The Symptoms Of Acidosis

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 357

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The Symptoms Of Acidosis

Acidosis is a condition in which there is an excessively existence of acid in the body fluids or tissues, which is dangerous. Test your knowledge of its symptoms in the quiz below and all the best.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Most of the body water is in 
    • A. 

      The intracellular fluid (ICF).

    • B. 

      The extracellular fluid (ECF).

    • C. 

      Tissue (interstitial) fluid.

    • D. 

      Blood plasma and lymph.

  • 2. 
    Osmosis from one fluid compartment to another is determind by 
    • A. 

      The temperature difference between compartments

    • B. 

      The relative concentration of solutes in each compartment.

    • C. 

      The relative volume in each compartment.

    • D. 

      The relative size of each compartment.

    • E. 

      Blood pressure

  • 3. 
    In which of these compartments would fluid accumulate in edema? 
    • A. 

      ICF

    • B. 

      Transcellular fluid

    • C. 

      Tissue (interstitial) fluid

    • D. 

      Blood plasma

    • E. 

      Lymph

  • 4. 
    Most body water comes from _____, whereas most body water is lost via ___. 
    • A. 

      Metabolic water; cutaneous transpiration

    • B. 

      Metabolic water; sweat

    • C. 

      Drinking; cutaneous transpiration and expired air

    • D. 

      Drinking; urine

    • E. 

      Drinking; radiation

  • 5. 
    Fluid intake is governed mainly by hypothalamic neurons called 
    • A. 

      Baroreceptors.

    • B. 

      Proprioceptors.

    • C. 

      Nociceptors.

    • D. 

      Osmoreceptors.

    • E. 

      Mechanoreceptors.

  • 6. 
    Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
    • A. 

      Stimulates angiotensin II secretion

    • B. 

      Promotes water conservation.

    • C. 

      Stimulates hypothalamic osmoreceptors

    • D. 

      Inhibits salivation and thirst.

    • E. 

      Targets the cerebral cortex.

  • 7. 
    Water output is singnificantly controlled thorough variation in 
    • A. 

      Metabolic water

    • B. 

      Sweating

    • C. 

      Cutaneous transpiration

    • D. 

      Drinking

    • E. 

      Urine volume

  • 8. 
    When blood volume and pressure are too high 
    • A. 

      ADH release is inhibited.

    • B. 

      ADH release is stimulated

    • C. 

      Renal tubules reabsorb more water

    • D. 

      Renal tubules reabsorb more sodium.

    • E. 

      The kidneys produce less urine.

  • 9. 
    Prolonged exposure to cold weather can lead to 
    • A. 

      Fluid sequestration in the upper limbs

    • B. 

      Hypotonic hydration.

    • C. 

      Hypovolemia.

    • D. 

      A positive water balance.

    • E. 

      A negative water balance

  • 10. 
    Dehydration results in increased blood and ECF osmolarity. This makes osmoreceptors stimulate ____ secretion by the hypothalamus ____ in the DCT and CD. 
    • A. 

      ADH; decreasing water reabsorption

    • B. 

      ADH; increasing water reabsorption

    • C. 

      Aldosterone; decreasing sodium and water reabsorption

    • D. 

      Aldosterone; increasing sodium and water reabsorption

    • E. 

      Angiotensin II; increasing sodium reabsorption

  • 11. 
    Hemorrhages 
    • A. 

      Decrease body water but do not significantly affect osmolarity

    • B. 

      Decrease body water but increase osmolarity

    • C. 

      Decrease body water and decrease osmolarity

    • D. 

      Increase ECF volume but decrease ICF volume

    • E. 

      Decrease ECF volume but increase ICF volume.

  • 12. 
    Long-term inhibition of thirst is mostly associated with 
    • A. 

      Cooling of the mouth

    • B. 

      Distention of the stomach by ingested water

    • C. 

      A drop in blo0d osmolarity

    • D. 

      Moistening of the mouth

    • E. 

      Increased salivation

  • 13. 
    This is the principal cation of the ECF. 
    • A. 

      Ca2+

    • B. 

      Cl-

    • C. 

      K+

    • D. 

      Na+

    • E. 

      Pi

  • 14. 
    Aldosterone receptors are found on cells of 
    • A. 

      The adrenal cortex

    • B. 

      The adernal medulla

    • C. 

      The posterior pituitary

    • D. 

      PCT

    • E. 

      DCT

  • 15. 
    Aldosterone
    • A. 

      Increases both Na+ and K+ reabsorption.

    • B. 

      Increases both Na+ and K+ secretion.

    • C. 

      Increases Na+ reabsorption and K+ secretion.

    • D. 

      Reduces Na+ reabsorption and K+ secretion.

    • E. 

      Causes the urine to be more diluted.

  • 16. 
    Hypernatremia is a plasma ___ concentration above normal. 
    • A. 

      Ca2+

    • B. 

      Na+

    • C. 

      K+

    • D. 

      Cl-

    • E. 

      Pi

  • 17. 
    Hypernatremia tends to cause all of the following except 
    • A. 

      Water retention

    • B. 

      Edema

    • C. 

      Hypertension

    • D. 

      Interstitial fluid accumulation

    • E. 

      A reduction in plasma volume

  • 18. 
                                                                                            _____ is the most significant solute in determining the distribution of water among fluid compartments 
    • A. 

      Na+

    • B. 

      Cl-

    • C. 

      Ca2+

    • D. 

      K+

    • E. 

      Pi

  • 19. 
    ___ does not stimulate aldosterone secretion. 
    • A. 

      Hypotension

    • B. 

      Hyponatremia

    • C. 

      Hyperkalemia

    • D. 

      High blood sodium concentration

    • E. 

      High blood potassium concentration

  • 20. 
    Women have a tendency to retain water during part of the menstrual cycle because estrogen mimics the action of 
    • A. 

      ADH

    • B. 

      Aldosterone

    • C. 

      Aatrial natriuretic hormone

    • D. 

      Oxytocin

    • E. 

      Prolactin

  • 21. 
    This is the most abundant cation of the ICF
    • A. 

      Ca2+

    • B. 

      Na+

    • C. 

      K+

    • D. 

      Cl-

    • E. 

      Pi

  • 22. 
    The total body water (TBW) content of a 70 kg young male is about 
    • A. 

      10 L.

    • B. 

      20 L.

    • C. 

      40 L.

    • D. 

      60 L.

    • E. 

      70 L.

  • 23. 
    This the gratest dererminant of intercellur volume 
    • A. 

      K+

    • B. 

      Na+

    • C. 

      Ca2+

    • D. 

      Cl-

    • E. 

      PO43-

  • 24. 
    These scenarios are related with hyperkalemia except 
    • A. 

      Cells are more excitable.

    • B. 

      Resting membrane potential is more negative

    • C. 

      Cells are partially depolarized.

    • D. 

      Cells are more sensitive to stimulation.

    • E. 

      There is less diffusion of potassium out of the cells.

  • 25. 
    In state of hypokalemia 
    • A. 

      Cells are partially depolarized

    • B. 

      There is more diffusion of potassium into the cells

    • C. 

      Cells are more excitable

    • D. 

      Resting membrane potential is more positive

    • E. 

      Cells are hyperpolarized.

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