in Jamestown, Virginia in 1619. The House of Burgesses allowed colonists to elect representatives who would make laws and govern the colony. This marked a significant step towards self-government and the development of democratic principles in the English colonies.

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  • 25. 

    Jamestown began to thrive after they began to harvest what product?

    • A.

      Cotton

    • B.

      Tobacco

    • C.

      Wheat

    • D.

      Rice

    Correct Answer
    B. Tobacco
    Explanation
    Jamestown began to thrive after they began to harvest tobacco. Tobacco became a major cash crop for the settlers, providing them with a valuable export commodity. The demand for tobacco in Europe was high, leading to significant profits for the Jamestown colony. The success of the tobacco industry helped to stimulate economic growth and attract more settlers to the area, contributing to the overall prosperity of Jamestown.

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  • 26. 

    What is the name of the period of Jamestown history when most of the colonists died?

    • A.

      The deadly period

    • B.

      The dying Time

    • C.

      The starving Time

    • D.

      The disease time

    Correct Answer
    C. The starving Time
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The starving Time." This refers to a period in Jamestown history when most of the colonists died due to lack of food. This term is commonly used to describe the severe famine that occurred in the winter of 1609-1610, during which many colonists resorted to cannibalism in order to survive.

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  • 27. 

    Who led a rebellion of landless farmers who set Jamestown on fire?

    • A.

      Nathaniel Jones

    • B.

      Nathaniel Smith

    • C.

      Nathaniel James

    • D.

      Nathaniel Bacon

    Correct Answer
    D. Nathaniel Bacon
    Explanation
    Nathaniel Bacon led a rebellion of landless farmers who set Jamestown on fire.

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  • 28. 

    Who led a rebellion of landless farmers who set Jamestown on fire?

    • A.

      Nathaniel Jones

    • B.

      Nathaniel Smith

    • C.

      Nathaniel James

    • D.

      Nathaniel Bacon

    Correct Answer
    D. Nathaniel Bacon
    Explanation
    Nathaniel Bacon led a rebellion of landless farmers who set Jamestown on fire. This rebellion, known as Bacon's Rebellion, occurred in 1676 in the Virginia Colony. Bacon was a wealthy planter who sympathized with the grievances of the landless farmers against the colonial government. He organized an armed force and attacked Native American tribes, as well as burned down Jamestown in protest against the government's policies. The rebellion was eventually suppressed, but it highlighted the tensions between the wealthy elite and the lower class in the colony.

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  • 29. 

    Jamestown is located in which U.S. state?

    • A.

      Virginia

    • B.

      New York

    • C.

      Pennsylvania

    • D.

      Massachusetts

    Correct Answer
    A. Virginia
    Explanation
    Jamestown is located in Virginia. Jamestown was the first permanent English settlement in North America, established in 1607. It is situated on the banks of the James River in Virginia. The settlement played a significant role in the early history of the United States, and it is often referred to as the birthplace of America.

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  • 30. 

    Jamestown is located in which U.S. state?

    • A.

      Virginia

    • B.

      New York

    • C.

      Pennsylvania

    • D.

      Massachusetts

    Correct Answer
    A. Virginia
    Explanation
    Jamestown is located in Virginia. Jamestown was the first permanent English settlement in North America, established in 1607. It is located along the James River in Virginia.

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  • 31. 

    Who is credited with saving John Smith's life?

    • A.

      Powhattan

    • B.

      Pocahontas

    • C.

      Sacagewea

    • D.

      Iroquois

    Correct Answer
    B. Pocahontas
    Explanation
    Pocahontas is credited with saving John Smith's life. Pocahontas was a Native American woman who was a member of the Powhatan tribe. According to historical accounts, she intervened and prevented her father, Chief Powhatan, from executing John Smith, an Englishman who had been captured by the tribe. Pocahontas's actions demonstrated her bravery and compassion, as she risked her own safety to save Smith's life. Her actions also played a significant role in fostering peace and understanding between the Native Americans and the English settlers in Jamestown.

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  • 32. 

    Who is credited with saving John Smith's life?

    • A.

      Powhattan

    • B.

      Pocahontas

    • C.

      Sacagewea

    • D.

      Iroquois

    Correct Answer
    B. Pocahontas
    Explanation
    Pocahontas is credited with saving John Smith's life.

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  • 33. 

    What year were slaves 1st introduced to Jamestown?

    • A.

      1492

    • B.

      1607

    • C.

      1619

    • D.

      1776

    Correct Answer
    C. 1619
    Explanation
    In 1619, slaves were first introduced to Jamestown. This marked the beginning of the transatlantic slave trade in British America. The arrival of enslaved Africans in Jamestown was a significant event in the history of slavery in the United States. It laid the foundation for the institution of slavery that would persist for centuries and have a profound impact on American society and culture.

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  • 34. 

    What English colony mysteriously disappeared?

