Rocks And Minerals Post-assessment (earth Science Regents)

12 Questions

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Rock And Mineral Quizzes & Trivia

Rocks and Minerals Post-Assessment (Earth Science Regents)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The table below shows the hardness of four materials.  Which statement best describes the hardness of dolomite.  This question may require the use of the Earth Science Reference Tables (Standard 3.1 a)   Hardness of Four Materials Material Hardness Human Fingernail 2.5 Copper Penny 3.0 Window Glass 4.5 Steel Nail 6.5  
    • A. 

      Dolomite can scratch a copper penny, but cannot be scratched by a steel nail.

    • B. 

      Dolomite can scratch window glass, but cannot be scratched by a fingernail.

    • C. 

      Dolomite can scratch window glass, but cannot be scratched by a steel nail.

    • D. 

      Dolomite can scratch a copper penny, but cannot be scratched by a fingernail.

    • E. 

      Dolomite cannot be scratched by any other material.

  • 2. 
    Part of a gemstone’s value is based on the way the gemstone shines in reflected light.  The way a mineral reflects light is described as the mineral’s.  This question may require the use of the Earth Science Reference Tables (Standard 3.1a).
    • A. 

      Fracture

    • B. 

      Hardness

    • C. 

      Streak

    • D. 

      Luster

    • E. 

      Cleavage

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      1.0 g/cm3

    • B. 

      2.0 g/cm3

    • C. 

      5.0 g/cm3

    • D. 

      10.0 g/cm3

    • E. 

      20.0 g/cm3

  • 4. 
    The diagrams below show the crystals of four different rocks viewed through the same hand lens. Which crystals most likely formed from molten material that cooled and solidified most rapidly?  This question may require the use of the Earth Science Reference Tables (Standard 3.1b).Choice A:Choice B:Choice C:Choice D:
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 5. 
    Which three minerals are most commonly found in the igneous rock granite?  This question may require the use of the Earth Science Reference Tables (Standard 3.1c).
    • A. 

      Plagioclase feldspar, pyroxene, and olivine

    • B. 

      Plagioclase feldspar, potassium feldspar, and quartz

    • C. 

      Amphibole, calcite, and hematite

    • D. 

      Amphibole, biotite mica, and gypsum

    • E. 

      Biotite, Olivine, and pyroxine

  • 6. 
    Which rock is metamorphic and shows evidence of foliation? This question may require the use of the Earth Science Reference Tables (Standard 3.1c).
    • A. 

      Rock 1

    • B. 

      Rock 2

    • C. 

      Rock 3

    • D. 

      Rock 4

    • E. 

      None of the rocks represented are metamorphic.

  • 7. 
    Rocks are classified as igneous, sedimentary, or metamorphic based primarily on their (Standard 2.1m):
    • A. 

      Texture

    • B. 

      Mineral Composition

    • C. 

      Method of Formation

    • D. 

      Crystal or Grain Size

    • E. 

      Density

  • 8. 
    The fossil below was found in surface bedrock in the eastern United States.  Which statement best describes the formation of the rock containing this fossil?  This question may require the use of the Earth Science Reference Tables (Standard 1.2f).
    • A. 

      The rock was formed by the metamorphism of sediments deposited in a terrestrial environment during the Cretaceous Period.

    • B. 

      The rock was formed by the compaction and cementation of sediments deposited in a terrestrial environment during the Triassic Period.

    • C. 

      The rock was formed from the solidification of magma in a marine environment during the Triassic Period.

    • D. 

      The rock was formed by the metamorphism of sedimentary deposited in a terrestrial environment during the Triassic Period.

    • E. 

      The rock was formed by the compaction and cementation of sediments deposited in a marine environment during the Cambrian Period.

  • 9. 
    New York State bedrock in the Allegheny Plateau was formed as a result of which of the following processes?  This question may require the use of the Earth Science Reference Tables (Standard 2.1v).
    • A. 

      From clay and sand grain deposited, and cemented together by minerals

    • B. 

      In Earth’s interior where temperatures exceeded the melting point of quartz

    • C. 

      On Earth’s surface from the cooling of molten lava

    • D. 

      In a desert when heat and metamorphic pressure caused quartz crystals to fuse together

    • E. 

      Meteor impact from a large asteroid 65 million years ago

  • 10. 
    Which of the following choices best represents the particle size range of sand?  This question may require the use of the Earth Science Reference Tables (Standard 2.1v).
    • A. 

      0.0004 cm and less

    • B. 

      0.0004 cm to 0.006 cm

    • C. 

      0.006 cm to 0.2 cm

    • D. 

      0.2 cm to 6.4

    • E. 

      6.4 cm to 25.6

  • 11. 
    Rate, on a scale of 1 – 4, 1 being the lowest and 4 being the highest, how much you already know about maps and measurement.
  • 12. 
    Rate, on a scale of 1 – 4, 1 being the lowest and 4 being the highest, how interested are you in maps and measurement.