Soal Tematik Kelas 5 Sd Tema 7 Subtema 2 Peristiwa Kebangsaan Seputar Proklamasi Kemerdekaan

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| By Catherine Halcomb
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Catherine Halcomb
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Soal Tematik Kelas 5 Sd Tema 7 Subtema 2 Peristiwa Kebangsaan Seputar Proklamasi Kemerdekaan - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Proklamasi kemerdekaan Indonesia terjadi pada tanggal ....

    • A.

      20 Mei 1908

    • B.

      21 April 1946

    • C.

      17 Agustus 1945

    • D.

      28 Oktober 1928

    Correct Answer
    C. 17 Agustus 1945
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 17 Agustus 1945. This is the date when Indonesia declared its independence from Dutch colonial rule. The Proclamation of Independence was read by Sukarno and Hatta, the founding fathers of Indonesia, and marked the beginning of Indonesia's journey as an independent nation.

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  • 2. 

     Peristiwa proklamasi kemerdekaan disambut rakyat dengan ....

    • A.

      Sedih

    • B.

      Ketakutan

    • C.

      Marah

    • D.

      Bahagia

    Correct Answer
    D. Bahagia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Bahagia" because the proclamation of independence is a significant event in a nation's history. It marks the freedom and autonomy of the country, which is usually a cause for celebration and happiness among the people. The proclamation of independence represents the culmination of struggles and sacrifices made by the nation's leaders and citizens, so it is natural for the people to feel joy and happiness on this occasion.

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  • 3. 

    Naskah teks proklamasi diketik oleh ....

    • A.

      Ahmad Soebardjo

    • B.

      Latief Hendraningrat

    • C.

      Drs. Moh Hatta

    • D.

      Sayuti Melik

    Correct Answer
    D. Sayuti Melik
    Explanation
    Sayuti Melik is the correct answer because he is known to have typed the text of the proclamation. He was a journalist and a member of the Indonesian Youth Congress who played a significant role in the preparation and drafting of the proclamation of Indonesian independence. His expertise in typing and his involvement in the independence movement make him the most likely person to have typed the text of the proclamation.

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  • 4. 

    Bendera Sang Saka Merah Putih dijahit oleh ....

    • A.

      Ibu Fatmawati

    • B.

      Ibu Cut Nyak Dien

    • C.

      Ibu Kartini

    • D.

      Ibu Rahmawati

    Correct Answer
    A. Ibu Fatmawati
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Ibu Fatmawati.

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  • 5. 

    Sebelum peristiwa proklamasi kemerdekaan Indonesia yaitu pada tanggal 6 dan 9 Agustus 1945, dua kota di Jepang dijatuhi bom atom oleh sekutu. Dua kota tersebut adalah ....

    • A.

      Tokyo dan Kyoto

    • B.

      Hiroshima dan Nagasaki

    • C.

      Nagasaki dan Nagoya

    • D.

      Hiroshima dan Osaka

    Correct Answer
    B. Hiroshima dan Nagasaki
    Explanation
    Before the proclamation of Indonesian independence on August 17, 1945, two cities in Japan were hit by atomic bombs by the Allies. These cities were Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

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  • 6. 

    Kalor yang dimiliki oleh sebuah benda bersifat ....

    • A.

      Tetap naik

    • B.

      Dapat berubah-ubah

    • C.

      Stabil

    • D.

      Turun terus

    Correct Answer
    B. Dapat berubah-ubah
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Dapat berubah-ubah" because the sentence "Kalor yang dimiliki oleh sebuah benda bersifat ...." suggests that the question is asking about the nature of heat possessed by an object. Heat is a form of energy, and it can be transferred from one object to another or transformed into other forms of energy. Therefore, the amount of heat possessed by an object can change depending on various factors such as temperature, pressure, and the presence of other objects.

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  • 7. 

    Jika kita memasak air di atas kompor, semakin besar energi panas yang diterima air tersebut maka ....

    • A.

      Suhu air semakin rendah

    • B.

