Quiz Lumut Dan Paku

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| By Onipambagyo
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Onipambagyo
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 607
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 607

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Quiz Lumut Dan Paku - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Berikut ini merupakan ciri-ciri Musci, kecuali .…

    • A.

      Pengangkutan air dilakukan dengan tracheid

    • B.

      Kapsul spora memiliki kaliptra

    • C.

      Kapsul spora memiliki tangkai

    • D.

      Daun tersusun radial

    • E.

      Memiliki akar rhizoid

    Correct Answer
    A. Pengangkutan air dilakukan dengan tracheid
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "pengangkutan air dilakukan dengan tracheid." This is because Musci, or mosses, do not have tracheids for water transport. Tracheids are specialized cells found in vascular plants, such as ferns and seed plants, that help in the transport of water and nutrients. Mosses, on the other hand, have a simple conducting tissue called hydroids, which are responsible for water transport within the plant.

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  • 2. 

    Gametofit pada Musci dibedakan menjadi dua tingkatan, yaitu ....

    • A.

      Protonema dan gametofora

    • B.

      Protalium dan spora

    • C.

      Sporogonium dan sporangium

    • D.

      Anteridium dan arkegonium

    • E.

      Rhizoid dan stolon

    Correct Answer
    A. Protonema dan gametofora
    Explanation
    The correct answer is protonema dan gametofora. In the life cycle of mosses (Musci), the gametophyte generation is divided into two stages: protonema and gametophore. Protonema is the filamentous stage of the gametophyte that develops from the germination of spores. It is a mass of green, branched, and thread-like structures that provide anchorage and absorb water and nutrients. Gametophore, on the other hand, is the upright, leafy structure that develops from the protonema. It bears the sex organs, antheridia (male) and archegonia (female), which produce gametes for sexual reproduction.

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  • 3. 

    Kelompok lumut daun yang merupakan penyusun gambut dan mampu menyerap air adalah ....

    • A.

      Andreaeales

    • B.

      Jungermaniales

    • C.

      Marchantiales

    • D.

      Sphagnales

    • E.

      Bryales

    Correct Answer
    D. Sphagnales
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Sphagnales. Sphagnales is a group of leafy mosses that are known to be the main contributors to the formation of peat. They have the ability to absorb and retain large amounts of water, making them important in the creation of wetland habitats.

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  • 4. 

    Perhatikan gambar berikut ini.Bagian yang ditunjuk secara berurutan adalah .......

    • A.

      Sporangium, sporogonium, gametofit, sporofit

    • B.

      Sporangium, tangkai, sporofit, gametofit

    • C.

      Sporangium, tangkai, gametofit, sporogonium

    • D.

      Sporangium, sporofit, gametofit, tangkai

    • E.

      Sporangium, gametofit, sporogonium, tangkai

    Correct Answer
    B. Sporangium, tangkai, sporofit, gametofit
    Explanation
    The correct answer is sporangium, tangkai, sporofit, gametofit. This is because in the given sequence, the first part mentioned is sporangium, which is the structure that produces spores. The next part mentioned is tangkai, which refers to the stalk or stem that supports the sporangium. After that, sporofit is mentioned, which is the diploid phase of the plant life cycle where spores are produced. Finally, gametofit is mentioned, which is the haploid phase of the plant life cycle where gametes are produced.

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  • 5. 

    Bangsa Marchantiales yang dapat digunakan sebagai obat radang hati adalah .…

    • A.

      Anthoceros fusiformis

    • B.

      Marchantia polymorpha

    • C.

      Riccia fluitans

    • D.

      Plagiochilla asplenoides

    • E.

      Calobryum mnioides

    Correct Answer
    B. Marchantia polymorpha
    Explanation
    Marchantia polymorpha is a type of liverwort that has been used traditionally as a medicinal plant for treating liver inflammation. It contains bioactive compounds such as polyphenols and flavonoids, which have anti-inflammatory properties. These compounds help reduce inflammation in the liver and promote its healing. Therefore, Marchantia polymorpha can be used as a natural remedy for liver inflammation.

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  • 6. 

    Pernyataan berikut yang benar tentang anteridium dan arkegonium pada bangsa Marchantiales adalah ….

