Road To Revolution, 1763-1775

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| By Don4of4
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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 2,029
Questions: 21 | Attempts: 1,804

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Road To Revolution, 1763-1775 - Quiz

This is  21 questions from Hippocampus in a nice, easy to use, interface.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    One consequence of the British and American victory in the French and Indian War was:

    • A.

      The American colonies grew closer to Britain

    • B.

      Americans now feared the Spanish

    • C.

      A new spirit of independence arose, as the French threat disappeared

    • D.

      The Indians were stopped from ever again launching a deadly attack against whites

    • E.

      The Americans adopted several French customs

    Correct Answer
    C. A new spirit of independence arose, as the French threat disappeared
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A new spirit of independence arose, as the French threat disappeared." This is because the French and Indian War marked the end of French presence and influence in North America, eliminating the threat they posed to the American colonies. With the removal of this external threat, the colonists began to feel more confident and independent, which eventually led to the American Revolution and the quest for independence from Britain.

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  • 2. 

    Parliament's repeal of the Stamp Act:

    • A.

      Was carried out at King George's request

    • B.

      Convinced the colonists that Parliament could be forced to yield to boycotts and mob action

    • C.

      Ended its right to tax the colonies

    • D.

      Led to a collapse of parliamentary power and a revival of the monarchy

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Convinced the colonists that Parliament could be forced to yield to boycotts and mob action
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the repeal of the Stamp Act convinced the colonists that Parliament could be forced to yield to boycotts and mob action. This means that the colonists saw that their protests and actions had an impact on Parliament's decisions, giving them a sense of power and influence. This was a significant development in the relationship between the colonists and Parliament, as it showed that the colonists had the ability to resist and challenge the authority of the British government.

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  • 3. 

    Colonists reacted to the passage of the Tea Act by:

    • A.

      Rejoicing that Parliament had seemingly accepted the American definition of representation

    • B.

      Suspecting that it was a trick to get them to violate their principle of "No taxation without representation"

    • C.

      Immediately calling the First Continental Congress into session

    • D.

      Avoiding the tax on tea by buying their tea directly from the British East India Company

    • E.

      Voluntarily closing all ports to foreign trade

    Correct Answer
    B. Suspecting that it was a trick to get them to violate their principle of "No taxation without representation"
    Explanation
    The colonists suspected that the passage of the Tea Act was a trick to make them violate their principle of "No taxation without representation." This principle was a central belief of the American colonists, who felt that they should not be taxed by the British government without having a voice or representation in that government. The Tea Act was seen as an attempt to impose taxes on the colonists without their consent, leading to suspicion and resistance among the colonists.

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  • 4. 

    The Boston Tea Party of 1773 was:

    • A.

      An isolated incident

    • B.

      Directed only at the British East India Company

    • C.

      One of several similar protests to occur

    • D.

      Supported by friends of America in Britain

    • E.

      Carried out by the colonists’ Indian allies

    Correct Answer
    C. One of several similar protests to occur
    Explanation
    The Boston Tea Party of 1773 was not an isolated incident, but rather one of several similar protests to occur. This event was part of a larger movement of resistance against British taxation policies in the American colonies. It was a significant act of civil disobedience where colonists, disguised as Native Americans, boarded British ships and dumped tea into the Boston Harbor to protest against the Tea Act. This protest was supported by many colonists and played a crucial role in the lead-up to the American Revolution.

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  • 5. 

    The Quebec Act:

    • A.

      Outlawed Catholicism in British Quebec

    • B.

      Denied Quebec a representative assembly

    • C.

      Restricted Quebec's boundaries to the area north of the Great Lakes

    • D.

      Was generally ignored by the 13 seaboard colonies because it had little effect on their relations with Britain

    • E.

      Led to large numbers of French Canadians being relocated to Louisiana

    Correct Answer
    B. Denied Quebec a representative assembly
    Explanation
    The Quebec Act denied Quebec a representative assembly. This means that the act prevented the people of Quebec from having a say in their own governance and making decisions through elected representatives. This was a significant restriction on their political rights and autonomy.

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  • 6. 

    The Quebec Act proved especially unpopular in the colonies because it accomplished all of the following EXCEPT :

    • A.

      Turn an extensive amount of territory over to Catholic control

    • B.