      Suhu air semakin tinggi 

    • C.

      Semakin kecil jumlah kalor dalam air

    • D.

      Semakin besar air yang membeku

    Correct Answer
    B. Suhu air semakin tinggi 
    Explanation
    When we cook water on a stove, the more heat energy the water receives, the higher the temperature of the water becomes.

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  • 8. 

    Peristiwa di bawah ini yang di dalamnya terjadi peristiwa mencair adalah ....

    • A.

      Memecahkan es batu

    • B.

      Menggoreng mentega

    • C.

      Memasak air putih

    • D.

      Menanak nasi

    Correct Answer
    B. Menggoreng mentega
    Explanation
    When we fry butter, it undergoes a process called melting. Butter is a solid at room temperature, but when heated, it turns into a liquid state. This change in state from solid to liquid is known as melting. Therefore, the correct answer is "Menggoreng mentega" because it involves the event of melting.

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  • 9. 

    Benda padat di bawah ini mudah mengalami proses mencair karena pengaruh kalor, kecuali ....

    • A.

      Kertas

    • B.

      Lilin

    • C.

      Karet

    • D.

      Ban

    Correct Answer
    A. Kertas
    Explanation
    The solid objects mentioned in the options (lilin, karet, and ban) can easily undergo the process of melting due to the influence of heat. However, kertas (paper) is not a substance that readily melts when exposed to heat. Therefore, kertas is the exception among the given options.

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  • 10. 

    Pada tanggal 16 Agustus 1945 para pemuda membawa Ir. Soekarno dan Drs. Moh. Hatta ke Rengasdengklok dengan tujuan agar ....

    • A.

      Indonesia menyerah kepada sekutu

    • B.

      Ir. Soekarno dan Drs. Moh. Hatta tidak terpengaruh Jepang

    • C.

      Ir. Soekarno dan Drs. Moh. Hatta segera membantu Jepang

    • D.

      Indonesia ikut berperang melawan Jepang

    Correct Answer
    B. Ir. Soekarno dan Drs. Moh. Hatta tidak terpengaruh Jepang
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Ir. Soekarno dan Drs. Moh. Hatta tidak terpengaruh Jepang." This is because on August 16, 1945, the youth brought Ir. Soekarno and Drs. Moh. Hatta to Rengasdengklok with the intention of ensuring that they were not influenced or controlled by the Japanese. This event was part of the efforts to establish Indonesia's independence and to prevent any interference from the Japanese authorities.

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  • 11. 

    Teks proklamasi kemerdekaan Indonesia dirumuskan di rumah ....

    • A.

      Ahmad Soebardjo

    • B.

      Ir. Soekarno

    • C.

      Laksamana Maeda

    • D.

      Istana negara

    Correct Answer
    C. Laksamana Maeda
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Laksamana Maeda". Laksamana Maeda was the person who formulated the text of the proclamation of Indonesian independence.

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  • 12. 

    Para pemuda menyebarkan kabar proklamasi kemerdekaan dengan cara berikut ini, kecuali ....

    • A.

      Menyebar pamflet

    • B.

      Menulis di tembok-tembok

    • C.

      Siaran lewat televisi

    • D.

      Mengadakan pertemuan

    Correct Answer
    C. Siaran lewat televisi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Siaran lewat televisi." The other options mentioned, such as menyebar pamflet, menulis di tembok-tembok, and mengadakan pertemuan, are all methods that the youth can use to spread the news of the proclamation of independence. However, broadcasting through television is not a method that would have been available during that time period, as television was not yet widely accessible.

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  • 13. 

    Tarian berikut ini yang merupakan tarian tunggal adalah ....

    • A.

      Tari Saman

    • B.

      Tari  Kecak

    • C.

      Tari serampang dua belas

    • D.

      Tari Serimpi

    Correct Answer
    D. Tari Serimpi
    Explanation
    Tari Serimpi is the correct answer because it is mentioned in the given options and it is stated that it is a solo dance. Tari Saman, Tari Kecak, and Tari Serampang dua belas are not specified as solo dances in the given question.

