US History Comprehensive Test, Unit 1

62 Questions | Total Attempts: 64

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US History Quizzes & Trivia

Age of Discovery


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What navigation techniques of the 15th century allowed Europeans to explore farther than they had before?
    • A. 

      Cartography, caravels, chronometer, sun dial

    • B. 

      Compass, sextant, astrolabe,

    • C. 

      Dead reckoning, quadrant, telescope

    • D. 

      Gunwale, dhow, lodestone, sand glass

  • 2. 
    Sailing for Spain in 1492 this man attempted to reach Asia by sailing west, but discovered a whole new continent.
    • A. 

      Amerigo Vespucci

    • B. 

      Magellan

    • C. 

      Diaz

    • D. 

      Columbus

  • 3. 
    In 1497, sailing for Portugal, this man was the first European to sail around Africa to India.
    • A. 

      Diaz

    • B. 

      DaGama

    • C. 

      Columbus

    • D. 

      Magellan

  • 4. 
    What is circumnavigation?
    • A. 

      A new nautical instrument

    • B. 

      A theory of the roundness of earth

    • C. 

      To sail around the globe

    • D. 

      A route to China

  • 5. 
    This man and his crew were the first to sail around the world from 1519-1522 to prove that the world was round. He died during the journey.
    • A. 

      Magellan

    • B. 

      Diaz

    • C. 

      Columbus

    • D. 

      Ponce de Leon

  • 6. 
    The Papal Line of Demarcation was 
    • A. 

      The border set by the pope between Catholic and Protestant countries

    • B. 

      The line that divided trade routes between the Middle east and China

    • C. 

      A line set by the pope that divided the New World into east and west with lands in the east given to Portugal and lands west to Spain.

    • D. 

      A line set by the Pope that gave him power over new lands discovered west of the Atlantic

  • 7. 
    The Treaty of Tordesillas
    • A. 

      Ended the war between Spain and Portugal

    • B. 

      Set the Papal Line of Demarcation

    • C. 

      Gave Portugal control of trade in Indonesia

    • D. 

      Gave Spain control of Mediterranean trade routes

  • 8. 
    How did Asians feel about trading with Europeans?
    • A. 

      They were happy for the increased trade.

    • B. 

      The Chinese sent ships to Europe as well as accepting European ships in all Chinese ports.

    • C. 

      They wanted the superior European goods being offered.

    • D. 

      The Europeans had nothing of value to offer the superior Chinese culture.

  • 9. 
    Large parts of South America and their empires were conquered by
    • A. 

      Portugal

    • B. 

      Spain

    • C. 

      Britain

    • D. 

      Mexico

  • 10. 
    Reasons Spain was able to conquer the Aztecs were
    • A. 

      Spain had superior weapons, Aztec mythology, native allies, and disease.

    • B. 

      Poor leadership by Aztec chiefs.

    • C. 

      Cortez had a large army that the smaller Aztec armies could not defeat.

    • D. 

      The Aztecs were not as intelligent as the Spanish.

  • 11. 
    The goals of the the Spanish missionaries in the New World was
    • A. 

      To convert the Natives to Christianity and civilize them.

    • B. 

      To recruit Natives for the priesthood.

    • C. 

      To use Natives as sacrifices.

    • D. 

      To sell Natives into slavery.

  • 12. 
    The encomienda system was
    • A. 

      A system of slavery

    • B. 

      A system for protecting the Native population

    • C. 

      A merit system to earn your place in society

    • D. 

      Social and racial system basis for the economic and political order in the Spanish areas of the Americas

  • 13. 
    Why did Europeans get slaves from Africa?
    • A. 

      The harsh treatment of Natives and disease decimated their population so the Spanish did not have a large enough work force.

    • B. 

      The Africans lost a war with the Spanish.

    • C. 

      Africans immigrated there then were made slaves as they were seen as an inferior race.

    • D. 

      Many came over as indentured servants who couldn't afford to buy their freedom.

  • 14. 
    In the New World caste system a person born in Spain who resided in New Spain and usually owned land or had a position of authority.
    • A. 

      Criollo or creole

    • B. 

      Mestizo

    • C. 

      Peninsulare

    • D. 

      Mulatto

  • 15. 
    In the New World caste system a person who was full blooded Spanish born in the New World and thus had less privilege.
    • A. 

      Criollo or creole

    • B. 

      Peninsulare

    • C. 

      Mestizo

    • D. 

      Mulatto

  • 16. 
    A person of mixed Spanish and Native ancestry.
    • A. 

      Mulatto

    • B. 

      Mestizo

    • C. 

      Peninsulare

    • D. 

      Creole or criollo

  • 17. 
    A person of mixed African and Spanish ancestry
    • A. 

      Creole or criollo

    • B. 

      Peninsulare

    • C. 

      Mulatto

    • D. 

      Mestozo

  • 18. 
    The Middle Passage was
    • A. 

      The route to riches and gold in the New World.

    • B. 

      The forced immigration of Africans across the Atlantic to the New World.

    • C. 

      The route Cortes followed to the Aztecs.

    • D. 

      The road that connected the Incan Empire.

  • 19. 
    What is mercantilsm?
    • A. 

      Trading in faraway ports for the adventure.

    • B. 

      Buying more than you sell so you have a supply that won't run out.

    • C. 

      Bartering for land.

    • D. 

      Selling more than you buy to establish a favorable balance of trade.

  • 20. 
    What was the Columbian Exchange? 
    • A. 

      Exchange of cultures between Asia and Europe.

    • B. 

      Exchange of Columbus' trade routes to the New World with Spain's rivals.

    • C. 

      The exchange of plants, animals and ideas between the New World and the old World.

    • D. 

      The value set for items that were bartered.

  • 21. 
    What was the Triangle Trade?
    • A. 

      Trade between Asia and Europe for fine silks and porcelains.

    • B. 

      Trade between South America, the Caribbean Islands and Mexico in gold.

    • C. 

      Trade carrying slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods between W. Africa, Caribbean or American colonies & the Europe,

    • D. 

      Trade in the Mediterranean and N. Africa for slaves.

  • 22. 
    What English colony mysteriously disappeared?
    • A. 

      Jamestown

    • B. 

      Plymouth

    • C. 

      Roanoke

    • D. 

      St. Augustine

  • 23. 
    Whic of the following was the 1st successful English colony?
    • A. 

      Jamestown

    • B. 

      Plymouth

    • C. 

      Roanoke

    • D. 

      St. Augustine

  • 24. 
    What is the House of Burgesses?
    • A. 

      1st English colony

    • B. 

      1st Representative Assembly

    • C. 

      1st Native American Treaty

    • D. 

      1st Capital of New York

  • 25. 
    Jamestown began to thrive after they began to harvest what product?
    • A. 

      Cotton

    • B. 

      Tobacco

    • C. 

      Wheat

    • D. 

      Rice

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