Sociology 1301 Final Exam Review

149 Questions | Total Attempts: 70

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Sociology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which discipline describes itself as "the sstematic study of society"?
    • A. 

      History

    • B. 

      Psychology

    • C. 

      Sociology

    • D. 

      Economics

  • 2. 
    Peter Berger described using the sociological perspective as seeing the_______in the_______.
    • A. 

      Specific; commonplace

    • B. 

      New; old

    • C. 

      Good; worst tragedies

    • D. 

      General; particular

  • 3. 
    ___________are characteristics of personality.
    • A. 

      ID

    • B. 

      EGO

    • C. 

      SUPER EGO

    • D. 

      ALL OF THE ABOVE

  • 4. 
    Suicide rates are generally higher among:
    • A. 

      Females compared with males

    • B. 

      Single people compared with married people

    • C. 

      Poor people compared with rich people

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct

  • 5. 
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rates typically has:
    • A. 

      Greater self-esteem

    • B. 

      Less money and other resources

    • C. 

      More clinical depression

    • D. 

      Lower social integration

  • 6. 
    The term "sociology" was coined in 1838 by:
    • A. 

      Auguste Comte

    • B. 

      Adam Smith

    • C. 

      Karl Marx

    • D. 

      Herbert Spencer

  • 7. 
    Comte described the earliest human societies as being within which level of societal development?
    • A. 

      Theological stage

    • B. 

      Scientific stage

    • C. 

      Post-scientific stage

    • D. 

      Metaphysical stage

  • 8. 
    According to Comte, societies in which stage of development begin to see society as a natural--rather than a suppernatural--phenomenon?
    • A. 

      Theological stage

    • B. 

      Metaphysical stage

    • C. 

      Scientific stage

    • D. 

      Post-scientific stage

  • 9. 
    _______is way of understanding the world based on science.
    • A. 

      Free will

    • B. 

      Negativity

    • C. 

      Theology

    • D. 

      Postivism

  • 10. 
    Which theoretical apporoach is closest to that taken by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    • A. 

      Structural-functional approach

    • B. 

      Symbolic-interaction approach

    • C. 

      Social-conflict approach

    • D. 

      None of the above is correct

  • 11. 
    The social-conflict approach draws attention to:
    • A. 

      How elements contribute to overall operation of society

    • B. 

      How people construct meaning through interaction

    • C. 

      The stable aspects of society

    • D. 

      Patterns of social inequality

  • 12. 
    Which of the following people had an important influence on development of the social-conflict?
    • A. 

      Herbert Spencer

    • B. 

      Talcott Parsons

    • C. 

      Karl Marx

    • D. 

      Emille Durkheim

  • 13. 
    Which research method asks subjects to respond to a series of items in a questionnaire or an interview?
    • A. 

      Participant observation

    • B. 

      Survey

    • C. 

      Secondary research

    • D. 

      Experiment

  • 14. 
    W.E.B. Du Bois' Africana theory was pert of the social-conflict approach.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Durkheim documented that catergories of people with weaker social ties have lower suicide rates
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    What is the term for the beliefs, vaules, behavior, and material objects that, together, constitutes a people's way of life?
    • A. 

      Culture

    • B. 

      Social system

    • C. 

      Society

    • D. 

      Social structure

  • 17. 
    The unpleasant and even frightening exprience of encountering a strange way of life is called:
    • A. 

      Value conflict

    • B. 

      Cultural diffusion

    • C. 

      Acculturation

    • D. 

      Culture shock

  • 18. 
    Cultural transmission refers to process of:
    • A. 

      Passing cultural patterns from one generation to another

    • B. 

      Learning culture

    • C. 

      Using writing to record cultural patterns

    • D. 

      Using the oral tradition

  • 19. 
    The language spoken by poeple in more nations of world than any other is:
    • A. 

      Spanish

    • B. 

      Hindi

    • C. 

      Chinese

    • D. 

      English

  • 20. 
    Until about 10,000 years ago, most poeple in world lived in______societies.
    • A. 

      Horticultural and pastoral

    • B. 

      Agrarian

    • C. 

      Industrial

    • D. 

      Hunting and gathering

  • 21. 
    Are discussed in class, which of the following statements is true?
    • A. 

      Technology is equally distributed throughout a society's population

    • B. 

      Nations with more advanced technology are generally superior to nations with less advanced

    • C. 

      Advanced technology improves life in some ways, but also threatens it in others ways

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct

  • 22. 
    The spread of technomedia means that culture is now less likely to be:
    • A. 

      Based on made-up heroes.

    • B. 

      Viewed on a screen.

    • C. 

      Passed down from one generation to the next.

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct.

  • 23. 
    The term "subculture" refers to:
    • A. 

      Popular culture.

    • B. 

      Culture of the past.

    • C. 

      Cultural patterns that set apart a segment of a society's population.

    • D. 

      High culture.

  • 24. 
    If you were to attend a New York Ballet performance, you would be experiencing:
    • A. 

      Popular culture

    • B. 

      Virtual culture

    • C. 

      High cultural

    • D. 

      Cultural transmission

  • 25. 
    Cultural patterns that are widespread among a society's population are referred to as:
    • A. 

      Established culture

    • B. 

      High culture

    • C. 

      Popular culture

    • D. 

      Virtual culture

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