Remedial Instruction In English - Finals

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Remedial Instruction In English - Finals - Quiz

This course reviews decisions involved in providing language instruction for individual differences including issues about the learners’ characteristics, preferences for learning environments, and instructional methods for accommodating learning differences. It also includes the specific actions that teachers take when organizing a language lesson.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Mr Taylor is so concerned about the year end assessment of his class.  He has been consistent in implementing new and innovative teaching techniques in his ESL students.  Yet, he is worried about the outcome of the upcoming test. Why?

    • A.

      The periodic assessment will determine what kind of teacher Mr Taylor is.

    • B.

      The periodic assessment measures what and how much learning took place in the students.

    • C.

      The periodic assessment measures the different techniques applied by Mr Taylor.

    • D.

      The periodic assessment measures the attitude of students toward Mr Taylor.

    Correct Answer
    B. The periodic assessment measures what and how much learning took place in the students.
    Explanation
    Mr. Taylor is concerned about the outcome of the upcoming test because the periodic assessment measures what and how much learning took place in the students. This means that the test will determine how well the students have learned and understood the material taught by Mr. Taylor. If the students do not perform well on the assessment, it may indicate that his teaching techniques were not effective or that the students did not grasp the concepts properly. Therefore, the test results will reflect on Mr. Taylor as a teacher and his ability to effectively teach his ESL students.

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  • 2. 

    Mrs Stewart has been teaching Grade 5 for the past 15 years.  Her experience in teaching Grade 5 has been productive in terms of maintaining an effective language learning environment.  However, she experienced a new situation in the coming of a new nonnative speaker of English.  Should the teacher change her instructional plans?

    • A.

      Yes. Teaching intentions should always consider the learner.

    • B.

      No. The new student should conform with the new situation she is in.

    • C.

      Yes. Teaching should conform with the outline the school prescribes.

    • D.

      No, the teacher should stick to the time-tested lesson plans she has been implementing over the years.

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes. Teaching intentions should always consider the learner.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Yes. Teaching intentions should always consider the learner." This is because the teacher should take into account the specific needs and abilities of the new nonnative speaker of English. It is important to adapt instructional plans to create an inclusive and effective learning environment for all students.

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  • 3. 

    An experienced teacher wanted to maintain her traditional language teaching plans even though the type of student population in the school continually change for the past years.  Is the teacher's decision valid?

    • A.

      Yes. newcomer students should change and conform with the way of life in the community where he/she is in.

    • B.

      No. The teacher must please her new student being new clients in the school.

    • C.

      No. The effectiveness of the school, as well as its teachers, language instructional program depends on how much it helps the current students' learning is addressed.

    • D.

      Yes. Her continuous stay is a proof of her worht as a language teacher.

    Correct Answer
    C. No. The effectiveness of the school, as well as its teachers, language instructional program depends on how much it helps the current students' learning is addressed.
    Explanation
    The teacher's decision is not valid because the effectiveness of the school's language instructional program depends on addressing the learning needs of the current students. Continually changing student populations require adapting teaching plans to meet the specific needs of each group of students. Maintaining traditional language teaching plans may not effectively address the learning needs of the diverse student population. Therefore, the teacher should consider modifying her teaching plans to better serve the current students.

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  • 4. 

    In assessing Limited English Proficient (LEP) students,  which format  would have a biased measure of language learning?

    • A.

      Multiple choice Exams

    • B.

      Portfolios

    • C.

      Scoring Rubrics

    • D.

      Teacher Observations

    Correct Answer
    A. Multiple choice Exams
    Explanation
    Multiple choice exams would have a biased measure of language learning for Limited English Proficient (LEP) students. This is because these exams primarily focus on testing the student's ability to select the correct answer from a set of options, rather than assessing their overall language proficiency. LEP students may struggle with understanding the nuances of the questions and options, leading to inaccurate results. Additionally, multiple choice exams often prioritize grammar and vocabulary knowledge over communication skills, which may not accurately reflect the student's language learning progress.

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  • 5. 

    Based on brain research findings, ESL learners would work out well in a brain-compatible learning environment.  Which of the following is NOT a component of this model?

    • A.

      Adequate time

    • B.

      Collaboration

    • C.

      Immediate feedback

    • D.

