To achieve lower operations costs
To obtain superior quality
To accommodate local customers requirements and government regulations
To reduce and rationalize capacity and availability of supply
To obtain tax incentives
Lower labor and material costs
Returns and repairs of defective products
Incentives and tax deductions
Globalization of consumer markets
Increased availability of technology and communications solutions
Longer, less consistent, and less flexible
Shorter, more consistent and less flexible
Longer, more consistent and more flexible
Longer, less consistent and more flexible
Decreased amount of documentation required for international operations
Low incidence of counter trade and duty drawback found in some international situations
Unique national accommodations such as performance features, power supply characteristics and safety requirements.
Documentation that is standardized across products
Transportation is more complicated, involving different modes of transportation, different carriers, different documents, and much greater transit times.
Insurance is more complex and somewhat treacherous.
Packaging needs are different due to higher risks.
Means of payment are less involved, with lower risks of non-payment and currency fluctuations.
Weather Patterns, Fuel Prices, Trade Agreements
Production Systems, Transport Efficiency, Integration Process
Production Systems, Fuel Prices, Trade Agreements
Weather Patterns, Integration Process, Trade Agreements
Logistics planning should be integrated into the company's strategic planning process.
Logistics departments need to be guided by a clear vision and must measure output regularly.
Import/export management should try to ensure integrated management of all elements of the logistics supply chain, from origin to destination.
Logistics functions such as procurement, manufacturing, distribution, and sales should be locally and independently optimized for continuous improvement.
Companies are more aggressive in pursuing economies of scale in both manufacturing and marketing.
Consumers currently demand more customized and unique products and services.
New marketing tools and technologies have helped companies reach new markets and track sales in those markets more effectively.
(1) ASSETS, (2) REVENUES, (3)EXPENSES
(1) REVENUES, (2) ASSETS, (3)EXPENSES
(1) REVENUES, (2) EXPENSES, (3) ASSETS
(1) EXPENSES, (2) REVENUES, (3) ASSETS