# Soal IPA Kelas 6 Sd Bab 9 Bumi, Bulan Dan Matahari - Www.Bimbelbrilian.Com

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| By Catherine Halcomb
Catherine Halcomb
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• 1.

### Terjadinya siang dan malam disebabkan karena ....

• A.

Matahari yang berubah tempat

• B.

Matahari yang terbit

• C.

Bumi yang berputar

• D.

Bulan yang berputar

C. Bumi yang berputar
Explanation
The correct answer is "Bumi yang berputar". The occurrence of day and night is caused by the rotation of the Earth on its axis. As the Earth rotates, different parts of it are exposed to the Sun's light, creating the cycle of day and night. This rotation takes approximately 24 hours to complete, resulting in the alternating periods of daylight and darkness.

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• 2.

### Bagian bumi yang paling banyak mendapatkan sinar matahari adalah ....

• A.

Daerah katulistiwa

• B.

Daerah kutub

• C.

Daerah pegunungan

• D.

Daerah pantai

A. Daerah katulistiwa
Explanation
The equator receives the most direct sunlight throughout the year, making it the region on Earth that receives the most sunlight. This is because the equator is located at the center of the Earth and is perpendicular to the sun's rays. As a result, the equator experiences consistently high temperatures and receives the most intense sunlight, leading to warmer climates and a higher amount of solar energy.

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• 3.

### Perputaran bumi mengelilingi matahari disebut ....

• A.

Jalan bumi

• B.

Orbit bumi

• C.

Rotasi bumi

• D.

Revolusi bumi

D. Revolusi bumi
Explanation
The correct answer is "Revolusi bumi." Revolusi bumi refers to the rotation of the Earth around the Sun. This phenomenon takes approximately 365.25 days to complete, resulting in the change of seasons and the length of a year. The term "orbit bumi" would imply the path followed by the Earth around the Sun, while "rotasi bumi" would refer to the Earth's rotation on its axis. "Jalan bumi" does not accurately describe the Earth's movement around the Sun.

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• 4.

• A.

12 jam

• B.

30 hari

• C.

365 ¼ hari

• D.

24 jam

D. 24 jam
Explanation
The rotation of the Earth on its axis is what causes day and night. As the Earth rotates, different parts of it are exposed to the Sun's light, creating the cycle of day and night. This rotation takes approximately 24 hours, which is why we have a 24-hour day.

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• 5.

### Pada bulan Juni kutub utara bumi berdekatan pada matahari dan kutub selatan berjauhan dengan matahari, hal ini menyebabkan di kutub utara terjadi ....

• A.

Musim dingin

• B.

Musim kemarau

• C.

Musim hujan

• D.

Musim panas

D. Musim panas
Explanation
In the month of June, the northern hemisphere is tilted towards the sun, while the southern hemisphere is tilted away from the sun. This means that the northern hemisphere receives more direct sunlight, resulting in warmer temperatures and longer days. Therefore, the correct answer is "Musim panas" which translates to "Summer season".

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• 6.

### Terjadinya  pergantian tahun disebabkan oleh ....

• A.

Rotasi bumi

• B.

Revolusi bumi

• C.

Siang dan malam

• D.

Pergantian musim

B. Revolusi bumi
Explanation
The occurrence of the change of year is caused by the revolution of the earth. This refers to the earth's movement around the sun in an elliptical orbit, which takes approximately 365.25 days to complete. As the earth revolves around the sun, different parts of the earth receive varying amounts of sunlight, leading to the change of seasons and the marking of a new year.

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• 7.

### Revolusi bumi mengakibatkab bumi bagian utara dan selatan mengalami ....

• A.

2 musim

• B.

3 musim

• C.

4 musim

• D.

5 musim

C.  4 musim
Explanation
The correct answer is 4 musim. The revolution of the earth around the sun causes the northern and southern hemispheres to experience different seasons throughout the year. As the earth orbits the sun, its axis is tilted, which results in varying amounts of sunlight reaching different parts of the earth at different times. This tilt and revolution create the four seasons: spring, summer, autumn, and winter. Therefore, the revolution of the earth causes the northern and southern parts of the earth to experience four seasons.

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• 8.

### Bulan mengelilingi bumi dan juga mengelilingi ....

• A.

Planet

• B.

Matahari

• C.

Bintang

• D.

