Quiz Ke-2 Jaringan Komputer I (Ti Malam)

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Quiz Ke-2 Jaringan Komputer I (Ti Malam) - Quiz

Quiz ke-2 matakuliah Jaringan Komputer I, Program Studi Teknik InformatikaBaca petunjukdan  soal dengan baik, dan kerjakan dengan benar.Quiz ini mengutamakan kejujuran. Kerjakan masing-masing, tidak boleh bekerja sama. Anda hanya diperbolehkan mengisi quiz ini 1 kali, database akan mencatat jawaban anda. Jika anda mengerjakan 2 kali, score yg diambil adalah score pada kesempatan 1. Petunjuk (Baca baik-baik dan kerjakan!): Sebelum memulai, Isikan Nama dan NIM pada tab yang telah disediakan (contoh : Andi Yuliandi(8020090001)!.Jumlah soal pada quis ini ada 23 soal (ditampilkan 1 per 1). Jenis soal pilihan berganda. Pilih salah satu jawaban yang anda anggap paling benar, setelah anda yakin dengan jawaban anda klik tombol "Submit My Answer" yang akan membawa anda ke soal berikutnya.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Untuk menyelesaikan transportasi end-to-end, layer Network menggunakan 4 proses dasar, yang benar adalah :

    • A.

      Addressing, Encapsulation, Routing, dan Switching

    • B.

      Addressing, Encapsulation, Routing, dan Decapsulation

    • C.

      Addressing, Encapsulation, Switching, dan Decapsulation

    • D.

      Addressing, Segmenting, Routing, dan Decapsulation

    Correct Answer
    B. Addressing, Encapsulation, Routing, dan Decapsulation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Addressing, Encapsulation, Routing, and Decapsulation. In order to complete end-to-end transportation, the Network layer uses these four basic processes. Addressing is needed to identify the source and destination of the data. Encapsulation involves adding header and trailer information to the data. Routing determines the best path for the data to travel. Decapsulation is the process of removing the header and trailer information at the destination.

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  • 2. 

    Protokol yang diimplementasikan pada layer Network adalah, kecuali:

    • A.

      IPv4

    • B.

      Novell IPX

    • C.

      Microsoft Exchange

    • D.

      Apple Talk

    Correct Answer
    C. Microsoft Exchange
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Microsoft Exchange. Microsoft Exchange is not a protocol implemented at the Network layer. It is actually a messaging and collaboration platform used for email, calendar, and contact management. On the other hand, IPv4, Novell IPX, and AppleTalk are all network layer protocols used for addressing and routing data packets in a network.

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  • 3. 

    Berikut ini adalah karakteristik dasar IPv4, yang benar adalah:

    • A.

      Connection-oriented, Best Effort dan Media Independent

    • B.

      Connectionless, Best Effort dan Media Independent

    • C.

      Connection-oriented, Reliable dan Media Independent

    • D.

      Connectionless, Reliable dan Media Independent

    Correct Answer
    B. Connectionless, Best Effort dan Media Independent
    Explanation
    IPv4 is a connectionless protocol, which means that it does not establish a dedicated connection before transmitting data. It is also best effort, meaning that it does not guarantee the delivery or reliability of data packets. Lastly, IPv4 is media independent, meaning that it can be used with different types of physical media, such as Ethernet or wireless networks.

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  • 4. 

    IP dikatakan sebagai unreliable protocol, pernyataan berikut yang benar mengenai unreliable adalah. kecuali:

    • A.

      Tidak terdapat Acknowledgement pengiriman paket

    • B.

      Tidak terdapat error control untuk data

    • C.

      Tidak terdapat mekanisme forwarding

    • D.

      Tidak terdapat bentuk packet tracking

    Correct Answer
    C. Tidak terdapat mekanisme forwarding
    Explanation
    IP (Internet Protocol) is considered an unreliable protocol because it does not provide mechanisms for forwarding packets. It is responsible for routing packets from the source to the destination, but it does not guarantee the delivery or ensure that packets are forwarded correctly. The other options mentioned in the question, such as the lack of acknowledgement, error control, and packet tracking, are all characteristics of an unreliable protocol like IP.

