Small Gas Engines Ch 12 Test

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| By Tkblaylock
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Tkblaylock
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Quizzes Created: 19 | Total Attempts: 50,507
Questions: 18 | Attempts: 561

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Small Gas Engines Ch 12 Test - Quiz

Choose the one best answer.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Preventive maintenance helps protect against premature engine wear.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Preventive maintenance refers to the regular maintenance and servicing of equipment or machinery to prevent potential issues or breakdowns. In the case of engines, preventive maintenance includes tasks such as oil changes, filter replacements, and inspections. By performing these maintenance activities regularly, the engine's components can stay in optimal condition, reducing the chances of premature wear and extending its lifespan. Therefore, the statement that preventive maintenance helps protect against premature engine wear is true.

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  • 2. 

    Keeping an engine clean can help prevent _________________.

    • A.

      Costly repairs

    • B.

      Engine break down

    • C.

      Overheating

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Keeping an engine clean can help prevent costly repairs, engine breakdown, and overheating. Regular maintenance and cleaning of the engine can help remove dirt, debris, and contaminants that can cause damage to various engine components. By keeping the engine clean, the risk of costly repairs due to damage or malfunctioning parts is reduced. Additionally, a clean engine is less likely to overheat as there is proper airflow and cooling. Therefore, all of the given options are correct, as they highlight the potential benefits of keeping the engine clean.

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  • 3. 

    Never run engine if the oil level is above full mark.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Running an engine with oil level above the full mark can lead to various issues. When the oil level is too high, it can cause excessive pressure inside the engine, leading to leaks, gasket damage, or even engine failure. Additionally, the excess oil can also create foam, which is less effective in lubricating the engine components. Therefore, it is important to maintain the oil level within the recommended range to ensure proper engine functioning and prevent potential damage.

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  • 4. 

    Although oil does not wear out, excess _________ make the oil useless.

    • A.

      Uses

    • B.

      Gasolines

    • C.

      Contaminants, dirt and oil

    Correct Answer
    C. Contaminants, dirt and oil
    Explanation
    Excess contaminants, dirt, and oil can render the oil useless because they can degrade the oil's quality and hinder its ability to lubricate and protect the engine. These impurities can cause sludge buildup, corrosion, and increased friction, leading to decreased engine performance and potential damage. Therefore, it is important to regularly change the oil and filter to remove these contaminants and maintain the optimal functioning of the engine.

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  • 5. 

    When changing oil, the engine should be ________.

    • A.

      Warm

    • B.

      Cold

    • C.

      Running

    Correct Answer
    A. Warm
    Explanation
    When changing oil, it is recommended to do so when the engine is warm. This is because warm oil flows more easily, allowing it to drain more efficiently from the engine. Additionally, warm oil helps to suspend any contaminants, making it easier to remove them during the oil change. Changing the oil when the engine is cold can result in a slower and less effective oil drain, as well as leaving behind more contaminants in the engine. Running the engine during an oil change is not necessary and can actually be dangerous, as it exposes the person performing the oil change to moving parts and hot surfaces.

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  • 6. 

    Fuel tanks should be kept full to prevent the formation of __________.

    • A.

      Break down

    • B.

      Condensation

    • C.

      Corrosion

    Correct Answer
    B. Condensation
    Explanation
    Keeping fuel tanks full helps prevent the formation of condensation. When fuel tanks are not completely filled, empty space is left inside the tank. This empty space can lead to the accumulation of moisture from the surrounding air, which can condense and mix with the fuel. This condensation can cause fuel contamination and lead to issues such as rust, microbial growth, and fuel degradation. By keeping the tanks full, there is less empty space for moisture to accumulate, reducing the risk of condensation and its negative effects.

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  • 7. 

    Clogged mufflers can cause power loss and overheating.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Clogged mufflers can cause power loss and overheating because they restrict the flow of exhaust gases from the engine. When the exhaust gases cannot escape efficiently, it can lead to back pressure, which reduces the engine's performance and power output. Additionally, the restricted flow can cause the exhaust system to overheat, potentially damaging components and increasing the risk of engine overheating.

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  • 8. 

    All mufflers can be cleaned by soaking them in solvent.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement claims that all mufflers can be cleaned by soaking them in solvent. However, this is not true as some mufflers may have specific cleaning requirements or may not be suitable for soaking in solvent. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 9. 

    To prevent the formation of rust and scale, a rust ____________ should be added to the water (antifreeze) in the cooling system.

    • A.

      Inhibitor

    • B.

      Acceleratant

    • C.

      Sample

    Correct Answer
    A. Inhibitor
    Explanation
    To prevent the formation of rust and scale in the cooling system, a rust inhibitor should be added to the water. This inhibitor helps to inhibit the chemical reactions that lead to rust and scale formation, thereby protecting the system from corrosion and maintaining its efficiency. Adding an inhibitor is a common practice to extend the lifespan of cooling systems and prevent costly damages caused by rust and scale buildup.

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  • 10. 

    Outboard engines operated in saltwater are exposed to _____________ conditions.

    • A.

      Heated

    • B.

      Corrosive

    • C.

