# Do You Have Basic Idea About Economic And Social Development?

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| By Tanmay Shankar
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Tanmay Shankar
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There are a lot of factors that affect the economic state of a country or entity, and some of the main things that one covers to understand these factors are economical and social development. The quiz below is made up of some questions that test out if you know the basics of economic and social development. Try it and see how well you will do.

• 1.

### This year is known as 'Year of the Great Divide.' This is with regard to population growth in India. Identify it from the given options.

• A.

1900

• B.

1921

• C.

2000

• D.

2005

B. 1921
Explanation
The year 1921 is known as the "Year of the Great Divide" with regard to population growth in India. This suggests that there was a significant change or shift in population trends during that year. However, without further information, it is unclear what exactly this "Great Divide" refers to.

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• 2.

### The birth rate can be defined as the number of births in a year per ___________.

• A.

1000 of population

• B.

10,000 of population

• C.

100 of population

• D.

None of these

A. 1000 of population
Explanation
The birth rate can be defined as the number of births in a year per 1000 of population. This means that for every 1000 people in a population, the birth rate represents the number of births that occur in a year. It is a measure used to understand the rate at which a population is growing or declining.

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• 3.

### What is the nature of usual status unemployment?

• A.

Chronic

• B.

Seasonal

• C.

Frictional

• D.

None of these

A. Chronic
Explanation
The nature of usual status unemployment is chronic. This means that it is long-term and persistent, rather than temporary or sporadic. Chronic unemployment refers to a situation where individuals are unable to find employment for an extended period of time, often due to structural issues in the economy or a lack of available jobs. It is different from seasonal or frictional unemployment, which are temporary and typically occur due to factors such as seasonal fluctuations in demand or individuals transitioning between jobs.

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• 4.

### Which among the following is the only state having a sex ratio of above 1,000?

• A.

Kerala

• B.

• C.

Karnataka

• D.

None of these

A. Kerala
Explanation
Kerala is the only state among the given options that has a sex ratio of above 1,000. Sex ratio is the number of females per 1,000 males in a population. A sex ratio above 1,000 indicates that there are more females than males in the state's population. This could be due to various factors such as better healthcare facilities, higher life expectancy for females, and lower mortality rates among women in Kerala compared to the other states mentioned.

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• 5.

### In which sector does the maximum number of people in India work?

• A.

Primary sector

• B.

Tertiary sector

• C.

Secondary sector

• D.

None of these

A. Primary sector
Explanation
The primary sector refers to the sector of the economy that involves the extraction and production of natural resources. In India, a significant portion of the population is engaged in agricultural activities, such as farming and fishing, which fall under the primary sector. Therefore, it can be inferred that the maximum number of people in India work in the primary sector.

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• 6.

### What is the Planning Commission of India?

• A.

Autonomous body

• B.

Constitutional body

• C.

• D.

None of these

Explanation
The Planning Commission of India is an advisory body. It was established in 1950 to formulate and assess the country's Five-Year Plans and provide guidance on economic and social policies. The Commission's main role is to advise the government on various developmental issues, allocate resources, and monitor the progress of planned programs. While it played a significant role in India's planning process, the Planning Commission was replaced by the NITI Aayog in 2015.

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• 7.

### Why does Structural unemployment arises?

• A.

• B.

Heavy industry bias

• C.

Shortage of available resources

• D.

None of these

A. Inadequate productive capacity
Explanation
Structural unemployment arises due to inadequate productive capacity. This means that the economy is not able to produce enough goods and services to meet the demand, leading to a mismatch between the skills of the available workforce and the requirements of the available jobs. As a result, there is a surplus of workers in certain industries or occupations, while others face a shortage of skilled workers. This imbalance in the labor market leads to structural unemployment.

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• 8.

### What do you mean by 'Disguised unemployment'?

• A.

Unemployed persons

• B.

More persons employed for a job which a few can accomplish

• C.

Women with no jobs

• D.

None of these

B. More persons employed for a job which a few can accomplish
Explanation
Disguised unemployment refers to a situation where there are more people employed for a particular job than necessary, resulting in a few individuals actually accomplishing the work. This means that there is an excess of labor in a particular sector or occupation, leading to inefficiency and underutilization of human resources. It is a form of unemployment that is not immediately apparent as the number of people employed may seem high, but the productivity is low.

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• 9.

### British Capital was invested mainly in _____________ during the colonial period.

• A.

Agriculture

• B.

Infrastructure

• C.

Handicrafts

• D.

None of these

B. Infrastructure
Explanation
During the colonial period, British capital was primarily invested in infrastructure. This investment was aimed at developing transportation networks, such as railways, roads, and ports, to facilitate the movement of goods and resources. It also involved the construction of public buildings, such as schools, hospitals, and administrative centers, to establish British control and governance. This focus on infrastructure development allowed the British to exploit the resources of the colonized regions more efficiently and further their economic and political interests.

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• 10.

### The important capabilities focused by Human Development Reports of United Nations Development Programme are mentioned below. Choose the odd one out.

• A.

To have the right to use the resources needed for a better standard of living

• B.

To contribute to a safe environment

• C.

To have a healthy and long life

• D.

To be knowledgeable

B. To contribute to a safe environment
Explanation
The given options focus on different capabilities that are important for human development. While the first three options (right to use resources, a safe environment, healthy and long life) are all related to individual well-being and quality of life, the last option (to contribute to a safe environment) focuses more on the individual's role in creating and maintaining a safe environment for others. Therefore, the last option is the odd one out as it pertains to societal contribution rather than individual capabilities.

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• Current Version
• May 24, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Jan 08, 2015
Quiz Created by
Tanmay Shankar

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