      Presence of threat

    Correct Answer
    D. Presence of threat
    Explanation
    The presence of threat is not a component of the brain-compatible learning environment for ESL learners. Brain research findings suggest that a positive and safe learning environment is crucial for effective learning. The presence of threat can create anxiety and hinder the learning process. Adequate time, collaboration, and immediate feedback, on the other hand, are important components that support brain-compatible learning for ESL learners.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following techniques enhance understanding and comprehension in language learning?

    • A.

      Chants

    • B.

      Drama

    • C.

      Games

    • D.

      Graphic organizers

    Correct Answer
    D. Graphic organizers
    Explanation
    Graphic organizers are visual tools that help organize information and concepts in a clear and structured manner. They enhance understanding and comprehension in language learning by visually representing connections, relationships, and key ideas. Graphic organizers can be used to analyze and summarize texts, brainstorm ideas, compare and contrast information, and make connections between concepts. By using graphic organizers, learners can better organize their thoughts, identify main ideas, and see the relationships between different elements, which ultimately leads to enhanced understanding and comprehension in language learning.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following techniques enhance language acquisition for ESL students?

    • A.

      Chants

    • B.

      Drama

    • C.

      Games

    • D.

      Graphic organizers

    Correct Answer
    B. Drama
    Explanation
    Drama enhances language acquisition for ESL students because it provides them with opportunities to practice speaking and listening skills in a fun and interactive way. Through role-playing and improvisation, students are able to engage in authentic conversations and use the language in context. Drama also helps students develop their confidence and fluency, as they are encouraged to express themselves and communicate effectively on stage. Additionally, drama allows students to understand cultural nuances and improve their pronunciation and intonation. Overall, incorporating drama in language learning can significantly enhance the language acquisition process for ESL students.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following techniques is used to introduce or reinforce learning material for ESL students?

    • A.

      Empathy

    • B.

      Drama

    • C.

      Games

    • D.

      Graphic organizers

    Correct Answer
    C. Games
    Explanation
    Games are used to introduce or reinforce learning material for ESL students. Games provide an interactive and engaging way for students to practice and apply their language skills. They can help students improve their vocabulary, grammar, and communication skills while having fun. Games also promote active participation and collaboration among students, making the learning process more enjoyable and effective. By incorporating games into the lesson, teachers can create a positive and motivating learning environment for ESL students.

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  • 9. 

    What must a teacher demonstrate to make ESL students conmfortable with classroom activities and to know what is expected on assigned tasks?

    • A.

      Graphic organizers

    • B.

      Journals

    • C.

      Manipulatives

    • D.

      Modeling

    Correct Answer
    D. Modeling
    Explanation
    To make ESL students comfortable with classroom activities and understand what is expected on assigned tasks, a teacher must demonstrate modeling. Modeling involves showing students how to complete tasks or activities by providing clear examples and step-by-step instructions. This helps students understand the process and expectations, making them feel more comfortable and confident in their abilities.

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  • 10. 

    An ESL student is given opportunity to absorb information through their senses.  What does this language activity illustrate?

    • A.

      Multicultural activities

    • B.

      Multisensory activities

    • C.

      Multidimensional assessment

    • D.

      Multiple intelligences

    Correct Answer
    B. Multisensory activities
    Explanation
    This question is asking about the language activity that allows an ESL student to absorb information through their senses. The correct answer, multisensory activities, suggests that the activity involves engaging multiple senses such as sight, hearing, touch, and even smell or taste, to enhance the learning experience. This approach is particularly beneficial for ESL students as it helps them to better understand and retain the information by utilizing different sensory channels. It allows them to have a more immersive and interactive learning experience, which can greatly enhance their language acquisition skills.

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  • 11. 

    The teacher can assign a "buddy" to an ESL student to help during silent period of language acquisition. What does this language method employ?

    • A.

      Peer tutoring

    • B.

      Portfolios

    • C.

      Real life experiences

    • D.

      Rubrics

    Correct Answer
    A. Peer tutoring
    Explanation
    The given correct answer, peer tutoring, suggests that the language method of assigning a "buddy" to an ESL student during the silent period of language acquisition involves having a peer assist and support the student in their language learning journey. This method allows the ESL student to receive guidance, practice, and feedback from a classmate who is proficient in the language, helping them to improve their language skills and overcome any challenges they may face during the silent period.