    • A.

      Jamestown

    • B.

      Plymouth

    • C.

      Roanoke

    • D.

      St. Augustine

    Correct Answer
    C. Roanoke
    Explanation
    Roanoke is the correct answer because it was an English colony that mysteriously disappeared. In 1587, a group of settlers arrived at Roanoke Island in present-day North Carolina, but when a supply ship returned three years later, the colony was deserted with no signs of the settlers. This event, known as the "Lost Colony of Roanoke," remains a historical mystery as the fate of the colonists is still unknown.

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  • 35. 

    Tenochtitlan was capital of what

    • A.

      Inca Empire

    • B.

      Aztec Empire

    • C.

      Mayas

    • D.

      Tainos

    Correct Answer
    B. Aztec Empire
    Explanation
    Tenochtitlan was the capital of the Aztec Empire. The Aztec Empire was a powerful and advanced civilization that existed in Central Mexico from the 14th to the 16th century. Tenochtitlan, located on an island in Lake Texcoco, was the center of political, economic, and religious activities for the Aztecs. It was a highly developed city with impressive architecture, intricate canal systems, and bustling markets. The Aztec Empire was known for its military prowess, agricultural innovations, and complex social structure. However, it was eventually conquered by the Spanish conquistadors led by Hernán Cortés in 1521.

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  • 36. 

    How many people lived in Tenochtitlan by 1500?

    • A.

      More than 200,000

    • B.

      About one million

    • C.

      20,000

    • D.

      Number not known

    Correct Answer
    A. More than 200,000
    Explanation
    Tenochtitlan was the capital city of the Aztec Empire, located in present-day Mexico City. It was a thriving and highly populated city. The answer "more than 200,000" suggests that the population of Tenochtitlan by 1500 exceeded 200,000 people. This is supported by historical accounts and archaeological evidence, which indicate that Tenochtitlan was one of the largest and most populous cities in the world at that time.

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  • 37. 

    From what country a man who conquered Aztecs arrived and what was his name?

    • A.

      Spain

    • B.

      Portugal

    • C.

      England

    • D.

      Hernan Cortes

    • E.

      Fransisco Pizarro

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Spain
    D. Hernan Cortes
    Explanation
    Hernan Cortes, a man who conquered the Aztecs, arrived from Spain. Spain is known for its exploration and colonization of the Americas during the Age of Discovery. Cortes led an expedition to Mexico in the early 16th century and successfully defeated the Aztec Empire, paving the way for Spanish colonization in the region. His conquest had a significant impact on the history and culture of Mexico.

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  • 38. 

    In what year did Cortes land in in Mexico?

    • A.

      1492

    • B.

      1519

    • C.

      1609

    • D.

      1620

    Correct Answer
    B. 1519
    Explanation
    Cortes landed in Mexico in 1519. This is historically accurate as Hernan Cortes, a Spanish conquistador, arrived in Mexico in that year. He led an expedition that eventually led to the fall of the Aztec Empire and the colonization of Mexico by the Spanish.

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  • 39. 

    What was the capital of the Inca Empire?

    • A.

      Tenochtitlan

    • B.

      Cuzco

    • C.

      Lima

    • D.

      Mexico City

    Correct Answer
    B. Cuzco
    Explanation
    Cuzco was the capital of the Inca Empire. It was the political, administrative, and religious center of the empire. Located in present-day Peru, Cuzco was a highly developed city with impressive architecture and infrastructure. It was considered sacred by the Incas and was the birthplace of their civilization. Cuzco played a crucial role in the governance and expansion of the Inca Empire, making it the correct answer.

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  • 40. 

    What mountain were home to most of the Inca Empire?

    • A.

      The Appalachian Mountains

    • B.

      The Alps

    • C.

      The Andes

    • D.

      The Rocky Mountains

    Correct Answer
    C. The Andes
    Explanation
    The Andes were home to most of the Inca Empire. The Inca civilization thrived in the Andes region, which spans several South American countries including Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Colombia. The mountainous terrain provided natural defenses and resources for the Inca people, allowing them to establish a vast empire that stretched along the western coast of South America. The Andes also played a significant role in the Inca religion and culture, with many sacred sites and temples located in the mountains.

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  • 41. 

    What country is now where most of Inca Empire had been?

    • A.

      Brazil

    • B.

      Bolivia

    • C.

      Chile

    • D.

      Peru

    Correct Answer
    D. Peru
    Explanation
    Peru is the correct answer because it is the country that currently encompasses most of the territory where the Inca Empire once existed. The Inca Empire was a vast and powerful civilization that thrived in the Andean region of South America, with its capital located in the city of Cusco, which is in present-day Peru. The empire extended through parts of modern-day Ecuador, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina, but the majority of its territory is now within the borders of Peru.

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  • 42. 

    Incas used money to pay for goods and services.

    • A.

