COPD And Cystic Fibrosis Quiz: Trivia

39 Questions | Total Attempts: 199

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COPD And Cystic Fibrosis Quiz: Trivia

COPD and cystic fibrosis quiz: trivia. There are a lot of diseases that affect the lungs, and most of them are life-threatening because they make it hard for a person to breath with ease. COPD and cystic fibrosis are some incurable lung disorders while one is inherited the other is as a result of life choices or irritants. By taking this quiz, you will get a chance to test out what you know about these two diseases.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What two diseases are included in COPD?
    • A. 

      Chronic bronchitis and asthma

    • B. 

      Chronic bronchitis and emphysema

  • 2. 
    COPD is characterized by the presence of ____________ _______________ as a result of either of these two disease states. It is very similar to asthma.
    • A. 

      Airflow restriction

    • B. 

      Airflow obstruction

  • 3. 
    What two pulmonary diseases together represent the fourth leading cause of death in the US, with over 100,000 deaths reported annually.
    • A. 

      Emphysema and asthma

    • B. 

      COPD and Asthma

    • C. 

      Chronic bronchitis and asthma

  • 4. 
    Most patients with COPD have features of BOTH chronic bronchitis and emphysema
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Cigarette smoking has nothing to do with COPD.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Which disease is anatomically defined as an abnormal permanent enlargement of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles, accompanied by destruction of the bonchiolar walls and the alveolar septa?
    • A. 

      Chronic bronchitis

    • B. 

      Emphysema

  • 7. 
    Patients with emphysema have increased lung compliance.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Patients with which disease are known as "pink puffers"
    • A. 

      Emphysema

    • B. 

      Chronic bronchitis

    • C. 

      Asthma

    • D. 

      Bronchiectasis

  • 9. 
    You are presented an x ray with an increased blackness, increased retro-sternal space, a small heart, and a depressed, flattened diaphragm, and the presence of blebs. The patient is complaining of dyspnea that is severe and occurs early. Physical exam appears normal. What diagnosis is suspected?
    • A. 

      Chronic bronchitis

    • B. 

      Emphysema

  • 10. 
    What is the earliest symptom of COPD?
    • A. 

      Yellow or green sputum

    • B. 

      Daily morning cough with no sputum

    • C. 

      Daily morning cough with clear sputum

  • 11. 
    When do you order an ABG on a COPD patient? (click all that apply)
    • A. 

      When hypoxemia or hypercapnia is suspected

    • B. 

      FEV1 < 40%

    • C. 

      FEV1 < 50%

    • D. 

      If there are clinical signs of right heart failure

    • E. 

      FEV1 < 30%

  • 12. 
    What lab test do you order on the sputum sample of a COPD patient?
    • A. 

      Culture and sensitivity

    • B. 

      Culture and gram stain

    • C. 

      Acid fast bacteria

    • D. 

      Culture only

  • 13. 
    What are the common pathogens present in the sputum of a COPD patient?
    • A. 

      Streptococcus pneumonia, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis

    • B. 

      Staphylococcus pneumonia, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis

    • C. 

      Streptococcus pneumonia, acid fast bacillus, Haemophilus influenzae

  • 14. 
    A CBC on a COPD patient with show polycythemia. What is polycythemia?
    • A. 

      An excess of white blood cells

    • B. 

      An excess of red blood cells

    • C. 

      An excess of lymphocytes

    • D. 

      An excess of erythrocytes

  • 15. 
    What are the common EKG abnormalities seen in a COPD patient?
    • A. 

      Multifocal atrial tachycardia

    • B. 

      Atrial flutter

    • C. 

      Atrial fibrillaitons

    • D. 

      Low voltage and right axis deviation, poor R wave progression

  • 16. 
    What are possbile complicatons of COPD?
    • A. 

      Pulmonary hypertension, cor pulmonale, and chronic respiratory failure, and pulmonary embolism

    • B. 

      Cor pulmonale, and chronic respiratory failure, and pulmonary embolism

    • C. 

      Pulmonary hypotension, cor pulmonale, and chronic respiratory failure, and pulmonary embolism

  • 17. 
    What vaccines should you recommend to a patient with COPD?
    • A. 

      Yearly pneumococcal vaccine and yearly influenza

    • B. 

      Pneumococcal vaccine and yearly influenza vaccine

  • 18. 
    What is the worst stage of COPD?
    • A. 

      Stage I- FEV1 < 20%

    • B. 

      Stage II- FEV1 < 30%

    • C. 

      Stage III- FEV1 < 30%

  • 19. 
    The cornerstone of treatment of asthma is inhaled corticosteroids, what is the treatment for patients with COPD after smoking cessation has been discussed?
    • A. 

      Supplemental oxygen (home) on a rate of 1-3 meters to achieve a PaO2 > 55 mm Hg

    • B. 

      Supplemental oxygen (home) on a rate of 1-3 meters to achieve a PaO2 > 45 mm Hg

    • C. 

      Supplemental oxygen (home) on a rate of 5-10 meters to achieve a PaO2 > 55 mm Hg

  • 20. 
    T/F Bupropion (Wellbutrin) is a treatment option for smoking cessation in motivated patients
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    What two bronchodilators are most often prescribed for patients with COPD?
    • A. 

      Atrovent (anti-cholinergic ipratropium bromide) and albuterol (short-acting beta agonists)

    • B. 

      Cromolyn sodium (Intal) and nedocromil (Tilade)

    • C. 

      Salmeterol (Serevent) and fomoterol (Foradil Aerolizer)

  • 22. 
    T/F Albuterol is the primary drug for asthma and atrovent is for COPD, but both are used in both conditions
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    T/F MDIs are contraindicated in patients with a peanut or soy allergy?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    T/F Corticosteroids are useful for patients with COPD
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    What two symptoms of a COPD flare suggest that you should put them on an antibiotic?
    • A. 

      Tachypnea and change in quantity or character of sputum

    • B. 

      Dyspnea and change in quantitiy or character of sputum

    • C. 

      Orthopnea and low SaO2 (low oxygen saturation)

    • D. 

      Dyspnea and high SaO2 (oxygen saturation)