Psychology - Life Span - Chapter 4 - Pt 2

25 Questions
Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Psychology 237 Life Span

Please wait...
Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The proper order for human growth before birth is:
    • A. 

  • 2. 
    The first 2 weeks of development after conception is called the:
    • A. 

      Fetal period

    • B. 

      Germinal period

    • C. 

      Embryonic period

    • D. 

      Implantation period

  • 3. 
    What percent of developing organisms fails to properly implant?
    • A. 

      50 %

    • B. 

      40 %

    • C. 

      60 %

    • D. 

      70 %

  • 4. 
    The neural tube eventually develops into:
    • A. 

      The visual system

    • B. 

      The skeletal system

    • C. 

      The cardiovascular system

    • D. 

      The central nervous system

  • 5. 
    Which of the following happens during the fetal period?
    • A. 

      The indifferent gonad differentiates

    • B. 

      Implantation

    • C. 

      The neural tube forms

    • D. 

      The blastocyst becomes an embryo

  • 6. 
    The age of viability refers to:
    • A. 

      The moment when fusion occurs and the zygote is formed

    • B. 

      The age at which the fetus can survive outside of the uterus with specialized medical care

    • C. 

      The age at which the embryo becomes a fetus

    • D. 

      The age at which a woman can conceive a child

  • 7. 
    Eight-year-olds who had been born very early are more likely than those who were born "full-term" to:
    • A. 

      Have allergies

    • B. 

      Exhibit signs of depression

    • C. 

      Have cerebral palsy

    • D. 

      Suffer from sinus headaches

  • 8. 
    Advances in which area are critical in attaining the age of viability?
    • A. 

      Lung functioning

    • B. 

      Heart functioning

    • C. 

      Weight gain

    • D. 

      Brain functioning

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      All teratogens increase the risk of damage

    • B. 

      In order to be teratogen, a substance must always cause damage

    • C. 

      The placenta screens out most harmful substances

    • D. 

      Alcohol was the first teratogen to be formally identified

  • 10. 
    Why are women encouraged to stop using recreational drugs prior to pregnancy?
    • A. 

      Most recreational drugs interfere with fertility

    • B. 

      The embryonic stage is a critical period for physical structure and form

    • C. 

      Both alcohol and tobacco have been associated with incomplete implantation

    • D. 

      Genetic susceptibility to teratogens is greatest during the embryonic period

  • 11. 
    A term that refers to the result of a combination of teratogens is:
    • A. 

      Genetic vulnerability

    • B. 

      Critical period

    • C. 

      Interaction effect

    • D. 

      Kangaroo care

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      Jean's circulation absorbed more alcohol from the mother's blood than did Sean's

    • B. 

      A teratogen's effects vary depending on when exposure occurs

    • C. 

      Females are more vulnerable to prenatal alcohol exposure

    • D. 

      A teratogen may or may not be harmful depending on the individual's genetic makeup

  • 13. 
    Tetracycline use during pregnancy:
    • A. 

      Can harm the teeth

    • B. 

      Can affect the development of the baby's facial features

    • C. 

      Can cause heart abnormalities

    • D. 

      Can cause limb deformities

  • 14. 
    Eating undercooked meat or handling cat feces can lead to:
    • A. 

      AIDS

    • B. 

      Toxoplasmosis

    • C. 

      Rubella

    • D. 

      Malnutrition

  • 15. 
    The use of heroin during pregnancy:
    • A. 

      May affect the baby's lungs

    • B. 

      Can harm the baby's teeth

    • C. 

      May cause premature labor

    • D. 

      Can cause deafness

  • 16. 
    The use of caffeine during pregnancy:
    • A. 

      Should be avoided

    • B. 

      In combination with alcohol can be deadly

    • C. 

      May cause an abnormally small head

    • D. 

      Is not a problem as long as it is used in moderation

  • 17. 
    Antiviral drugs:
    • A. 

      Can prevent prenatal transmission of HIV

    • B. 

      Are highly teratogenic

    • C. 

      Have been shown to increase the rate of spontaneous abortion

    • D. 

      Interfere with brain development

  • 18. 
    The spontaneous onset of labor at approximately 266 days after conception is set in motion by:
    • A. 

      Intervention by the mother's physician

    • B. 

      Fetal hormones that pass into the mother's circulation

    • C. 

      Rupture of the amniotic tissue

    • D. 

      Stretching of mother's cervix by the fetal head

  • 19. 
    Anoxia is to low birthweight as ___________ is to ________________.
    • A. 

      Serious; common

    • B. 

      Risk; deficita

    • C. 

      Brain damage; mental retardation

    • D. 

      Obesity; cerebral palsy

  • 20. 
    ____________ is a condition characterized by difficulties with movement and speech resulting from brain damage
    • A. 

      Cerebral palsy

    • B. 

      FAS

    • C. 

      Asperger syndrome

    • D. 

      Anoxia

  • 21. 
    Low birthweight infants have an increased risk of ___________ in adulthood
    • A. 

      Cancer

    • B. 

      Being overweight

    • C. 

      Drug dependency

    • D. 

      Schizophrenia

  • 22. 
    What is the worst and most prevalent cause of SGA (small for gestational age)?
    • A. 

      Tobacco

    • B. 

      Caffeine

    • C. 

      Cocaine

    • D. 

      Alcohol

  • 23. 
    The primary reason that adolescent mothers often have small babies is:
    • A. 

      Maternal malnutrition

    • B. 

      The mother's young age

    • C. 

      Inadequate immunizations

    • D. 

      Premature birth

  • 24. 
    Kangaroo care is a technique designed to help:
    • A. 

      Babies with anoxia

    • B. 

      Babies in intensive care

    • C. 

      Low-birthweight babies

    • D. 

      Mothers with postpartum depression

  • 25. 
    According to research, which statement is true of the concept of early skin-to-skin contact?
    • A. 

      Early skin-to-skin contact is essential for humans

    • B. 

      Early skin-to-skin contact is sometimes essential for humans

    • C. 

      Early skin-to-skin contact is not essential for humans

    • D. 

      Early skin-to-skin contact can be harmful to humans