Pathophysiology Of Respiratory Disease! Quiz

41 Questions | Total Attempts: 4810

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Pathophysiology Of Respiratory Disease! Quiz - Quiz

. Pathophysiology of a respiratory disease trivia quiz. The respiratory system is charged with ensuring the body takes in oxygen and expels carbon dioxide, and this is made possible mainly by the lungs. Just like any other organ in the body, the lungs can be affected by different diseases and disorders. The quiz will help you review what you know of these diseases and disorders and the effect they have on the body.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is not a function of the respiratory system?
    • A. 

      Bring oxygen in

    • B. 

      Decrease temperature of air

    • C. 

      Move gas wastes out

    • D. 

      Works along with cardiovascular system

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is NOT a requirement for proper ventilation?
    • A. 

      Intact chest wall

    • B. 

      Intact diaphragm

    • C. 

      Intact lung tissue

    • D. 

      Intact cilia

  • 3. 
    During inhalation, the diaphragm drops, and the ribs will expand.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Residual volume is the maximum amount of air that can be moved in and out of the lungs.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    The controls of respiratory functions reside in which of the following?
    • A. 

      Brain

    • B. 

      Pituitary gland

    • C. 

      Lungs

    • D. 

      Upper respiratory tract

  • 6. 
    As CO2, the "designated driver" of the blood, rises SLOWLY, the chemoreceptors will not have the ability to recognize the problem as quickly. So receptors in peripheral parts of the body begin to take over. These "secondary drivers" are known as?
    • A. 

      Histamine drivers

    • B. 

      Oxygen drivers

    • C. 

      RBC drivers

    • D. 

      Leukotriene drivers

  • 7. 
    Where is the location of gas exchange?
    • A. 

      Lungs

    • B. 

      Diaphragm

    • C. 

      Alveoli

    • D. 

      Goblet cells

  • 8. 
    Which alteration is effected if the A-C interface is affected, by stretching or damage?
    • A. 

      Air flow

    • B. 

      Gas exchange

    • C. 

      Blood flow

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is NOT a cause of alteration in air flow?
    • A. 

      Breathing patterns

    • B. 

      Chest wall injury

    • C. 

      Parachymal injury

    • D. 

      Inflammation

    • E. 

      None of the above

    • F. 

      All of the above

  • 10. 
    What type of disorder is Cystic Fibrosis?
    • A. 

      Genetic

    • B. 

      Acquired

    • C. 

      Immunocompromised

    • D. 

      Hypersensitivity

  • 11. 
    Cystic fibrosis causes obstruction in the bronchioles and small bronchi due to the abnormally thick mucous secretions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Which of the following is the primary causative agent for lung cancer?
    • A. 

      Air pollution

    • B. 

      Chemical exposure

    • C. 

      Recurrent infection

    • D. 

      Cigarette smoking

  • 13. 
    In order to maintain effective breathing patterns, one must have an adequate gas exchange for metabolic processes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is NOT an effect of pneumonia?
    • A. 

      Decrease in air flow

    • B. 

      Increase in respirations

    • C. 

      Increase in A-C membrane width

    • D. 

      Decrease in gas exchange

  • 15. 
    Which disorder causes symptoms of fatty stools, salty skin, and frequent respiratory infections?
    • A. 

      Cystic fibrosis

    • B. 

      Asthma

    • C. 

      Emphysema

    • D. 

      Respiratory distress syndrome

  • 16. 
    Which disease involves the symptoms of hemoptysis, pleural effusion, chest pain, and anemia?
    • A. 

      Chest wall injury

    • B. 

      Pulmonary embolism

    • C. 

      Lung cancer

    • D. 

      Respiratory distress syndrome

  • 17. 
    Choose 2 of the following factors that are involved in the pathway of asthma.
    • A. 

      Pulmonary HTN from blocked circulation

    • B. 

      Release of interleukins, histamine, leukotrienes

    • C. 

      Airway edema from increased mucous productions

  • 18. 
    What is the causative agent of polycythemia and pulmonary hypertension?
    • A. 

      Airway obstruction

    • B. 

      Surfactant secretion

    • C. 

      Pulmonary edema

    • D. 

      Chronic hypoxemia

  • 19. 
    What 2 alterations are manifested by emphysema?
    • A. 

      Obstructive problems

    • B. 

      Blood flow problems

    • C. 

      Gas exchange problems

    • D. 

      Air flow problems

  • 20. 
    Which disease is characterized by too much fluid in the interstitial space?
    • A. 

      Pulmonary HTN

    • B. 

      Chronic bronchitis

    • C. 

      Pulmonary edema

    • D. 

      Pneumothorax

  • 21. 
    Which disease is characterized by a decreased oxygen level leading to chronic hypoxemia, stretching of the A-C membrane causing a decrease in gas exchange, and air trapping in the thoracic cavity?
    • A. 

      Emphysema

    • B. 

      Pulmonary embolus

    • C. 

      Pneumonia

    • D. 

      Tuberculosis

  • 22. 
    In a pt with emphysema, a nurse may observe a 'barrel chest." What causes this physical abnormality?
    • A. 

      Too much fluid trapped in the lungs

    • B. 

      Airway swelling and increased mucous production

    • C. 

      Increased pressure in the vascular space from pulmonary HTN

    • D. 

      Too much air trapped in the thoracic cavity

  • 23. 
    A patient comes in complaining of chronic mucous production and respiratory irritation. The symptoms you observe are a productive cough and cyanosis of the skin. Which disease possibly explains these manifestations?
    • A. 

      Chronic bronchitis

    • B. 

      Respiratory distress syndrome

    • C. 

      Cor pulmonale

    • D. 

      Cystic fibrosis

  • 24. 
    Pulmonary hypertension causes a rise in blood pressure readings. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    A patient comes in with pulmonary hypertension and heart failure from block circulation. Shortly after, the patient has an MI. Which disorder could possibly explain this situation?
    • A. 

      Flail chest

    • B. 

      Hemothorax

    • C. 

      Aspiration

    • D. 

      Pulmonary embolus

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