Public Health Quiz: Trivia Questions! Test

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| By DawnShaulis
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DawnShaulis
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 6,506
Questions: 16 | Attempts: 2,662

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Public Health Quiz: Trivia Questions! Test - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Any combination of learning experiences designed to facilitate voluntary adaptations of behavior conducive to health.

    • A.

      Health education

    • B.

      Health behavior

    • C.

      Health promotion

    • D.

      Ecological perspective

    Correct Answer
    A. Health education
    Explanation
    Health education refers to any combination of learning experiences designed to facilitate voluntary adaptations of behavior conducive to health. It involves providing individuals with knowledge, skills, and resources to make informed decisions about their health. Through health education, people can gain an understanding of health behaviors and how they can promote their overall well-being. It aims to empower individuals to take control of their health and make positive changes in their lifestyle choices. Health education plays a crucial role in promoting healthy behaviors and preventing diseases.

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  • 2. 

    This refers to the actions of individuals, groups, and organizations, as well as their determinants, correlates, and consequences, including social change, policy development, and implementation, improved coping skills, and enhanced quality of life.

    • A.

      Health promotion

    • B.

      Multiple levels of influence

    • C.

      Health behavior

    • D.

      Ecological perspective

    Correct Answer
    C. Health behavior
    Explanation
    The given answer, "Health behavior," aligns with the description provided in the question. It refers to the actions of individuals, groups, and organizations, as well as their determinants, correlates, and consequences, including social change, policy development, and implementation, improved coping skills, and enhanced quality of life. Health behavior encompasses the choices and actions individuals make that impact their health, such as diet, exercise, and lifestyle choices.

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  • 3. 

    Any combination of health education and related organizational, economic, and environmental supports for the behavior of individuals, groups, or communities conducive to health.

    • A.

      Ecological perspective

    • B.

      Health Promotion

    • C.

      Preventive health behavior

    • D.

      MMultiple levels of influence

    Correct Answer
    B. Health Promotion
    Explanation
    The given statement describes health promotion, which is a combination of health education and various supports that aim to encourage individuals, groups, or communities to adopt behaviors that promote health. This approach considers multiple levels of influence, including organizational, economic, and environmental factors, to create a conducive environment for healthy behaviors. Therefore, the correct answer is Health Promotion.

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  • 4. 

    Two key ideas from this help direct the identification of personal and environmental leverage points for health promotion and education interventions.

    • A.

      Preventive health behavior

    • B.

      Multiple levels of influence

    • C.

      Ecological perspective

    • D.

      Reciprocal causation

    Correct Answer
    C. Ecological perspective
    Explanation
    The ecological perspective refers to an approach that considers the multiple levels of influence on health behavior and recognizes the reciprocal causation between individuals and their environment. This means that health promotion and education interventions should take into account not only individual behaviors but also the broader social, cultural, and environmental factors that shape those behaviors. By understanding the ecological context in which health behaviors occur, interventions can be designed to target multiple levels of influence and have a more comprehensive impact on promoting health.

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  • 5. 

    Behavior is viewed as being affected by, and affecting, what?

    • A.

      Health education

    • B.

      Ecological perspective

    • C.

      Health promotion

    • D.

      Multiple levels of influence

    Correct Answer
    D. Multiple levels of influence
    Explanation
    Behavior is viewed as being affected by, and affecting, multiple levels of influence. This means that behavior is not solely influenced by one factor, but rather by a combination of factors at different levels. These levels can include individual factors, such as personal beliefs and attitudes, as well as social, cultural, and environmental factors. By recognizing the multiple levels of influence, health educators and promoters can develop interventions and strategies that target these different levels to effectively promote behavior change and improve overall health outcomes.

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  • 6. 

    How many levels of influence for health-related behaviors and conditions have been identified?

    • A.

      3

    • B.

      4

    • C.

      5

    • D.

      6

    Correct Answer
    C. 5
    Explanation
    (1) intrapersonal, or individual factors; (2) interpersonal factors; (3) institutional, or organizational factors; (4) community factors; and (5) public-policy factors

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  • 7. 

    Between individuals and their environments; that is, behavior both influences and is influenced by the social environment.

    • A.

      Sick role behavior

    • B.

      Illness behavior

    • C.

      Reciprocal causation

    • D.

      Preventive health behavior

    Correct Answer
    C. Reciprocal causation
    Explanation
    Reciprocal causation refers to the concept that behavior is both influenced by and influences the social environment. In the context of the given statement, it suggests that individuals' behavior and their environment have a reciprocal relationship, where they both affect and are affected by each other. This implies that individuals' behavior can be influenced by their social environment, and at the same time, their behavior can also influence the social environment they are in. Therefore, reciprocal causation is the most appropriate term to describe the relationship between behavior and the social environment in the given statement.