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  • 12. 

    Situations presented in language lessons should be related to life outside of school. What does this language method employ?

    • A.

      Peer tutoring

    • B.

      Portfolios

    • C.

      Real life experiences

    • D.

      Rubrics

    Correct Answer
    C. Real life experiences
    Explanation
    This language method employs real life experiences. It suggests that the situations presented in language lessons should be related to life outside of school. This approach aims to make the learning process more relevant and practical by connecting it to real-world contexts and experiences. By doing so, students can better understand and apply the language skills they learn in authentic situations they may encounter in their daily lives.

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  • 13. 

    The repetitive tasks help second language learners to become comfortable in a safe classroom environment; hence, self-confidence will be gained.  What does this language method present?

    • A.

      Peer tutoring

    • B.

      Portfolios

    • C.

      Real life experiences

    • D.

      Routines

    Correct Answer
    D. Routines
    Explanation
    This language method presents routines. Routines help second language learners become comfortable in a safe classroom environment and gain self-confidence through repetitive tasks. By establishing a predictable structure and regular activities, learners can familiarize themselves with the language and feel more at ease in their learning process.

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  • 14. 

    Students are given the opportunity to choose how thorough they want to make their assignments; the list states the criteria expected for an exemplary score.  What does this language method illustrate?

    • A.

      Peer tutoring

    • B.

      Portfolios

    • C.

      Real life experiences

    • D.

      Rubrics

    Correct Answer
    D. Rubrics
    Explanation
    This language method illustrates the use of rubrics. Rubrics are a set of criteria or guidelines that outline the expectations for a particular assignment. They provide students with a clear understanding of what is required to achieve an exemplary score. By giving students the opportunity to choose how thorough they want to make their assignments, the use of rubrics allows for a more personalized and self-directed approach to learning and assessment.

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  • 15. 

    Students are involved in their own progress when assessing classroom assignments and activities; a meaningful dated collection of ESL student works reflects progress.  What does this language assessment illustrate?

    • A.

      Peer tutoring

    • B.

      Portfolios

    • C.

      Real life experiences

    • D.

      Rubrics

    Correct Answer
    B. Portfolios
    Explanation
    This language assessment illustrates the use of portfolios. Portfolios are a meaningful dated collection of student works that reflect their progress. By involving students in assessing their own classroom assignments and activities, portfolios allow them to take ownership of their learning and track their growth over time.

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  • 16. 

    Students tend to remember information through rhythm and repetitive words sung in tunes to enhance comprehension.  What activity does it explain?

    • A.

      Chants

    • B.

      Drama

    • C.

      Games

    • D.

      Songs

    Correct Answer
    D. Songs
    Explanation
    This explanation suggests that the activity that is explained by the given statement is "songs". The statement mentions that students tend to remember information through rhythm and repetitive words sung in tunes, which aligns with the concept of songs. Songs often have a catchy tune and repetitive lyrics, making them an effective tool for enhancing comprehension and memory retention.

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  • 17. 

    ESL students write their feelings about a new learning experience. What does this language technique illustrate?

    • A.

      Peer tutoring

    • B.

      Portfolios

    • C.

      Journal

    • D.

      Rubrics

    Correct Answer
    C. Journal
    Explanation
    The use of journals allows ESL students to express their feelings and thoughts about their new learning experience. Journals provide a safe and personal space for students to reflect on their progress, challenges, and successes. By writing in a journal, students can improve their language skills, gain self-awareness, and develop a deeper understanding of their own learning process. Therefore, the use of journals in this context illustrates a language technique that promotes self-expression and reflection.

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  • 18. 

    Students who are placed in an English speaking academic environment and have acquired a language other than English as their first language.

    • A.

      ELL

    • B.

      ESL

    • C.

      LEP

    Correct Answer
    B. ESL
    Explanation
    ESL stands for English as a Second Language. This term is used to describe students who are placed in an English speaking academic environment and have acquired a language other than English as their first language. These students are learning English as their second language and may require additional support and instruction to fully participate and succeed in the English-speaking classroom.

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  • 19. 

    The student is learning English as a new language.

    • A.

      ELL

    • B.

      ESL

    • C.

