Reformation Test #2 2018

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Reformation Test #2 2018 - Quiz


Answer the following questions based on what you think you know and remember about this time period


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which European nation sent explorers towards Asia in search of better trade routes first? 

    • A.

      Spain

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      England

    • D.

      Portugal

    Correct Answer
    D. Portugal
    Explanation
    Portugal is the correct answer because they were the first European nation to send explorers towards Asia in search of better trade routes. In the 15th century, Portuguese explorers like Vasco da Gama successfully sailed around the Cape of Good Hope and reached India, establishing lucrative trade routes and establishing Portugal as a major maritime power. This exploration and trade laid the foundation for Portugal's colonial empire and greatly influenced the Age of Discovery.

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  • 2. 

    Why was the Columbian Exchange named after Christopher Columbus?

    • A.

      He invented the term

    • B.

      He was an expert on New World species

    • C.

      His ship was nicknamed the Columbian Exchange

    • D.

      His voyages marked the beginning of the exchange

    Correct Answer
    D. His voyages marked the beginning of the exchange
    Explanation
    The Columbian Exchange was named after Christopher Columbus because his voyages marked the beginning of this significant exchange. During his expeditions, Columbus and his crew encountered new lands, people, plants, and animals that were previously unknown to Europeans. This encounter led to the exchange of goods, ideas, and diseases between the Old World and the New World. Therefore, Columbus's voyages were seen as the starting point of this exchange, hence the name "Columbian Exchange."

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is a negative effect of the Columbian Exchange?

    • A.

      Corn

    • B.

      Disease

    • C.

      Horses

    • D.

      Potatoes

    Correct Answer
    B. Disease
    Explanation
    The negative effect of the Columbian Exchange was the introduction of diseases to the New World. When European explorers and settlers arrived in the Americas, they brought with them diseases such as smallpox, measles, and influenza, which were previously unknown to the indigenous populations. These diseases spread rapidly and had devastating effects, leading to the decimation of native populations and the collapse of entire civilizations.

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  • 4. 

    What innovation helped to spread the influence of Renaissance & the Reformation?

    • A.

      Printing press

    • B.

      Compass

    • C.

      Telegraph

    • D.

      Internal combustion engine

    Correct Answer
    A. Printing press
    Explanation
    The printing press was a significant innovation that helped to spread the influence of the Renaissance and the Reformation. Before its invention, books were painstakingly handwritten, making them expensive and time-consuming to produce. The printing press revolutionized the way information was disseminated by allowing for the mass production of books. This made books more affordable and accessible to a wider audience, leading to an increase in literacy rates and the spread of new ideas and knowledge. The printing press played a crucial role in the dissemination of Renaissance art, scientific discoveries, and religious texts during the Reformation.

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  • 5. 

    Martin Luther helped to begin unknowingly what key event?

    • A.

      Renaissance

    • B.

      Protestant Reformation

    • C.

      Age of Discovery

    • D.

      Enlightenment

    Correct Answer
    B. Protestant Reformation
    Explanation
    Martin Luther unknowingly helped to begin the Protestant Reformation. This movement aimed to reform the Roman Catholic Church and led to the creation of Protestantism as a separate branch of Christianity. Luther's Ninety-Five Theses, which criticized the church's corrupt practices, sparked widespread debate and ultimately led to a significant religious and social revolution in Europe. The Protestant Reformation had a profound impact on the religious, political, and cultural landscape of Europe, leading to the establishment of new Christian denominations and challenging the authority of the Catholic Church.

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  • 6. 

    What motivated Martin Luther to speak out against the Catholic Church?

    • A.

      The sell of indulgences were getting out of control and people were spending a large portion of salary on "buying" forgiveness

    • B.

      The printing press was out and he was angry that he was not promoted to become the Pope

    • C.

      The Catholic Church had moved him to be a priest in a smaller town, he was going to make less money

    • D.