Mars

B. Matahari
Explanation
The correct answer is "Matahari" because the question is asking what the moon revolves around. The moon revolves around the Earth and also around the Sun. The other options, such as planet, star, and Mars, are not correct because they do not accurately describe what the moon revolves around.

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• 9.

### Berikut ini adalah peristiwa yang disebabkan oleh perputaran bumi pada porosnya, ....

• A.

• B.

• C.

Terjadinya musim hujan dan musim kemarau

• D.

Explanation

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• 10.

### Perhitungan tahun pada kalender masehi berdasarkan ....

• A.

Lama waktu bumi berputar pada porosnya

• B.

Lama waktu bumi berputar mengeliling matahari

• C.

Lama waktu bulan berputar pada porosnya

• D.

Lama waktu bulan berputar mengelilingi matahari

B. Lama waktu bumi berputar mengeliling matahari
Explanation
The calculation of years in the Gregorian calendar is based on the time it takes for the Earth to orbit around the sun. This period, known as a tropical year, is approximately 365.24 days long. By dividing this time into equal segments, we can determine the length of a year and establish a calendar system. This calculation accounts for the slight discrepancy between the actual length of a year and the standard 365 days, resulting in the addition of a leap year every four years to keep the calendar aligned with the Earth's orbit.

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• 11.

### Indonesia adalah negara yang berada di garis katulistiwa, maka Indonesia mendapat ....

• A.

Sinar matahari sepanjang tahun

• B.

Sinar matahari satu musim saja

• C.

Sinar matahari di saat kemarau saja

• D.

Jarang mendapat sinar matahari

A. Sinar matahari sepanjang tahun
Explanation
Indonesia is located on the equator, which means it receives sunlight throughout the year. This is because the equator receives direct sunlight all year round, resulting in a consistent amount of sunlight for Indonesia.

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• 12.

### Berikut adalah gerakan-gerakan yang dimiliki oleh bulan, kecuali ....

• A.

• B.

Berputar mengeliling bumi

• C.

Berputar mengelilingi Mars

• D.

Berputar mengelilingi matahari

C. Berputar mengelilingi Mars
Explanation
The given options describe the movements of the moon. It states that the moon rotates on its axis, revolves around the Earth, and revolves around the Sun. However, it does not mention anything about revolving around Mars. Therefore, the correct answer is "Berputar mengelilingi Mars."

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• 13.

### Tahun hijriah juga disebut dengan ....

• A.

Tahun Syamsiyah

• B.

Tahun Masehi

• C.

Tahun Qomariyah

• D.

Tahun Sama’iyah

C.  Tahun Qomariyah
Explanation
The correct answer is "Tahun Qomariyah". Tahun hijriah refers to the Islamic calendar, which is based on the lunar cycle. The term "Qomariyah" is derived from the Arabic word "Qamar" which means moon, indicating that the Islamic calendar is based on the lunar months.

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• 14.

### Tahun yang perhitungannya berdasarkan lama waktu bulan mengeliling matahari adalah ....

• A.

Tahun hijriah

• B.

Tahun kabisat

• C.

Tahun masehi

• D.

Tahun nasional

A. Tahun hijriah
Explanation
The correct answer is Tahun hijriah. Tahun hijriah is a lunar calendar based on the movement of the moon around the earth. It is used primarily by Muslims to determine religious holidays and events. The length of a hijriah year is approximately 354 days, which is shorter than the solar year. Therefore, the calculation of the hijriah year is based on the lunar months and the time it takes for the moon to orbit the earth.

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• 15.

### Tahun yang di dalamnya terdapat penambahan satu hari pada bulan februari menjadi 29 hari disebut tahun....

• A.

Hijriah

• B.

Masehi

• C.

Saka

• D.

Kabisat

D. Kabisat
Explanation
The correct answer is "Kabisat". Kabisat is the term used to describe a leap year, which is a year that contains an extra day in the month of February. In a leap year, February has 29 days instead of the usual 28. The concept of leap years is used in various calendars, including the Gregorian calendar used in the Western world.

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• 16.

• A.

Januari

• B.

Maret

• C.

Syawal

• D.

Desember

C. Syawal
Explanation
The given list consists of the names of the months in the Gregorian calendar. However, "Syawal" is not a month in the Gregorian calendar. Therefore, it is the exception in this list.

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• 17.

• A.

365 hari

• B.

366 hari

• C.

356 hari

• D.