      Fun

    Correct Answer
    B. Corrosive
    Explanation
    Outboard engines operated in saltwater are exposed to corrosive conditions. Saltwater contains high levels of salt, which can cause corrosion and damage to the engine's components over time. The corrosive nature of saltwater can lead to rust, erosion, and deterioration of metal parts, reducing the engine's performance and lifespan. Therefore, it is important to regularly maintain and protect outboard engines used in saltwater environments to prevent or minimize the effects of corrosion.

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  • 11. 

    When storing outboard engines, all plugs should be removed from the   _________ and _________    __________ housing.

    • A.

      Carburetor, gas line

    • B.

      Oil, crank shaft

    • C.

      Gearcase, drive shaft

    Correct Answer
    C. Gearcase, drive shaft
    Explanation
    When storing outboard engines, it is important to remove all plugs from the gearcase and drive shaft housing. This is necessary to prevent any moisture or water from accumulating in these areas, which could cause damage to the engine components. By removing the plugs, any water or moisture that may have entered the housing can drain out, ensuring that the engine remains in good condition during storage.

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  • 12. 

    Systematic troubleshooting involves looking for the ___________________ problem possibilities first.

    • A.

      Most difficult

    • B.

      Simplest

    • C.

      Non-obvious

    Correct Answer
    B. Simplest
    Explanation
    Systematic troubleshooting involves looking for the simplest problem possibilities first. This means that when trying to identify and solve a problem, it is best to start by considering the most basic and straightforward explanations. By addressing the simplest possibilities first, it is often possible to quickly identify and resolve the issue without wasting time and resources on more complex or obscure potential causes. This approach helps streamline the troubleshooting process and increases the likelihood of finding a solution efficiently.

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  • 13. 

    In order to run properly, an engine must have proper carburetion, correct ignition system operation, adequate lubrication, sufficient cooling, and ____________________,

    • A.

      A new paint job

    • B.

      Proper compression

    • C.

      Clean tires

    Correct Answer
    B. Proper compression
    Explanation
    In order to run properly, an engine must have proper carburetion, correct ignition system operation, adequate lubrication, sufficient cooling, and proper compression. Proper compression refers to the ability of the engine's cylinders to create and maintain the necessary pressure for efficient combustion. Without proper compression, the engine may experience a loss of power, misfires, or even complete failure to start. Therefore, it is essential for the engine to have proper compression for it to function effectively.

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  • 14. 

    Manufacturer's service manuals contain _____________.

    • A.

      Service procedures

    • B.

      Troubleshooting charts

    • C.

      Tolerance and clearance specifications

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Manufacturer's service manuals contain a comprehensive range of information including service procedures, troubleshooting charts, and tolerance and clearance specifications. These manuals serve as a guide for technicians and mechanics to carry out repairs, maintenance, and troubleshooting on a specific product or equipment. By providing detailed instructions, diagnostic charts, and specifications, the manuals ensure that the service or repair work is done accurately and efficiently, minimizing the risk of errors and ensuring the optimal performance of the product. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above."

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  • 15. 

    Engine rpm can be checked with a(n) ______________, which flashes a light on and off at a controlled rate.

    • A.

      Flashlight

    • B.

      Stroboscope

    • C.

      Heat lamp

    Correct Answer
    B. Stroboscope
    Explanation
    A stroboscope is a device that flashes a light on and off at a controlled rate. By using a stroboscope, one can check the engine rpm by adjusting the flashing rate to match the rpm of the engine. The flashing light creates an illusion of freezing or slowing down the motion, allowing the user to observe the rotation speed of the engine and determine if it is functioning correctly. A flashlight and a heat lamp do not have the necessary features to measure engine rpm in this way.

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  • 16. 

    A compression test can be used to determine the condition of the spark plug.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A compression test is not used to determine the condition of the spark plug. Instead, a compression test is used to measure the compression pressure inside the cylinders of an engine. It helps to identify any issues with the piston rings, valves, or cylinder head gasket. The condition of the spark plug can be determined by visually inspecting it for signs of wear, fouling, or damage, or by testing its electrical conductivity.

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  • 17. 

    During a differential pressure test, air leakge heard at the crankcase breather is an indication of defective _________.

    • A.

      Piston rings

    • B.

      Gas tank

    • C.

      Air supply

    Correct Answer
    A. Piston rings
    Explanation
    During a differential pressure test, if air leakage is heard at the crankcase breather, it indicates defective piston rings. The crankcase breather is responsible for venting excess pressure and gases from the engine's crankcase. If air leakage is detected at this point, it suggests that the piston rings, which are responsible for sealing the combustion chamber, are faulty. Faulty piston rings can lead to decreased engine performance, increased oil consumption, and loss of compression, ultimately affecting the overall efficiency and functioning of the engine.

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  • 18. 

    A differential pressure test can identify and locate defective _________, __________ and _______.

    • A.

      Gas tank, air filter, oil filter

    • B.

      Crankshaft, camshaft, differential

    • C.

      Intake valve, exhaust valve, piston rings

    Correct Answer
    C. Intake valve, exhaust valve, piston rings
    Explanation
    A differential pressure test can identify and locate defective intake valve, exhaust valve, and piston rings. This test measures the pressure difference between the intake and exhaust systems, allowing for the detection of any leaks or blockages in these components. If there is a defect in any of these parts, it can cause a decrease in pressure, indicating a problem that needs to be addressed. By identifying and locating these issues, the necessary repairs or replacements can be made to ensure the proper functioning of the engine.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 12, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Tkblaylock
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