      He wanted to create his own religion

    Correct Answer
    A. The sell of indulgences were getting out of control and people were spending a large portion of salary on "buying" forgiveness
    Explanation
    Martin Luther was motivated to speak out against the Catholic Church because he witnessed the sell of indulgences becoming excessive and people spending a significant portion of their salary on "buying" forgiveness. This exploitation of the faithful troubled Luther and led him to challenge the Church's teachings and practices, ultimately sparking the Protestant Reformation.

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  • 7. 

    The _____________ church was named after the followers of Martin Luther.

    • A.

      Catholic

    • B.

      Baptist

    • C.

      Protestant

    • D.

      Lutheran

    Correct Answer
    D. Lutheran
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Lutheran because the sentence states that the church was named after the followers of Martin Luther. Martin Luther was a key figure in the Protestant Reformation, which led to the establishment of the Lutheran Church. Therefore, it can be inferred that the church in question is the Lutheran Church.

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  • 8. 

    Reformation: ____________ revolutionRenaissance: cultural revolution

    • A.

      Political

    • B.

      Religious

    • C.

      Economic

    • D.

      Social

    Correct Answer
    B. Religious
    Explanation
    The Reformation was a religious revolution that took place in Europe during the 16th century. It was a movement that aimed to reform the Catholic Church and led to the establishment of Protestant denominations. Similarly, the Renaissance was a cultural revolution that occurred in Europe during the 14th to 17th centuries. It was a period of great cultural and intellectual growth, characterized by advancements in art, literature, and science. Therefore, the answer "religious" is correct as it accurately describes the nature of the revolution during the Reformation.

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  • 9. 

    Who created the Church of England- Anglican Church? 

    • A.

      Machaivelli

    • B.

      Da Vinci

    • C.

      King Henry VIII

    • D.

      Charles V

    Correct Answer
    C. King Henry VIII
    Explanation
    King Henry VIII created the Church of England, also known as the Anglican Church. He established the church in the 16th century after breaking away from the authority of the Pope in Rome. Henry VIII's decision to create the Church of England was motivated by his desire for a divorce from his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, which the Pope refused to grant. This led to the English Reformation and the establishment of the Anglican Church as the official religion of England, with Henry VIII as its supreme head.

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  • 10. 

    Charles V met with Martin Luther in 1521. The meeting was unsuccessful at the Diet of Worms- Why?

    • A.

      Luther left the meeting because he was sick

    • B.

      Martin Luther was kidnapped by his friends to keep him safe because they were fearful that Luther was going to be punished for his role in the Reformation

    • C.

      The Pope called off the meeting since Luther backed down and changed his mind

    • D.

      Charles V went to war instead

    Correct Answer
    B. Martin Luther was kidnapped by his friends to keep him safe because they were fearful that Luther was going to be punished for his role in the Reformation
  • 11. 

    The most significant difference in John Calvin's beliefs and Luther's beliefs were in what area?

    • A.

      Saved by faith

    • B.

      Good deeds would get you saved

    • C.

      Predestination

    • D.

      No difference between the two men- they just did not get along, so they created other faiths

    Correct Answer
    C. Predestination
    Explanation
    John Calvin's belief in predestination was the most significant difference between his beliefs and Luther's. While Luther emphasized the importance of faith in salvation, Calvin believed that God had already predestined certain individuals to be saved. This concept of predestination meant that one's salvation was predetermined and not dependent on their actions or good deeds. This difference in beliefs regarding predestination set Calvin apart from Luther and played a significant role in shaping Calvinism as a distinct Protestant denomination.

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  • 12. 

    The Roman Catholic Church dominated life in Europe before the Protestant Reformation

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Before the Protestant Reformation, the Roman Catholic Church held significant power and influence in Europe. It was the dominant religious institution and played a central role in the lives of people. The Church controlled religious doctrine, education, and politics, and had vast wealth and land holdings. It had the authority to appoint and remove rulers, and its teachings and practices were widely followed. The Protestant Reformation, led by figures like Martin Luther, challenged the authority and practices of the Catholic Church, leading to the formation of new Protestant denominations and a significant shift in religious power in Europe.

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  • 13. 

    The Council of Trent...?

    • A.