      Apply to all colonies, not just Massachusetts

    • C.

      Deny the French the right to retain many of their old customs

    • D.

      Alarm land speculators, who saw a huge area snatched from their grasp

    • E.

      Convince the colonists their rights as British subjects were at risk

    Correct Answer
    C. Deny the French the right to retain many of their old customs
    Explanation
    The Quebec Act proved especially unpopular in the colonies because it turned an extensive amount of territory over to Catholic control, applied to all colonies, not just Massachusetts, alarmed land speculators, who saw a huge area snatched from their grasp, and convinced the colonists their rights as British subjects were at risk. However, it did not deny the French the right to retain many of their old customs.

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  • 7. 

    The passage of the Stamp Act and the Sugar Act:

    • A.

      Led many colonists to believe that the British were expanding colonial freedom

    • B.

      Were both accepted by colonists as legitimate laws under mercantilism

    • C.

      Resulted in fewer laws being passed by Parliament regarding the colonies

    • D.

      Exemplified to many colonists the ability of Parliament to correct itself

    • E.

      Convinced many colonists that the British were trying to take away their historic liberty

    Correct Answer
    E. Convinced many colonists that the British were trying to take away their historic liberty
    Explanation
    The passage of the Stamp Act and the Sugar Act convinced many colonists that the British were trying to take away their historic liberty. These acts imposed taxes on the colonies without their consent, which the colonists saw as a violation of their rights. The colonists believed that they had a long-standing tradition of self-governance and that these acts were an attempt by the British to exert control over them. This led to widespread protests and resistance, ultimately fueling the growing sentiment for independence.

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  • 8. 

    The relationship between Britain and its American colonies fundamentally changed in 1763 when __________ assumed charge of colonial policy.

    • A.

      Charles Townshend

    • B.

      George Hanover

    • C.

      Lord North

    • D.

      William Pitt

    • E.

      George Grenville

    Correct Answer
    E. George Grenville
    Explanation
    In 1763, the relationship between Britain and its American colonies underwent a significant shift with the assumption of George Grenville as the head of colonial policy. Grenville implemented a series of policies that increased British control and taxation over the colonies, such as the Sugar Act and the Stamp Act. These actions ultimately fueled colonial discontent and resistance, leading to the American Revolution.

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  • 9. 

    Unlike the __________ Act, the __________ Act and the __________ Act were both indirect taxes on trade goods arriving in American ports.

    • A.

      Townshend, Stamp, Sugar

    • B.

      Stamp, Sugar, Townshend

    • C.

      Stamp, Quartering, Townshend

    • D.

      Declaratory, Stamp, Sugar

    • E.

      Quebec, Declaratory, Townshend

    Correct Answer
    B. Stamp, Sugar, Townshend
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Stamp, Sugar, Townshend." The explanation for this answer is that the Stamp Act, the Sugar Act, and the Townshend Act were all indirect taxes on trade goods arriving in American ports. These acts were implemented by the British government in an attempt to gain revenue from the American colonies and assert control over their trade. The Stamp Act imposed a tax on printed materials, the Sugar Act taxed imported sugar and molasses, and the Townshend Act imposed taxes on various goods imported into the colonies.

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  • 10. 

    The following image by Paul Revere illustrates: 

    • A.

      The British perspective of the Boston Massacre

    • B.

      The American Perspective of the Boston Massacre

    • C.

      The Battle of Bunker Hill

    • D.

      The Stamp Act riots

    • E.

      The violence that followed the Boston Tea Party

    Correct Answer
    B. The American Perspective of the Boston Massacre
    Explanation
    The image by Paul Revere illustrates the American Perspective of the Boston Massacre. This can be inferred from the context of the question, which mentions different perspectives related to historical events. Paul Revere was an American patriot and silversmith who created a famous engraving depicting the Boston Massacre, which portrayed the British soldiers as aggressors and the American colonists as victims. Therefore, it can be concluded that the correct answer is the American Perspective of the Boston Massacre.

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  • 11. 

    When the British argued in favor of virtual representation, they meant that:

    • A.

      Practically all British subjects were represented in Parliament

    • B.

      Each elected member of Parliament represented all British subjects

    • C.

      Parliament could pass virtually every type of law except trade restrictions

    • D.

      Colonial legislatures’ laws would hold the same power as Parliament’s laws

    • E.

