American Revolution Quiz: Facts Trivia

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American Revolution Quiz: Facts Trivia - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What led to the British defeat?

    • A.

      British arrogance and overconfidence

    • B.

      George Washington

    • C.

      The French Military and finance

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. British arrogance and overconfidence
    B. George Washington
    C. The French Military and finance
    Explanation
    The British defeat can be attributed to a combination of factors. Firstly, British arrogance and overconfidence played a significant role. The British underestimated the determination and resilience of the American colonies, which led them to make strategic mistakes. Secondly, the leadership and military tactics of George Washington were crucial in turning the tide of the war in favor of the American forces. Finally, the support provided by the French, both militarily and financially, proved to be a decisive factor in the British defeat. These factors combined to weaken the British position and ultimately led to their defeat.

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  • 2. 

    What document ended the American Revolutionary War?

    Correct Answer(s)
    Treaty of Paris
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Paris ended the American Revolutionary War. This document was signed on September 3, 1783, between Great Britain and the United States, along with their respective allies. It recognized the independence of the United States and established the boundaries of the new nation. The treaty also secured important concessions for the Americans, such as fishing rights off the coast of Newfoundland and the return of confiscated property. Overall, the Treaty of Paris marked the official end of the war and laid the foundation for the United States as a sovereign nation.

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  • 3. 

    Who were the colonists who chose to fight for independence from Great Britain called?

    • A.

      Patriots

    • B.

      Mercenaries

    • C.

      Loyalists

    • D.

      Minutemen

    Correct Answer
    C. Loyalists
    Explanation
    Loyalists were the colonists who chose to remain loyal to Great Britain and did not support the fight for independence. They believed in maintaining the existing relationship with the British government and were against the idea of becoming an independent nation. Loyalists often faced opposition and discrimination from Patriots, who were the colonists fighting for independence.

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  • 4. 

    Did the Continental Army include soldiers from all colonies that would fight against Britain?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Continental Army did include soldiers from all colonies that would fight against Britain. During the American Revolutionary War, the Continental Army was formed by the Second Continental Congress and consisted of troops from all thirteen colonies. These soldiers fought together under the command of General George Washington to gain independence from Britain.

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  • 5. 

    Which battle was a famous conflict actually launched from Breed's hill?

    • A.

      Battle of Trenton

    • B.

      Battle of Bunker Hill

    • C.

      Battle of Saratoga

    • D.

      Battle of Yorktown

    Correct Answer
    B. Battle of Bunker Hill
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Battle of Bunker Hill. The question asks which battle was launched from Breed's Hill, and the Battle of Bunker Hill fits this description. While the battle is commonly referred to as the Battle of Bunker Hill, it was actually fought primarily on Breed's Hill, which is adjacent to Bunker Hill. This battle took place during the American Revolutionary War and is known for the famous quote, "Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes."

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  • 6. 

    Was Comte de Rochambeau a Virginian that commanded the Continental Army?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Comte de Rochambeau was not a Virginian who commanded the Continental Army. He was a French general who played a crucial role in the American Revolutionary War as the commander of the French troops. He formed a strong alliance with George Washington and his Continental Army, contributing significantly to the American victory at the Battle of Yorktown in 1781.

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  • 7. 

    What announced the colonies' break from Great Britain? 

    • A.

      Declaration of Independence

    • B.

      Common Sense

    • C.

      Continental Army

    • D.

      Treaty of Paris of 1783

    Correct Answer
    A. Declaration of Independence
    Explanation
    The Declaration of Independence announced the colonies' break from Great Britain. It was a document adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, and it formally declared the thirteen American colonies as independent states, no longer under British rule. The Declaration outlined the reasons for seeking independence and asserted the natural rights of all individuals, including life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. It served as a significant milestone in the American Revolution and laid the foundation for the establishment of the United States of America.

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  • 8. 

    Were Loyalists colonists who chose to side with the British?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement "Were Loyalists colonists who chose to side with the British?" is asking whether Loyalists were colonists who supported the British during the American Revolutionary War. The correct answer is "True" because Loyalists were indeed colonists who remained loyal to the British Crown and opposed the American Revolution. They believed in maintaining ties with Britain and did not support the independence movement.