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  • 5. 

    Yang dimaksud dengan Maximum Transmission Unit adalah:

    • A.

      Ukuran maksimum PDU yang bisa ditransportasikan pada setiap media

    • B.

      Ukuran maksimum bandwidth

    • C.

      Ukuran maksimum routing

    • D.

      Ukuran maksimum waktu transmisi

    Correct Answer
    A. Ukuran maksimum PDU yang bisa ditransportasikan pada setiap media
    Explanation
    Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) refers to the maximum size of a Protocol Data Unit (PDU) that can be transported over a network media without fragmentation. It represents the largest amount of data that can be transmitted in a single network packet. The MTU value is determined by the network protocol or technology being used, and it varies depending on the type of media, such as Ethernet or wireless. It is important to ensure that the MTU is properly configured to avoid performance issues and packet fragmentation during data transmission.

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  • 6. 

    Berikut ini, diantaranya adalah field-field kunci yang terdapat pada header paket IPv4, kecuali:

    • A.

      IP Destiantion Address

    • B.

      IP Source Address

    • C.

      Protocol

    • D.

      MTU

    Correct Answer
    D. MTU
    Explanation
    The given options are all fields that are commonly found in the IPv4 header. The IP Destination Address field represents the destination IP address of the packet, the IP Source Address field represents the source IP address of the packet, and the Protocol field indicates the protocol being used (such as TCP or UDP). However, MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit) is not a field in the IPv4 header. It refers to the maximum size of a packet that can be transmitted over a network.

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  • 7. 

    Field yang menunjukkan sisa "hidup" dari paket pada header paket IPv4 adalah:

    • A.

      MTU

    • B.

      TOS

    • C.

      TTL

    • D.

      IHL

    Correct Answer
    C. TTL
    Explanation
    The correct answer is TTL. TTL stands for Time to Live and it is a field in the IPv4 header that indicates the remaining lifespan of a packet. It is decremented by one each time the packet passes through a router and when it reaches zero, the packet is discarded. This field helps prevent packets from circulating indefinitely in a network and ensures efficient routing.

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  • 8. 

    Sebuah jaringan bisa dikelompokkan berdasarkan atas faktor :

    • A.

      Lokasi geografis, jankauan dan kepemilikan

    • B.

      Lokasi geografis, keperluan dan layanan

    • C.

      Lokasi geografis, keperluan dan kepemilikan

    • D.

      Jangkauan, keperluan dan layanan

    Correct Answer
    C. Lokasi geografis, keperluan dan kepemilikan
    Explanation
    A network can be categorized based on geographical location, needs, and ownership. This means that the grouping of networks can be done by considering where they are located, what their specific needs are, and who owns them. This categorization helps in understanding and managing different types of networks more effectively.

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  • 9. 

    Masalah umum pada jaringan yang besar adalah, kecuali :

    • A.

      Performance degradation

    • B.

      Security Issues

    • C.

      Load balancing

    • D.

      Address Management

    Correct Answer
    C. Load balancing
    Explanation
    A common problem in large networks is load balancing. Load balancing refers to the distribution of network traffic across multiple servers or network resources to ensure optimal utilization and prevent any single resource from being overwhelmed. It helps to evenly distribute the workload and prevent performance degradation. Security issues and address management are also common problems in large networks, but load balancing specifically addresses the issue of distributing network traffic effectively.

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  • 10. 

    Pernyataan yang benar mengenai IPv4 adalah, kecuali :

    • A.

      Alamat logik 32-bit

    • B.

      Dibagi dalam 4 grup 8 bit (octet)

    • C.

      Setiap octet dikonversikan kedalam desimal

    • D.

      Setiap octet dikonversikan kedalam hexadesimal

    Correct Answer
    D. Setiap octet dikonversikan kedalam hexadesimal
    Explanation
    Setiap octet dikonversikan kedalam hexadesimal adalah pernyataan yang salah mengenai IPv4. Pernyataan yang benar adalah bahwa setiap octet dikonversikan ke dalam desimal.

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  • 11. 

    Pernyataan yang benar berkaitan dengan membuat subnetwork dari network adalah, kecuali

    • A.