354 hari

D. 354 hari
Explanation
The correct answer is 354 hari. The Islamic or Hijri calendar is a lunar calendar consisting of 12 lunar months. Each lunar month is either 29 or 30 days long, depending on the sighting of the moon. This results in a total of 354 or 355 days in a Hijri year.

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• 18.

### Nama bulan yang pertama dalam kalender hijriah adalah ....

• A.

Januari

• B.

Muharom

• C.

Februari

• D.

Syawal

B. Muharom
Explanation
Muharom is the first month in the Islamic calendar. The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar and begins with the month of Muharom. Therefore, Muharom is the correct answer as the first month in the Hijri calendar.

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• 19.

### Waktu revolusi dan rotasi bulan yang terjadi bersamaan mengakibatkan ....

• A.

Permukaan bulan yang nampak di bumi selalu sama

• B.

Permukaan bulan tidak terlihat

• C.

Permukaan bulan mengalami gerhana

• D.

Permukaan bulan yang nampak dari bumi berubah-ubah

A. Permukaan bulan yang nampak di bumi selalu sama
Explanation
The simultaneous revolution and rotation of the moon result in the same surface of the moon being visible from Earth. This means that the moon always presents the same side to the Earth, and the surface that is visible remains constant.

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• 20.

### Lama waktu Bulan mengelilingi bumi rata-rata adalah ....

• A.

30 hari

• B.

21 hari

• C.

365 ¼ hari

• D.

366 hari

A. 30 hari
Explanation
The correct answer is 30 days. This is because the average time it takes for the Moon to orbit around the Earth is approximately 29.5 days, which is rounded up to 30 days.

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• 21.

### Pada bulan Juni kutub selatan bumi berjauhan dengan matahari, hal ini menyebabkan di kutub selatan terjadi ....

• A.

Musim panas

• B.

Musim dingin

• C.

Musim semi

• D.

Musim gugur

B. Musim dingin
Explanation
During the month of June, the southern hemisphere is farthest away from the sun, causing winter to occur in the southern polar region.

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• 22.

### Pada musim semi di belahan bumi utara mengalami ....

• A.

Daun-daun berguguran

• B.

Turun salju

• C.

Pepohonan mulai tumbuh daun

• D.

Panas yang sangat terik

C. Pepohonan mulai tumbuh daun
Explanation
During spring in the northern hemisphere, the weather becomes warmer and the days become longer. This change in temperature and sunlight triggers the growth of leaves on trees and plants. As the weather becomes more favorable for growth, trees start to produce new leaves, which is a characteristic feature of spring. This is why the correct answer is "Pepohonan mulai tumbuh daun" (Trees start to grow leaves).

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• 23.

### Gerhana bulan terjadi karena .....

• A.

Cahaya matahari ke bulan terhalang bumi

• B.

Cahaya matahari ke bumi terhalang bulan

• C.

Cahaya matahari redup

• D.

Cahaya bulan redup

A. Cahaya matahari ke bulan terhalang bumi
Explanation
During a lunar eclipse, the Earth comes between the Sun and the Moon, causing the Earth's shadow to fall on the Moon. This blocks the sunlight from reaching the Moon, resulting in a lunar eclipse. Therefore, the correct answer is "Cahaya matahari ke bulan terhalang bumi" which means "Sunlight to the Moon is blocked by the Earth."

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• 24.

### Peristiwa saat cahaya matahari tertutup oleh posisi bulan disebut ....

• A.

Gerhana planet

• B.

Gerhana matahari

• C.

Gerhana bulan

• D.

Gerhana total

B. Gerhana matahari
Explanation
The correct answer is "Gerhana matahari." This is because when the moon passes between the sun and the Earth, blocking the sunlight from reaching certain areas on Earth, it is called a solar eclipse or "gerhana matahari" in Indonesian. During a solar eclipse, the moon casts a shadow on Earth, causing a temporary darkness or partial darkness in the affected areas.

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• 25.

### Daerah gelap yang dilalui inti bayangan bumi pada saat gerhana bulan disebut ....

• A.

Penumbra

• B.

Sumbra

• C.

Umbra

• D.

Tumbra

C. Umbra
Explanation
The correct answer is "Umbra". During a lunar eclipse, the dark region that the Earth's shadow passes through is called the umbra. This is the darkest part of the shadow where the Earth completely blocks the Sun's light from reaching the Moon.

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• Current Version
• Mar 22, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Sep 30, 2018
Quiz Created by
Catherine Halcomb