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  • 14. 

    Tari Kipas Pakarena termasuk jenis tari ....

    • A.

      Tunggal

    • B.

      Berpasangan

    • C.

      Tari berkelompok

    • D.

      Tari mandiri

    Correct Answer
    C. Tari berkelompok
    Explanation
    Tari Kipas Pakarena is a traditional dance from South Sulawesi, Indonesia. It is performed by a group of dancers, usually consisting of both male and female performers. The dancers use fans as props while performing intricate and synchronized movements. Therefore, the correct answer is "Tari berkelompok" which means group dance.

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  • 15. 

    Tari Ketuk Tilu merupakan tarian daerah yang berasal dari Jawa Barat, tari ini termasuk jenis ....

    • A.

      Tunggal

    • B.

      Berpasangan

    • C.

      Tari berkelompok

    • D.

      Tari mandiri

    Correct Answer
    B. Berpasangan
    Explanation
    Tari Ketuk Tilu is a traditional dance from West Java that is performed in pairs. Therefore, the correct answer is "Berpasangan" (in pairs).

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  • 16. 

    Peristiwa heroik di Surabaya terjadi di hotel Yamato dikarenakan ....

    • A.

      Belanda mengibarkan bendera merah putih biru

    • B.

      Jepang meracuni banyak sumber mata air bagi warga

    • C.

      Belanda menyembunyikan banyak senjata di hotel Yamato

    • D.

      Jepang memaksa rakyat Surabaya membantunya

    Correct Answer
    A. Belanda mengibarkan bendera merah putih biru
    Explanation
    The heroic event in Surabaya occurred at the Yamato hotel because the Dutch raised the red, white, and blue flag.

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  • 17. 

    Pertempuran heroik terjadi di Semarang dalam mendukung proklamasi kemerdekaan. Pertempuran itu telah membuat gugur ribuan pemuda pejuang, pertempuran tersebut berlangsung selama ....

    • A.

      5 hari

    • B.

      1 bulan

    • C.

      7 hari

    • D.

      10 hari

    Correct Answer
    A. 5 hari
    Explanation
    The battle mentioned in the passage took place in Semarang to support the proclamation of independence. It was described as a heroic battle where thousands of young fighters sacrificed their lives. The question asks for the duration of the battle, and the correct answer is "5 days."

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  • 18. 

    Salah satu tokoh pejuang yang menggerakkan semangat rakyat untuk melawan tentara sekutu pada pertempuran 10 November 1945 di Surabaya adalah ....

    • A.

      I Gusti Ngurah Rai

    • B.

      Bung Tomo

    • C.

      Kolonel Isdiman

    • D.

      Dr. Karyadi

    Correct Answer
    B. Bung Tomo
    Explanation
    Bung Tomo is the correct answer because he was one of the key figures who played a significant role in inspiring and mobilizing the people to resist the Allied forces during the Battle of Surabaya on November 10, 1945. He was a charismatic orator and radio broadcaster who effectively rallied the Indonesian people to fight against the colonial powers. His passionate speeches and leadership greatly contributed to the resistance movement and the eventual independence of Indonesia.

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  • 19. 

    Peristiwa pertempuran Ambarawa yang dipimpin oleh Jenderal Soedirman berakhir dengan ....

    • A.

      Kekalahan para pejuang

    • B.

      Sekutu berhasil menguasai Ambarawa

    • C.

      Kemenangan pihak tentara Jepang

    • D.

      Tentara sekutu mampu terusir dari Ambarawa

    Correct Answer
    D. Tentara sekutu mampu terusir dari Ambarawa
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Tentara sekutu mampu terusir dari Ambarawa." This means that the Allied forces were able to be driven out of Ambarawa. This suggests that the battle of Ambarawa led by General Soedirman resulted in a victory for the Indonesian fighters, as they were able to successfully expel the Allied forces from the area.