    • A.

      Tangkai anteridium disebut sporangiofor

    • B.

      Arkegonium dan anteridium terdapat pada talus yang sama

    • C.

      Arkegonium adalah alat reproduksi vegetatif

    • D.

      Arkegonium dan anteridium terdapat pada talus yang sama

    • E.

      Anteridium menghasilkan sel sperma

    Correct Answer
    E. Anteridium menghasilkan sel sperma
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that anteridium produces sperm cells. Anteridium is a structure found in the Marchantiales group, which is a type of liverwort. It is responsible for producing and releasing sperm cells for fertilization. Archeogonium, on the other hand, is the female reproductive structure in liverworts, and it produces and contains the egg cells. Therefore, the statement that anteridium produces sperm cells is correct.

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  • 7. 

    Suatu tumbuhan memiliki ciri-ciri berikut.❶ Alat reproduksi tersembunyi (cryptogamae).❷ Berkembangbiak dengan spora, bukan dengan biji.❸ Memiliki akar, batang, dan daun sejati.Tumbuhan yang dimaksud adalah .…

    • A.

      Spermatophyta

    • B.

      Hepaticae

    • C.

      Pteridophyta

    • D.

      Musci

    • E.

      Bryophyta

    Correct Answer
    C. Pteridophyta
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Pteridophyta because it matches all the given characteristics. Pteridophytes are plants with hidden reproductive organs (cryptogamae) that reproduce through spores instead of seeds. They also possess true roots, stems, and leaves. Spermatophyta, Hepaticae, Musci, and Bryophyta do not fulfill all the mentioned criteria, making them incorrect choices.

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  • 8. 

    Tumbuhan paku berikut ini yang merupakan paku peralihan adalah ....

    • A.

      Semanggi (Marsilea crenata)

    • B.

      Paku ekor kuda (Equisetum debile)

    • C.

      Filicinae

    • D.

      Paku kawat (Lycopodium clavatum)

    • E.

      Paku rane (Selaginella wildenowii)

    Correct Answer
    B. Paku ekor kuda (Equisetum debile)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is paku ekor kuda (Equisetum debile) because it is a type of horsetail fern, which is a transitional fern. Transitional ferns are considered to be intermediate between the primitive ferns and the modern ferns. They have characteristics of both groups, making them a transitional form in the evolution of ferns.

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  • 9. 

    Perhatikan ciri-ciri tumbuhan paku berikut ini.❶ Memiliki sorus yang dilindungi indusium.❷ Memiliki daun makrofil.❸ Memiliki pertulangan daun yang bercabang.Kelompok tumbuhan paku yang memiliki ciri-ciri tersebut adalah ….

    • A.

      Paku rane

    • B.

      Paku purba

    • C.

      Paku ekor kuda

    • D.

      Paku sejati

    • E.

      Paku kawat

    Correct Answer
    D. Paku sejati
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "paku sejati" because it is the only option that fulfills all three characteristics mentioned in the question. It has protected sorus (indusium), macrophyll leaves, and branched leaf veins. The other options either lack one or more of these characteristics.

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  • 10. 

    Perhatikan skema metagenesis tumbuhan paku heterospora berikut ini. Bagian nomor 1, 2, dan 3 pada skema metagenesis tersebut adalah .…

    • A.

      Makrospora, mikroprotalium, megaspora

    • B.

      Tumbuhan paku, spora, makrospora

    • C.

      Spora, tumbuhan paku, mikroprotalium

    • D.

      Spora, mikroprotelium, makroprotalium

    • E.

      Mikrospora, tumbuhan paku, makrospora

    Correct Answer
    E. Mikrospora, tumbuhan paku, makrospora
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "mikrospora, tumbuhan paku, makrospora". In the life cycle of heterosporous ferns, the microspores are produced by the microsporangia, which develop into the male gametophyte called the microprotallium. The microprotallium produces the male gametes. On the other hand, the megaspores are produced by the megasporangia, which develop into the female gametophyte called the megagametophyte. The megagametophyte produces the female gametes. Therefore, the correct sequence is microspore, fern plant, and megaspore.

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