Trivia On Skeleton System! Test

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| By Magpie245
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 252
Questions: 17 | Attempts: 252

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Trivia On Skeleton System! Test - Quiz



Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    All the _______________ in your body make up your skeleton system,which has five major functions.

    • A.

      Cartilige

    • B.

      Muscles

    • C.

      Bones

    • D.

      Calcium

    Correct Answer
    C. Bones
    Explanation
    Bones in the body make up the skeleton system, which serves five major functions. Bones provide structural support to the body, protect vital organs, allow movement through the attachment of muscles, produce blood cells in the bone marrow, and store minerals such as calcium.

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  • 2. 

    Your skeleton gives shape and _________ to your body.

    • A.

      Support

    • B.

      Calcium

    • C.

      Muscles

    Correct Answer
    A. Support
    Explanation
    The skeleton provides support to the body by giving it structure and shape. Without the skeleton, the body would not be able to maintain its form and would collapse. The bones of the skeleton also protect vital organs and provide attachment points for muscles, allowing for movement and mobility. Therefore, support is the correct answer.

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  • 3. 

    Major _____________ are attached to your bones.

    • A.

      Bones

    • B.

      Muscles

    • C.

      Organs

    • D.

      Blood vessels

    Correct Answer
    B. Muscles
    Explanation
    Muscles are attached to bones through tendons, which are strong, fibrous connective tissues. These tendons connect the muscles to the periosteum, a dense layer of connective tissue that covers the surface of bones. The attachment of muscles to bones allows for movement and locomotion. Muscles contract and pull on the tendons, which in turn pull on the bones, causing them to move. This interaction between muscles and bones is essential for various activities such as walking, running, and lifting objects.

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  • 4. 

    _________________ are formed in the red marrow in the center of our bones.

    • A.

      Muscles

    • B.

      Blood cells

    • C.

      Bones

    • D.

      Cartlige

    Correct Answer
    B. Blood cells
    Explanation
    Blood cells are formed in the red marrow in the center of our bones. This is a well-known fact in anatomy and physiology. The red marrow is responsible for producing red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. These blood cells play crucial roles in various bodily functions such as oxygen transportation, immune response, and blood clotting. The formation of blood cells in the red marrow is a continuous process that ensures the body has an adequate supply of these essential cells.

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  • 5. 

    ______________ and phosphorus compounds are stored in your skeleton for later use.

    • A.

      Muscles

    • B.

      Periostem

    • C.

      Sponngy bone

    • D.

      Calcium

    Correct Answer
    D. Calcium
    Explanation
    Calcium is stored in the skeleton for later use. Calcium is an essential mineral that plays a crucial role in maintaining strong and healthy bones. It is necessary for various bodily functions, including muscle contraction, nerve signaling, and blood clotting. When the body has an excess of calcium, it is stored in the bones, specifically in the spongy bone tissue, for later use when calcium levels are low. This storage mechanism helps to regulate calcium levels in the body and ensure a constant supply of calcium for essential functions.

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  • 6. 

    _____________ a tough, tight fitting membrane that covers the bones surface.  

    • A.

      Periostem

    • B.

      Calcium

    • C.

      Compact bone

    • D.

      Spongy bone

    Correct Answer
    A. Periostem
    Explanation
    The correct answer is periostem. The periostem is a tough, tight fitting membrane that covers the surface of bones. It consists of two layers, an outer fibrous layer and an inner cellular layer. The periostem plays a crucial role in bone growth, repair, and nutrition by providing a site for the attachment of tendons and ligaments, as well as containing blood vessels and nerves that supply the bone.

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  • 7. 

    ________________bone is the hard, strong layer under the periostem.

    • A.

      Bones

    • B.

      Compact

    • C.

      Spongy

    • D.

      Joints

    Correct Answer
    B. Compact
    Explanation
    Compact bone is the hard, strong layer found underneath the periosteum, which is the outer layer of the bone. Compact bone is dense and provides strength and support to the bone. It is made up of tightly packed osteons, which are cylindrical structures that contain layers of mineralized matrix and bone cells. Compact bone is responsible for withstanding mechanical stress and protecting the internal structures of the bone.

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  • 8. 

    _________________bone is found towards the ends of long bones.

    • A.

      Humorus

    • B.

      Soft

    • C.

      Spongy

    • D.

      Compact

    Correct Answer
    C. Spongy
    Explanation
    Spongy bone is found towards the ends of long bones. Spongy bone, also known as trabecular or cancellous bone, is less dense and has a porous appearance. It is composed of a network of trabeculae that provide support and strength to the bone. Spongy bone contains red bone marrow, where blood cells are produced. In contrast, compact bone is denser and makes up the outer layer of long bones.

