Social Studies 23

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Social Studies 23 - Quiz

Finals


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Compared to the Qin dynasty, the Han dynasty...

    • A.

      Was much smaller

    • B.

      Lasted much longer

    • C.

      Had much more worse rulers

    • D.

      Had fewer inventions

    Correct Answer
    B. Lasted much longer
    Explanation
    The Han dynasty lasted much longer compared to the Qin dynasty. This can be attributed to several factors such as stable governance, effective administration, and successful military campaigns. The Han dynasty spanned over four centuries, from 206 BCE to 220 CE, while the Qin dynasty lasted only 15 years, from 221 BCE to 206 BCE. The longer duration of the Han dynasty allowed for more cultural, economic, and technological developments, making it a significant period in Chinese history.

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  • 2. 

    How did the Han emperors gradually change the way China was ruled?

    • A.

      They returned most power to local nobles

    • B.

      They put more emphasis on family connections

    • C.

      They moved legalism to Confucian ideas

    • D.

      They punished people who tried to spread daoist beliefs

    Correct Answer
    C. They moved legalism to Confucian ideas
    Explanation
    The Han emperors gradually changed the way China was ruled by moving from legalism to Confucian ideas. Legalism emphasized strict laws and harsh punishments, while Confucianism focused on moral values, social harmony, and the importance of education. By adopting Confucian ideals, the Han emperors shifted the emphasis from a strict legalistic approach to a more ethical and moral one. This change in ruling philosophy had a significant impact on various aspects of governance, including the education system, bureaucracy, and the relationship between the ruler and the ruled.

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  • 3. 

    What new technology most helped the Han in warfare?

    • A.

      Invention of the wheel

    • B.

      Advances in working iron

    • C.

      Steam powered riverboats

    • D.

      Improvements in gunpowder

    Correct Answer
    B. Advances in working iron
    Explanation
    Advances in working iron most helped the Han in warfare. This is because the Han dynasty made significant advancements in metallurgy, allowing them to produce superior weapons and armor. The ability to work iron efficiently and effectively gave the Han a military advantage, as they were able to create stronger and more durable weapons, such as swords and spears. These advancements in ironworking technology greatly enhanced the Han's military capabilities and contributed to their success in warfare.

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  • 4. 

    What Han invention did the Chinese use for these military purposes?
    • send messages one part of the army to another
    • frighten the enemy with strange noises at night

    • A.

      Kite

    • B.

      Scroll

    • C.

      Crossbow

    • D.

      Fish-scale armor

    Correct Answer
    A. Kite
    Explanation
    The Chinese used kites for these military purposes. Kites were used to send messages from one part of the army to another, allowing for communication and coordination. Additionally, kites were used to frighten the enemy with strange noises at night, creating a psychological advantage.

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  • 5. 

    Which shape best illustrates the structure of the Han bureaucracy?

    • A.

      Time cylinder

    • B.

      Upside down triangle

    • C.

      Rectangle

    • D.

      Regular triangle

    Correct Answer
    D. Regular triangle
    Explanation
    The regular triangle best illustrates the structure of the Han bureaucracy because it represents a hierarchical system with a clear chain of command. In the Han dynasty, the bureaucracy was organized into a three-tiered system with the emperor at the top, followed by various government officials, and then local administrators. This triangular structure reflects the concentration of power at the top and the broad base of lower-level officials supporting and carrying out the emperor's orders.

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  • 6. 

    Which of these men would most likely be hired for the Han bureaucracy?

    • A.

      One who did well on an exam

    • B.

      One who was born in the capital

    • C.

      One who had an important army

    • D.

      One who inherited a lot of money

    Correct Answer
    A. One who did well on an exam
    Explanation
    In the context of the Han bureaucracy, the most likely candidate to be hired would be the one who did well on an exam. This is because the Han dynasty placed great emphasis on the civil service examination system, which was used to select and recruit government officials. Doing well on these exams demonstrated a candidate's knowledge, skills, and abilities, making them a desirable candidate for bureaucratic positions. Being born in the capital, having an important army, or inheriting a lot of money may have their own advantages, but they are not directly related to the qualifications and requirements of the Han bureaucracy.

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  • 7. 

    How did the Han emperors keep civil servants from doing special favors for their friends?

    • A.

      Made them file a weekly report

    • B.

      Plow the soil for planting

    • C.

      Executed their friends and relations

    • D.

      Placed them away from their home districts

    Correct Answer
    D. Placed them away from their home districts
    Explanation
    The Han emperors kept civil servants from doing special favors for their friends by placing them away from their home districts. This measure ensured that civil servants would not be biased or influenced by personal connections or relationships when performing their duties. By being stationed in unfamiliar territories, civil servants were less likely to show favoritism towards their friends or relatives, thereby promoting fairness and impartiality in the administration.

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  • 8. 