      False

    • B.

      True

    Correct Answer
    A. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the Incas did not use money as a form of payment. Instead, they had an economic system based on a barter system and labor obligations. They used a system called "mita" where individuals would provide labor or goods in exchange for the goods or services they needed. Money was not used as a medium of exchange in Inca society.

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  • 43. 

    The Inca Empire was ... ... in the world.

    • A.

      The most technically advanced country

    • B.

      One of the wealthiest in gold

    • C.

      Was the poorest country

    Correct Answer
    B. One of the wealthiest in gold
    Explanation
    The Inca Empire was one of the wealthiest in gold. This is because the Inca civilization had access to vast reserves of gold in their territories, which they used for various purposes such as religious ceremonies, ornamental objects, and trade. The abundance of gold in their possession contributed to their overall wealth and prosperity, making them one of the richest civilizations in terms of gold resources.

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  • 44. 

    Quipus are...

    • A.

      Inca coins

    • B.

      Letters of Inca alphabet

    • C.

      Inca instrument for writing letters

    • D.

      Multi-colores strings with knots used to keep records and send messages

    Correct Answer
    D. Multi-colores strings with knots used to keep records and send messages
    Explanation
    Quipus were a system of multi-colored strings with knots used by the Incas to keep records and send messages. They were not coins, letters of the Inca alphabet, or an instrument for writing letters. The knots on the strings represented different numbers or information, allowing the Incas to keep track of things like taxes, census data, and historical events. The quipus were a sophisticated and effective method of communication and record-keeping in the Inca civilization.

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  • 45. 

    The highest class in Inca society were...

    • A.

      The knights and barons

    • B.

      Rulers and religious leaders

    • C.

      Catholic priests

    • D.

      Spanish conquistadors

    Correct Answer
    B. Rulers and religious leaders
    Explanation
    In Inca society, the highest class consisted of rulers and religious leaders. These individuals held significant power and authority in the empire. The rulers, known as Sapa Incas, were considered divine and were believed to have a direct connection with the gods. They governed the empire and made important decisions. The religious leaders, known as priests, played a crucial role in performing religious ceremonies and rituals, as well as interpreting the will of the gods. Together, these rulers and religious leaders formed the highest social class in Inca society.

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  • 46. 

    Incas paid taxes by

    • A.

      Giving gold to rulers

    • B.

      Using paper notes and quipus

    • C.

      Providing services - building roads, digging canals etc.

    • D.

      Fighting wars

    Correct Answer
    C. Providing services - building roads, digging canals etc.
    Explanation
    The Incas paid taxes by providing services such as building roads and digging canals. This means that instead of giving gold or using paper notes and quipus, they contributed to the community by engaging in labor-intensive tasks that benefited the empire as a whole. This system allowed the rulers to maintain and expand their infrastructure while also ensuring that the citizens were actively involved in the development of their society.

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  • 47. 

    Incas used gold as money

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "Incas used gold as money" is false. While it is true that the Incas valued gold and considered it precious, they did not use it as a form of currency or money. Instead, they had a barter system in which goods and services were exchanged directly without the need for a standardized medium of exchange like gold coins. The Incas primarily used a system called "quipu," which involved a series of knotted strings to record information and keep track of economic transactions.

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  • 48. 

    Gold and silver did not have any role in the Inca society

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Gold and silver played a significant role in the Inca society. They were considered sacred and were used in religious ceremonies and rituals. The Inca emperor and nobility adorned themselves with gold and silver jewelry as a symbol of their power and status. Additionally, gold and silver were used as currency and for trading purposes. The Inca Empire was known for its vast reserves of gold and silver, which were mined and accumulated by the state. Therefore, the statement that gold and silver did not have any role in the Inca society is false.

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  • 49. 

    Incas were conquered by

    • A.

      Columbus

    • B.

      Amerigo Vespucci

    • C.

      Hernan Cortes

    • D.

      Francisco Pizarro

    Correct Answer
    D. Francisco Pizarro
    Explanation
    Francisco Pizarro is the correct answer because he was the Spanish conquistador who led the expedition that conquered the Inca Empire in the early 16th century. Pizarro and his men captured the Inca emperor Atahualpa, leading to the downfall of the Inca civilization. This conquest was a significant event in the history of South America and marked the beginning of Spanish colonization in the region.

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  • 50. 

    Pizarro landed on the west coast of South America in what year?

    • A.

      1492

    • B.

      1519

    • C.

      1531

    • D.

      1609

    Correct Answer
    C. 1531
    Explanation
    Pizarro landed on the west coast of South America in 1531. This is the correct answer because it is the only option that aligns with historical records. Pizarro, a Spanish conquistador, led an expedition to conquer the Inca Empire, and he arrived in South America in 1531. The other options, 1492, 1519, and 1609, are not relevant to Pizarro's expedition and do not match the historical timeline.

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