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  • 8. 

    Any activity is undertaken by an individual who believes himself (or herself) to be healthy, for the purpose of preventing or detecting illness in an asymptomatic state.

    • A.

      Healthly behavior

    • B.

      Illness behavior

    • C.

      Sick role behavior

    • D.

      Preventive health behavior

    Correct Answer
    D. Preventive health behavior
    Explanation
    Preventive health behavior refers to engaging in activities that aim to prevent or detect illnesses when a person considers themselves to be in good health. This can include practices such as regular exercise, maintaining a balanced diet, getting vaccinations, and going for regular check-ups. The individual takes these actions to proactively safeguard their well-being and minimize the risk of developing any health issues.

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  • 9. 

    Any activity is undertaken by an individual who perceives himself to be ill, to define the state of health, and to discover a suitable remedy.

    • A.

      Sick role behavior

    • B.

      Illness behavior

    • C.

      Denial behavior

    • D.

      Reciprocal behavior

    Correct Answer
    B. Illness behavior
    Explanation
    Illness behavior refers to the actions and attitudes of individuals who perceive themselves to be ill. It involves seeking a definition of their health condition and finding an appropriate remedy for it. This behavior includes actions such as visiting healthcare professionals, undergoing medical tests, and adhering to prescribed treatments. It also encompasses psychological aspects such as experiencing and expressing symptoms, seeking social support, and making adjustments in daily life to accommodate the illness. Illness behavior is a way for individuals to cope with their perceived illness and actively engage in the process of seeking healthcare and managing their health condition.

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  • 10. 

    Any activity is undertaken by an individual who considers himself to be ill, for the purpose of getting well. It includes receiving treatment from medical providers, generally involves a whole range of dependent behaviors, and leads to some degree of exemption from one’s usual responsibilities.

    • A.

      Illness behavior

    • B.

      Preventive health behavior

    • C.

      Sick role behavior

    • D.

      Denial behavior

    Correct Answer
    C. Sick role behavior
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is sick role behavior. This is because the passage describes an individual who considers themselves to be ill and engages in activities to get well. This behavior includes seeking treatment from medical providers, exhibiting dependent behaviors, and being exempt from usual responsibilities. This aligns with the concept of sick role behavior, which refers to the actions and attitudes of individuals who are perceived as being sick and how society expects them to behave.

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  • 11. 

    Theories are abstract and are like...

    • A.

      A slice of pizza

    • B.

      A building block

    • C.

      An empty coffee cup

    • D.

      A cell phone

    Correct Answer
    C. An empty coffee cup
    Explanation
    They are like an empty cup of coffee because they have a shape and boundaries but nothing concrete inside.

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  • 12. 

    A theory is a set of interrelated concepts, definitions, and propositions that present a systematic view of events or situations by specifying relations among variables in order to explain and predict the events or situation.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement accurately describes the definition of a theory. A theory is indeed a collection of interconnected concepts, definitions, and propositions that provide a structured understanding of events or situations. It aims to explain and predict these events or situations by establishing relationships between variables. Therefore, the answer "True" is correct.

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  • 13. 

    Constructs are the major components of a theory – they are its building blocks or primary elements.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Concepts are the major components of a theory – they are its building blocks or primary elements. When concepts are developed or adopted for use in a particular theory they are called constructs.

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  • 14. 

    A paradigm is a basic schema that organizes our broadly based view of something.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    They are widely recognized scientific achievements that provide model problem-solving approaches to a community of practitioners and scientists.

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  • 15. 

    A formal theory is...

    • A.

      More reality than ideal

    • B.

      More ideal than reality

    Correct Answer
    B. More ideal than reality
    Explanation
    A formal theory is described as being "more ideal than reality" because it is a theoretical construct that aims to represent and explain a specific aspect of reality in a simplified and abstract manner. Formal theories often make assumptions and use mathematical or logical models to analyze and understand complex phenomena. While they can provide valuable insights and predictions, they are not a perfect representation of the real world and may overlook certain complexities or nuances. Therefore, they are considered to be more idealized versions of reality rather than completely accurate descriptions.

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  • 16. 

    Principles are correctly described below by all of the following except...

    • A.

      They are general guidelines for actions

    • B.

      In their best form, theya re basis for hypotheses

    • C.

      They are broad and nonspecific and may actually distort realities or results based on research

    • D.

      A. Often informed by more than one theory, as well as by empirical findings

    Correct Answer
    D. A. Often informed by more than one theory, as well as by empirical findings
    Explanation
    Models are often informed by more than one theory, as well as by empirical findings

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 02, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    DawnShaulis
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