Punic Wars Understanding Check

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Punic Wars Understanding Check - Quiz


Review of Carthage and Roman Republic Notes


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    This country's leader marched across the Alps.

    • A.

      Rome

    • B.

      Carthage

    Correct Answer
    B. Carthage
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Carthage. Carthage was an ancient city-state located in present-day Tunisia. Its leader, Hannibal, famously marched his army across the Alps during the Second Punic War to attack Rome. This military campaign is considered one of the greatest achievements in military history.

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  • 2. 

    This country won the first Punic War.

    • A.

      Rome

    • B.

      Carthage

    Correct Answer
    A. Rome
    Explanation
    Rome is the correct answer because it emerged victorious in the first Punic War. The war was fought between Rome and Carthage, and Rome's victory allowed it to gain control over Sicily, Corsica, and Sardinia. This victory marked the beginning of Rome's expansion as a dominant power in the Mediterranean region. Carthage, on the other hand, suffered significant losses and had to pay a large indemnity to Rome.

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  • 3. 

    This country was located in Northern Africa

    • A.

      Rome

    • B.

      Carthage

    Correct Answer
    B. Carthage
    Explanation
    Carthage was a city-state in ancient Northern Africa. It was located in present-day Tunisia. Carthage was a major power in the Mediterranean region and rivaled Rome for dominance. It was known for its strong navy and trade network. The city was eventually destroyed by the Romans in the Third Punic War in 146 BC, marking the end of Carthaginian civilization.

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  • 4. 

    This country's leader used snakes in battle.

    • A.

      Rome

    • B.

      Carthage

    Correct Answer
    B. Carthage
    Explanation
    Carthage is the correct answer because its leader, Hannibal, famously used snakes as a weapon during the Second Punic War against Rome. Hannibal is known for his innovative military tactics, and one of his strategies involved placing pots filled with venomous snakes on Roman ships to create chaos and fear among the enemy soldiers. This unconventional approach demonstrated Carthage's resourcefulness and contributed to their successes in battle.

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  • 5. 

    This country had Scipio as a leader.

    • A.

      Rome

    • B.

      Carthage

    Correct Answer
    A. Rome
    Explanation
    This question is asking for the country that had Scipio as a leader. The correct answer is Rome. Scipio, also known as Scipio Africanus, was a Roman general who played a crucial role in the Second Punic War against Carthage. He is renowned for his victories, including the defeat of the Carthaginian general Hannibal at the Battle of Zama. Therefore, it is clear that Scipio was a leader in Rome, not Carthage.

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  • 6. 

    This country was on the Italian Peninsula.

    • A.

      Rome

    • B.

      Carthage

    Correct Answer
    A. Rome
    Explanation
    Rome is the correct answer because it was indeed located on the Italian Peninsula. Rome was the capital city of the Roman Empire and played a significant role in shaping Western civilization. It was situated in the central part of the Italian Peninsula, near the western coast. Rome was known for its rich history, impressive architecture, and influential cultural and political developments.

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  • 7. 

    This country poured salt into the soil of the enemies land.

    • A.

      Rome

    • B.

      Carthage

    Correct Answer
    A. Rome
    Explanation
    Rome is the correct answer because during ancient times, the Romans were known to practice a military strategy called salting the earth. This involved pouring salt into the soil of conquered enemy lands to make it infertile and unusable for agriculture. This tactic was used to ensure that the conquered land would not be able to recover and pose a threat again in the future. Carthage, on the other hand, was a rival city-state of Rome and did not engage in this specific practice.

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  • 8. 

    This country used elephants in battle.

    • A.

      Rome

    • B.

      Carthage

    Correct Answer
    B. Carthage
    Explanation
    Carthage is the correct answer because historical records suggest that Carthaginians used war elephants in battle. These elephants were trained and equipped with armor, making them formidable weapons on the battlefield. The Carthaginians utilized these powerful creatures in various conflicts, including the famous Punic Wars against Rome. The use of elephants provided Carthage with a significant advantage, as they could trample enemy soldiers and create chaos among their ranks. This tactic showcases Carthage's innovative military strategies and their ability to utilize unconventional warfare methods.

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  • 9. 

    This country won the second Punic War.

    • A.

      Rome

    • B.

      Carthage

    Correct Answer
    A. Rome
    Explanation
    Rome is the correct answer because it emerged victorious in the second Punic War. This conflict was fought between Rome and Carthage, and it lasted from 218 to 201 BC. The war was primarily led by the Carthaginian general Hannibal, who posed a significant threat to Rome with his tactical brilliance and military strategies. However, Rome eventually turned the tide and defeated Carthage, resulting in the complete destruction of the city and the dominance of Rome in the Mediterranean region.

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  • 10. 

    This country gained Spain, Carthage, Greece, the Po River area and Macedonia at the end of the Third Punic War.

    • A.

      Rome

    • B.

      Carthage

    Correct Answer
    A. Rome
    Explanation
    Rome is the correct answer because it gained Spain, Carthage, Greece, the Po River area, and Macedonia at the end of the Third Punic War. This expansion of territory was a result of Rome's victory over Carthage, which allowed them to acquire these regions and establish their dominance in the Mediterranean.

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  • 11. 

    Hannibal, this countries leader was a marked man after the Second Punic War.

    • A.

      Rome

    • B.

      Carthage

    Correct Answer
    B. Carthage
    Explanation
    After the Second Punic War, Hannibal, the leader of Carthage, became a marked man. This suggests that he was targeted or pursued by someone or some group. Since Hannibal was the leader of Carthage, it can be inferred that the marked man mentioned in the statement refers to him. Therefore, the correct answer is Carthage.

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  • 12. 

    This country hated Hannibal and its leaders were very jealous of the natural resources located in and around its shores.

    • A.

      Rome

    • B.

      Carthage

    Correct Answer
    A. Rome
    Explanation
    The given information states that this country hated Hannibal and its leaders were jealous of the natural resources located in and around its shores. Based on historical context, Rome fits this description. Rome was a rival of Carthage during the Punic Wars, and Hannibal was a Carthaginian general who posed a significant threat to Rome. Rome's leaders were indeed jealous of the resources in Carthage's territory, which ultimately led to the destruction of Carthage by Rome. Therefore, the correct answer is Rome.

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  • 13. 

    The leaders of this country copied the ships that they acquired after a batte and built over 60 ships in 30 days.

    • A.

      Rome

    • B.

      Carthage

    Correct Answer
    A. Rome
    Explanation
    During ancient times, Rome was known for its military prowess and innovative strategies. The statement suggests that the leaders of Rome were able to replicate the ships they acquired from a battle, demonstrating their ability to quickly learn and adapt. Building over 60 ships in just 30 days showcases their efficiency and resourcefulness, which were key factors in Rome's success as a dominant empire.

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  • 14. 

    This country won  the third Punic War.

    • A.

      Rome

    • B.

      Carthage

    Correct Answer
    A. Rome
    Explanation
    Rome is the correct answer because the question is asking which country won the third Punic War. Rome was the victorious country in this war, which took place between Rome and Carthage.

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  • 15. 

    This country lost the third Punic War and was forced to move 10 miles inland.

    • A.

      Rome

    • B.

      Carthage

    Correct Answer
    B. Carthage
    Explanation
    Carthage lost the third Punic War against Rome. As a result of their defeat, Carthage was forced to move 10 miles inland. This relocation was part of the terms of surrender imposed by Rome, which aimed to weaken and control Carthage. Therefore, the correct answer is Carthage.

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  • Current Version
  • Feb 05, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 03, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Annieprint
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