      Meminjam bit host untuk dijadikan bit network

    • B.

      Makin banyak subnetwork yang dihasilkan, makin sedikit jumlah host per subnetwork

    • C.

      Bit host dapat dipinjam sebagai 32 bit

    • D.

      Memperluas prefix length/ subnet mask akan menghasilkan subnet baru

    Correct Answer
    C. Bit host dapat dipinjam sebagai 32 bit
    Explanation
    The statement "Bit host dapat dipinjam sebagai 32 bit" is incorrect because in a network, the total number of bits available is fixed at 32. These 32 bits are divided into the network portion and the host portion. Therefore, it is not possible to borrow all 32 bits for the host portion.

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  • 12. 

    Pernyataan berikut yang benar mengenai gateway adalah :

    • A.

      Sebuah interface router yang terkoneksi ke WAN

    • B.

      Sebuah interface router yang terkoneksi ke jaringan lokal

    • C.

      Sebuah peralatan yang menyediakan sinyal clocking

    • D.

      Sebuah end devices

    Correct Answer
    B. Sebuah interface router yang terkoneksi ke jaringan lokal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Sebuah interface router yang terkoneksi ke jaringan lokal." A gateway is an interface on a router that connects the local network to the outside network, typically the internet. It acts as an entry or exit point for data packets between the local network and the external network.

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  • 13. 

    Perintah yang bisa digunakan untuk memeriksa alamat default gateway pada host adalah:

    • A.

      Ping

    • B.

      Ipconfig

    • C.

      Tracert

    • D.

      Telnet

    Correct Answer
    B. Ipconfig
    Explanation
    The command "ipconfig" can be used to check the default gateway address on a host. This command displays the IP configuration settings of the network interfaces on the host, including the IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway. By running "ipconfig" in the command prompt or terminal, the user can easily identify the default gateway address and verify the network connectivity.

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  • 14. 

    Gateway pada sebuah jaringan, dapat berupa :

    • A.

      Sebuah Router

    • B.

      Sebuah Host

    • C.

      Sebuah Printer

    • D.

      Sebuah Switch

    Correct Answer
    A. Sebuah Router
    Explanation
    A gateway in a network is a device that connects different networks or subnets together. It acts as an entry point for data to enter or exit the network. A router is a type of gateway device that directs data packets between different networks based on their IP addresses. It determines the most efficient path for data transmission and ensures that the data reaches its intended destination. Therefore, a router is a valid example of a gateway in a network.

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  • 15. 

    Rute yang terdapat pada sebuah tabel routing memiliki fitur utama yaitu :

    • A.

      AD, next-hop dan Metric

    • B.

      Destination network, AD dan Metric

    • C.

      Destination network, Source network dan Metric

    • D.

      Destination network, next-hop dan Metric

    Correct Answer
    D. Destination network, next-hop dan Metric
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Destination network, next-hop, and Metric." In routing tables, the destination network refers to the network address for which the routing entry is defined. The next-hop is the IP address of the next device or router that the packet should be forwarded to in order to reach the destination network. The metric is a value that represents the cost or distance to reach the destination network. These three elements are crucial in determining the optimal path for forwarding network traffic.

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  • 16. 

    Perintah yang digunakan untuk memeriksa tabel routing pada sebuah host adalah

    • A.

      Ping

    • B.

      IPconfig

    • C.

      Route PRINT

    • D.

      Trace route

    Correct Answer
    C. Route PRINT
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "route PRINT". This command is used to display the routing table on a host. It provides information about the routes that the host uses to forward network traffic. By using this command, administrators can check the routing entries and their corresponding destinations, gateways, and metrics. It helps in troubleshooting network connectivity issues and understanding the path that network packets take to reach their destination.

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  • 17. 

    Rute yang digunakan oleh router untuk meneruskan paket yang jaringan tujuannya tidak terdapat dalam tabel routing dikenal sebagai:

    • A.

      Default route

    • B.

      Dynamic route

    • C.

      Gateway

    • D.

      Next-hop

    Correct Answer
    A. Default route
    Explanation
    A default route is used by a router to forward packets when the destination network is not found in the routing table. It is a preconfigured route that is used as a last resort when no other specific route matches the destination network. The router sends the packet to the default route, which is usually the gateway of last resort, and it is responsible for finding the appropriate path to the destination network.