      LEP

    Correct Answer
    A. ELL
    Explanation
    ELL stands for English Language Learner, which refers to a student who is learning English as a new language. This term is commonly used in educational settings to identify students who are non-native English speakers and are receiving instruction to develop their English language skills. ELL programs are designed to support these students in their language acquisition process and help them become proficient in English. Therefore, the answer "ELL" is the correct choice as it accurately describes the student's situation of learning English as a new language.

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  • 20. 

    The teacher should try to imagine what the ESL student is experiencing after being immersed into a new culture and new language for the first time.

    • A.

      Empathy

    • B.

      Learning styles

    • C.

      Manipulatives

    Correct Answer
    A. Empathy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is empathy. This is because empathy refers to the ability to understand and share the feelings of another person. In the given context, the teacher should try to imagine and understand the experience of an ESL student who is immersed in a new culture and language for the first time. By having empathy, the teacher can better support and assist the student in their learning journey.

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  • 21. 

    The manner in which individual students learn and process information.

    • A.

      Empathy

    • B.

      Learning styles

    • C.

      Manipulatives

    Correct Answer
    B. Learning styles
    Explanation
    Learning styles refer to the different ways in which individuals learn and process information. People have unique preferences and tendencies when it comes to acquiring knowledge and understanding concepts. Some individuals may prefer visual aids, such as diagrams and charts, while others may learn better through auditory means, such as lectures or discussions. Some individuals may also benefit from hands-on activities or manipulatives. Understanding and recognizing these various learning styles can help educators tailor their teaching methods to better accommodate the needs and preferences of their students, ultimately enhancing their learning experience.

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  • 22. 

    The use of concrete objects appeal to the ESL student's senses to enhance meaning of the presented information..

    • A.

      Empathy

    • B.

      Learning styles

    • C.

      Manipulatives

    Correct Answer
    B. Learning styles
    Explanation
    The use of concrete objects appeals to the ESL student's senses, allowing them to engage with and understand the presented information more effectively. This is because different individuals have different learning styles, and some students may learn better through hands-on experiences and visual aids. By incorporating manipulatives or concrete objects into the learning process, teachers can cater to the diverse learning styles of their ESL students, making the information more meaningful and easier to comprehend.

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  • 23. 

    A theory of the nature of language and language learning.

    • A.

      Approach

    • B.

      Design

    • C.

      Procedure

    Correct Answer
    A. Approach
    Explanation
    The given answer, "Approach," is the correct answer because it is the most general term that encompasses the other two options, "Design" and "Procedure." When discussing a theory of the nature of language and language learning, the approach refers to the overall framework or perspective that is used to understand and analyze language and its acquisition. Design and procedure, on the other hand, are more specific components within the approach that relate to the specific methods and techniques used in studying language and language learning. Therefore, the approach is the broader concept that encompasses the design and procedure.

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  • 24. 

    This concept includes the general and specific objectives, sequence of learning, teacher role, student role, and the role of instructional materials.

    • A.

      Approach

    • B.

      Design

    • C.

      Procedure

    Correct Answer
    B. Design
    Explanation
    The given concept refers to the design of a learning experience or instructional plan. It includes the general and specific objectives that outline what students should achieve, the sequence of learning activities that guide the progression of learning, the roles of the teacher and students in facilitating and participating in the learning process, and the role of instructional materials in supporting learning. This concept emphasizes the importance of thoughtful planning and organization in creating effective and meaningful learning experiences.

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  • 25. 

    This concept explains the procedures and practices when a particular method is used.

    • A.

      Approach

    • B.

      Design

    • C.

      Procedure

    Correct Answer
    C. Procedure
    Explanation
    The concept described in the question is about the procedures and practices that are followed when a particular method is used. Procedures refer to the step-by-step instructions or guidelines that need to be followed in order to carry out a specific task or achieve a particular goal. This concept emphasizes the importance of having a clear and well-defined procedure in place to ensure consistency and efficiency in the execution of a method. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "Procedure".

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  • 26. 

    Slow learners do not differ from other children during their cognitive development.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This statement suggests that slow learners do not exhibit any significant differences in their cognitive development compared to other children. In other words, their cognitive abilities and processes develop at a similar pace to their peers. This implies that the term "slow learner" may not accurately reflect their overall cognitive potential but rather refers to their slower pace of learning certain subjects or skills.

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