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  • 9. 

    Who was the author of Comon Sense?

    • A.

      George Washington

    • B.

      Thomas Jefferson

    • C.

      Francis Marion

    • D.

      Thomas Paine

    Correct Answer
    D. Thomas Paine
    Explanation
    Thomas Paine was the author of "Common Sense." He wrote this influential pamphlet in 1776 during the American Revolution. "Common Sense" argued for American independence from Britain and played a significant role in inspiring colonists to support the revolutionary cause. Paine's persuasive writing style and clear arguments made "Common Sense" a widely read and influential publication, helping to galvanize public opinion in favor of independence.

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  • 10. 

    Thomas Jefferson wasn't the main author of the document, The Declaration of Independence.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Thomas Jefferson was indeed the main author of The Declaration of Independence. As a member of the Continental Congress, he was appointed to a committee tasked with drafting the document. Jefferson, with his eloquence and writing skills, played a significant role in shaping the language and ideas expressed in the Declaration. His draft was then reviewed and revised by the committee and Congress before being finalized. Therefore, the statement that Thomas Jefferson wasn't the main author of The Declaration of Independence is false.

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  • 11. 

    Which battle was an important victory for the Patriots?

    • A.

      Battle of Yorktown

    • B.

      Battle of Saratoga

    • C.

      Battle of Trenton

    • D.

      Battle of Bunker Hill

    Correct Answer
    C. Battle of Trenton
    Explanation
    The Battle of Trenton was an important victory for the Patriots because it boosted their morale and provided a much-needed boost to their cause. It was a surprise attack led by General George Washington on the Hessian forces stationed in Trenton, New Jersey. The Patriots successfully captured over 900 Hessian soldiers and their supplies, which was a significant victory for the American forces. This win also helped to inspire more recruits to join the Patriot cause and demonstrated that the American army was capable of defeating the powerful British forces.

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  • 12. 

    The Battle of Saratoga in New York was the turning point in the Revolutionary War.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Battle of Saratoga in New York was a significant turning point in the Revolutionary War because it marked a major victory for the American forces. The American army, led by General Horatio Gates, successfully defeated the British army under General John Burgoyne. This victory boosted American morale and convinced France to formally ally with the American cause, providing crucial support and resources. The Battle of Saratoga is often regarded as a turning point because it shifted the momentum of the war in favor of the American colonists, ultimately leading to their eventual victory and independence.

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  • 13. 

    Who became a key alley to the Patriots?

    • A.

      George Rogers Clark

    • B.

      Bernardo de Gálves

    • C.

      Baron Friedrich Von Steuben

    • D.

      Marquis de Lafayette

    Correct Answer
    B. Bernardo de Gálves
    Explanation
    Bernardo de Gálvez became a key ally to the Patriots during the American Revolutionary War. As the Governor of Spanish Louisiana, Gálvez provided crucial support to the American cause by supplying weapons, ammunition, and other resources to the Continental Army. He also led successful military campaigns against the British in the Gulf Coast region, capturing important British strongholds such as Pensacola. Gálvez's assistance significantly weakened British control in the southern colonies and helped pave the way for American victory in the war.

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  • 14. 

    John Paul Jones did not leed Patriots on the seas to success.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    John Paul Jones did lead Patriots on the seas to success. This means that the statement "John Paul Jones did not lead Patriots on the seas to success" is incorrect. John Paul Jones was a naval commander during the American Revolutionary War and is known for his successful raids against British ships, which contributed to the eventual success of the Patriots in the war. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 15. 

    What was the last major battle of the American Revolution?

    • A.

      Battle of Saratoga

    • B.

      Battle of Trenton

    • C.

      Battle of Bunker Hill

    • D.

      Battle of Yorktown

    Correct Answer
    D. Battle of Yorktown
    Explanation
    The Battle of Yorktown was the last major battle of the American Revolution. It took place in 1781 and resulted in a decisive victory for the American forces, led by General George Washington, and their French allies, led by General Comte de Rochambeau. The battle marked the end of the British army's attempt to control the southern colonies and ultimately led to the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1783, which officially ended the war and recognized the United States as an independent nation.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 29, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Jesse_stem
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