      Colonists would be able to elect representatives to Parliament

    Correct Answer
    B. Each elected member of Parliament represented all British subjects
    Explanation
    The British argument of virtual representation meant that each elected member of Parliament represented all British subjects. This concept suggested that even though the colonists did not have direct representation in Parliament, their interests and concerns were still being taken into account by the elected members who were making decisions on their behalf. This argument aimed to justify the lack of colonial representation in Parliament and maintain British control over colonial affairs.

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  • 12. 

    Mercantilism harmed the colonies in which of the following ways?

    • A.

      By forcing Virginia tobacco planters to sell their product only in Britain

    • B.

      By prohibiting colonial merchants from owning and operating their own ships

    • C.

      By preventing the creation of paper currency and banking in the colonies

    • D.

      By forcing the colonists to fall into debt through credit purchases from England

    • E.

      By forcing all the colonies to rely on slave labor

    Correct Answer
    B. By prohibiting colonial merchants from owning and operating their own ships
  • 13. 

    The implementation of nonimportation actions in protest of the Stamp Act was important politically because:

    • A.

      The French began to support the American cause

    • B.

      It stimulated colonial manufacturing

    • C.

      It showed the world the American’s commitment to nonviolence

    • D.

      It aroused revolutionary sentiments among ordinary men and women

    • E.

      It convinced Parliament it could not tax the colonies without their consent

    Correct Answer
    D. It aroused revolutionary sentiments among ordinary men and women
    Explanation
    The implementation of nonimportation actions in protest of the Stamp Act aroused revolutionary sentiments among ordinary men and women. This means that it sparked a strong desire for change and resistance against British rule among regular people in the American colonies. This sentiment played a crucial role in fueling the Revolutionary War and the eventual fight for independence.

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  • 14. 

    The British soldiers involved in the Boston Massacre had been sent to the colonies because of:

    • A.

      Violent protests against the Stamp Act

    • B.

      Resistance to the Quebec Act

    • C.

      Colonial protests against the Proclamation of 1763

    • D.

      Demands in England to send more troops to the colonies

    • E.

      Colonial resistance to the Townshend Act taxes on tea and other products

    Correct Answer
    E. Colonial resistance to the Townshend Act taxes on tea and other products
    Explanation
    The British soldiers involved in the Boston Massacre had been sent to the colonies due to colonial resistance to the Townshend Act taxes on tea and other products. This act imposed taxes on imported goods, including tea, and was met with strong opposition from the colonists. The protests against the Townshend Act escalated tensions between the British soldiers and the colonists, eventually leading to the tragic event known as the Boston Massacre.

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  • 15. 

    The Boston Tea Party caused the British to:

    • A.

      Close Boston harbor until the damages were paid for and order restored

    • B.

      Pass the Quebec Act to expand Catholicism in the colonies

    • C.

      Allow only the British East India Company to sell tea in America

    • D.

      Ship all colonial protesters to England for trial

    • E.

      Forbid all newspapers to issue new editions

    Correct Answer
    A. Close Boston harbor until the damages were paid for and order restored
    Explanation
    The Boston Tea Party was a protest against the Tea Act imposed by the British government. In response to this act of rebellion, the British decided to close Boston harbor until the damages caused by the protesters were paid for and order was restored. This was seen as a way to punish the colonists and assert British authority over the colonies. By closing the harbor, the British hoped to economically cripple Boston and send a message to other colonies that resistance would not be tolerated.

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  • 16. 

    American colonies strongly resented the Townshend Acts because:

    • A.

      They established the Anglican church as the official religion in all colonies

    • B.

      The taxes imposed in America would be far heavier than taxes in England

    • C.

      For the first time Britain would impose direct taxes on the colonies

    • D.

      The revenues would pay salaries for British judges and officials in America

    • E.

      Parliament had promised never to impose such taxes on the colonies

    Correct Answer
    D. The revenues would pay salaries for British judges and officials in America
    Explanation
    The American colonies strongly resented the Townshend Acts because the revenues generated from these acts would be used to pay salaries for British judges and officials in America. This meant that the colonies would be financially supporting the presence and authority of British officials, which was seen as an infringement on their rights and autonomy. The colonies believed that they should have the right to govern themselves and make decisions about their own finances without interference from Britain.