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  • 18. 

    Setelah router menemukan kecocokan antara alamat tujuan paket dengan sebuah rute didalam tabel routing, alamat yang digunakan oleh router untuk meneruskan paket dikenal sebagai:

    • A.

      Static route

    • B.

      Next-hop

    • C.

      Host

    • D.

      Router

    Correct Answer
    B. Next-hop
    Explanation
    After the router finds a match between the destination address of the packet and a route in the routing table, the address that the router uses to forward the packet is known as the next-hop.

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  • 19. 

    Berikut adalah hal-hal yang akan dilakukan router terhadap paket, kecuali:

    • A.

      Meneruskannya ke next-hop router

    • B.

      Meneruskannya ke destination host

    • C.

      Memeriksa dan meneruskanya ke layer application

    • D.

      Membuangnya

    Correct Answer
    C. Memeriksa dan meneruskanya ke layer application
    Explanation
    Router tidak akan memeriksa dan meneruskan paket ke layer aplikasi. Tugas router adalah untuk mengarahkan paket ke tujuan berdasarkan alamat IP yang terkandung dalam paket tersebut. Router tidak memiliki kemampuan untuk memeriksa atau memproses lapisan aplikasi. Tugas ini dilakukan oleh perangkat di lapisan aplikasi seperti server atau komputer tujuan.

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  • 20. 

    Default route dikenal juga dengan istilah:

    • A.

      Next-hop address

    • B.

      Gateway of Last Resort

    • C.

      Interface router

    • D.

      Destination Address

    Correct Answer
    B. Gateway of Last Resort
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Gateway of Last Resort." A default route, also known as the gateway of last resort, is a route that is used when there is no specific route available in the routing table for a given destination. It is the route that a router will use as a last resort to forward packets to a destination network.

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  • 21. 

    Jika router menerima sebuah paket, tidak terdapat isian yang cocok dengan alamat tujuan router pada tabel routing dan tidak tersedia default route, apa yang yang dilakukan router terhadap paket tersebut?

    • A.

      Meneruskannya ke next-hop router

    • B.

      Meneruskannya ke destination host

    • C.

      Meneruskannya ke layer Application

    • D.

      Membuangnya

    Correct Answer
    D. Membuangnya
    Explanation
    Jika router menerima sebuah paket dan tidak terdapat isian yang cocok dengan alamat tujuan router pada tabel routing, serta tidak tersedia default route, maka router akan membuang paket tersebut. Hal ini berarti router tidak mengetahui cara mengirimkan paket ke tujuan yang dimaksud dan tidak ada pilihan lain untuk mengirimkannya ke tempat lain. Oleh karena itu, satu-satunya tindakan yang dapat dilakukan oleh router adalah membuang paket tersebut.

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  • 22. 

    Informasi rute tentang jaringan remote yang dikonfigurasi secara manual oleh administrator  dikenal dengan istilah:

    • A.

      Static routing

    • B.

      Dynamic routing

    • C.

      Next-hop address

    • D.

      Gateway

    Correct Answer
    A. Static routing
    Explanation
    Static routing refers to the process of manually configuring network routes by an administrator. In this method, the routes are predetermined and do not change automatically based on network conditions. It is commonly used in smaller networks or when the network topology is simple and stable. By configuring static routes, the administrator can specify the exact path that network traffic should take, ensuring efficient and predictable routing.

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  • 23. 

    Berikut adalah contoh protokol routing, kecuali :

    • A.

      RIP

    • B.

      EIGRP

    • C.

      VLSM

    • D.

      OSPF

    Correct Answer
    C. VLSM
    Explanation
    The given list consists of different routing protocols. RIP, EIGRP, and OSPF are all examples of routing protocols used in computer networks to determine the best path for data packets to travel. VLSM, on the other hand, stands for Variable Length Subnet Masking, which is not a routing protocol but a technique used to allocate IP addresses more efficiently by using different subnet mask lengths. Therefore, VLSM is the correct answer as it does not belong to the category of routing protocols.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 15, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Kbudiz
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