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  • 20. 

    Indonesia terdiri dari beragam suku dan budaya yang tersebar dari Sabang sampai merauke, namun hal itu bukan menjadi hal yang menyebabkan perpecahan bangsa. Negara kita mempunyai semboyan untuk membina persatuan yaitu ....

    • A.

      Tut Wuri Handayani

    • B.

      Garuda Pancasila

    • C.

      Bhineka Tunggal Ika

    • D.

      Ing ngarso sung tuladha

    Correct Answer
    C. Bhineka Tunggal Ika
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Bhineka Tunggal Ika". This phrase, which translates to "Unity in Diversity", is Indonesia's national motto. It reflects the idea that despite the diversity of ethnicities and cultures in Indonesia, the nation remains united as one. This motto emphasizes the importance of tolerance, respect, and unity among the different groups of people in the country.

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  • 21. 

    Sidang pertama PPKI tanggal 18 Agustus 1945 antara lain membuat keputusan penting yaitu ....

    • A.

      Menjadikan tanggal 17 Agustus 1945 sebagai hari kemerdekaan

    • B.

      Segera mengadakan pemilu untuk memilih presiden Indonesia

    • C.

      Mengesahkan Undang-Undang Dasar 1945

    • D.

      Membentuk komite nasional untuk membantu tugas presiden

    Correct Answer
    C. Mengesahkan Undang-Undang Dasar 1945
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Mengesahkan Undang-Undang Dasar 1945." This is because the first session of PPKI, held on August 18, 1945, made important decisions, one of which was to approve the 1945 Constitution. This decision laid the foundation for the legal framework of the newly independent Indonesia.

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  • 22. 

    Provinsi di bawah ini yang bukan merupakan salah satu dari 8 provinsi di awal kemerdekaan Indonesia adalah ....

    • A.

      Sumatra

    • B.

      Jakarta

    • C.

      Kalimantan

    • D.

      Jawa Barat

    Correct Answer
    B. Jakarta
    Explanation
    Jakarta is the correct answer because it is the capital city of Indonesia and not a province. In the early days of Indonesian independence, there were only 8 provinces, and Jakarta was not one of them. The 8 provinces were Sumatra, Java, Madura, Bali, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Moluccas, and Lesser Sunda Islands. Jakarta became a special capital region (DKI Jakarta) in 1960 and is not considered a province.

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  • 23. 

    Perundingan Linggarjati dan perjanjian Renville adalah bentuk perjuangan bangsa Indonesia dengan jalur ....

    • A.

      Diplomasi

    • B.

      Peperangan

    • C.

      Gerilya

    • D.

      Kapitalisasi

    Correct Answer
    A. Diplomasi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Diplomasi". The Linggarjati negotiation and the Renville agreement were both diplomatic efforts made by the Indonesian people. Diplomacy refers to the use of peaceful negotiations and discussions to resolve conflicts and reach agreements between nations or parties. In this case, Indonesia engaged in diplomatic talks with the Dutch colonial government to negotiate terms for their independence. This shows that the Indonesian people were using diplomatic means to achieve their goals and fight for their rights.

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  • 24. 

    Para perjanjian Roem Royen dari pihak Indonesia diwakili oleh ....

    • A.

      Moh. Hatta

    • B.

      Van Royen

    • C.

      Ahmad Soebardjo

    • D.

      Moh. Roem

    Correct Answer
    D. Moh. Roem
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Moh. Roem.

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  • 25. 

    Konferensi Meja Bundar terjadi pada tanggal 23 Agustus sampai 2 November 1949 yang bertempat di ....

    • A.

      Jakarta, Indonesia

    • B.

      Zurich, Swiss

    • C.

      Deen Haag, Belanda

    • D.

      London, Inggris

    Correct Answer
    C. Deen Haag, Belanda
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Deen Haag, Belanda. The Konferensi Meja Bundar (Round Table Conference) took place from August 23 to November 2, 1949, in Deen Haag, Netherlands.

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