      Set up by the Catholic Church to discuss problems of church and work out corruption issues. At this meeting, they worked to gather lost members back from the "mistaken Protestant faiths"

    • B.

      Convinced the Lutherans to disband and move to Switzerland

    • C.

      Orgnaized the Church of England

    • D.

      Began a war

    Correct Answer
    A. Set up by the Catholic Church to discuss problems of church and work out corruption issues. At this meeting, they worked to gather lost members back from the "mistaken Protestant faiths"
    Explanation
    The Council of Trent was established by the Catholic Church with the purpose of addressing issues within the church and resolving problems related to corruption. During this meeting, the council aimed to bring back members who had strayed from the Catholic faith and joined Protestant denominations, considering them to be mistaken in their beliefs.

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  • 14. 

    Indulgences were a source of money/income for the Roman Catholic Church.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the medieval period, indulgences were indeed a significant source of income for the Roman Catholic Church. Indulgences were essentially certificates that could be purchased by individuals to reduce the punishment for their sins or the sins of their deceased loved ones. This practice was heavily criticized by reformers like Martin Luther, who believed that it exploited people's fear of damnation and undermined the true message of salvation. The sale of indulgences was eventually one of the factors that led to the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century.

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  • 15. 

    Luther nailed the 95 Theses up to the door of the Catholic Church, this began the Reformation in 1517. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Luther's act of nailing the 95 Theses to the door of the Catholic Church is historically recognized as the catalyst for the Reformation. This event, which took place in 1517, marked Luther's public challenge to the Catholic Church's practices and beliefs. The 95 Theses criticized the sale of indulgences and called for reform within the Church. Luther's actions sparked widespread debate and ultimately led to the formation of Protestantism, making the statement "True" accurate.

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  • 16. 

    Tyndale translated the Bible into English which will be used later on in time to help create the King James Bible in the 1600's.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Tyndale's translation of the Bible into English was indeed used as a reference and source material for the creation of the King James Bible in the 1600s. The King James Bible, also known as the Authorized Version, was a significant English translation of the Bible and played a crucial role in the development of the English language and literature. Tyndale's earlier translation work laid the foundation for the language and content of the King James Bible, making the statement true.

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  • 17. 

    John Calvin and Ulrich Zwingli? 

    • A.

      Worked in the Counter Reformation

    • B.

      Believed in the concept of predestination

    • C.

      Were reformers who worked to help Protestant faith to take root in Swizterland

    • D.

      Created new Bible translations

    Correct Answer
    C. Were reformers who worked to help Protestant faith to take root in Swizterland
    Explanation
    John Calvin and Ulrich Zwingli were reformers who worked to help the Protestant faith take root in Switzerland. They were key figures in the Protestant Reformation, advocating for reforms within the Catholic Church and promoting the principles of the Protestant faith. Calvin and Zwingli played significant roles in establishing Protestantism as a viable alternative to Catholicism in Switzerland, contributing to the spread of the Protestant movement throughout Europe.

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  • 18. 

    How did the printing press change lives of the people of Europe?

    • A.

      Books could be purchase by anyone, cheaper to buy them

    • B.

      Books were now available in many languages and more people could read them

    • C.

      The innovation made communication easier and faster for ideas to spread throughout Europe

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The printing press changed the lives of the people of Europe in multiple ways. Firstly, it made books more accessible to the general public as they could be purchased by anyone. This led to a decrease in the cost of books, making them cheaper to buy. Secondly, the printing press allowed books to be printed in various languages, making them available to a wider audience and enabling more people to read them. Lastly, this innovation revolutionized communication by making it easier and faster for ideas to spread throughout Europe. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 19. 

    What motivated Martin Luther to speak out against the Catholic Church?

    • A.

      The sell of indulgences were getting out of control and people were spending a large portion of salary on "buying" forgiveness

    • B.

      The printing press was out and he was angry that he was not promoted to become the Pope

    • C.

      The Catholic Church had moved him to be a priest in a smaller town, he was going to make less money

    • D.