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  • 17. 

    The most significant action taken by the First Continental Congress to protest the Intolerable Acts was:

    • A.

      Forming The Association to enforce a boycott of British goods

    • B.

      Arming the colonial militia to drive Redcoats out of Boston

    • C.

      Sending petitions to Parliament to repeal the act.

    • D.

      Sending petitions to King George III to reign in Parliament.

    • E.

      Agreeing to meet again in one year if the situation did not improve.

    Correct Answer
    A. Forming The Association to enforce a boycott of British goods
    Explanation
    The most significant action taken by the First Continental Congress to protest the Intolerable Acts was forming The Association to enforce a boycott of British goods. This action was significant because it demonstrated the unity and determination of the colonies in opposing British oppression. By boycotting British goods, the colonists aimed to exert economic pressure on Britain and show their discontent with the Intolerable Acts. This action also helped to foster a sense of colonial identity and solidarity, as the colonies worked together to resist British control.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following events directly led to the first real military conflict between the colonists and Redcoats?

    • A.

      The Boston Tea Party

    • B.

      Colonists’ refusal to follow the Quebec Act

    • C.

      The Intolerable Acts

    • D.

      The Boston Massacre

    • E.

      The British attempt to seize colonial leaders and supplies at Lexington and Concord

    Correct Answer
    E. The British attempt to seize colonial leaders and supplies at Lexington and Concord
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the British attempt to seize colonial leaders and supplies at Lexington and Concord. This event, which occurred in 1775, marked the beginning of the American Revolutionary War. British troops were ordered to capture and arrest colonial leaders and confiscate weapons and supplies stored by the colonists. However, the colonists were prepared and resisted, leading to the first direct military conflict between the colonists and the Redcoats. This event was a significant turning point in the American Revolution and ultimately led to the colonists' fight for independence from Britain.

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  • 19. 

    The British government was especially concerned about rebellion in America because they also feared:

    • A.

      Losing control of the seas to America

    • B.

      Losing trade as America’s industrial base rapidly grew

    • C.

      War with France and a potential revolt in Ireland

    • D.

      Maintaining control of India

    • E.

      War with Russia

    Correct Answer
    C. War with France and a potential revolt in Ireland
    Explanation
    The British government was especially concerned about rebellion in America because they also feared war with France and a potential revolt in Ireland. The American Revolution occurred during a time of ongoing conflict between Britain and France, and the British feared that supporting the American rebels would further escalate tensions with France. Additionally, the British were worried that the rebellion in America could inspire similar uprisings in Ireland, which was also under British control at the time. These concerns contributed to the British government's determination to suppress the rebellion in America.

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  • 20. 

    One advantage the colonists enjoyed over Britain as conflict broke out was:

    • A.

      An effective, well-organized government

    • B.

      Adequate financial resources to conduct a war

    • C.

      Nearly complete unity among the colonies

    • D.

      Fighting defensively on a large, mostly self-sufficient continent

    • E.

      Superior officers

    Correct Answer
    D. Fighting defensively on a large, mostly self-sufficient continent
    Explanation
    The advantage the colonists enjoyed over Britain as conflict broke out was fighting defensively on a large, mostly self-sufficient continent. This means that the colonists were able to use the vast land and resources of North America to their advantage. They could retreat and regroup when necessary, making it difficult for the British forces to fully conquer and control the colonies. Additionally, the colonists had the ability to sustain themselves with their own resources, reducing their dependence on external support. This gave them a strategic advantage in the war.

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  • 21. 

    In Common Sense Thomas Paine argued:

    • A.

      England should rule America

    • B.

      America would be better off as a French colony

    • C.

      The only way America could win a war with England was to ally with Indian tribes

    • D.

      Economic boycotts made the most sense in protesting English actions

    • E.

      An island should not rule a continent

    Correct Answer
    E. An island should not rule a continent
    Explanation
    Thomas Paine argued that an island should not rule a continent. This implies that he believed it was unjust for England, being an island, to have control over America, which was a continent. Paine likely believed that the people of America should have the right to govern themselves and make decisions that were in their best interest, rather than being subjected to the rule of a distant island nation. This argument aligns with the principles of self-determination and independence, suggesting that Paine advocated for America's autonomy and sovereignty.

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  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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    Don4of4
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