    The chain pump increased harvests by helping farmers...

    • A.

      Move heavy goods

    • B.

      Plow the soil for planting

    • C.

      Bring water up to their fields

    • D.

      Store grain so it would not spoil

    Correct Answer
    C. Bring water up to their fields
    Explanation
    The chain pump increased harvests by bringing water up to the fields. This was beneficial for farmers as it provided a reliable water source for irrigation purposes, ensuring that crops received an adequate supply of water for growth. By using the chain pump, farmers were able to overcome the challenge of water scarcity and enhance their agricultural productivity.

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  • 9. 

    What change made silk production more effecient?

    • A.

      A kind of tree that was better than silkworms

    • B.

      An invention that wound fibers into a large reel

    • C.

      A road on which trade goods could be carried safely

    • D.

      A law that all farmers must weave for one month a year

    Correct Answer
    B. An invention that wound fibers into a large reel
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "an invention that wound fibers into a large reel." This invention would have made silk production more efficient by automating the process of winding the fibers onto a reel, saving time and labor compared to doing it manually.

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  • 10. 

    What was one effect of the invention of the drill shown in the image?

    • A.

      Better harvests

    • B.

      More oil for heat

    • C.

      More wealth from trade

    • D.

      Better earthquake prediction

    Correct Answer
    C. More wealth from trade
    Explanation
    The invention of the drill shown in the image resulted in more wealth from trade. This suggests that the drill may have played a significant role in increasing productivity or efficiency in some industry or trade. It could have facilitated the extraction of valuable resources or improved the production process, leading to increased profits and wealth generation through trade. However, without additional context or information from the image, this explanation is speculative.

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  • 11. 

    Which tool did ancient Chinese scribes use for writing?

    • A.

      A reed

    • B.

      A brush

    • C.

      A stylus

    • D.

      A feather

    Correct Answer
    B. A brush
    Explanation
    Ancient Chinese scribes used a brush for writing. The brush, made of animal hair or plant fibers, was dipped in ink and used to write characters on various surfaces such as bamboo or silk. The use of a brush allowed for precise and controlled strokes, enabling the scribes to create intricate and beautiful calligraphy. This tool was an essential part of Chinese writing and played a significant role in the development of Chinese culture and art.

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  • 12. 

    What did the Chinese write on before they invented paper?

    • A.

      Silk and bamboo

    • B.

      Hides and leather

    • C.

      Seaweed and straw

    • D.

      Tree bark and leaves

    Correct Answer
    A. Silk and bamboo
    Explanation
    Before the invention of paper, the Chinese used silk and bamboo as writing surfaces. Silk was a popular choice due to its smooth texture and durability, making it suitable for writing with ink. Bamboo was also commonly used, as it was readily available and could be easily carved or engraved with writing. These materials provided a medium for recording information and communication before the development of paper, which revolutionized the way writing was done.

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  • 13. 

    Ancient Chinese healers used the technique of acupuncture to...

    • A.

      Satisfy the gods

    • B.

      Achieve immortality

    • C.

      Teach people to live with pain

    • D.

      Rebalance the forced of yin and yang

    Correct Answer
    D. Rebalance the forced of yin and yang
    Explanation
    Ancient Chinese healers used the technique of acupuncture to rebalance the forces of yin and yang. This concept is rooted in traditional Chinese medicine, which believes that the body's energy, or Qi, flows through meridians. Imbalances in yin and yang can disrupt this flow and lead to illness. Acupuncture involves inserting thin needles into specific points along the meridians to restore balance and promote healing. By rebalancing yin and yang, ancient Chinese healers aimed to address the underlying causes of various health conditions and restore overall well-being.

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  • 14. 

    Which of these discoveries did the the Chinese make, more than a thousand years before people in Europe did?

    • A.

      That blood circulates through the body

    • B.

      That comets can be seen in the night sky

    • C.

      That wheeled carts can be pulled by oxen

    • D.

      That metal can be shaped into string swords

    Correct Answer
    A. That blood circulates through the body
    Explanation
    The Chinese made the discovery that blood circulates through the body more than a thousand years before people in Europe did.

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  • 15. 

    The Chinese invented the magnetic compass to show which way was south. What was their earliest reason for wanting to know directions?

    • A.

      To know the best time to plant their crops

    • B.

      To foretell what would happen in the future

    • C.

      To navigate ships safely out of sight of the land

    • D.

      To position buildings correctly for good fortune

    Correct Answer
    D. To position buildings correctly for good fortune
    Explanation
    The Chinese invented the magnetic compass to position buildings correctly for good fortune. This suggests that they believed that the alignment of buildings with certain directions could bring them good luck or positive energy. They may have believed that building in a certain direction would attract prosperity, happiness, or other favorable outcomes. This demonstrates the importance of feng shui, the ancient Chinese practice of harmonizing individuals with their surrounding environment.

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