      He wanted to create his own religion

    Correct Answer
    A. The sell of indulgences were getting out of control and people were spending a large portion of salary on "buying" forgiveness
    Explanation
    Martin Luther was motivated to speak out against the Catholic Church because he observed that the sale of indulgences had become excessive and people were spending a significant portion of their income on purchasing forgiveness. This exploitation of religious beliefs and the financial burden it placed on the common people led Luther to challenge the corrupt practices of the Church and advocate for reform.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following statements best explains the relationship between the Age of Exploration and the Renaissance?

    • A.

      The Renaissance helped to spur the Age of Exploration because of the technological innovations and renewed the spirit of investigation- learning more about the world around them

    • B.

      The Renaissance brought the Age of Exploration to an end by giving Europeans with more knowledge about nature

    • C.

      The Renaissance built upon the geographic and navigational discoveries made during the Age of Exploration

    • D.

      The Renaissance grew middle class society and gave people more room to roam about the world

    Correct Answer
    A. The Renaissance helped to spur the Age of Exploration because of the technological innovations and renewed the spirit of investigation- learning more about the world around them
    Explanation
    The Renaissance helped to spur the Age of Exploration because of the technological innovations and renewed the spirit of investigation- learning more about the world around them. During the Renaissance, there were significant advancements in science, navigation, and cartography. These advancements, such as the invention of the compass and improved shipbuilding techniques, made it possible for explorers to venture out into the unknown with more confidence. Additionally, the Renaissance was a time of intellectual curiosity and a renewed interest in learning about the world. This spirit of investigation and curiosity played a crucial role in motivating explorers to set sail and discover new lands.

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  • 21. 

    How did power and authority change during the Renaissance and Reformation Eras?

    • A.

      The Catholic Church became more powerful and controlled more aspects of life

    • B.

      The military gained total control of many of the lands in Europe and became the authority

    • C.

      The Catholic Church lost power over the people and the monarchs became more powerful

    • D.

      The serfs and peasants rose in revolt and gained power in many European countries

    Correct Answer
    C. The Catholic Church lost power over the people and the monarchs became more powerful
    Explanation
    During the Renaissance and Reformation Eras, the power and authority shifted away from the Catholic Church and towards the monarchs. The Catholic Church, which was once a dominant force, lost its grip on the people. This can be attributed to the Reformation movement led by Martin Luther and other reformers, which challenged the authority and teachings of the Church. As a result, monarchs gained more power and control, as they were able to assert their authority without interference from the Church. This shift in power dynamics had significant consequences for the political and religious landscape of Europe during this time.

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  • 22. 

    An example of an oligarchy during the Renaissance would be….

    • A.

      The King of England

    • B.

      Luther in Germany

    • C.

      Medici Family in Florence

    • D.

      The Pope of the Catholic Church

    Correct Answer
    C. Medici Family in Florence
    Explanation
    During the Renaissance, the Medici family in Florence was an example of an oligarchy. They were a wealthy and influential banking family who held significant political power in the city-state. The Medici family controlled the government and used their wealth to manipulate the political landscape, ensuring their continued dominance. They were able to exert their influence over the arts, education, and economy, making them the de facto rulers of Florence. This concentration of power in the hands of a few individuals is characteristic of an oligarchy.

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  • 23. 

    Which of the following best describes a change that occurred in both the Renaissance andReformation? 

    • A.

      new questioning spirit and independent attitude emerged

    • B.

      Technology and science were considered unimportant

    • C.

      The use of reason and logic in society were discouraged

    • D.

      More societies began to use feudalism in Europe

    Correct Answer
    A. new questioning spirit and independent attitude emerged
    Explanation
    During both the Renaissance and Reformation, a new questioning spirit and independent attitude emerged. This can be seen in the way individuals began to challenge traditional beliefs and authority, seeking new knowledge and ideas. The Renaissance was a period of intellectual and artistic rebirth, where individuals started to question the authority of the church and explore new areas of knowledge. Similarly, the Reformation was a movement that challenged the authority of the Catholic Church and encouraged individuals to think for themselves and interpret the Bible independently. Both periods witnessed a shift towards a more critical and independent mindset.

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