Section 7.2 Bone Structure

16 Questions | Total Attempts: 80

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Bone Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which one classifies a long bone?
    • A. 

      Cubelike, with roughly equal lengths and widths

    • B. 

      Has longitudinal axes and expanded ends

    • C. 

      Platelike structures with broad surfaces

    • D. 

      Have a variety of shapes and are usually connected to several other bones

  • 2. 
    In addition to the four groups of bones, some authorities  recognize a fifth group called what?
  • 3. 
    The patella is an example of a long bone.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Which one classifies a short bone?
    • A. 

      Usually small and nodular

    • B. 

      Have longitudinal axes and expanded ends

    • C. 

      Cubelike, with roughly equal lengths and widths

    • D. 

      Have a variety of shapes and are usually connected to several other bones

  • 5. 
    Which one classifies a flat bone?
    • A. 

      Have a variety of shapes and are usually connected to several other bones

    • B. 

      Cubelike, with roughly equal lengths and widths

    • C. 

      Have longitudinal axes and expanded ends

    • D. 

      Platelike structures with broad surfaces

  • 6. 
    At each end of a bone is an expanded portion called an
    • A. 

      Epiphysis

    • B. 

      Periosteum

    • C. 

      Diaphysis

    • D. 

      Endosteum

  • 7. 
    On its outer surface, the articulating portion of the epiphysis is coated with a layer of hyaline cartilage called
  • 8. 
    A bone is enclosed by a tough, vascular covering of fibrous tissue called the
    • A. 

      Periosteum

    • B. 

      Epiphysis

    • C. 

      Endosteum

    • D. 

      Diaphysis

  • 9. 
    The wall of the diaphysis is mainly composed of tightly packed tissue called
    • A. 

      Osteon

    • B. 

      Spongy bone

    • C. 

      Compact bone

    • D. 

      Epithelium

  • 10. 
    Bone that consists of bars and plates seperated by irregular spaces, also called cancellous bone
    • A. 

      Spongy bone

    • B. 

      Compact bone

  • 11. 
    Spongy bone consistsof many branching bony plates called
    • A. 

      Osteons

    • B. 

      Periosteum

    • C. 

      Epiphyses

    • D. 

      Trabeculae

  • 12. 
    Which one describes the medullary cavity?
    • A. 

      Cavity containing marrow in the diaphysis of a long bone

    • B. 

      Part of the brainstem between the pons and spinal cord

    • C. 

      Hollow cavity

    • D. 

      Cavity between the proximal epiphysis and the distal epiphysis

  • 13. 
    Which is a thin membrane containing bone forming cells?
    • A. 

      Endosteum

    • B. 

      Osteon

    • C. 

      Mediastinum

    • D. 

      Periosteum

  • 14. 
    What are bone cells called?
    • A. 

      Osteons

    • B. 

      Osteocytes

    • C. 

      Osteoblasts

    • D. 

      Osteoclasts

  • 15. 
    The extracellular matrix of bone tissue is largely composed of what two things?
    • A. 

      Inorganic salts and proteins

    • B. 

      Collagen and organic salts

    • C. 

      Osteons and proteins

    • D. 

      Collagen and inorganic salts

  • 16. 
    Which one describes an osteon?
    • A. 

      Bone-forming cell

    • B. 

      A mature bone cell

    • C. 

      Cylinder-shaped unit containing bone cells that surround a central canal

    • D. 

      Cell that erodes bone

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