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  • 9. 

    Cartilage  is a rubbery layer of the ends of bones, where they form ____________ 

    • A.

      Ligaments

    • B.

      Bones

    • C.

      Muscles

    • D.

      Joints

    Correct Answer
    D. Joints
    Explanation
    Cartilage is a rubbery layer found at the ends of bones, where they form joints. Joints are the areas where two or more bones come together, allowing movement and flexibility. Cartilage acts as a cushion and reduces friction between the bones, preventing them from rubbing against each other. It also helps in absorbing shock and providing support to the joints. Therefore, the correct answer is joints.

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  • 10. 

    Before birth, your skeleton begins as _____________,  which is gradually replaced by bone  .

    • A.

      Spongy bone

    • B.

      Ligaments

    • C.

      Muscles

    • D.

      Cartlige

    Correct Answer
    D. Cartlige
    Explanation
    During fetal development, the skeleton initially forms as cartilage, which provides a flexible framework for the growing fetus. As the fetus continues to develop, this cartilage is gradually replaced by bone through a process called ossification. This transformation from cartilage to bone is essential for the development of a strong and supportive skeletal system. Therefore, the correct answer is cartilage.

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  • 11. 

    Joints are any place where two or more bones come ______________ 

    • A.

      Muscle to muscle

    • B.

      Back

    • C.

      Ligament

    • D.

      Togeter

    Correct Answer
    D. Togeter
    Explanation
    Joints are any place where two or more bones come together.

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  • 12. 

    Bones are held in place by a tough band of tissue called a ___________________ 

    • A.

      Spongy bone

    • B.

      Ligament

    • C.

      Cartlige

    Correct Answer
    B. Ligament
    Explanation
    Ligaments are tough bands of tissue that connect bones to other bones in a joint, providing stability and holding the bones in place. Therefore, ligaments are responsible for holding bones in place. Spongy bone refers to the inner layer of bone tissue, while cartilage is a flexible connective tissue that covers the ends of bones and provides cushioning. However, neither spongy bone nor cartilage specifically hold bones in place like ligaments do.

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  • 13. 

    _____________ joint allows little or _______ movement.

    • A.

      Immovable,no

    • B.

      Movable,a lot of

    Correct Answer
    A. Immovable,no
    Explanation
    An immovable joint allows little to no movement. This means that the joint is fixed and does not allow for any significant range of motion.

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  • 14. 

    _____________ joint is when one bone ____________ in a ring of a stationary bone.

    • A.

      Hingle, does not rotate

    • B.

      Hinge, rotates

    • C.

      Pivot, does not rotate

    • D.

      Pivot, rotates

    Correct Answer
    D. Pivot, rotates
    Explanation
    A pivot joint is when one bone rotates in a ring of a stationary bone. In this type of joint, the bone can rotate around a central axis, allowing for rotational movement. This is different from a hinge joint, where the bone can only move back and forth in one direction without rotation. Therefore, the correct answer is pivot, rotates.

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  • 15. 

    ________________________ joint is the rounded end of one bone fits into a cuplike cavity on another bone.

    • A.

      Immovable

    • B.

      Gliding

    • C.

      Hinge

    • D.

      Ball-and-socket

    Correct Answer
    D. Ball-and-socket
    Explanation
    A ball-and-socket joint is a type of joint where the rounded end of one bone fits into a cuplike cavity on another bone. This type of joint allows for a wide range of motion and is found in the shoulder and hip joints. The rounded end of the bone acts as a ball, while the cuplike cavity acts as the socket, allowing for movement in multiple directions. This type of joint provides stability and flexibility to the joint, making it suitable for movements such as rotation and circumduction.

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  • 16. 

     ___________ joint - back and forth movement.

    • A.

      Immovable

    • B.

      Hinge

    • C.

      Pivot

    • D.

      Gliding

    Correct Answer
    B. Hinge
    Explanation
    A hinge joint allows for back and forth movement, making it the correct answer. Hinge joints are found in the body, such as the elbow and knee, and they function by allowing flexion and extension in a single plane. This type of joint resembles a door hinge, which also allows for back and forth movement.

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  • 17. 

    _____________ joint - one part or bone slides over another bone.

    • A.

      Gliding

    • B.

      Ball and socket

    • C.

      Pivot

    • D.

      Immovable

    Correct Answer
    A. Gliding
    Explanation
    A gliding joint is a type of joint where one part or bone slides over another bone. This type of joint allows for smooth and controlled movements, such as the movement of the wrist or the ankle. In a gliding joint, the bones involved have flat surfaces that glide against each other, without any significant rotation or angular movement. This type of joint is found in various parts of the body, including the spine, wrists, and ankles.

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